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30 years today since the Internet was 'born'

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Default 30 years today since the Internet was 'born'

30 years today since the Internet was 'born'

Tue, 2013-01-01 19:33 - By
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It is the revolutionary communications system used daily by billions of users - but few know this January 1 is the Internet's 30th birthday. The computer network officially began its technological revolution when it fully substituted previous networking systems on January 1, 1983.

Known as "flag day", it was the first time the US Department of Defence (DoD)-commissioned Arpanet network fully switched to use of the Internet protocol suite (IPS) communications system.

Using data "packet-switching", the new method of linking computers paved the way for the arrival of the World Wide Web.

Chris Edwards, an electronics correspondent for Engineering and Technology magazine, said: "I don't think that anybody making that switch on the day would have realised the importance of what they were doing.

"But without it the internet and the World Wide Web as we know them could not have happened."

Commenting on the historic event's impact on the world, Mr Edwards said: "The internet means there is nowhere and no one in the world you can't reach easily and cheaply."

Based on designs by Welsh scientist Donald Davies, the Arpanet network began as a military project in the late 1960s.

It was developed at prestigious American universities and research laboratories, such as the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the Stanford Research Institute.

Starting in 1973, work on the powerful and flexible IPS and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) technology which would change mass communications got under way.
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