This Day & History ...

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poopoy
13-05-2008, 20:05
May 13th

1619 – Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt was executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason.

1846 – The United States declared war on Mexico after a series of disputes in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, starting the Mexican–American War.

1848 – Maamme, the national anthem of Finland written by German composer Fredrik Pacius and Finnish poet Johan Ludvig Runeberg, was performed for the first time.

1888 – Isabel the Redeemer signed the Lei Áurea into law, formally abolishing slavery in Brazil.

1912 – The Royal Flying Corps (later the Royal Air Force) was established in the United Kingdom.

1917 – Our Lady of Fatima: Ten-year-old Lúcia Santos and her siblings Francisco and Jacinta Marto reportedly began experiencing a Marian apparition near Fátima, Portugal.

1969 – Chinese-Malay race riots began in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, leaving at least 190 people dead, and leading the government to declare a state of emergency and suspend Parliament until 1971.

poopoy
14-05-2008, 21:24
May 14th
Feast day of Saint Matthias and Saint Mochuda (Roman Catholic Church)

1264 – Second Barons' War: King Henry III was captured at the Battle of Lewes in Sussex, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.

1607 – An expedition led by Edward Maria Wingfield, Christopher Newport, and John Smith established the Jamestown Settlement in Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in North America.

1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition led by explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark (pictured) left Camp Dubois near present-day Hartford, Illinois and began the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back.

1943 – World War II: The Australian Hospital Ship Centaur was attacked and sunk by a Japanese submarine off the coast of Queensland, killing 268 people aboard.

1948 – David Ben-Gurion publicly read the Israeli Declaration of Independence at the present-day Independence Hall in Tel Aviv, officially establishing a new Jewish state in parts of the former British Mandate of Palestine.

poopoy
16-05-2008, 08:20
May 15th

May 15 is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 230 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

1252 - Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.
1514 - Jodocus Badius Ascensius publishes Christiern Pedersen's Latin version of Saxo’s Gesta Danorum, the oldest known version of that work.
1525 - The battle of Frankenhausen ends the Peasants' War.
1567 - Mary Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, her third husband.
1602 - Bartholomew Gosnold becomes the first European to see Cape Cod.
1618 - Johannes Kepler confirms his previously rejected discovery of the third law of planetary motion (he first discovered it on March 8 but soon rejected the idea after some initial calculations were made).
1701 - The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
1718 - James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents the world's first machine gun.
1756 - The Seven Years' War begins when England declares war on France.
1776 - American Revolution: the Virginia Convention instructs its Continental Congress delegation to propose a resolution of independence from Great Britain, paving the way for the United States Declaration of Independence.
1791 - Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.
1792 - War of the First Coalition: France declares war on Kingdom of Sardinia.
1793 - Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 meters", at a height of 5-6 meters, during one of the first attempted flights.
1796 - First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.
1800 - George III survives two assassination attempts in one day.
1811 - Paraguay declares independence from Spain.
1817 - Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1836 - Francis Baily observes "Baily's beads" during an annular eclipse.
1849 - Troops of the Two Sicilies take Palermo and crush the republican government of Sicily.
1851 - Rama IV is crowned King of Thailand.
1858 - Opening of the present Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London.
1862 - President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill into law creating the United States Bureau of Agriculture. it is later renamed the United States Department of Agriculture.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Resaca, Georgia ends.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of New Market, Virginia – students from the Virginia Military Institute fight alongside the Confederate Army to force Union General Franz Sigel out of the Shenandoah Valley.
1869 - Woman's suffrage: in New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman's Suffrage Association.
1891 - Rerum Novarum, the first document of the Catholic Social Teaching tradition, is published by Pope Leo XIII.
1897 - The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.
1905 - Las Vegas, Nevada, is founded when 110 acres (0.4 km²), in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off.
1910 - The last time a major earthquake happened on the Elsinore Fault Zone.
1911 - The United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up.
1911 - The Georgios Averof cruiser is bought by Greece.
1914 - Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 - The Finnish Civil War ends.
1919 - The Winnipeg General Strike begins. By 11:00 a.m., almost the whole working population of Winnipeg, Manitoba had walked off the job.
1919 - Greek invasion of İzmir. During the invasion, the Greek army kills or wounds 350 Turks. The responsible are punished by the Greek Commander Aristides Stergiades. Hasan Tahsin fires the first shot of the Turkish War of Independence.
1920 - Council of Lithuania adjourns as the newly elected Constituent Assembly of Lithuania meets for the first time in Kaunas.
1929 - A fire at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio kills 123.
1932 - The May 15 Incident: in an attempted Coup d'état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed.
1934 - Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
1935 - The Moscow Metro is opened to public.
1936 - Amy Johnson arrives back in England after a record-breaking return flight to Capetown
1940 - World War II: After fierce fighting, the poorly trained and equipped Dutch troops surrender to Germany, marking the beginning of five years of occupation.
1940 - McDonald's opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California.
1941 - Baseball player Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees starts his record-breaking 56-game hitting streak.
1942 - World War II: in the United States, a bill creating the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
1943 - Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).
1945 - World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
1948 - Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel.
1951 - The Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czesław Miłosz, asks the French government for political asylum.
1955 - The Austrian Independence Treaty is signed.
1955 - The first ascent of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain.
1957 - At Malden Island in the Pacific, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple. The device fails to detonate properly.
1958 - The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
1960 - The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 4.
1963 - Project Mercury: The launch of the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 9 with astronaut L. Gordon Cooper on board. He becomes the first American to spend more than a day in space.
1970 - President Richard Nixon appoints Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington the first female United States Army Generals.
1970 - Philip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green are killed at Jackson State University by police during student protests.
1972 - The island of Okinawa, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control.
1972 - In Laurel, Maryland, Arthur Bremer shoots and paralyzes Alabama Governor George Wallace while he is campaigning to be become President.
1974 – Ma'alot massacre: A total of 31 people, including hostage takers, are killed.
1987 - The Soviet Union launches the Polyus prototype orbital weapons platform. It fails to reach orbit.
1988 - Soviet war in Afghanistan: After more than eight years of fighting, the Red Army begins its withdrawal from Afghanistan.
1990 - Portrait of Doctor Gachet by Vincent van Gogh is sold for a record $82.5 million, the most expensive painting at the time.
1991 - Edith Cresson becomes France's first female prime minister.
1997 - The United States government acknowledges the existence of the "Secret War" in Laos and dedicates the Laos Memorial in honor of Hmong and other "Secret War" veterans.
2008 - The California Supreme Court rules in favor of Same-sex marriage.


Births

1567 - (baptism) Claudio Monteverdi, Italian composer (d. 1643)
1608 - René Goupil, French Catholic missionary (Canadian Martyrs) (d. 1642)
1720 - Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
1749 - Levi Lincoln, Sr., American revolutionary, statesman, politician, and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)
1773 - Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (d. 1859)
1786 - General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)
1817 - Debendranath Tagore, Indian religious reformer (d. 1905)
1848 - Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
1856 - L. Frank Baum, American author (d. 1919)
1857 - Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
1859 - Pierre Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1906)
1862 - Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian dramatist and narrator (d. 1931)
1890 - Katherine Anne Porter, American author (d. 1980)
1891 - Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian writer (d. 1940)
1891 - Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (d. 1971)
1892 - Jimmy Wilde, boxer (d. 1969)
1895 - William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (d. 1941)
1898 - Arletty, French model and actress (d. 1992)
1899 - Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)
1901 - Luis Monti, Argentine-Italian footballer (d. 1983)
1902 - Richard J. Daley, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1976)
1903 - Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)
1905 - Joseph Cotten, American actor (d. 1994)
1907 - Sukhdev Thapar, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
1909 - James Mason, English actor (d. 1984)
1910 - Constance Cummings, British actress (d. 2005)
1911 - Max Frisch, Swiss author (d. 1991)
1911 - Herta Oberheuser, Nazi doctor (d. 1978)
1912 - Arthur Berger, American composer (d. 2003)
1914 - Turk Broda, ice hockey goaltender (d. 1972)
1914 - Tenzing Norgay, (adopted birthdate) Nepalese Sherpa who accompanied Edmund Hillary to the top of Mount Everest (d. 1986)
1915 - Hilda Bernstein, English-born South African author, artist, and activist (d. 2006)
1915 - Mario Monicelli, Italian director and screenwriter
1915 - Paul Samuelson, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1915 - Gus Viseur, French button accordionist (d. 1974)
1918 - Eddy Arnold, American country music singer (d. 2008)
1918 - Joseph Wiseman, Canadian actor
1922 - Jakucho Setouchi, Japanese writer and Buddhist nun
1923 - Richard Avedon, American photographer (d. 2004)
1923 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
1923 - Johnny Walker, Indian actor (d. 2003)
1924 - Maria Koepcke, ornithologist (d. 1971)
1926 - Anthony Shaffer, English playwright (d. 2001)
1926 - Peter Shaffer, English playwright
1930 - Jasper Johns, American painter
1931 - Ken Venturi, American golfer
1936 - Anna Maria Alberghetti, Italian-born actress
1936 - Wavy Gravy, American clown and activist
1936 - Ralph Steadman, British cartoonist
1936 - Paul Zindel, American writer (d. 2003)
1937 - Madeleine Albright, U.S. Secretary of State
1937 - Trini López, American musician
1938 - Mireille Darc, French actress
1938 - Lenny Welch, American singer
1939 - Dorothy Shirley, British athlete
1940 - Lainie Kazan, American actress and singer
1940 - Don Nelson, American basketball coach, currently of the Golden State Warriors
1941 - K.T. Oslin, American musician
1942 - Jusuf Kalla, vice- president of Indonesia and Chairman of the Golkar Party.
1942 - Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
1944 - Ulrich Beck, German sociologist
1944 - Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
1945 - Lasse Berghagen, Swedish singer
1945 - Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, heir to the Portuguese crown
1948 - Brian Eno, English musician and record producer
1948 - Yutaka Enatsu, Japanese professional baseball pitcher
1950 - Nicholas Hammond, American actor
1951 - Frank Wilczek, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1952 - Chazz Palminteri, American actor, writer and director
1953 - George Brett, American baseball player
1953 - Mike Oldfield, English composer
1954 - Robert P. Harrison, American thinker
1955 - Lee Horsley, American actor
1956 - Dan Patrick, American sportscaster
1957 - Juan José Ibarretxe, Basque Lehendakari (Prime Minister)
1957 - Kevin Von Erich, American professional wrestler
1958 - Ron Simmons, American professional wrestler
1959 - Andrew Eldritch, English singer and songwriter (The Sisters of Mercy)
1959 - Kaokor Galaxy, Thai boxer
1959 - Luis Perez-Sala, Spanish racing driver
1960 - Rob Bowman, American film director
1961 - Katrin Cartlidge, British actress (d. 2002)
1961 - Melle Mel, American musician
1965 - Raí, Brazilian footballer
1966 - Pete Wiggs, English musician (Saint Etienne)
1967 - Madhuri Dixit, Indian actress
1967 - John Smoltz, baseball player
1968 - Cecilia Malmström, Swedish politician
1968 - Seth Putnam, American musician
1969 - Hideki Irabu, Japanese baseball player
1969 - Emmitt Smith, American football player
1970 - Martin Rossiter, Welsh Musician
1970 - Frank de Boer, Dutch football player
1970 - Ronald de Boer, Dutch football player
1970 - Desmond Howard, American football player
1970 - Rod Smith, American football player
1971 - Phil Pfister, American strength athlete
1972 - David Charvet, French actor
1973 - Pedro Reyes, Mexican engineer
1974 - Vassilis Kikilias, Greek basketball player
1974 - Ahmet Zappa, American musician
1975 - Ray Lewis, American football player
1976 - Adolfo Bautista, Mexican footballer
1976 - Torraye Braggs, American basketball player
1976 - Jacek Krzynówek, Polish footballer
1976 - Ryan Leaf, American football player
1976 - Tyler Walker, baseball player
1978 - Amy Chow, American gymnast
1978 - Dwayne DeRosario, Canadian footballer
1978 - Caroline Dhavernas, Canadian actress
1978 - Edu, Brazilian footballer
1978 - David Krumholtz, American actor
1978 - Krissy Taylor, American model (d. 1995)
1980 - Josh Beckett, American baseball player
1980 - Rocky Marquette, American actor
1981 - Patrice Evra, French-Senegalese footballer
1981 - Justin Morneau, Canadian baseball player
1981 - Zara Phillips, British royal and eventer
1981 - Jamie-Lynn Sigler, American actress
1982 - Alex Breckenridge, American actress
1982 - Veronica Campbell, Jamaican athlete
1982 - Segundo Castillo, Ecuadorian footballer
1982 - Tatsuya Fujiwara, Japanese actor
1982 - Jessica Sutta, American dancer, singer and actress (The Pussycat Dolls)
1983 - Devin Bronson, American guitarist (Avril Lavigne)
1984 - Sérgio Jimenez, Brazilian racing driver
1985 - Cristiane, Brazilian footballer
1986 - Matías Fernández, Chilean footballer
1986 - Adam Moffat, Scottish soccer player
1987 - Ersan İlyasova, Turkish basketball player
1987 - Jennylyn Mercado, Filipina Actress and Singer
1987 - Andrew "Andy" Murray, Scottish tennis player


Deaths

913 - Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz
1036 - Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (b. 1008)
1157 - Yury Dolgoruky, Russian prince
1174 - Nur ad-Din, ruler of Syria (b. 1118)
1381 - Eppelein von Gailingen, German robber baron
1470 - Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)
1585 - Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1535)
1591 - Dmitry Ivanovich, Tsarevich (b. 1582)
1609 - Giovanni Croce, Italian composer (b. 1557)
1634 - Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (b. 1585)
1698 - Marie Champmeslé, French actress (b. 1642)
1699 - Edward Petre, English Jesuit and privy councilor (b. 1631)
1714 - Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar
1740 - Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)
1760 - Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)
1773 - Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (b. 1710)
1782 - Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1699)
1879 - Gottfried Semper, German architect (b. 1803)
1886 - Emily Dickinson, American poet (b. 1830)
1924 - Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1852)
1935 - Kazimir Malevich, Polish/Ukrainian artist (b. 1878)
1937 - Phillip Snowden, British politician (b. 1864)
1940 - Menno ter Braak, Dutch author and polemicist (b. 1902)
1945 - Charles Williams, UK writer (b. 1886)
1948 - Edward Flanagan, American priest and founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)
1954 - William March, American writer (b. 1893)
1956 - Austin Osman Spare, English magician (b. 1886)
1967 - Edward Hopper, American painter (b. 1882)
1971 - Tyrone Guthrie, English director, producer, and writer (b. 1900)
1978 - Sir Robert Menzies, twelfth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
1982 - Gordon Smiley, American race car driver (b. 1946)
1984 - Francis Schaeffer, American theologian, philosopher, and pastor (b. 1912)
1986 - Theodore White, American writer (b. 1915)
1986 - Elio de Angelis, Italian race car driver (b. 1958)
1989 - Johnny Green, American songwriter (b. 1908)
1991 - Andreas Floer, German mathematician (b. 1956)
1991 - Ronald Lacey, English actor (b. 1935)
1992 - Jovy Marcelo, Filipino race car driver (b. 1965)
1993 - Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, Sudanese writer, poet, and diplomat (b. 1933)
1994 - Gilbert Roland, Mexican actor (b. 1905)
1995 - Eric Porter, British actor (b. 1928)
1996 - Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (b. 1910)
1998 - Earl Manigault, American basketball player (b. 1944)
2003 - June Carter Cash, American musician and singer (b. 1929)
2003 - George Francis, British gangster (b. 1940)
2005 - Alan B. Gold, Quebec Chief Justice (b. 1917)
2007 - Jerry Falwell, American evangelist (b. 1933)
2007 - Yolanda King, American actress and activist, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1955)
2008 - Tommy Burns, Scottish footballer (b. 1956)
2008 - Robert Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer, younger brother of Joey Dunlop (b. 1960)


Holidays and observances

International Conscientious Objectors' Day
Paraguay - Independence Day. Celebrations for the anniversary of the independence begin on Flag Day, 14 May.
Roman Empire - Mercuralia in honor of Mercury held.
Buddha's Birthday in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau and South Korea (2005).
United States - Peace Officers Memorial Day.
Slovenia - Day of Slovenian armed forces.
Teacher's Day in Mexico (Día del Maestro) and South Korea (스승의 날).
Nakba Day in Palestinian communities.

poopoy
16-05-2008, 08:24
May 16th

May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 229 days remaining until the end of the year.


Events

1204 - Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders is crowned first Emperor of the Latin Empire.
1527 - The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes a republic.
1532 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England.
1568 - Mary Queen of Scots flees to England.
1770 - 14-year old Marie Antoinette marries 15-year-old Louis-Auguste who later becomes king of France.
1771 - The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.
1777 - Lachlan McIntosh and Button Gwinnett shoot each other during a duel near Savannah, Georgia. Gwinnett, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, dies three days later.
1811 - Peninsular War - The allies Spain, Portugal and Britain, defeat the French at the Battle of Albuera.
1815 - The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.
1822 - Greek War of Independence: the Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.
1836 - Edgar Allan Poe marries his 13-year-old cousin Virginia.
1843 - The first major wagon train heading for the Northwest sets out on the Oregon Trail with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri.
1866 - The U.S. Congress eliminates the half dime coin and replaces it with the five cent piece, or nickel.
1866 - Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer.
1868 - President Andrew Johnson is acquitted in his impeachment trial by one vote in the United States Senate.
1874 - A flood on the Mill River in Massachusetts destroys much of four villages and kills 139 people.
1877 - May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
1910 - The U.S. Congress authorizes the creation of the United States Bureau of Mines.
1914 - The first ever Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup final is played. Brooklyn Field Club beats Brooklyn Celtic 2-1.
1918 - The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
1919 - A naval Curtiss aircraft NC-4 commanded by Albert Cushing Read leaves Trepassey, Newfoundland, for Lisbon via the Azores on the first transatlantic flight.
1920 - In Rome, Pope Benedict XV canonizes Joan of Arc as a saint.
1929 - In Hollywood, California, the first Academy Awards are handed out.
1943 - Holocaust: the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends.
1948 - Chaim Weizmann is elected the first President of Israel.
1951 - The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between New York and London, operated by El Al Israel Airlines.
1960 - Nikita Khrushchev demands an apology from US President Dwight D. Eisenhower for U-2 spy plane flights over the Soviet Union thus ending a Big Four summit in Paris.
1960 - Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California.
1965 - Campbell Soup Company introduces SpaghettiOs under its Franco-American brand.
1966 - The Communist Party of China issues the 'May 16 Notice', marking the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
1967 - The city of Jerusalem is returned to the nation of Israel
1969 - Venera program: Venera 5, a Soviet spaceprobe, lands on Venus.
1974 - Josip Broz Tito was re-elected president of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This time he was elected for life.
1975 - India annexes Sikkim after the mountain state holds a referendum in which the popular vote was in favour of merging with India.
1975 - Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1983 - Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement rebels against the Sudanese government.
1986 - The Seville Statement on Violence is adopted by an international meeting of scientists, convened by the Spanish National Commission for UNESCO, in Seville, Spain.
1988 - A report by United States' Surgeon General C. Everett Koop states that the addictive properties of nicotine are similar to those of heroin and cocaine.
1992 - STS-49: Space Shuttle Endeavour lands safely after a successful maiden voyage.
2003 - In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks.
2004 - The Day of Mourning at Bykivnia forest, just outside of Kiev, Ukraine. Here during 1930s and early 1940s communist bolsheviks executed over 100,000 Ukrainian civilians.
2005 - Kuwait permits women's suffrage in a 35-23 National Assembly vote.
2006 - A large earthquake (7.4 on the Richter scale) occurs near New Zealand.
2007 - The General Assembly of the United Nations, recognizing that genuine multilingualism promotes unity in diversity and international understanding, proclaimed 2008 the International Year of Languages.


Births

1490 - Duke Albert of Prussia (d. 1568)
1578 - Everard Digby, English conspirator (d. 1606)
1611 - Pope Innocent XI (d. 1689)
1710 - William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (d. 1782)
1718 - Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)
1763 - Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, French pharmacist (d. 1829)
1788 - Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)
1801 - William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, bought Alaska at 2 ¢/acre (d. 1872)
1821 - Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
1824 - Levi P. Morton, United States Vice President under Benjamin Harrison (d.1920)
1827 - Pierre Cuypers, Dutch architect (d. 1921)
1831 - David E. Hughes, American musician (d. 1900)
1845 - Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1916)
1891 - Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (d. 1948)
1898 - Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (d. 1980)
1898 - Kenji Mizoguchi, Japanese film director (d. 1956)
1905 - Henry Fonda, American actor (d. 1982)
1906 - Alfred Pellan, French Canadian painter (d. 1988)
1906 - Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan writer (d. 2001)
1906 - Margret Rey, author and illustrator (d. 1996)
1909 - Margaret Sullavan, American actress (d. 1960)
1910 - Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (d. 1975)
1910 - Aleksandr Ivanovich Laktionov, Russian painter (d. 1972)
1912 - Studs Terkel, American writer
1913 - Woody Herman, American musician and band leader (d. 1987)
1914 - Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author
1916 - Adriana Caselotti, American actress (d. 1997)
1917 - Juan Rulfo, Mexican novelist (d. 1986)
1917 - James C. Murray, American politician (d. 1999)
1917 - George Gaynes, American actor
1918 - Wilf Mannion, English former footballer (d. 2000)
1919 - Liberace, American pianist (d. 1987)
1919 - Ramon Margalef, Spanish scientist (d. 2004)
1920 - Martine Carol, French actress (d. 1967)
1921 - Harry Carey, Jr., American actor
1923 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel laureate
1925 - Bobbejaan Schoepen, Belgian entertainer
1927 - Nílton Santos, Brazilian footballer
1928 - Billy Martin, American baseball player and coach (d. 1989)
1929 - John Conyers, American politician
1929 - Claude Morin, French Canadian politician
1929 - Adrienne Rich, American writer
1930 - Betty Carter, American jazz singer (d. 1998)
1930 - Friedrich Gulda, Austrian pianist (d. 2000)
1931 - Jack Dodson, American actor (d. 1994)
1931 - Denise Filiatrault, French Canadian actress and director
1931 - Natwar Singh, Indian politician
1931 - Lowell P. Weicker, Jr., American politician
1931 - Hana Brady, Killed during Holocaust
1935 - James Bolam, English actor
1936 - Roy Hudd, English radio and television actor
1936 - Karl Lehmann, German Catholic cardinal
1937 - Yvonne Craig, American actress
1944 - Billy Cobham, American virtuoso drummer
1944 - Danny Trejo, American actor
1945 - Nicky Chinn, English songwriter (Sweet, Suzi Quatro)
1946 - Robert Fripp, English guitarist (King Crimson)
1946 - Roger Earl, English rock drummer (Savoy Brown, Foghat)
1947 - Bill Smitrovich, American actor
1948 - Katia Dandoulaki, Greek actress
1948 - Judy Finnegan, English TV presenter (Richard & Judy)
1950 - J. Georg Bednorz, German physicist, Nobel laureate
1950 - Ray Condo, Canadian rockabilly musician
1951 - Christian Lacroix, French fashion designer
1951 - Jonathan Richman, American proto-punk icon
1952 - James Herndon, American media psychologist
1953 - Pierce Brosnan, Irish actor
1954 - Dafydd Williams, Canadian physician and astronaut
1955 - Olga Korbut, Russian gymnast
1955 - Jack Morris, American baseball player
1955 - Hazel O'Connor, English singer
1955 - Debra Winger, American actress
1959 - Mare Winningham, American actress
1961 - Charles Wright, American professional wrestler known as "The Godfather"
1963 - Jon Coffelt, American artist
1963 - Mercedes Echerer, Austrian actress and politician
1964 - John Salley, American basketball player
1964 - Boyd Tinsley, American violinist (Dave Matthews Band)
1964 - Edit Berces, Hungarian Ultra-Marathon runner
1965 - Krist Novoselic, American bassist (Nirvana)
1966 - Janet Jackson, American singer
1966 - Scott Reeves, American actor and singer
1966 - Thurman Thomas, American football player
1968 - Ralph Tresvant, American singer (New Edition)
1968 - Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress
1969 - David Boreanaz, American actor
1969 - Tucker Carlson, American television commentator
1969 - Tracey Gold, American actress
1969 - Steve Lewis, American athlete
1970 - Gabriela Sabatini, Argentine tennis player
1970 - Danielle Spencer, Australian singer and actress
1971 - Rachel Goswell, English singer and songwriter (Slowdive, Mojave 3)
1972 - Khary Payton, American actor
1973 - Special Ed, American rapper
1973 - Tori Spelling, American actress
1973 - Jason Acuña "Wee-Man", American television personality
1974 - Laura Pausini, Italian pop singer
1974 - Sonny Sandoval, American singer (P.O.D.)
1975 - Tony Kakko, Finnish singer (Sonata Arctica)
1975 - Tonéx, American singer
1977 - Dolcenera, Italian singer
1977 - Jean-Sébastien Giguère, Canadian ice hockey player
1978 - David Ford, English singer/songwriter
1978 - Lionel Scaloni, Argentine footballer
1979 - McKenzie Lee, English pornographic actress
1980 - Mikel Alonso, Spanish footballer
1980 - Michael Ryan, American ice hockey player
1981 - Jim Sturgess, English actor
1982 - Joo Ji Hoon, Korean actor and model
1982 - Łukasz Kubot, Polish tennis player
1983 - Nancy Ajram, Lebanese singer
1983 - Gordon McRory, Scottish Drummer (The Fratellis)
1983 - Kyle Wellwood, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Mickie Knuckles, American female professional wrestler
1984 - Jensen Lewis, American baseball player
1985 - Stanislav Ianevski, Bulgarian actor
1985 - Anja Mittag, German footballer
1985 - Corey Perry, Canadian ice hockey player
1986 - Megan Fox, American actress


Deaths

583 - Saint Brendan, Irish navigator (b. 484)
1265 - Saint Simon Stock, English saint (b. 1165)
1620 - William Adams, English navigator (b. 1564)
1657 - Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
1667 - Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, English statesman (b. 1607)
1669 - Pietro da Cortona, Italian architect (b. 1596)
1691 - Jacob Leisler, American colonist (b. 1640)
1703 - Charles Perrault, French author (b. 1628)
1778 - Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat (b. 1718)
1782 - Daniel Solander, Swedish botanist (b. 1736)
1790 - Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (b. 1720)
1830 - Joseph Fourier, French scientist (b. 1768)
1891 - Ion Brătianu, Romanian statesman (b. 1821)
1913 - Louis Perrier, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1849)
1920 - Levi P. Morton, United States Vice President under Benjamin Harrision (b. 1824)
1926 - Mehmed VI, last Ottoman Sultan (b. 1861)
1943 - Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
1944 - George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
1947 - Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1861)
1953 - Django Reinhardt, Belgian musician (b. 1910)
1954 - Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (b. 1893)
1955 - James Agee, American writer (b. 1909)
1956 - H. B. Reese, American founder of Reese's (b. 1876)
1957 - Eliot Ness, American federal agent (b. 1903)
1959 - Elisha Scott, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1894)
1961 - George A. Malcolm, American jurist & educator (b. 1881)
1969 - Robert R., first confirmed death from AIDS in North America (b. 1954)
1979 - A. Philip Randolph, American civil rights activist and labor union leader (b. 1889)
1981 - Ernie Freeman, American pianist and arranger (b. 1922)
1984 - Andy Kaufman, American comedian (b. 1949)
1984 - Irwin Shaw, American author (b. 1913)
1985 - Margaret Hamilton, American actress (b. 1902)
1988 - Charles Keeping, English illustrator (b. 1924)
1990 - Sammy Davis, Jr., American entertainer (b. 1925)
1990 - Jim Henson, American puppeteer (b. 1936)
1992 - Chalino Sanchez, Mexican musician (b, 1960)
1993 - Marv Johnson, American R&B and soul singer (b. 1938)
1994 - Jack Dodson, American actor (b. 1931)
1996 - Jeremy Michael Boorda, American admiral (b. 1939)
1997 - Elbridge Durbrow, American diplomat (b. 1903)
2000 - Bodacious the Bull Famous rodeo bull (b. 1988)
2001 - Brian Pendleton, English musician (The Pretty Things) (b. 1944)
2002 - Alec Campbell, the last surviving ANZAC (b. 1899)
2002 - Big Dick Dudley, American professional wrestler (b. 1968)
2003 - Mark McCormack, American businessman (b. 1930)


Holidays and observances

Teachers' Day in Malaysia.
Middlesex Day.

poopoy
18-05-2008, 14:48
May 18th

May 18 is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 227 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1152 - Henry II marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1268 - The Principality of Antioch, a crusader state, falls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars in the Battle of Antioch.
1302 - Bruges Matins, the nocturnal massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by members of the local Flemish militia
1498 - Vasco da Gama reaches the port of Calicut, India
1593 - Playwright Thomas Kyd's accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe.
1631 - In Dorchester, Massachusetts, John Winthrop takes the oath of office and becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts.
1652 - Rhode Island passes the first law in North America making slavery illegal.
1765 - Fire destroys a large part of Montreal, Quebec.
1783 - First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States.
1803 - Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens and declares war on France.
1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.
1811 - Las Piedras Battle: first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay leaded by Jose Artigas.
1848 - Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
1863 - American Civil War: The Siege of Vicksburg begins.
1869 - Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
1869 - The Public Credit Act is signed by Ulysses S. Grant, one of his first actions as President of the United States.
1876 - Wyatt Earp starts work in Dodge City, Kansas.
1896 - The United States Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson that separate but equal is constitutional.
1896 - Khodynka Tragedy: a mass panic on Khodynka Field in Moscow during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II resulted in the deaths of 1,389 people.
1897 - Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker is published.
1900 - The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
1910 - The Earth passes through the tail of Comet Halley.
1917 - World War I: The Selective Service Act of 1917 is passed, giving the President the power of conscription.
1926 - Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson disappears while visiting a Venice, California, beach.
1927 - The Bath School Disaster: Forty-five people are killed by bombs planted by a disgruntled school-board member in Michigan.
1933 - New Deal: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino - Conclusion after seven days of the fourth battle as German paratroopers ("Fallschirmjäger") evacuate Monte Cassino.
1944 - Deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union government.
1944 - World War II: SS troops burn down six villages in the Brkini hills in south western Slovenia.
1948 - The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
1953 - Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier.
1958 - An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h).
1959 - Launching of the National Liberation Committee of Côte d'Ivoire in Conakry, Guinea.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 10 launched.
1974 - Nuclear test: Under project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon becoming the sixth nation to do so.
1974 - Completion of the Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built at the time. It later collapses on August 8, 1991.
1980 - 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption: Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington, killing 57 people and causing $3 billion in damage.
1980 - Gwangju Massacre: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations, calling for democratic reforms.
1983 - In Ireland, the Government launched a crackdown, with the leading Dublin pirate Radio Nova being put off the air.
1990 - In France, a modified TGV train achieves a new rail world speed record - 515.3km/h
1991 - Helen Sharman from Sheffield becomes the first Briton to orbit in Space
1991 - Northern Somalia declares independence from the rest of Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland but is unrecognised by the international community.
1992 - The Archivist of the United States officially announces the 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
1998 - United States v. Microsoft: The United States Department of Justice and 20 U.S. states file an antitrust case against Microsoft.
2006 - The post Loktantra Andolan government passes a landmark bill curtailing the power of the monarchy and making Nepal a secular country.

Births
1048 - Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, poet and philosopher (d. 1131)
1186 - Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (d. 1218)
1474 - Isabella d'Este, Marquise of Mantua (d. 1539)
1610 - Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (d. 1664)
1616 - Johann Jakob Froberger, German composer (d. 1667)
1662 (O.S.) - George Smalridge, English bishop of Bristol (d. 1719)
1692 (O.S.) - Joseph Butler, English bishop and philosopher (d. 1752)
1711 - Ruđer Josip Bošković, Croatian atomic theorist (d. 1787)
1778 - Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (d. 1854)
1785 - John Wilson, Scottish writer (d. 1854)
1797 - Frederick Augustus II of Saxony (d. 1854)
1850 - Oliver Heaviside, English physicist (d. 1925)
1851 - James Budd, Governor of California (d. 1908)
1868 - Nicholas II of Russia, Tsar of Russia (d. 1918)
1872 - Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, English mathematician, writer and philosopher, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
1876 - Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1931)
1882 - Babe Adams, American baseball player (d. 1968)
1883 - Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (d. 1974)
1883 - Walter Gropius, German architect (d. 1969)
1887 - Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1946)
1889 - Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
1891 - Rudolf Carnap, German philosopher (d. 1970)
1892 - Ezio Pinza, Italian-born bass (d. 1957)
1897 - Frank Capra, American film producer, director, and writer (d. 1991)
1901 - Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
1902 - Meredith Willson, American composer (d. 1984)
1904 - Jacob K. Javits, American politician (d. 1986)
1905 - Hedley Verity, English cricketer (d. 1943)
1907 - Carl Mydans, American photographer (d. 2004)
1909 - Fred Perry, British former tennis player (d. 1995)
1911 - Big Joe Turner, American blues singer (d. 1985)
1912 - Richard Brooks, American film director, writer and producer (d. 1992)
1912 - Perry Como, American singer (d. 2001)
1912 - Walter Sisulu, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 2003)
1913 - Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (d. 2000)
1913 - Charles Trenet, French singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
1913 - Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Fifth President of India (d. 1996)
1914 - Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer (d. 1982)
1918 - George Welch, American pilot and war hero (d. 1954)
1918 - Massimo Girotti, Italian actor (d. 2003)
1919 - Dame Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (d. 1991)
1920 - Pope John Paul II (d. 2005)
1920 - Lucia Mannucci, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
1922 - Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (d. 2005)
1922 - Bill Macy, American actor
1922 - Kai Winding, Danish-born musician (d. 1983)
1923 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
1923 - Jean-Louis Roux, French Canadian actor and artistic director
1924 - Priscilla Pointer, American actress
1924 - Jack Whitaker, American sportscaster
1926 - Dirch Passer, Danish actor (d. 1980)
1928 - Pernell Roberts, American actor
1929 - Jack Sanford, American baseball player (d. 2000)
1930 - Warren Rudman, American politician
1931 - Don Martin, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
1931 - Robert Morse, American actor
1933 - Bernadette Chirac, French politician
1934 - Dwayne Hickman, American actor and television executive
1937 - Brooks Robinson, American baseball player
1937 - Jacques Santer, Luxembourg statesman
1939 - Giovanni Falcone, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
1939 - Gordon O'Connor, Canadian politician
1941 - Lobby Loyde, Australian guitarist and songwriter (d. 2007)
1942 - Albert Hammond, British musician and composer
1942 - Nobby Stiles, English footballer
1943 - James Reiher, American professional wrestler
1944 - W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (d. 2001)
1946 - Bruce Gilbert, English musician (Wire)
1946 - Frank Hsieh, former Premier of Taiwan
1946 - Reggie Jackson, American baseball player
1946 - Andreas Katsulas, American actor (d. 2006)
1947 - John Bruton, ninth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
1949 - Rick Wakeman, English composer and musician (Yes)
1949 - Bill Wallace, Canadian musician (The Guess Who)
1950 - Thomas Gottschalk, German television show host
1950 - Mark Mothersbaugh, American composer, musician, and singer (Devo)
1952 - Diane Duane, American writer
1952 - George Strait, American musician
1952 - Jeana Yeager, American aviator
1955 - Chow Yun-Fat, Hong Kong actor
1957 - Michael Cretu, German musician (Enigma)
1958 - Toyah Willcox, English actor and singer
1959 - Jay Wells, Canadian ice hockey player
1960 - Jari Kurri, Finnish ice hockey player
1960 - Yannick Noah, French tennis player
1962 - Mike Whitmarsh, American Volleyball Player
1962 - Nanne Grönvall, Swedish singer
1962 - Sandra Cretu, German singer
1962 - Mike Darnell, American television executive
1965 - Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (d. 1995)
1966 - Michael Tait, American musician (dc Talk, Tait)
1967 - Heinz-Harald Frentzen, German F1 driver
1969 - Martika, Cuban-American singer
1970 - Tina Fey, American writer/actress
1971 - Brad Friedel, American soccer player
1971 - Nobuteru Taniguchi, Japanese racing driver
1972 - Turner Stevenson, Canadian ice hockey player
1973 - Dario Franchitti, Scottish racecar driver
1974 - Nelson Figueroa, American baseball player
1975 - John Higgins, Scottish snooker player
1975 - Jack Johnson, American musician
1975 - Peter Iwers, Swedish bass player (In Flames)
1976 - Oleg Tverdovsky, Ukrainian ice hockey player
1977 - Lee Hendrie, English footballer
1977 - Danny Mills, English footballer
1978 - Ricardo Carvalho, Portuguese footballer
1979 - Mariusz Lewandowski, Polish footballer
1979 - Michal Martikán, Slovak slalom canoiest
1979 - Julián Speroni, Argentine footballer
1980 - Jeff Roehl, American football player
1980 - Ali Zafar, Pakistani singer and model
1980 - Aileen Campbell, Scottish Politician
1981 - Mahamadou Diarra, Malian footballer
1982 - Jason Brown, English-born footballer
1982 - Eric West, American singer and actor
1983 - Gary O'Neil, English footballer
1983 - Luis Terrero, Dominican baseball player
1983 - Vince Young, American football player
1984 - Scarlett Keegan, Playboy Playmate
1984 - Joakim Soria, Mexican baseball player
1984 - Niki Terpstra, Dutch cyclist
1986 - Ryan Lamb, English rugby union player
1987 - Luisana Lopilato, Argentine actress and model
1988 - Ryan Cooley, Canadian television actor
1992 - Spencer Breslin, American actor
1997 - Alana Etheridge, American actress


Deaths
1401 - Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel, count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 - 1378, count palatine of Poland
1450 - Sejong the Great of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1397)
1550 - John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (b. 1498)
1551 - Domenico di Pace Beccafumi, Italian Renaissance-Mannerist painter (d. 1486)
1584 - Ikeda Motosuke, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1559)
1675 - Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (b. 1623)
1675 - Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (b. 1637)
1692 - Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian (b. 1617)
1733 - Georg Böhm, German organist (b. 1761)
1780 - Charles Hardy, British governor of Newfoundland
1781 - Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian Indian revolutionary, a descendant of the last Inca ruler, Túpac Amaru (b. 1742)
1799 - Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, French playwright (b. 1732)
1800 - Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (b. 1729)
1807 - John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (b. 1721)
1808 - Elijah Craig, American minister and inventor (b. 1738?)
1829 - Maria Josepha of Saxony, queen consort of Spain (b. 1803)
1844 - Richard McCarty, American politician (b. 1780)
1889 - Isabella Glyn Dallas, Scottish Shakepearean actress (b. 1823)
1900 - Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
1909 - George Meredith, English novelist and poet (b. 1828)
1909 - Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist and composer (b. 1860)
1910 - Pauline Garcia-Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (b. 1821)
1910 - Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (b.1841)
1911 - Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
1922 - Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
1927 - Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (b. 1872)
1941 - Werner Sombart, German economist and sociologist (b. 1863)
1955 - Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator and activist (b. 1875)
1956 - Maurice Tate, English cricketer (b. 1895)
1963 - Ernie Davis, American football player (b. 1939)
1967 - Andy Clyde, American actor (b. 1892)
1971 - Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (b. 1908)
1973 - Jeannette Rankin, first U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1880)
1975 - Leroy Anderson, American composer (b. 1908)
1980 - Ian Curtis, English musician, singer and lyricist (Joy Division) (b. 1956)
1980 - Harry Truman, victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1896)
1980 - David A. Johnston, a U.S. Volcanoligist was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1949)
1980 - Reid Blackburn, a photojournalist for National Geographic was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1952)
1981 - Arthur O'Connell, American actor (b. 1908)
1981 - William Saroyan, American author (b. 1908)
1988 - Daws Butler, American voice actor (b. 1916)
1990 - Jill Ireland, English actress (b. 1936)
1992 - Skip Stephenson, American TV personality (b. 1940)
1992 - Marshall Thompson, American actor (b. 1925)
1995 - Elisha Cook, Jr., American actor (b. 1903)
1995 - Alexander Godunov, Russian ballet dancer and actor (b. 1949)
1995 - Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (b. 1933)
1997 - Bridgette Andersen, American actress (b. 1975)
1999 - Augustus Pablo, Jamaican singer (b. 1954)
1999 - Betty Robinson, American runner (b. 1911)
2000 - Stephen M. Wolownik, Russian musician and arranger (b. 1946)
2000 - Maulana Yousuf Ludhianvi, Muslim scholar
2002 - Davey Boy Smith, English professional wrestler (b. 1962)
2003 - Anna Santisteban, Puerto Rican beauty contest organizer (b. 1914)
2003 - Barb Tarbox, Canadian anti-smoking crusader (b. 1961)
2004 - Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (b. 1927)
2004 - Serge Turgeon, Quebec actor and union leader (b. 1946)
2006 - Andrew Martinez, U.C. Berkeley's "Naked Guy" (b. 1972)
2007 - Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist (b. 1932)
2007 - Yoyoy Villame, Philippine novelty singer and movie actor (b. 1932)

Holidays and observances
International Museum Day
Renascence, Unity and Poetry Day of Makhtumkuli in Turkmenistan
Festival of the god Pan in Ancient Greece
Festival of Faunus in Ancient Rome

:fun

poopoy
19-05-2008, 12:39
May 19th

May 19 is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 226 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona's two sons (whom Cartier kidnapped during his first voyage).
1536 - Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England, is beheaded for adultery.
1568 - Queen Elizabeth I of England has Mary Queen of Scots arrested.
1604 - The town of Montreal is founded.
1643 - Thirty Years' War: French forces under the duc d'Enghien decisively defeat Spanish forces at the Battle of Rocroi, marking the symbolic end of Spain as a dominant land power.
1649 - An Act declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.
1749 - King George II of Great Britain grants the Ohio Company a charter of land around the forks of the Ohio River.
1780 - New England's Dark Day: A combination of thick smoke and heavy cloud cover causes complete darkness to fall on Eastern Canada and the New England area of the United States at 10:30 AM.
1802 - The Légion d'Honneur is founded by Napoleon Bonaparte.
1828 - U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828 into law, protecting wool manufacturers in the United States.
1848 - Mexican-American War: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo – Mexico ratifies the treaty thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of five other modern-day U.S. states to the USA for USD $15 million.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Spotsylvania Court House ends.
1897 - Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.
1919 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what was later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is the official date of commemoration of the Pontic Greek Genocide in Greece and Cyprus.
1921 - The Emergency Quota Act passes the U.S. Congress establishing national quotas on immigration
1922 - Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established.
1943 - World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set Monday, May 1, 1944 as the date for the cross-English Channel landing (D-Day would later be delayed over a month due to bad weather).
1961 - Venera program: Venera 1 becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet by passing Venus (the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier and did not send back data).
1962 - A birthday salute to U.S. President John F. Kennedy takes place at Madison Square Garden, New York. The highlight is Marilyn Monroe's infamous rendition of Happy Birthday.
1971 - Mars probe program: Mars 2 is launched by the Soviet Union.
1991 - Croatians vote for independence at their independence referendum.

Births
1593 - Jacob Jordaens, Flemish painter (d. 1678)
1700 - José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
1724 - Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (d. 1779)
1744 - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1818)
1762 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1814)
1773 - Arthur Aikin, English mineralogist (d. 1854)
1795 - Johns Hopkins, American philanthropist (d. 1873)
1797 - Maria Isabel of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1818)
1827 - Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (d. 1896)
1861 - Dame Nellie Melba, Australian opera singer (d. 1931)
1862 - Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
1870 - Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)
1874 - Gilbert Laird Jessop, English cricketer (d. 1955)
1879 - Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born politician (d. 1964)
1880 - Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (d. 1964)
1881 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (d. 1938)
1882 - Mohammed Mossadegh, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
1890 - Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese leader (d. 1969)
1891 - Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
1897 - Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
1898 - Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
1906 - Bruce Bennett, American athlete and actor (d. 2007)
1908 - Percy Williams, Canadian athlete (d. 1982)
1909 - Nicholas Winton, British Humanitarian
1914 - Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
1914 - Go Seigen, Japanese Go player
1914 - Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
1918 - Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
1921 - Yuri Kochiyama, American civil rights activist
1921 - Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer (d. 1999)
1921 - Daniel Gélin, French actor (d. 2002)
1924 - Sandy Wilson, British composer
1925 - Malcolm X, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
1925 - Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (d. 1998)
1925 - Guy Provost, French Canadian actor (d. 2004)
1926 - Swami Kriyananda, Indian teacher and author
1928 - Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus Cars (d. 1982)
1928 - Dolph Schayes, American basketball player and coach
1929 - John Stroger Chicago politician
1930 - Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (d. 1965)
1931 - Eric Tappy, Swiss tenor
1931 - Bob Anderson, British racing driver (d. 1967)
1932 - Alma Cogan, English singer (d. 1966)
1932 - Paul Erdman, American economist and author (d. 2007)
1932 - Claude Blanchard, Quebec comedian, actor and singer (d. 2006)
1934 - Jim Lehrer, American television journalist
1934 - Ruskin Bond, Indian author
1937 - Pat Roach, English actor and wrestler (d. 2004)
1938 - Madge Hindle, English actress
1938 - Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, UDT President in the exterior (d. 1989)
1939 - Livio Berruti, Italian athlete
1939 - James Fox, English actor
1939 - Nancy Kwan, Hong Kong actress
1939 - Dick Scobee, American astronaut (d. 1986)
1940 - Mickey Newbury, American musician
1940 - Jan Janssen, Dutch cyclist
1941 - Nora Ephron, American screenwriter
1942 - Gary Kildall, American computer programmer (d. 1994)
1942 - Robert Kilroy-Silk, British politician/television presenter
1944 - Peter Mayhew, British-American actor
1945 - Pete Townshend, English musician (The Who)
1946 - André the Giant, French professional wrestler (d. 1993)
1946 - Claude Lelièvre, Belgian commissioner for children's rights
1947 - Michele Placido, Italian actor and director
1947 - Paul Brady, Northern Ireland singer/songwriter
1947 - David Helfgott, Australian pianist
1948 - Grace Jones, Jamaican singer and actress
1949 - Archie Manning, American football player
1949 - Dusty Hill, American blues rock singer/bassist (ZZ Top)
1951 - Joey Ramone, American musician (The Ramones) (d. 2001)
1952 - Bert van Marwijk, Dutch football manager
1953 - Victoria Wood, British comic actress
1953 - Dawud M. Mu'Min, American convicted murderer (d. 1997)
1953 - Shavarsh Karapetyan, Soviet Armenian finswimmer
1954 - Phil Rudd, Australian drummer (AC/DC)
1956 - James Gosling, Canadian computer programmer
1956 - Steven Ford, American actor
1957 - Bill Laimbeer, American basketball player and coach
1959 - Nicole Brown Simpson, Ex-wife of O.J. Simpson and murder victim. (d. 1994)
1963 - Filippo Galli, former Italian footballer
1963 - Yazz, British singer
1964 - Miloslav Mečíř, Slovakian former tennis player
1964 - Sean Whalen, American actor
1966 - Polly Walker, British actress
1966 - Marc Bureau, French Canadian ice hockey player
1968 - Kyle Eastwood, American jazz musician; son of Clint Eastwood
1970 - Mario Dumont, Quebec politician (Action démocratique du Québec)
1970 - Choi Kyung-Ju, South Korean professional golfer
1970 - Jason Gray-Stanford, Canadian actor
1971 - Dionicio Castellanos, Mexican professional wrestler
1972 - Jenny Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
1974 - Andrew Johns, Australian rugby league footballer
1975 - London Fletcher, American football player
1975 - Masanobu Ando, Japanese actor
1975 - Josh Paul, American baseball player
1975 - Pretinha, Brazilian footballer
1975 - Stuart Stevenson, Scottish musician
1976 - Ed Cota, American basketball player
1976 - Kevin Garnett, American basketball player
1977 - Manuel Almúnia, Spanish footballer
1977 - Brandon Inge, American baseball player
1978 - Marcus Bent, English footballer
1979 - Barbara Nedeljakova, Slovak actress (Hostel)
1979 - Diego Forlán, Uruguayan footballer
1979 - Andrea Pirlo, Italian footballer
1980 - Drew Fuller, American actor/model
1980 - Tony Hackworth, English footballer
1981 - Georges St. Pierre, Mixed Martial Arts Fighter
1981 - Luciano Figueroa, Argentine footballer
1981 - Klaas-Erik Zwering, Dutch swimmer
1981 - Nate Cole, American singer/songwriter (formerly of Plus One, now in Castledoor)
1982 - Kevin Amankwaah, English footballer
1982 - Pål Steffen Andresen, Norwegian footballer
1983 - Eve Angel, Hungarian model/porn star
1983 - Jessica Fox, British actress
1984 - Marcedes Lewis, American football player
1986 - Eric Lloyd, American actor
1986 - Mario Chalmers, NCAA basketball player
1987 - David Edgar, Canadian footballer
1988 - Lily Cole, English model/actress
1991 - Jordan Pruitt, American singer

Deaths
804 - Alcuin, English monk (b. c. 735)
988 - Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 909)
1102 - Stephen, Count of Blois (b. c. 1045)
1125 - Vladimir Monomakh, Russian prince (b. 1053)
1296 - Pope Celestine V (b. 1215)
1319 - Louis d'Évreux, son of Philip III of France (b. 1276)
1389 - Dmitri Donskoi, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1350)
1526 - Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (b. 1464)
1531 - Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (b. 1456)
1536 - Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England
1601 - Costanzo Porta, Italian composer
1610 - Thomas Sanchez, Spanish theologian (b. 1550)
1637 - Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (b. 1588)
1715 - Charles Montagu, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)
1786 - John Stanley, English composer (b. 1712)
1795 - Josiah Bartlett, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1729)
1795 - James Boswell, Scottish biographer (b. 1740)
1798 - William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English dueler (b. 1722)
1821 - Camille Jordan, French politician (b. 1771)
1825 - Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
1864 - Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author (b. 1804)
1876 - Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, Dutch politician (b. 1801)
1885 - Peter W. Barlow, English engineer (b. 1809)
1895 - José Martí, Cuban independence leader (b. 1853)
1898 - William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)
1904 - Auguste Molinier, French historian (b. 1851)
1907 - Benjamin Baker, English engineer (b. 1840)
1912 - Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (b. 1847)
1915 - John Simpson Kirkpatrick stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)
1918 - Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace (b. 1885)
1935 - T. E. Lawrence, English soldier known as Lawrence of Arabia (b. 1888)
1943 - Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (b. 1865)
1945 - Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)
1946 - Booth Tarkington, American novelist (b. 1869)
1954 - Charles Ives, American composer (b. 1874)
1958 - Archie Scott-Brown, English race car driver (b. 1927)
1958 - Ronald Colman, English actor (b. 1891)
1965 - Tui Malila, world's oldest tortoise (b. 1773 or 1777)
1969 - Coleman Hawkins, American musician (b. 1901)
1971 - Ogden Nash, American poet (b. 1902)
1983 - Jean Rey, President of the European Commission (b. 1902)
1984 - John Betjeman, English poet and Poet Laureate (b. 1906)
1986 - Jimmy Lyons, American musician (b. 1931)
1987 - James Tiptree, Jr, American author (b. 1915)
1989 - CLR James, West Indian writer and journalist (b. 1901)
1994 - Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, First Lady of the United States (b. 1929)
1994 - Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (b. 1945)
1998 - Sōsuke Uno, Japanese prime minister (b. 1922)
1999 - James Blades, English percussionist (b. 1901)
1999 - Candy Candido, American actor (b. 1913)
2000 - Yevgeny Khrunov, cosmonaut (b. 1933)
2001 - Susannah McCorkle, American singer (b. 1946)
2002 - John Gorton, nineteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1911)
2002 - Walter Lord, American writer (b. 1917)
2004 - Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch actress (b. 1907)
2005 - Henry Corden, American actor and voice artist (b. 1921)
2006 - Freddie Garrity, English lead singer from the band Freddie and the Dreamers (b. 1940)
2007 - Dean Eyre, New Zealand politician (b. 1914)
2008 - Vijay Tendulkar, Indian playwright, (b. 1928)

Take Care All:);)

poopoy
20-05-2008, 11:00
May 20th

May 20 is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 225 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
325 - The First Council of Nicaea – the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church – is held.
526 - An earthquake kills about 300,000 people in Syria and Antiochia.
685 - The Battle of Dunnichen or Nechtansmere is fought between a Pictish army under King Bridei III and the invading Northumbrians under King Ecgfrith, who are decisively defeated.
1217 - The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.
1293 - King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá.
1497 - John Cabot sets sail from Bristol, England, on his ship Matthew looking for a route to the west (other documents give a 2 May date).
1498 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India.
1521 - Battle of Pampeluna: Ignatius Loyola is seriously wounded.
1570 - Cartographer Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas.
1609 - Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
1631 - The city of Magdeburg in Germany is seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire and most of its inhabitants massacred, in one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War.
1690 - England passes the Act of Grace, forgiving followers of Roman Catholic James II.
1813 - Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops into the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, against the combined armies of Russia and Prussia. The battle ends the next day with a French victory.
1835 - Otto is named the first modern king of Greece.
1845 - HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
1861 - American Civil War: the state of Kentucky proclaims its neutrality, which will last until September 3 when Confederate forces enter the state.
1862 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Ware Bottom Church - in the Virginia Bermuda Hundred Campaign, 10,000 troops fight in this Confederate victory.
1873 - Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a U.S. patent for blue jeans with copper rivets.
1882 - The Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy is formed.
1883 - Krakatoa begins to erupt. The volcano's final explosion will happen on August 26.
1891 - History of cinema: the first public display of Thomas Alva Edison's prototype kinetoscope (shown at Edison's Laboratory for a convention of the National Federation of Women's Clubs).
1896 - The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.
1902 - Cuba gains independence from the United States. Tomás Estrada Palma becomes the first President of Cuba.
1916 - The Saturday Evening Post publishes its first cover with a Norman Rockwell painting ("Boy with Baby Carriage").
1916 - The small town of Codell, Kansas is struck by a tornado. Incredibly, the same town was also hit in 1917 and 1918 on the exact same date
1920 - The Weimarer Nationalversammlung, the national assembly of Germany's Weimar Republic, is permanently dissolved.
1920 - Montreal Quebec station XWA broadcasts the first regularly scheduled radio programming in North America.
1927 - By the Treaty of Jedda, the United Kingdom recognizes the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged to become the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
1927 - At 07:52 Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, New York, on the world's first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean, touching down at Le Bourget Field in Paris at 22:22 the next day.
1932 - Amelia Earhart takes off from Newfoundland to begin the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean by a female pilot, landing in Ireland the next day.
1940 - Holocaust: the first prisoners arrive at a new concentration camp at Auschwitz.
1941 - World War II: Battle of Crete – German paratroops invade Crete.
1949 - In the United States of America, the Armed Forces Security Agency (predecessor to the National Security Agency) is established.
1949 - Kuomintang regime declares Taiwan is under martial law.
1954 - Chiang Kai-shek is selected for another term as President of the Republic of China by the National Assembly
1965 - PIA Flight 705, a Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720 - 040 B crashes while descending to land at Cairo International Airport, killing 119 of the 125 passengers and crew.
1969 - The Battle of Hamburger Hill in Vietnam ends.
1980 - In a Referendum in Quebec, the population rejects by a 60% vote the proposal from its government to move towards independence from Canada.
1983 - First publications of the discovery of the virus that causes AIDS in the journal Science by Luc Montagnier and Robert Gallo individually.
1984 - The first line of the Miami Metrorail in Miami, Florida opens.
1985 - Radio Martí, part of the Voice of America service, begins broadcasting to Cuba.
1989 - The Chinese authorities declare martial law in the face of pro-democracy demonstrations, setting the scene for the Tiananmen Square massacre.
1990 - The first post-Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania.
1995 - In a second Referendum in Quebec, the population rejects by a slight majority the proposal from its government to move towards independence from Canada.
1996 - Gay rights: the Supreme Court of the United States rules in Romer v. Evans against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of gays and lesbians.
2002 - The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).

Births
1315 - Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (d. 1349)
1470 - Pietro Bembo, Italian cardinal (d. 1547)
1554 - Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer (d. 1594)
1593 - Salomo Glassius, German theologian (d. 1656)
1660 - Andreas Schlüter, German sculptor (d. 1714)
1663 - William Bradford, British-born printer (d. 1752)
1706 - Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (d. 1777)
1726 - Francis Cotes, English painter (d. 1770)
1737 - William Petty Fitzmaurice, British statesman (d. 1805)
1759 - William Thornton, West Indian-born architect (d. 1828)
1768 - Dolley Madison, First Lady of the United States (d. 1849)
1769 - Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician (d. 1835)
1772 - Sir William Congreve, English inventor (d. 1828)
1799 - Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (d. 1850)
1806 - John Stuart Mill, English philosopher (d. 1873)
1818 - William Fargo, co-founder of Wells, Fargo & Company (d. 1881)
1822 - Frédéric Passy, French economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1912)
1830 - Hector Malot, French writer (d. 1907)
1838 - Jules Méline, French statesman (d. 1925)
1851 - Emil Berliner, German-born recording pioneer (d. 1929)
1860 - Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
1882 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
1883 - King Faisal I of Iraq (d. 1933)
1894 - Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
1895 - R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (d. 1937)
1897 - Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
1899 - Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (d. 1969)
1899 - John Marshall Harlan II, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1971)
1901 - Max Euwe, Dutch chess player (d. 1981)
1906 - Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
1908 - James Stewart, American actor (d. 1997)
1911 - Gardner Fox, American writer (d. 1986)
1913 - William Hewlett, American engineer (d. 2001)
1914 - Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (d. 1995)
1914 - Hideko Maehata, Japanese swimmer (d. 1995)
1915 - Moshe Dayan, Israeli general (d. 1981)
1916 - Trebisonda Valla, Italian athlete (d. 2006)
1916 - Alexei Petrovich Maresiev, Russian flying ace (d. 2001)
1917 - Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer (d. 1967)
1917 - Bergur Sigurbjörnsson, Icelandic politician (d. 2005)
1918 - Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1919 - Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter pilot (d. 1983)
1919 - George Gobel, American comedian (d. 1991)
1920 - John Cruickshank, Scottish airman, won Victoria Cross
1920 - Betty Driver, English singer and actress
1921 - Wolfgang Borchert, German writer (d. 1947)
1921 - Hal Newhouser, American baseball player (d. 1998)
1925 - Chester Ludgin, American baritone (d. 2003)
1926 - Bob Sweikert, American race car driver (d. 1956)
1926 - John Lucarotti, TV writer (d. 1994)
1927 - Bud Grant, American football coach
1927 - Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal
1927 - David Hedison, American actor
1928 - Jack Kevorkian, controversial American medical doctor
1930 - Sam Etcheverry, American football player and coach
1931 - Ken Boyer, American baseball player (d. 1982)
1936 - Anthony Zerbe, American actor
1938 - Marinella, Greek singer and actress
1940 - Stan Mikita, Slovak-born ice hockey player
1940 - Sadaharu Oh, Japanese baseball player
1940 - Shorty Long, American musician (d. 1969)
1941 - Goh Chok Tong, Singaporean Senior Minister
1941 - John Strasberg, American actor
1941 - Manuel Isaias Lopez, Mexican child psychiatrist
1942 - Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
1942 - Jill Jackson, American singer
1943 - Al Bano, Italian singer
1944 - Joe Cocker, British singer
1944 - Boudewijn de Groot, Dutch singer
1944 - Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman
1945 - Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian politician
1946 - Cher, American singer
1947 - Greg Dyke, British broadcast executive
1949 - Dave Thomas, Canadian comedian & actor
1950 - Yvon Lambert, French Canadian ice hockey player
1950 - Reinaldo Merlo, Argentine footballer
1951 - Mike Crapo, American politician
1952 - Roger Milla, Cameroonian footballer
1953 - Robert Doyle, Australian politician
1954 - Guy Hoffman, American musician (Violent Femmes)
1954 - David Paterson, American politician
1954 - Cindy Hensley McCain, wife of John McCain
1955 - Zbigniew Preisner, Polish film composer
1956 - Ingvar Ambjørnsen, Norwegian author
1956 - Dean Butler, American actor
1956 - William Michaelian, American novelist and poet
1958 - Ron Reagan, American talk show host
1958 - Jane Wiedlin, American singer (The Go-Go's)
1959 - Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, American singer (d. 1997)
1959 - Bronson Pinchot, American actor
1960 - Chuck Brodsky, American musician
1960 - Tony Goldwyn, American actor
1961 - Clive Allen, English footballer
1962 - Mike Jeffries, American soccer coach
1963 - David Wells, American baseball player
1963 - Karl Beattie, English television director and producer
1965 - Ted Allen, American television host
1966 - Mindy Cohn, American actress
1966 - Dan Abrams, American TV reporter
1967 - Gabriele Muccino, Italian film director
1967 - Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist
1967 - Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
1968 - Timothy Olyphant, American actor
1968 - Waisale Serevi, Fijian rugby union and rugby sevens footballer
1969 - Brian Gerard James, American professional wrestler
1970 - Louis Theroux, British television presenter
1970 - Terrell Brandon, American basketball player
1971 - Šárka Kašpárková, Czech athlete
1971 - Tony Stewart, American race car driver
1972 - Tina Hobley, British television actress
1972 - Busta Rhymes, American singer and rapper
1973 - Elsa Lunghini, French singer and actress
1975 - Isaac Gálvez, Spanish cyclist (d. 2006)
1975 - Mark Zupan, American quadriplegic rugby player
1976 - Ramón Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
1976 - Tomoya Satozaki, Japanese baseball player
1977 - Matt Czuchry, American actor
1977 - Leonardo Noeren Franco, Argentine footballer
1977 - Miriam Parrish, American television actress
1977 - Vesa Toskala, Finnish ice hockey player
1981 - Iker Casillas, Spanish footballer
1981 - Calico Cooper, American actress and dancer
1981 - Lindsay Taylor, American basketball player
1981 - Mark Winterbottom, Australian racing driver
1982 - Petr Čech, Czech footballer
1982 - Imran Farhat, Pakistani cricketer
1983 - Jr. NTR, Indian film actor
1986 - Dexter Blackstock, English footballer
1986 - LaLa Brown, American singer (d. 2007)

Deaths
685 - King Ecgfrith of Northumbria (b. 645)
1277 - Pope John XXI (b. 1215)
1285 - John II of Jerusalem, King of Cyprus (b. 1259)
1444 - Saint Bernardino of Siena, Italian Franciscan missionary (b. 1380)
1503 - Lorenzo de Medici, Italian patron (b. 1463)
1506 - Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer (b. 1451)
1550 - Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun (b. 1510)
1622 - Osman II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1604)
1648 - King Wladislaus IV of Poland (b. 1595)
1677 - George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (b. 1612)
1713 - Thomas Sprat, English writer (b. 1635)
1717 - John Trevor, British statesman (b. 1637)
1722 - Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (b. 1669)
1732 - Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
1782 - William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)
1793 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (b. 1720)
1825 - Papaflessas, Greek priest and government official (b. 1788)
1834 - Gilbert du Motier, French statesman (b. 1757)
1841 - Joseph Blanco White, British theologian (b. 1775)
1873 - Sir George-Étienne Cartier, French-Canadian statesman (b. 1814)
1896 - Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (b. 1819)
1909 - Ernest Hogan, blackface comedian and musician (b. 1859)
1917 - Philipp von Ferrary, Italian philatelist (b. 1850)
1917 - Valentine Fleming, Scottish politician (b. 1887)
1940 - Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
1946 - Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (b. 1871)
1947 - Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1862)
1949 - Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
1956 - Max Beerbohm, English theater critic (b. 1872)
1961 - Josef "Pips" Priller, German fighter ace (b. 1915)
1971 - Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (b. 1904)
1973 - Jarno Saarinen, Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)
1975 - Barbara Hepworth, British sculptor (b. 1903)
1976 - Syd Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1911)
1976 - Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan politician, member of the Christian-Democrat party, and Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz "disappeared"
1978 - Bjarne Brustad, Norwegian composer (b. 1895)
1989 - John Hicks, English economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
1989 - Gilda Radner, American comedian and actress (b. 1946)
1992 - Roger Keith Coleman, American convict
1996 - Jon Pertwee, British actor (b. 1919)
2000 - Jean Pierre Rampal, French flutist (b. 1922)
2000 - Malik Sealy, American basketball player (b. 1970)
2001 - Renato Carosone, Italian musician (b. 1920)
2002 - Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist (b. 1941)
2005 - Paul Ricoeur, French philosopher (b. 1913)
2005 - William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (b. 1918)
2007 - Norman Von Nida, Australian golfer (b. 1914)

Holidays and observances
National Day in Cameroon
East Timor National Day.

Take Care All:);)

poopoy
22-05-2008, 13:13
May 21st

May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 224 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
878 - Syracuse, Italy is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
879 - Pope John VIII gives blessings to duke Branimir and to Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of Croatian state.
996 - Sixteen-year-old Otto III is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1260 - Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire sends his envoy Hao Jing and two other advisors to the Song Dynasty court of Emperor Lizong of Song; while attempting to negotiate with the Song in order to resolve their conflict, Hao Jing and his fellow emissaries are imprisoned by order of the high Chancellor of China, Jia Sidao.
1502 - The island of Saint Helena is discovered by the Portuguese navigator João da Nova.
1554 - A royal Charter is granted to Derby School in Derby, England.
1674 - The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1725 - The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.
1758 - Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War.
1851 - Slavery is abolished in Colombia, South America.
1856 - Lawrence, Kansas is captured and burned by pro-slavery forces.
1863 - American Civil War: Siege of Port Hudson – Union forces begin to lay siege to the Confederate-controlled Port Hudson, Louisiana.
1864 - Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.
1871 - French troops invade the Paris Commune and engage its residents in street fighting. By the close of "Bloody Week" some 20,000 communards have been killed and 38,000 arrested.
1879 - War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.
1881 - The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton.
1894 - The Manchester Ship Canal in England is officially opened by Queen Victoria, who knights its designer Sir Edward Leader Williams.
1894 - 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine.
1904 - The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is founded in Paris.
1917 - The Great Atlanta fire of 1917 takes place.
1924 - University of Chicago students Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a "thrill killing".
1927 - Charles Lindbergh touches down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, completing the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1932 - Bad weather forces Amelia Earhart to land in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland, and thereby becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
1934 - Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes the first municipality in the United States to fingerprint all of its citizens.
1936 - Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
1937 - A Soviet station becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
1941 - World War II: 950 miles off the coast of Brazil, the freighter SS Robin Moor becomes the first American ship sunk by a German U-boat.
1945 - Screen legend Humphrey Bogart marries actress Lauren Bacall.
1951 - The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition - a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
1958 - United Kingdom Postmaster General Ernest Marples announces that from December, subscriber trunk dialling will be introduced in the Bristol area.
1961 - American civil rights movement: Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order after race riots break out.
1972 - Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal.
1979 - White Night riots in San Francisco following the manslaughter conviction of Dan White for the assassinations of George Moscone and Harvey Milk.
1991 - Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Madras.
1991 - Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
1994 - The Democratic Republic of Yemen secedes from the Republic of Yemen.
1996 - The MV Bukoba sinks in Tanzanian waters on Lake Victoria, killing nearly 1000.
1996 - The Trappist Martyrs of Atlas are executed.
1998 - In Miami, Florida, five abortion clinics are hit by a butyric acid attacker.
1998 - Suharto, the Indonesian dictator who had ruled for 32 years, resigns.
2001 - French Taubira law officially recognizes the Atlantic slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity.
2003 - An earthquake hits northern Algeria killing more than 2,000 people.
2004 - Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbs Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu's record from the previous year.
2004 - Stanislav Petrov is awarded the World Citizen Award for averting a potential World War III in 1983.
2006 - The Republic of Montenegro holds a referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The Montenegrin people choose independence with a majority of 55%.
2006 - The Swedish ice hockey team Tre Kronor takes gold in the World Championship, becoming the first nation to hold both the World and Olympic titles separately in the same year.
2008 - Manchester United F.C. defeated Chelsea F.C. in the UEFA Champions League 2007-08 Final match to claim the trophy for the third time.

Births
1471 - Albrecht Dürer, German painter (d. 1528)
1527 - King Philip II of Spain (d. 1598)
1653 - Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)
1664 - Giulio Alberoni, Italian cardinal (d. 1754)
1688 - Alexander Pope, English poet (d. 1744)
1755 - Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)
1763 - Joseph Fouché, French statesman (d. 1820)
1775 - Lucien Bonaparte, French politician, soldier and academic (d. 1840)
1780 - Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer (d. 1845)
1792 - Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (d. 1843)
1827 - William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
1832 - Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (d. 1917)
1835 - František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
1843 - Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician (d. 1914)
1844 - Henri Rousseau, French artist (d. 1910)
1850 - Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
1851 - Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, Nobel laureate (d. 1925)
1853 - Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (d. 1905)
1860 - Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
1863 - Archduke Eugen of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1954)
1864 - Princess Stephanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
1873 - Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (d. 1941)
1878 - Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer (d. 1930)
1880 - Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
1885 - Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, wife of Prince William of Wied (d.1936)
1898 - Armand Hammer, American physician (d. 1990)
1898 - Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and President of the European Court of Justice (d. 1967)
1901 - Horace Heidt, American band leader (d. 1986)
1901 - Sam Jaffe, American film producer (d. 2000)
1901 - Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist and playwright (d. 1992)
1902 - Earl Averill, baseball player (d. 1983)
1902 - Marcel Lajos Breuer, Hungarian-born architect (d. 1981)
1903 - Manly Wade Wellman, American author (d. 1986)
1904 - Robert Montgomery, American actor (d. 1981)
1904 - Fats Waller, American pianist (d. 1943)
1909 - François-Albert Angers, Quebec economist (d. 2003)
1912 - John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (d. 1986)
1912 - Monty Stratton, baseball player (d. 1982)
1913 - Gina Bachauer, Greek pianist (d. 1976)
1916 - Tinus Osendarp, Dutch runner (d. 2002)
1916 - Harold Robbins, American novelist (d. 1997)
1917 - Raymond Burr, American actor (d. 1993)
1918 - Dennis Day, American singer and comedian (d. 1988)
1920 - Anthony Steel, British actor (d. 2001)
1921 - Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist (d. 1989)
1923 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
1923 - Ara Parseghian, American football coach
1924 - Peggy Cass, American actress (d. 1999)
1926 - Robert Creeley, American poet (d. 2005)
1928 - Tom Donahue, American disc jockey (freeform radio) (d. 1975)
1930 - Malcolm Fraser, Australian politician
1933 - Maurice André, French trumpeter
1934 - Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
1936 - Günter Blobel, German biologist, Nobel laureate
1939 - Heinz Holliger, Swiss musician
1941 - Martin Carthy, English musician
1941 - Ronald Isley, American singer (The Isley Brothers)
1942 - Danny Ongais, American race car driver
1943 - Hilton Valentine, British guitarist (The Animals)
1944 - Mary Robinson, President of Ireland
1944 - Marcie Blane, American singer
1945 - Ernst Messerschmid, German astronaut
1947 - Bill Champlin, American singer
1947 - Jonathan Hyde, Australian-born actor
1948 - Leo Sayer, English musician
1951 - Al Franken, American comedian
1952 - Mr. T, American actor
1954 - Marc Ribot, American musician
1955 - Paul Barber, British field hockey player
1955 - Stan Lynch, American drummer
1957 - Bruce Buffer, American Mixed Martial Arts Announcer
1957 - Nadine Dorries, British politician
1957 - Judge Reinhold, American actor
1957 - Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress
1958 - Jefery Levy, American television director
1959 - Nick Cassavetes, American actor and director
1960 - Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (d. 1994)
1960 - Kent Hrbek, American baseball player
1963 - Richard Appel, American writer
1963 - Kevin Shields, Musician (My Bloody Valentine)
1964 - Danny Bailey, English footballer
1964 - Danny Lee Clark, American football player and American Gladiator "Nitro"
1964 - Nancy Daus, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
1964 - Carolyn Lawrence, American actress
1966 - Lisa Edelstein, American actress
1967 - Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007)
1968 - Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (d. 1985)
1968 - Matthias Ungemach, German rower
1969 - Masayo Kurata, Japanese voice actress
1969 - Pierluigi Brivio, Italian footballer
1970 - Dorsey Levens, former American football player
1970 - Carl Veart, Australian former footballer
1972 - Adriano Cintra, Brazilian musician (CSS)
1972 - The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (d. 1997)
1972 - Alesha Oreskovich, American model
1973 - Noel Fielding, British comedian
1974 - Fairuza Balk, American actress
1974 - Havoc, American rapper (Mobb Deep)
1975 - Lee Gaze, Welsh guitarist
1976 - Deron Miller, American rock musician
1976 - Kardinal Offishall, Canadian rapper
1977 - Quinton Fortune, South African footballer
1977 - Ricky Williams, American football player
1978 - Briana Banks, German-American pornographic actress
1978 - Jamaal Magloire, Canadian professional basketballer
1978 - Adam Gontier, Canadian singer Three Days Grace
1979 - Damián Ariel Álvarez, Argentinian footballer
1979 - Jesse Capelli, Canadian pornographic actress
1979 - Jamie Hepburn, Member of the Scottish Parliament
1979 - Scott Smith, mixed martial arts fighter
1980 - Chris Raab, American actor
1981 - Belladonna, American pornographic actress
1981 - Max, German singer
1981 - Josh Hamilton, Major League Baseball player
1984 - Brandon Fields, National Football League punter
1984 - Lorena Ayala, Spanish-Dutch model and beauty queen
1985 - Andrew Miller, Major League Baseball player
1985 - Kano, British rapper
1985 - Mutya Buena, English singer (ex-Sugababes)
1985 - Marco Carta, Italian singer
1986 - Myra, Mexican-American singer
1987 - Ashlie Brillault, American actress
1988 - Jonathan Howson, English footballer
1991 - Sarah Ramos, American actress
1992 - Olivia Olson, American singer and actress

Deaths
987 - King Louis V of France (b. 967)
1254 - Conrad IV of Germany (b. 1228)
1481 - King Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (b. 1426)
1512 - Pandolfo Petrucci, ruler of Siena
1524 - Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English soldier
1542 - Hernando de Soto, Spanish explorer
1607 - John Rainolds, English scholar (b. 1549)
1639 - Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian (b. 1568)
1647 - Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch poet (b. 1581)
1650 - James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, Scottish royalist (b. 1612)
1664 - Elizabeth Poole, Puritan businesswoman
1670 - Niccolo Zucchi, Italian astronomer (b. 1586)
1686 - (N. S.) Otto von Guericke, German scientist (b. 1602)
1690 - John Eliot, English Puritan missionary (b. 1604)
1719 - Pierre Poiret, French mystic (b. 1646)
1724 - Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, English statesman (b. 1661)
1742 - Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
1771 - Christopher Smart, English poet (b. 1722)
1786 - Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish chemist (b. 1742)
1790 - Thomas Warton, English poet (b. 1728)
1844 - Giuseppe Baini, Italian composer (b. 1775)
1862 - John Drew, Irish-born American actor (b. 1827)
1879 - Arturo Prat, Chilean naval officer (b. 1848)
1894 - Emile Henry, French anarchist (b. 1872)
1894 - August Kundt, German physicist (b. 1839)
1895 - Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (b. 1819)
1911 - Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
1915 - Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (b. 1875)
1919 - Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
1920 - Venustiano Carranza, 54th President of Mexico (b. 1859)
1929 - Archibald Primrose, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1847)
1935 - Jane Addams, American social worker, Nobel laureate (b. 1860)
1949 - Klaus Mann, German writer (b. 1906)
1952 - John Garfield, American actor (b. 1913)
1957 - Aleksandr Vertinsky, Russian singer (b. 1889)
1964 - James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
1965 - Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer (b. 1882)
1970 - E. L. Grant Watson, Australian biologist (b. 1885)
1973 - Vaughn Monroe, American musician (b. 1911)
1981 - Patsy O'Hara, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)
1981 - Raymond Mccreesh, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)
1983 - Kenneth Clark, English art historian (b. 1903)
1984 - Ann Little, American actress (b. 1891)
1985 - Julie Vega, Philippine Actress (b. 1968)
1988 - Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (b. 1900)
1991 - Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)
1996 - Paul Delph, American musician and producer (b. 1957)
1996 - Lash LaRue, American actor (b. 1917)
1999 - Karnail "Bugz" Pitts, American rapper (D12) (b. 1979)
2000 - Barbara Cartland, English author (b. 1901)
2000 - Sir John Gielgud, British actor (b. 1904)
2000 - Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (b. 1956)
2002 - Niki de Saint Phalle, French artist (b. 1930)
2003 - Frank D. White, American politician (b. 1933)
2003 - Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (b. 1928)
2005 - Howard Morris, American comic actor and director (b. 1919)
2006 - Cherd Songsri, Thai film director (b. 1931)
2006 - Katherine Dunham, American dancer (b. 1909)
2006 - Spencer Clark, American racecar driver (b. 1987)
2006 - Billy Walker, American singer (b. 1929)

Holidays and observances
Saint Helena Day is celebrated on the Island of Saint Helena, to celebrate its discovery in 1502
Navy Day (Día de las Glorias Navales) in Chile.
Dia de la Afrocolombianidad marks the abolition of slavery in Colombia.
Independence Day is celebrated in Montenegro.
Circassian Day of Mourning Memorial Day to mourn the losses in the Russian-Circassian War and the Circassian Genocide.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
22-05-2008, 13:15
May 22nd

May 22 is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 223 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
334 BC - The Greek army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.
1176 - Murder attempt by the Hashshashin (Assassins) on Saladin near Aleppo.
1377 - Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
1455 - Wars of the Roses: At the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England.
1762 - Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg.
1807 - A grand jury indicts former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr on a charge of treason.
1809 - Second and last Day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna), Napoleon was repelled by an enemy army for the first time.
1819 - The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia, United States, on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship arrived at Liverpool, England on June 20.
1826 - The HMS Beagle departed Plymouth with Charles Darwin aboard.
1840 - The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
1842 - Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns, when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.
1843 - Thousands of people and their cattle headed west via wagon train from Independence, Missouri to what would later become the Oregon Territory. It was part of the Great Migration. They followed what is now known as the Oregon Trail.
1844 - Persian Prophet The Báb announces His revelation, founding Bábism. He announced to the world of the coming of "He whom God shall make manifest." He is considered the forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith.
1848 The abolition of slavery in Martinque
1856 - Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beats Senator Charles Sumner with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate for a speech Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas ("Bleeding Kansas").
1872 - Reconstruction: U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act of 1872 into law restoring full civil rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.
1903 - Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic.
1906 - The 1906 Summer Olympics, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, opens in Athens.
1906 - Wright brothers are granted U.S. patent number 821,393 for their "Flying-Machine".
1915 - Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain to erupt other than Mount St. Helens in the continental US during the 20th century.
1915 - Five trains collide in the Quintinshill rail crash near Gretna Green, Scotland, killing 227 people and injuring 246; the accident is found to be the result of non-standard operating practices during a shift change at a busy junction.
1936 - Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
1939 - World War II: Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.
1942 - Mexico enters World War II on the side of the Allies.
1942 - The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
1942 - World War II: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox enlists in the United States Marine Corps as a flight instructor.
1947 - Cold War: In an effort to fight the spread of Communism, U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs an act into law that will later be called the Truman Doctrine. The act grants $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece.
1960 - An earthquake measuring 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale, now known as the Great Chilean Earthquake, hits southern Chile. It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
1962 - Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes after bombs explode.
1963 - Assassination attempt of Greek left-wing politician Gregoris Lambrakis, who will die five days afterwards.
1964 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces the goals of his Great Society social reforms to bring an "end to poverty and racial injustice" in America.
1967 - The L'Innovation department store in the centre of Brussels, Belgium, burns down. It is the most devastating fire in Belgian history, which results in 323 dead and missing and 150 injured.
1968 - The nuclear-powered submarine the USS Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
1969 - Apollo 10's lunar module flies within 8.4 nautical miles (16 km) of the moon's surface.
1972 - Ceylon adopts a new constitution thus becoming a Republic, changes its name to Sri Lanka, and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
1990 - North and South Yemen are unified to create the Republic of Yemen.
1990 - The Windows 3.0 operating system is released by Microsoft.
1992 - After 30 years, 66-year-old Johnny Carson hosts The Tonight Show for the last time.
1997 - Kelly Flinn, US Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepts a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial.
1998 - Lewinsky scandal: A federal judge rules that United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the scandal, involving President Bill Clinton.
2002 - In Washington, DC, the remains of the missing Chandra Levy are found in Rock Creek Park.
2002 - American civil rights movement: A jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
2003 - In Fort Worth, Texas, Annika Sörenstam becomes the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years.
2004 - Felipe, Prince of Asturias, of the Spanish Royal Family marries Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano.
2004 - The U.S. town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. It also killed one local resident.
2006 - Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters voted to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.

Births
1381 - Saint Rita of Cascia, Italian Saint (d. 1457)
1622 - Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (d. 1698)
1715 - François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1794)
1724 - Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (d. 1772)
1770 - Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (d. 1840)
1772 - Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer (d. 1833)
1808 - Gérard de Nerval, French writer (d. 1855)
1813 - Richard Wagner, German composer (d. 1883)
1823 - Solomon Bundy, American politician (d. 1889)
1823 - Isabella Glyn Dallas, British Shakepearean actress (d. 1889)
1841 - Catulle Mendès, French poet (d. 1909)
1844 - Mary Cassatt, American artist (d. 1926)
1849 - Louis Perrier, Swiss politician (d. 1913)
1859 - Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, British physician and writer (d. 1930)
1874 - Daniel François Malan, Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1959)
1879 - Warwick Armstrong, Australian cricketer (d. 1947)
1879 - Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-born actress, scriptwriter, and producer (d. 1945)
1885 - Giacomo Matteotti, Italian politician (d. 1924)
1885 - Toyoda Soemu, Japanese admiral (d. 1957)
1891 - Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist (d. 1963)
1900 - Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
1901 - Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1953)
1902 - Al Simmons, American baseball player (d. 1956)
1903 - Yves Rocard, French physicist (d. 1992)
1904 - Paul Viiding, Estonian poet (d. 1962)
1907 - Hergé, Belgian comic book creator (d. 1983)
1907 - Sir Laurence Olivier, acclaimed English stage and screen actor (d. 1989)
1908 - Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (d. 1970)
1908 - Horton Smith. American golfer (d. 1963)
1910 - Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (d. 1985)
1911 - Anatol Rapoport, Russian-born mathematical psychologist and pianist (d. 2007)
1912 - Herbert C. Brown, English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1914 - Vance Packard, American author (d. 1996)
1914 - Sun Ra, American musician (d. 1993)
1917 - Georg Tintner, Austrian-born conductor (d. 1999)
1917 - Nathan Davis, American actor
1917 - Daniel Nagrin, American modern dancer and choreographer
1920 - Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (d. 2004)
1922 - Quinn Martin, American television producer (d. 1987)
1924 - Charles Aznavour, French singer, actor, and composer
1925 - James King, American tenor (d. 2005)
1925 - Jean Tinguely, Swiss artist (d. 1991)
1927 - George Andrew Olah, Hungarian-born chemist, Nobel laureate
1927 - Phil Tucker, American director
1930 - John Barth, American writer
1930 - Harvey Milk, American politician and civil rights activist (d. 1978)
1930 - Kenny Ball, British musician
1934 - Peter Nero, American musician
1934 - Arne Harris, American television sports director (d. 2001)
1935 - Ron Piché, Quebec baseball player
1936 - M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (d. 2005)
1938 - Richard Benjamin, American actor
1938 - Susan Strasberg, American actress (d. 1999)
1940 - Bernard Shaw, American television journalist
1940 - Michael Sarrazin, Canadian actor
1941 - Paul Winfield, American actor (d. 2004)
1941 - Sir Menzies Campbell, British politician
1941 - Martha Langbein, German athlete
1942 - Theodore Kaczynski, American terrorist
1942 - Calvin Simon, American musician (P Funk)
1942 - Barbara Parkins, Canadian actress
1943 - Tommy John, American baseball player
1943 - Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1943 - Gesine Schwan, German politician and science professor
1946 - Howard Kendall, English footballer and football manager
1946 - George Best, Northern Irish footballer (d. 2005)
1948 - Richard Baker, American politician
1950 - Alekos Alavanos, Greek politician
1950 - Bernie Taupin, English songwriter
1952 - Bernhard Brinkmann, German politician
1953 - Doris Barnett, German politician
1953 - Cha Bum-Kun, Korean footballer
1955 - Jimmy Lyon, American guitarist (Eddie Money)
1955 - Dale Winton, British radio DJ and television presenter
1955 - Jerry Dammers, English musician (The Specials)
1955 - Chalmers "Spanky" Alford, American jazz guitarist (d. 2008)
1956 - Al Corley, American actor and producer
1957 - Lisa Murkowski, American politician
1957 - Gary Sweet, Australian actor
1958 - Eric Carlson, American guitarist (The Mentors)
1959 - Steven Morrissey, English singer
1960 - Hideaki Anno, Japanese director
1962 - Brian Pillman, American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
1964 - Ashley Renee, American fetish model
1966 - Kenny Hickey, American guitarist (Type O Negative)
1966 - Jose Mesa, Dominican baseball player
1968 - Kevin Carolan, American actor and comedian
1970 - Naomi Campbell, English model and actress
1970 - Pedro Diniz, Brazilian Formula One driver
1971 - Manuel Ortiz, Mexican professional wrestler
1972 - Annabel Chong, Singapore actress
1972 - Anna Belknap, American actress
1973 - Nikolaj Lie Kaas, Danish actor
1973 - Julián Tavárez, Dominican baseball player
1973 - Danny Tiatto, Australian soccer player
1974 - John Bale, American baseball player
1974 - Sean Gunn, American actor
1974 - A. J. Langer, American actress
1975 - Janne Niinimaa, Finnish ice hockey player
1975 - Tracy Brookshaw, American professional wrestler and valet
1975 - Salvador Ballesta, Spanish Footballer.
1977 - Alastair Ralphs, Canadian professional wrestler
1977 - Seán Óg Ó hAilpín, Irish hurler
1977 - Dre Bly, American Football Player
1978 - Ginnifer Goodwin, American actress
1978 - Katie Price, British model
1979 - Nadia Khan, TV Presenter
1979 - Maggie Q, American actress
1980 - Rhett Fisher, actor/musician
1980 - Steven Baker, Australian rules footballer
1980 - Chad Tracy, American baseball player
1981 - Bryan Danielson, American professional wrestler
1981 - Jürgen Melzer, Austrian tennis player
1982 - Apolo Anton Ohno, American short track speed skater
1982 - John Bobek, American actor
1983 - John Hopkins, Anglo-American motorcycling racer
1984 - Joe Lauzon, American Mixed-Martial Arts fighter
1985 - Marc-Antoine Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
1985 - Tranquillo Barnetta, Swiss footballer
1985 - Caridee English, American Model
1987 - Novak Đoković, Serbian tennis player

Deaths
337 - Constantine the Great, Roman Emperor (b. 272)
748 - Empress Genshō of Japan (b. 680)
1068 - Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (b. 1025)
1455 - Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (killed in battle)
1455 - Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, English commander (killed in battle) (b. 1406)
1457 - Saint Rita of Cascia, Italian saint (b. 1381)
1538 - John Forrest, English Franciscan friar (martyred) (b. 1471)
1540 - Francesco Guicciardini, Italian historian (b. 1483)
1666 - Gaspar Schott, German scientist (b. 1608)
1667 - Pope Alexander VII (b. 1599)
1745 - François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)
1746 - Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
1760 - Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
1772 - Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian (b. 1687)
1795 - Ewald Friedrich, Count von Hertzberg, Prussian statesman (b. 1725)
1851 - Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (b. 1755)
1859 - King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (b. 1810)
1868 - Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1801)
1885 - Victor Hugo, French author (b. 1802)
1901 - Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (b. 1869)
1910 - Jules Renard, French author (b. 1864)
1932 - Lady Gregory, Irish playwright (b. 1852)
1939 - Ernst Toller, German author (b. 1893)
1939 - Jiri Mahen, Czech author (b. 1882)
1965 - Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)
1966 - Tom Goddard, English cricketer (b. 1900)
1967 - Langston Hughes, American writer (b. 1902)
1972 - Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet and writer (b. 1904)
1972 - Margaret Rutherford, English actress (b. 1892)
1975 - Lefty Grove, American Baseball Player (b. 1900)
1983 - Albert Claude, Belgian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
1988 - Giorgio Almirante, Italian politician (b. 1914)
1989 - Steven DeGroote, South African classical pianist (b. 1953)
1990 - Rocky Graziano, American boxer (b. 1922)
1992 - Zellig Harris, American linguist (b. 1909)
1997 - Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)
1998 - José Enrique Moyal, mathematical physicist (b. 1910)
2003 - Ousmane Zongo, Burkinabé shooting victim
2004 - Richard Biggs, American actor (b. 1960)
2004 - Mikhail Voronin, Russian gymnast (b. 1945)
2005 - Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician, long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1914)
2005 - Julia Randall, American poet (b. 1924)
2005 - Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor and singer (b. 1914)
2006 - Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organisation (b. 1945)
2006 - Heather Crowe, Canadian activist (b. 1945)

Holidays and observances
World Biodiversity Day.
Republic of Yemen - National Day.
National Maritime Day in the United States
Corpus Christi in Poland


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
23-05-2008, 10:49
May 23rd

May 23 is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 222 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1430 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne. (See Siege of Compiègne.)
1498 - Girolamo Savonarola is burned at the stake in Florence, Italy, on the orders of Pope Alexander VI
1533 - The marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
1568 - The Netherlands declares independence from Spain.
1568 - Dutch rebels led by Louis of Nassau, brother of William I of Orange, defeat Jean de Ligne, Duke of Aremberg and his loyalist troops in the Battle of Heiligerlee, opening the Eighty Years' War.
1609 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
1618 - The Second Defenestration of Prague precipitates the Thirty Years' War.
1701 - After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.
1706 - Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, defeats a French army under Marshal Villeroi.
1805 - Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Cathedral of Milan.
1813 - South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").
1844 - Declaration of the Báb: during the previous night the Persian Prophet the Báb announces his revelation, founding Bábísm. He announces to the world coming of "He whom God shall make manifest". He is considered the forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith.
1846 - Mexican-American War: Mexico declares war on the United States.
1863 - Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
1863 - The Siege of Port Hudson starts.
1873 - The Canadian Parliament establishes the North West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
1900 - American Civil War: Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for his heroism in the Assault on the Battery Wagner.
1907 - The unicameral Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
1911 - Dedication ceremony for the New York Public Library.
1915 - World War I: Italy joins the Allies after they declare war on Austria-Hungary.
1923 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline.
1929 - The first talking cartoon of Mickey Mouse, The Karnival Kid, is released.
1933 - The legendary American racehorse Seabiscuit is born.
1934 - American bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Black Lake, Louisiana.
1934 - The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
1939 - The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 26 sailors. The remaining 32 crewmen and one passenger are rescued the following day.
1945 - World War II: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, commits suicide while in Allied custody.
1945 - World War II: the Flensburg government under Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz is dissolved when its members are captured and arrested by British forces at Flensburg in Northern Germany.
1949 - The Federal Republic of Germany is established and the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany proclaimed.
1951 - Tibetans are forced to sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with the People's Republic of China.
1958 - Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
1960 - Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured.
1967 - Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, laying the foundations for the Six Day War.
1970 - A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
1977 - Two terrorist actions unfold in The Netherlands: several dozen hostages are taken on board a train, and about 100 others (mostly children) are held at a Dutch school. The train siege lasts until June 11.
1995 - Oklahoma City bombing: in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the remains of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building are imploded.
1998 - The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% 'yes' votes.
2002 - The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
2003 - The euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999.
2004 - Part of Paris Charles De Gaulle International Airport Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
2007 - The Parliament of Finland celebrates its 100th anniversary plenary session, with President Tarja Halonen and veterans in attendance.

Births
1052 - King Philip I of France (d. 1108)
1100 - Emperor Qinzong of China (d. 1161)
1606 - Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer (d. 1682)
1617 - Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian (d. 1692)
1707 - Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist (d. 1778)
1718 - William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (d. 1783)
1729 - Giuseppe Parini, Italian writer (d. 1799)
1734 - Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician/hypnotist (d.1815)
1741 - Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (d. 1801)
1790 - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
1795 - Charles Barry , English architect (d. 1860)
1810 - Margaret Fuller, American journalist and feminist (d. 1850)
1820 - James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (d. 1887)
1820 - Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)
1824 - Ambrose Burnside, American Union Civil War general (d. 1881)
1834 - Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
1844 - `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
1848 - Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer (d. 1896)
1865 - Epitácio Pessoa, President of Brazil (d. 1942)
1875 - Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
1879 - Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
1883 - Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (d. 1939)
1884 - Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
1887 - Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
1888 - Zack Wheat, American baseball player (d. 1972)
1889 - Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
1890 - Herbert Marshall, English actor (d. 1966)
1891 - Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
1893 - Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
1896 - Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
1898 - Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
1900 - Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
1908 - John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
1908 - Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (d. 1934)
1910 - Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
1910 - Sir Hugh Casson, British architect and painter (d. 1999)
1910 - Scatman Crothers, American actor and musician (d. 1986)
1910 - Artie Shaw, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 2004)
1912 - Jean Françaix, French composer (d. 1997)
1912 - Betty Astell, English actress (d. 2005)
1912 - John Payne, American actor (d. 1989)
1913 - Ruth Fernandez legendary singer from Puerto Rico
1917 - Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (d. 2008)
1918 - Denis Compton, English cricketer (d. 1997)
1919 - Betty Garrett, American actress and dancer
1920 - Helen O'Connell, American singer (d. 1993)
1921 - James Blish, American author (d. 1975)
1921 - Humphrey Lyttelton, English musician (d. 2008)
1923 - Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist
1923 - Walter Wolfrum, German fighter pilot
1925 - Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate
1925 - Mac Wiseman, American musician
1928 - Jeannie Carson, English actress and comedian
1928 - Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (d. 2002)
1928 - Nigel Davenport, English actor
1928 - Pauline Julien, French Canadian singer (d. 1998)
1929 - Ulla Jacobsson, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
1930 - Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
1931 - Barbara Barrie, American actress
1933 - Joan Collins, English actress
1934 - Robert Moog, American inventor (d. 2005)
1936 - Ingeborg Hallstein, German opera singer
1936 - Charles Kimbrough, American actor
1938 - Peter Preston, English journalist and author
1939 - Reinhard Hauff, German film director
1939 - Michel Colombier, French composer and songwriter (d. 2004)
1942 - K. Raghavendra Rao, Indian film director
1942 - Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
1943 - General Norman Johnson, American singer (Chairmen of the Board)
1944 - John Newcombe, Australian tennis player
1945 - Padmarajan, Indian film director (d. 1991)
1946 - Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor
1946 - H. Paul Shuch, American SETI scientist
1947 - Bernard Comrie, English linguist
1947 - Ann Hui, Hong Kong film director
1948 - Reggie Cleveland, Canadian baseball player
1951 - Anatoly Karpov, Russian chess player
1951 - Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
1952 - Anne-Marie David, French singer
1952 - "Marvelous" Marvin Hagler, American boxer
1955 - Luka Bloom, Irish singer/songwriter
1956 - Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician
1956 - Mark Shaw, New Zealand rugby footballer
1956 - Buck Showalter, American baseball player and manager
1957 - Baltimora, Northern Irish singer (d. 1995)
1958 - Mitch Albom, American writer
1958 - Drew Carey, American actor, comedian, and game show host
1958 - François Feldman, French singer
1962 - Imran Anwar, Pakistani Internet pioneer and American TV personality
1962 - Karen Duffy, American actress
1963 - Wally Dallenbach Jr., American race car driver and announcer
1963 - Gregg "Opie" Hughes, American radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
1964 - Ruth Metzler-Arnold, member of the Swiss Federal Council
1965 - Tom Tykwer, German film director
1965 - Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo, Real Madrid footballer
1966 - Graeme Hick, English cricketer
1967 - Anna Ibrisagic, Swedish politician
1967 - Phil Selway, English drummer (Radiohead)
1970 - Yigal Amir, Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin
1970 - Bryan Herta, American race car driver
1970 - Blake Schwendiman, American author
1972 - Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian formula one driver
1974 - Ken Jennings, American game show contestant
1974 - Matt Hindle, Canadian bobsledder
1974 - Jewel, American singer
1974 - Mónica Naranjo, Spanish singer
1974 - Charlie Yeung, Hong Kong actress and singer
1975 - Kim Sung-soo, South Korean actor
1976 - Kelly Monaco, American actress
1976 - Ricardinho, Brazilian footballer
1977 - Ilia Kulik, Russian figure skater
1978 - Mike González, American baseball player
1978 - Carolyn Moos, American model and professional basketball player
1978 - Scott Raynor, American drummer (formerly of blink-182)
1979 - Brian Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player
1979 - Kirk Saarloos, American baseball player
1979 - Rasual Butler, American basketball player
1980 - Theofanis Gekas, Greek footballer
1981 - Gwenno Saunders, Former Welsh dancer, now singer with The Pipettes
1982 - Cyrill Gloor, Swiss footballer
1982 - Malene Mortensen, Danish singer
1982 - Tristan Prettyman, American musician
1983 - Cristiano Bilanzola, Canadian musician and film-maker
1983 - Heidi Range, English singer (Sugababes)
1983 - Alex Shelley, American professional wrestler
1984 - Adam Wylie, American actor
1985 - Ross Wallace, Scottish footballer
1986 - Ruben Zadkovich, Australian soccer player
1988 - Morgan Pressel, American golfer

Deaths
1125 - Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1081)
1304 - Jehan de Lescurel, French poet and composer
1498 - Girolamo Savonarola, Italian religious reformer and ruler of Florence (b. 1452)
1523 - Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
1524 - Ismail I, Shah of Persia (b. 1487)
1662 - John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
1670 - Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)
1691 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
1701 - Captain Kidd, Scottish pirate (b. 1645)
1752 - William Bradford, English-born printer (b. 1663)
1754 - John Wood, the Elder, English architect (b. 1704)
1783 - James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
1786 - Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (b. 1746)
1813 - Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
1825 - Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
1841 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1765)
1846 - Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
1855 - Charles Robert Malden, English explorer (b. 1797)
1857 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
1868 - Kit Carson, American trapper, scout, and Indian agent (b. 1809)
1886 - Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
1893 - Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
1895 - Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (b. 1798)
1906 - Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian writer (b. 1828)
1908 - François Coppée, French poet and novelist (b. 1842)
1920 - Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
1934 - Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (b. 1909)
1934 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (b. 1910)
1937 - John D. Rockefeller, American entrepreneur (b. 1839)
1945 - Heinrich Himmler, Nazi official (b. 1900)
1965 - Earl Webb, American baseball player (b. 1897)
1966 - Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
1967 - Lionel Groulx, French Canadian priest and historian (b. 1878)
1975 - Moms Mabley, American comedian (b. 1894)
1981 - Gene Green, American baseball player (b. 1933)
1981 - Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (d. 1911)
1981 - George Jessel, American actor (b. 1898)
1981 - David Lewis, Canadian labour lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
1986 - Sterling Hayden, American actor (b. 1916)
1989 - Georgy Tovstonogov, Russian theatre director (b. 1915)
1991 - Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (b. 1895)
1992 - Giovanni Falcone, Italian judge (b. 1939)
1994 - Ray Candy, American professional wrestler (b. 1951)
1996 - Patrick Cargill, English actor (b. 1918)
1999 - Owen Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1965)
2002 - Sam Snead, American golfer (b. 1912)
2003 - Jean Yanne, French actor and director (b. 1933)
2004 - Ramon Margalef, Spanish scientist (b. 1919)
2006 - Clifford Antone, American businessman (b. 1949)
2006 - Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (b. 1921)
2006 - Frits Bernard, American activist (b. 1920)
2006 - Kazimierz Górski, Polish footballer (b. 1921)

Holidays and observances
Bahá'í Faith: Declaration of the Báb
World Turtle Day
Discordianism: Day of Disunity


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
24-05-2008, 09:58
May 24th

May 24 is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 221 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.
1276 - Magnus Ladulås crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.
1487 - Imposter Lambert Simnel is crowned as "King Edward VI" at Dublin.
1595 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.
1621 - Protestant Union formally dissolved.
1626 - Peter Minuit buys Manhattan.
1689 - The English Parliament passes the Act of Toleration protecting Protestants (Roman Catholics are intentionally excluded).
1738 - John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day.
1798 - Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins.
1822 - Battle of Pichincha: Antonio José de Sucre secures the independence of the Presidency of Quito.
1830 - "Mary Had a Little Lamb" by Sarah Josepha Hale is published.
1830 - The first revenue trains in the United States begin service on the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road between Baltimore and Ellicott's Mills.
1832 - The First Kingdom of Greece is declared in the London Conference.
1844 - Samuel F. B. Morse sent the message "What hath God wrought" (a Bible quotation, Numbers 23:23) from the Old Supreme Court Chamber in the United States Capitol to his assistant, Alfred Vail, in Baltimore, Maryland.
1846 - Mexican-American War: General Zachary Taylor captures Monterrey.
1856 - John Brown and his men murder five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.
1861 - American Civil War: Union troops occupy Alexandria, Virginia.
1881 - Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.
1883 - The Brooklyn Bridge in New York is opened to traffic after 14 years of construction.
1895 - Henry Irving becomes the first personage from the theatre to be knighted.
1900 - Second Boer War: The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State.
1901 - 78 miners die in Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.
1911 - The New York Public Library opened.
1915 - World War I: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.
1921 - The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti opens.
1930 - Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Northern Territory, becoming the first woman to fly from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight).
1940 - Igor Sikorsky performs the first successful single-rotor helicopter flight.
1941 - World War II: In the North Atlantic, the German Battleship Bismarck sinks the HMS Hood killing all but three crewmen on what was the pride of the Royal Navy.
1943 - Holocaust: Josef Mengele becomes chief medical officer in Auschwitz concentration camp.
1949 - The Soviet Union ends the 11-month Berlin Blockade.
1956 - Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna.
1958 - United Press International is formed through a merger of the United Press and the International News Service.
1961 - American civil rights movement: Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi for "disturbing the peace" after disembarking from their bus.
1961 - Cyprus enters the Council of Europe.
1962 - Project Mercury: American astronaut Scott Carpenter orbits the Earth three times in the Aurora 7 space capsule.
1968 - FLQ separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City.
1970 - The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the USSR
1973 - Earl Jellicoe resigns as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the Lords.
1976 - London to Washington, DC Concorde service begins.
1980 - The International Court of Justice calls for the release of United States embassy hostages in Tehran. The hostages would not be freed until the following January.
1981 - First International Women's Day for Disarmament.
1982 - Liberation of Khorramshahr, Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during Iran-Iraq War
1988 - Section 28 is passed as law by Parliament in the United Kingdom.
1989 - Sonia Sutcliffe, wife of the Yorkshire Ripper, is awarded a six-figure sum in damages after winning a libel action against Private Eye.
1990 - A car carrying American Earth First! activists Judi Bari and Darryl Cherney explodes in Oakland, California, critically injuring both.
1991 - Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.
1992 - The last Thai dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests.
1993 - Eritrea gains its independence from Ethiopia.
1994 - Four men convicted of bombing New York's World Trade Center in 1993 are each sentenced to 240 years in prison.
1999 - Venezuela enters the Antarctic Treaty System.
2000 - Israeli troops withdraw from southern Lebanon after 22 years of occupation.
2001 - Mountain climbing: 15-year-old Sherpa Temba Tsheri becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.
2001 - The Versailles wedding hall collapse in Jerusalem, Israel, kills 23 and injures over 200 in Israel's worst-ever civil disaster.
2001 - The Democrats gain control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.
2002 - Russia and the United States sign the Moscow Treaty.
2004 - North Korea bans mobile phones.(See:Communications in North Korea)

Births
15 BC - Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander (d. 19)
1494 - Pontormo, Italian painter (d. 1557)
1522 - John Jewel, English bishop (d. 1571)
1544 - William Gilbert, English natural philosopher (d. 1603)
1616 - John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale (d. 1682)
1671 - Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1737)
1686 - Gabriel Fahrenheit, inventor and thermometer maker (d. 1736)
1689 - Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (d. 1769)
1743 - Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary (d. 1793)
1794 - William Whewell, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1866)
1803 - Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist (d. 1866)
1810 - Charles Clark, Governor of Mississippi (d. 1877)
1810 - Abraham Geiger, German rabbi and scholar (d. 1874)
1816 - Emanuel Leutze, German-born painter (d. 1868)
1819 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1901)
1830 - Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (d. 1897)
1836 - Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer (d. 1925)
1854 - John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy (d. 1918)
1855 - Arthur Wing Pinero, English playwright (d. 1934)
1863 - George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (d. 1938)
1868 - Charles E. Taylor, First aircraft maintenance professional (d. 1956)
1870 - Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (d. 1938)
1870 - Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1950)
1878 - Lillian Moller Gilbreth, American engineer (d. 1972)
1879 - H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's and founder (d. 1956)
1885 - Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist (d. 1948).
1886 - Paul Paray, French conductor and composer (d. 1979)
1887 - Edward "Mick" Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace (d. 1918)
1891 - William F. Albright, American archeologist and Biblical scholar (d. 1971)
1895 - Samuel Irving Newhouse, American publisher (d. 1979)
1899 - Suzanne Lenglen, French tennis player (d. 1938)
1899 - Henri Michaux, French poet (d. 1984)
1900 - Lionel Conacher, Canadian athlete and politician (d. 1954)
1900 - Eduardo De Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (d. 1984)
1901 - José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1968)
1905 - Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
1909 - Wilbur Mills, American politician (d. 1992)
1911 - Barbara West, English survivor of the Titanic sinking (d. 2007)
1914 - Lilli Palmer, German-born actress (d. 1986)
1914 - Giuseppe Valdengo, Italian baritone (d. 2007)
1916 - Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat (d. 2002)
1923 - Siobhán McKenna, Irish actress (d. 1986)
1925 - Mai Zetterling, Swedish-born entertainer (d. 1994)
1926 - Stanley Baxter, Scottish actor
1928 - William Trevor, Irish writer
1930 - Hans-Martin Linde, German conductor
1931 - Michael Lonsdale, French actor
1932 - Arnold Wesker, English dramatist
1934 - Jane Byrne, American politician
1934 - Barry Rose, English choir-trainer and organist
1935 - Joan Micklin Silver, American director
1936 - Harold Budd, American musician
1938 - Tommy Chong, Canadian-born actor and comedian
1938 - David Viscott, American psychiatrist (d. 1996)
1940 - Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
1941 - Bob Dylan, American singer and songwriter
1941 - George Lakoff, American linguist and political activist
1943 - Gary Burghoff, American actor
1944 - Patti LaBelle, American singer
1945 - Priscilla Presley, American actress
1946 - Irena Kirszenstein-Szewinska, Russian-born Polish athlete
1947 - Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive
1949 - Jim Broadbent, English actor
1950 - Larry Seidlin, American judge
1953 - Alfred Molina, London-born Spanish-Italian actor
1955 - Rosanne Cash, American singer
1956 - Michael Jackson, Northern Irish clergyman
1959 - Pelle Lindbergh, Swedish hockey player (d. 1985)
1960 - Kristin Scott Thomas, English actress
1960 - Guy Fletcher, British keyboardist (Dire Straits)
1962 - Gene Anthony Ray, American actor (d. 2003)
1962 - Mo Willems, American author and screenwriter
1963 - Ivan Capelli, Italian racing driver
1963 - Michael Chabon, American author
1963 - Joe Dumars, American basketball player
1963 - Kathy Leander, Swiss singer
1963 - Rich Rodriguez, American football coach
1964 - Adrian Moorhouse, British swimmer
1964 - Pat Verbeek, Canadian ice hockey player
1965 - John C. Reilly, American actor
1965 - Shinichiro Watanabe, Japanese anime director
1966 - Eric Cantona, French footballer
1966 - Ricky Craven, American NASCAR driver
1967 - Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
1967 - Steve McDonald, American bassist (Redd Kross)
1969 - Rich Robinson, American musician (Black Crowes)
1970 - Tommy Page, American singer
1971 - Kris Draper, Canadian ice hockey player (Detroit Red Wings)
1972 - Greg Berlanti, American television writer and producer
1973 - Bartolo Colón, Dominican Major League Baseball player
1973 - Dermot O'Leary, English television presenter
1973 - Ruslana, Ukrainian singer
1974 - Will Sasso, Canadian actor and comedian
1975 - Marc Gagnon, Canadian short track speed skater
1975 - Maria Lawson, British Singer
1975 - Yannis Goumas, Greek footballer
1976 - Alessandro Cortini, Italian musician
1976 - Catherine Cox, Australian netballer
1977 - Kym Valentine. Australian actress
1978 - Brian Ching, American soccer player
1978 - Bryan Greenberg, American actor
1978 - Brad Penny, American baseball player
1978 - Johan Holmqvist, Swedish hockey player
1979 - Tracy McGrady, American basketball player
1979 - Frank Mir, American UFC fighter
1980 - Cecilia Cheung, Hong Kong actress and singer
1981 - Marketa Janska, Czech model and Playboy Playmate
1982 - Issah Ahmed, Ghana football player
1982 - DaMarcus Beasley, American soccer player
1984 - Sarah Hagan, American actress
1984 - Brodney Pool, American football player
1985 - Tim Bridgman, British racing driver
1986 - Jordan Metcalfe, English actor
1987 - Dominika Kasprzycka, Polish singer
1987 - Guillaume Latendresse, French-Canadian hockey player
1988 - Billy Gilman, American singer
1989 - Tara Correa-McMullen, American actress (d. 2005)
1990 - Luke Temple, American Concert pianist
1991 - Erika Umeda, Japanese singer
1992 - Travis T. Flory, American Actor
1995 - Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein

Deaths
1153 - King David I of Scotland (b. 1084)
1351 - Abu al-Hasan 'Ali, Sultan of Morocco (b. circa 1297)
1408 - Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1335)
1425 - Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)
1456 - Ambroise de Loré, French military commander (b. 1396)
1543 - Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish astronomer (b. 1473)
1612 - Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English statesman (b. 1563)
1627 - Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet (b. 1561)
1725 - Jonathan Wild, English criminal (b. 1682)
1734 - Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
1749 - Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
1792 - George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, British naval officer (b. 1718)
1806 - John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
1843 - Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1765)
1861 - Elmer E. Ellsworth, American Civil War officer (b. 1837)
1872 - Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (b. 1794)
1879 - William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist and publisher (b. 1805)
1881 - Samuel Palmer, English artist (b. 1805)
1883 - Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
1919 - Amado Nervo, Mexican poet (b. 1870)
1941 - Lancelot Holland, British admiral, died in sinking of the HMS Hood (51) (b. 1887)
1945 - Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (b. 1892)
1947 - C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (b. 1878)
1948 - Jacques Feyder, Belgian director and screenwriter (b. 1885)
1949 - Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (b. 1873)
1950 - Archibald Wavell, British general (b. 1883)
1959 - John Foster Dulles, United States Secretary of State (b. 1888)
1963 - Elmore James, American musician (b. 1918)
1969 - Willy Ley, German-born rocket scientist (b. 1906)
1974 - Duke Ellington, American composer and musician (b. 1899)
1984 - Vincent J. McMahon, American pro wrestling promoter (b. 1914)
1991 - Gene Clark, American singer and songwriter (The Byrds) (b. 1944)
1991 - Miriam di San Servolo, Italian actress (b. 1912)
1992 - Hitoshi Ogawa, Japanese racing driver (b. 1956)
1995 - Harold Wilson, British politician (b. 1916)
1997 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (b. 1923)
1999 - Owen Hart, Professional Wrestler (b.1965)
2000 - Kurt Schork, American reporter (b. 1947)
2002 - Wallace Markfield, American writer (b. 1926)
2003 - Rachel Kempson, English actress (b. 1910)
2004 - Henry Ries, American photographer (b. 1917)
2004 - Milton Shulman, Canadian author and critic (b. 1913)
2004 - Edward Wagenknecht, American literary critic (b. 1900)
2005 - Carl Amery, German writer (b. 1922)
2005 - Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (b. 1913)
2005 - Vivian Liberto, first wife of Johnny Cash (b. 1934)
2006 - Henry Bumstead, American art director (b. 1915)
2006 - Michał Życzkowski, Polish technician (b. 1930)
2007 - Bill Johnston, Australian cricket player (b. 1922)

Holidays and observances
Canada: Victoria Day, on this date if it falls on a Monday or the Monday before it. In Quebec, it is known as National Patriotes Day (Journée nationale des patriotes).
Saints Cyril and Methodius Day in Eastern Orthodox tradition. In addition, the following secular observances are recognized, in the association with the works of Cyril and Methodius Day
Republic of Macedonia: Saints Cyril and Methodius, Slavonic Enlighteners' Day
Russia: Slavonic Literature and Culture Day
Bulgaria: Slavonic Literature and Culture Day
Bermuda: Bermuda Day.
Eritrea: National Day.
Aldersgate Day (Methodism).
Saint Sarah is celebrated in Camargue, France by the Roma people (or Gypsies).


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
25-05-2008, 19:18
May 25th

May 25 is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 220 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo back from the Moors.
1420 - Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ.
1521 - The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw.
1659 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth.
1738 - A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
1787 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, delegates convene a Constitutional Convention to write a new Constitution for the United States. George Washington presides.
1810 - In the May Revolution, citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Viceroy during the Semana de Mayo.
1837 - The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom
1865 - In Mobile, Alabama, 300 are killed when an ordnance depot explodes.
1895 - Playwright, poet and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison.
1895 - The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
1914 - The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes Home Rule Act for devolution in Ireland.
1925 - Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
1926 - Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of Ukrainian People's Republic.
1935 - Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks five world records and ties a sixth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
1936 - The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins.
1938 - Spanish Civil War: Bombing of Alicante, 313 deaths.
1940 - World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk begins.
1946 - The parliament of Transjordan makes Abdullah I of Jordan their king.
1953 - Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducts its first and only nuclear artillery test.
1955 - In the United States, a night time F5 tornado strikes the small city of Udall, Kansas, killing 80 and injuring 273. It was the deadliest tornado to ever occur in the state and the 23rd deadliest in the U.S.
1961 - Apollo program: U.S. president John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the moon" before the end of the decade.
1961 - King Hussein of Jordan marries Princess Muna al-Hussein (Antoinette Gardiner).
1963 - In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established.
1966 - Explorer program: Explorer 32 launches.
1966 - The first prominent DaZiBao during the Cultural Revolution in China was posted at Peking University.
1977 - Star Wars is released. It rapidly becomes a cult classic and is the start of a six-movie franchise.
1979 - American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport killing 271 on board and two people on the ground.
1981 - In Riyadh, the Gulf Cooperation Council is created between Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
1982 - HMS Coventry is sunk during the Falklands War.
1985 - Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
1986 - Hands Across America takes place to raise money for local charities fighting poverty.
1989 - Calgary Flames won the Stanley Cup for the first time.
1995 - The Bosnian Serb Army kills 72 youngsters in the Bosnian city of Tuzla.
1997 - A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.
1999 - The United States House of Representatives released the Cox Report which detailed the People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over the prior two decades.
2000 - Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from most of the Lebanese territory after 22 years of its first invasion in 1978.
2001 - 32-year-old Erik Weihenmayer, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
2002 - China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people.
2002 - A train crash in Tenga, Mozambique kills 197 people.
2003 - Néstor Kirchner becomes President of Argentina after defeating Carlos Menem. He is the first elected President since the economic crisis.
2007 - The Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire for the second time.
2008 - The Lebanese parliament elects Michel Suleiman as President of Lebanon.

Births
1048 - Emperor Shenzong of China (d. 1085)
1334 - Emperor Sukō (d. 1398)
1458 - Mahmud Begada, Sultan of Gujarat (d. 1511)
1606 - Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
1661 - Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (d. 1737)
1713 - John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
1725 - Samuel Ward, American politician (d. 1776)
1783 - Philip Pendleton Barbour, Virginia politician and U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1841)
1803 - Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, English novelist and playwright (d. 1873)
1803 - Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist and philosopher (d. 1882)
1818 - Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss historian (d. 1897)
1845 - Lip Pike, baseball player (d. 1883)
1846 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1923)
1846 - Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer(d. 1900)
1852 - William Muldoon, wrestler (d. 1933)
1856 - Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (d. 1942)
1860 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (d. 1944)
1865 - John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1955)
1865 - Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943)
1877 - Billy Murray, American singer (d. 1954)
1878 - Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, African American entertainer (d. 1949)
1879 - Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born publisher (d. 1964)
1880 - Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist (d. 1967)
1882 - Marie Doro, American actress (d. 1956)
1886 - Philip Murray, U.S. (Scottish-born) labor leader (d. 1952)
1886 - Rash Behari Bose, leader against the British Raj in India (d. 1945)
1887 - Pio of Pietrelcina, Catholic saint (d. 1968)
1888 - Miles Malleson, English actor (d. 1969)
1889 - Igor Sikorsky, Russian inventor (d. 1972)
1892 - Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav resistance leader and later president (d. 1980)
1897 - Gene Tunney, American heavyweight champion (d. 1978)
1898 - Bennett Cerf, American publisher, TV personality (d. 1971)
1899 - Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (d. 1976)
1900 - Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (d. 1975)
1903 - Binnie Barnes, British actress (d. 1998)
1907 - U Nu, Burmese politician (d. 1995)
1908 - Theodore Roethke, American poet (d. 1963)
1909 - Alfred Kubel, German politician (d. 1999)
1909 - Marie Menken, American experimental filmmaker and socialite (d. 1970)
1912 - Princess Dukhye of Korea (d. 1989)
1913 - Richard Dimbleby, British journalist and broadcaster (d. 1965)
1917 - Theodore Hesburgh, American educator and theologian
1917 - Steve Cochran, American actor (d. 1965)
1918 - Claude Akins, American actor (d. 1994)
1921 - Jack Steinberger, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1921 - Hal David, American lyricist and songwriter
1922 - Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (d. 1984)
1922 - Kitty Kallen, American big band singer
1924 - István Nyers, Hungarian footballer (d. 2005)
1925 - Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet (d. 1974)
1925 - Jeanne Crain, American actress (d. 2003)
1925 - Don Liddle, baseball player (d. 2000)
1926 - Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1991)
1927 - Robert Ludlum, American writer (d. 2001)
1929 - Beverly Sills, American soprano (d. 2007)
1929 - Warren Frost, American actor
1931 - Georgi Grechko, cosmonaut
1931 - Aili Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter
1932 - John Gregory Dunne, American writer (d. 2003)
1933 - Ray Spencer, English footballer
1935 - Cookie Gilchrist, American football player
1935 - Victoria Shaw, Australian-born American actress (d. 1988)
1936 - Tom T. Hall, American singer and songwriter
1938 - Raymond Carver, American writer (d. 1988)
1939 - Dixie Carter, American actress
1939 - Ian McKellen, English actor
1943 - Jessi Colter, American singer
1943 - John "Poli" Palmer, British rock musician (Family)
1944 - Frank Oz, English-born puppeteer and director
1944 - Pierre Bachelet, French singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
1944 - John Bunnell, former Sheriff of Multnomah County, Oregon and TV personality
1944 - Robert MacPherson, American mathematician
1946 - David A. Hargrave, RPG designer
1948 - Sgt. Slaughter, American professional wrestler
1948 - Klaus Meine, German musician (Scorpions)
1949 - Jamaica Kincaid, Antiguan-born novelist
1951 - Bob Gale, American screenwriter
1952 - Al Sarrantonio, American writer
1952 - Jeffrey Bewkes, American media executive
1953 - Eve Ensler, American playwright
1953 - Daniel Passarella, Argentine football player
1953 - Stan Sakai, Japanese-American cartoonist (Usagi Yojimbo)
1955 - Alistair Burt, British politician
1956 - Sugar Minott, Jamaican singer
1956 - David P. Sartor, American music composer
1956 - Tatsutoshi Goto, Japanese professional wrestler
1957 - Edward Lee, American writer
1957 - Robert Picard, French Canadian ice hockey player
1958 - Paul Weller, British musician
1959 - Manolis Kefalogiannis, Greek politician
1959 - Rick Wamsley, Canadian ice hockey player
1959 - Julian Clary, British television personality
1960 - Amy Klobuchar, American politician, junior senator from Minnesota
1962 - Rick Nattress, Canadian ice hockey player
1963 - Mike Myers, Canadian actor and comedian
1964 - Ivan Bella, Slovak cosmonaut
1964 - David Shaw, Canadian ice hockey player
1966 - Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands
1967 - Poppy Z. Brite, American author
1968 - Kendall Gill, American basketball player
1969 - Anne Heche, American actress
1969 - Stacy London, American fashion consultant
1969 - Glen Drover, Canadian guitar player (Megadeth)
1970 - Joey Eischen, baseball player
1970 - Lindsay and Sidney Greenbush, American actresses
1970 - Jamie Kennedy, American actor
1970 - Satsuki Yukino, Seiyuu
1971 - Marco Cappato, Italian politician
1971 - Justin Henry, American actor
1972 - Octavia Spencer, American actress
1973 - Demetri Martin, American comedian
1973 - Molly Sims, American supermodel and actress
1973 - Daz Dillinger, American hip-hop performer
1974 - Frank Klepacki, American musician
1974 - Miguel Tejada, Dominican baseball player
1975 - Lauryn Hill, American singer
1976 - Tarik Glenn, National Football League offensive lineman
1976 - Cillian Murphy, Irish actor
1978 - Brian Urlacher, American football player
1979 - Carlos Bocanegra, American soccer player
1979 - Jonny Wilkinson, English international and Newcastle Falcons rugby player
1979 - Caroline Ouellette, French Canadian ice hockey player
1979 - Sam Sodje, Nigerian footballer
1980 - Jae Hee, South Korean actor
1980 - David Navarro, Spanish footballer
1982 - Adam Boyd, English footballer
1982 - Daniel Braaten, Norwegian footballer
1982 - Ryan Gallant, American skateboarder
1983 - Kunal Khemu, Indian actor
1984 - Marion Raven, Norwegian Singer-Songwritter (M2M)
1984 - Unnur Birna Vilhjálmsdóttir, 2005 Miss World
1984 - Kyle Brodziak, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Shawne Merriman, American football Player for the San Diego Chargers
1984 - Kostas Martakis, Greek singer
1985 - Luciana Abreu, Portuguese singer and actress
1986 - Yoan Gouffran, French football player
1986 - Juri Ueno, Japanese actress
1987 - Timothy Derijck, Belgian football player
1993 - Dilley sextuplets, American sextuplets
1999 - Maisy McLeod-Riera, New Zealand actress

Deaths
709 - Aldhelm, Bishop of Sherborne (b. cica 639)
735 - Bede, English historian and monk (b. circa 672 or 673)
967 - Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 926)
992 - Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)
1085 - Pope Gregory VII
1261 - Pope Alexander IV
1452 - John Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury
1555 - Gemma Frisius, Dutch mathematician and cartographer (b. 1508)
1555 - Henry II of Navarre (b. 1503)
1595 - Valens Acidalius, German critic and poet (b. 1567)
1632 - Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1572)
1667 - Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (b. 1620)
1681 - Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright (b. 1600)
1693 - Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette, French writer (b. 1634)
1741 - Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (b. 1660)
1786 - Peter III of Portugal, consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal (b. 1717)
1789 - Anders Dahl, Swedish botanist (b. 1751)
1797 - John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (b. 1719)
1805 - William Paley, English philosopher (b. 1743)
1848 - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
1849 - Benjamin d'Urban, British general and colonial administrator (b. 1777)
1899 - Rosa Bonheur, French realist painter and sculptor (d. 1822)
1912 - Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)
1917 - Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet (b. 1891)
1919 - Madame C.J. Walker, African American philanthropist and tycoon (b. 1867)
1924 - Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (b. 1889)
1926 - Symon Petlura, Ukrainian politician and statesman (b. 1879)
1927 - Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1876)
1930 - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848)
1934 - Gustav Holst, English composer (b. 1874)
1935 - Sir Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer (b. 1868)
1940 - Joe De Grasse, American film director (b. 1873)
1943 - Nils von Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter (b. 1888)
1951 - Paula von Preradović, Croatian-born writer (b. 1887)
1954 - Robert Capa, Hungarian-born photojournalist (b. 1913)
1965 - Sonny Boy Williamson, (Alec "Rice" Miller) American Blues singer, songwriter, and musician (b. 1899)
1968 - Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (b. 1881)
1977 - Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (b. 1904)
1979 - John Arthur Spenkelink, American murderer (b. 1949)
1981 - Fredric Warburg, British publisher and author (b. 1898)
1983 - Jean Rougeau, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1925)
1983 - Black Jack Stewart,Canadian NHL hockey player (b. 1917)
1986 - Chester Bowles, American politician (b. 1901)
1988 - Ernst Ruska, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
1994 - Sonny Sharrock, American jazz guitarist (b. 1940)
1995 - Dany Robin, French actress (b. 1927)
1996 - Renzo De Felice, Italian historian (b. 1929)
1996 - Bradley Nowell, American singer and guitarist (Sublime) (b. 1968)
2000 - Nicholas Clay, British actor (b. 1946)
2002 - Pat Coombs, English actress (b. 1926)
2003 - Jeremy Michael Ward, American musician (The Mars Volta) (b. 1976)
2004 - Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (b. 1917)
2005 - Sunil Dutt, Indian actor and politician (b. 1929)
2005 - Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (b. 1938)
2005 - Graham Kennedy, Australian television personality (b. 1934)
2005 - Ruth Laredo, American pianist (b. 1937)
2005 - Gregory Scott Johnson, American murderer (b. 1965)
2006 - Desmond Dekker, Jamaican ska musician (b. 1941)
2007 - Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor and host (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances
Argentina - Day of May Revolution/National Day (1810)
Africa Day commemorating the 1963 fouding of he AU's precursor, OAU
Chad, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe - African Liberation Day
Lebanon, Liberation Day (2000)
The former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Day of Youth
Ancient Latvia - Urbanas Diena observed


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
26-05-2008, 19:24
May 26th

May 26 is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 219 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
451 - The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.
1293 - An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Japan, killing about 30,000.
1328 - William of Ockham, Franciscan Minister-General Michael of Cesena and two other Franciscan leaders secretly leave Avignon, fearing a death sentence from Pope John XXII.
1538 - Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.
1637 - Pequot War: A combined Protestant and Mohegan force under German Captain John Mason attacks a Pequot village in Connecticut, massacring approximately 500 Native Americans.
1647 - Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut.
1670 - In Dover, England, Charles II of Great Britain and Louis XIV of France sign the Secret Treaty of Dover.
1736 - Battle of Ackia: British and Chickasaw soldiers repel a French and Choctaw attack on the Chickasaw village of Ackia, near present-day Tupelo, Mississippi. The French, under Louisiana governor Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, had sought to link Louisiana with Acadia and the other northern colonies of New France.
1770 - The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
1805 - Napoléon Bonaparte assumes the title of King of Italy and is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Duomo di Milano gothic cathedral in Milan.
1828 - Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.
1830 - The Indian Removal Act is passed by the U.S. Congress; it is signed into law by President Andrew Jackson two days later.
1857 - Dred Scott is emancipated by the Blow family, his original owners.
1864 - Montana is organized as a United States territory.
1865 - American Civil War: Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi division, is the last general of the Confederate Army to surrender, at Galveston, Texas.
1868 - The impeachment trial of U.S. President Andrew Johnson ends, with Johnson being found not guilty by one vote.
1869 - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
1879 - Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state.
1889 - Opening of the first Eiffel Tower elevator to the public.
1894 - Nicholas II becomes Tsar of Russia.
1896 - Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
1896 - James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.
1906 - Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London.
1908 - At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.
1913 - Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.
1917 - A powerful F4 tornado rips Mattoon, Illinois apart, killing 101 people and injuring 689. It was the world's longest-lasting tornado, lasting for over 7 hours and traveling 293 miles, spreading death and destruction along its path.
1918 - The Democratic Republic of Georgia is established.
1928 - The first motion picture is projected publicly in Athens, Greece.
1936 - In the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, Tommy Henderson begins speaking on the Appropriation Bill. By the time he sits down in the early hours of the following morning, he spoke for 10 hours.
1938 - The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its first session.
1940 - World War II: Battle of Dunkirk – In France, Allied forces begin a massive evacuation from Dunkirk, France.
1942 - World War II: The Battle of Bir Hakeim takes place.
1948 - The U.S. Congress passes Public Law 557 which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force.
1966 - British Guiana gains independence, becoming Guyana.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 10 returns to earth after a successful eight-day test of all the components needed for the forthcoming first manned moon landing.
1970 - The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.
1972 - Willandra National Park is established in Australia.
1972 - The United States and the Soviet Union sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
1972 - The British state-owned travel firm Thomas Cook & Son is sold to a consortium of private businesses headed by the Midland Bank.
1977 - George Willig climbs the South Tower of New York City's World Trade Center.
1978 - In Atlantic City, New Jersey, Resorts International, the first legal casino in the eastern United States, opens.
1981 - The Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the pseudo-masonic lodge P2 (Propaganda Due).
1983 - A strong 7.7 magnitude earthquake strikes Japan, triggering a tsunami that kills at least 104 people, injures thousands. Many people go missing and thousands of buildings are destroyed.
1986 - The European Community adopts the European flag.
1991 - Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the first democratically elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.
1991 - Lauda Air Flight 004 explodes over rural Thailand, killing 223.
1992 - Charles Geschke, co-founder of Adobe Systems, Inc. is kidnapped at gunpoint from the Adobe parking lot in Mountain View, California for $650,000 and is held hostage in a rented house in Hollister, California. The FBI rescues him four days later.
1998 - The United States Supreme Court rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.
2002 - The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.
2002 - Álvaro Uribe becomes President of Colombia.
2003 - Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.
2004 - The New York Times publishes an admission of journalistic failings, claiming that its flawed reporting and lack of skeptism towards sources during the buildup to the 2003 war in Iraq helped promote the belief that Iraq possessed large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction.
2004 - The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.
2006 - The May 2006 Java earthquake kills over 5,700 people, leaves 200,000 homeless.

Births1264 - Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (d. 1326)
1478 - Pope Clement VII (d. 1534)
1566 - Mehmed III, Ottoman Emperor (d. 1603)
1602 - Philippe de Champaigne, French painter (d. 1674)
1650 - John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, British general (d. 1722)
1667 - Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (d. 1754)
1669 - Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (d. 1722)
1689 - Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (d. 1762)
1700 - Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf, German religious and social reformer (d. 1760)
1764 - Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman (d. 1836)
1799 - Aleksandr Pushkin, Russian author (d. 1837)
1822 - Edmond de Goncourt, French writer (d. 1896)
1863 - Robert Fitzsimmons, Boxing champion (d. 1917)
1865 - Robert W. Chambers, American artist (d. 1933)
1867 - Mary of Teck, wife of George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1953)
1873 - Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian artist (d. 1958)
1883 - Mamie Smith, American singer (d. 1946)
1886 - Al Jolson, American singer (d. 1950)
1893 - Norma Talmadge, American actress (d. 1957)
1893 - Eugène Aynsley Goossens, English conductor and composer (d. 1962)
1895 - Dorothea Lange, American photographer (d. 1965)
1895 - Paul Lukas, Hungarian actor (d. 1971)
1899 - Antonio Barrette, French Canadian politician (d. 1968)
1904 - George Formby, English singer and comedian (d. 1961)
1904 - Vlado Perlemuter, Polish pianist (d. 2002)
1907 - Jean Bernard, French physician (d. 2006)
1907 - John Wayne, American actor (d. 1979)
1908 - Robert Morley, English actor (d. 1992)
1908 - Nguyen Ngoc Tho, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
1909 - Sir Matt Busby, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1994)
1909 - Nikolay Guryanov, Russian Orthodox Christian mystic and priest (d. 2002)
1909 - Adolfo López Mateos, President of Mexico (d. 1969)
1911 - Ben Alexander, American actor (d. 1969)
1912 - János Kádár, Prime minister of Hungary (d. 1989)
1912 - Jay Silverheels, American actor (d. 1980)
1913 - Peter Cushing, English actor (d. 1994)
1914 - Frankie Manning, American Lindy Hop dancer
1915 - Sam Edwards, American actor (d. 2004)
1915 - Antonia Forest, British children's author (d. 2003)
1916 - Moondog, American composer, musician and poet (d. 1999)
1916 - Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
1917 - Eva Szorenyi, Hungarian actress, freedom activist for Hungary
1918 - Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (d. 1985)
1920 - Peggy Lee, American singer (d. 2002)
1923 - James Arness, American actor
1923 - Roy Dotrice, British actor
1932 - Grigor Vachkov, Bulgarian actor (d. 1980)
1935 - Sheila Steafel, South African-born British actress
1938 - William Bolcom, American composer
1938 - Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, Russian playwright and novelist
1938 - Teresa Stratas, Canadian soprano
1939 - Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
1939 - Brent Musburger, American sports broadcaster
1940 - Monique Gagnon-Tremblay, French Canadian politician
1940 - Levon Helm, American musician (The Band)
1941 - Reg Bundy, British performer (d. 2003)
1941 - Cliff Drysdale, South African tennis player
1941 - John Kaufman, sculptor
1943 - Erica Terpstra, President of the Dutch Olympic Committee
1944 - Sam Posey, American race car driver, TV commentator and author
1945 - Garry Peterson, Canadian drummer (The Guess Who)
1946 - Neshka Robeva, Bulgarian Rhythmic gymnas and coach.
1946 - Mick Ronson, English musician (d. 1993)
1948 - Stevie Nicks, American songwriter
1949 - Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer and inventor
1949 - Pam Grier, American actress
1949 - Philip Michael Thomas, American actor
1949 - Hank Williams Jr., American singer
1951 - Sally Ride, American astronaut
1951 - Madeleine Taylor-Quinn, Irish politician
1952 - David Meece, Christian musician
1953 - Michael Portillo, British politician
1954 - Alan Hollinghurst, British novelist
1954 - Danny Rolling, American murderer (d. 2006)
1955 - Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef
1955 - Wesley Walker, American football player
1956 - Frédéric Dutoit, French politician
1957 - Margaret Colin, American actress
1957 - François Legault, French Canadian politician
1957 - Kristina Olsen, American musician
1957 - Roberto Ravaglia, Italian racing driver
1957 - Pontso S.M. Sekatle, Lesotho academic and politician
1959 - Steve Hanley, English musician (The Fall, Tom Hingley and the Lovers)
1959 - Ole Bornedal, Danish film director, actor and producer
1960 - Masahiro Matsunaga, Japanese racing driver
1960 - Rob Murphy, American baseball player
1961 - Tarsem Singh, Indian film director
1962 - Genie Francis, American actress
1962 - Bobcat Goldthwait, American actor
1962 - Colin Vearncombe, English singer,(Black)
1964 - Caitlín R. Kiernan, Irish-American writer
1964 - Lenny Kravitz, American musician
1965 - Hazel Irvine, British television presenter
1966 - Helena Bonham Carter, English actress
1966 - Zola Budd, South African athlete
1967 - Phil Doyle, Australian writer
1968 - Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
1968 - Pat Kenney, American professional wrestler
1968 - Fernando León de Aranoa, Spanish film director
1968 - Steve Sedgley, English footballer
1969 - John Baird, Canadian politician
1969 - Musetta Vander, South African actress
1970 - Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese cartoonist
1971 - Matt Stone, American television producer
1972 - Patsy Palmer, British actress
1974 - Lars Frölander, Swedish swimmer
1975 - Travis Lee, American baseball player
1976 - Justin Pierre, American singer (Motion City Soundtrack)
1977 - Mark Hunter, American musician (Chimaira)
1977 - Misaki Ito, Japanese actress
1977 - Luca Toni, Italian footballer
1978 - Phil Elverum, American singer-songwriter
1979 - Elisabeth Harnois, American actress
1979 - Mehmet Okur (Memo), Turkish basketball player
1979 - Ashley Massaro, American model and professional wrestler
1981 - Eda-Ines Etti, Estonian singer
1981 - Irini Merkouri, Greek singer
1982 - Yoko Matsugane, Japanese model
1988 - Joel Selwood, Australian footballer
1991 - Julianna Rose Mauriello, American actress

Deaths
604 - Augustine of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
818 - Ali ar-Rida, Shia Imam (b. 766)
946 - King Edmund I of England (b. 921)
1055 - Margrave Adalbert of Austria
1421 - Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1389)
1512 - Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan
1536 - Francesco Berni, Italian poet
1595 - Philip Neri, Italian churchman (b. 1515)
1647 - Alse Young, American "witch"
1648 - Vincent Voiture, French poet (b. 1597)
1653 - Robert Filmer, English writer (b. 1588)
1679 - Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1636)
1685 - Karl II, Elector Palatine (b. 1651)
1703 - Samuel Pepys, English civil servant and diarist (b. 1633)
1742 - Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (b. 1672)
1762 - Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
1799 - James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
1814 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, officially named the Guillotine (b. 1789)
1824 - Capel Lofft, English writer (b. 1751)
1831 - Ciro Menotti, Italian patriot (b. 1798)
1840 - Sidney Smith, British admiral (b. 1764)
1881 - Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)
1883 - Abd al-Qadir, Algerian political and military leader (b. 1808)
1883 - Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
1902 - Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)
1904 - Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (b. 1857)
1907 - Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (b. 1847)
1908 - Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya movement in Islam (b. 1835)
1924 - Victor Herbert, Irish composer (b. 1859)
1926 - Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (b. 1879)
1933 - Horatio Bottomley, British financier and politician (b. 1860)
1933 - Jimmie Rodgers, American singer (b. 1897)
1939 - Charles Horace Mayo, American medical practitioner (Mayo Clinic) (b. 1865)
1943 - Edsel Ford, American automobile executive (b. 1893)
1948 - Theodore Morell, Hitler's personal physician (b. 1886)
1951 - Lincoln Ellsworth, American scientist (b. 1880)
1954 - Lionel Conacher, Canadian athlete (b. 1900)
1955 - Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver and two-time F1 world champion (b. 1918)
1968 - Little Willie John, American singer (b. 1937)
1969 - Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (b. 1937)
1969 - Allan H. Loughead, American aviation pioneer (Lockheed Corporation; b. 1889)
1974 - Silvio Moser, Swiss racing driver (b. 1941)
1976 - Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (b. 1889)
1976 - Juan Maino, Chilean leader of MAPU, "disappeared"
1977 - William Powell, American singer (The O'Jays) (b. 1942)
1978 - Cybele, Greek actress (b. 1887)
1979 - George Brent, British actor (b. 1899)
1989 - Don Revie, Former footballer and England and Leeds United Manager (b. 1927)
1999 - Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor (b. 1906)
1999 - Waldo Semon, American inventor (b. 1898)
2001 - Vittorio Brambilla, Italian racing driver (b. 1937)
2001 - Anne Haney, American actress (b. 1934)
2001 - Moven Enock Mahachi, Defence Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952)
2002 - Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian runner (b. 1932)
2003 - Kathleen Winsor, American writer (b. 1919)
2004 - Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931)
2004 - Dullah Omar, South African lawyer (b. 1934)
2005 - Eddie Albert, American actor (b. 1906)
2005 - Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1928)
2006 - Édouard Michelin, CEO of Michelin (b. 1963)
2006 - Kevin O'Flanagan, Irish athlete and physician (b. 1919)
2007 - J Edward Oliver, cartoonist and composer (b. 1942)

Holidays and observances
Australia - National Sorry Day
Poland - Mother's Day
Georgia - National Day


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
27-05-2008, 09:07
May 27th

May 27 is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 218 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
927 - Battle of the Bosnian Highlands Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia
1120 - Richard III of Capua anointed as prince a fortnight before his untimely death.
1153 - Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.
1328 - Philip VI is crowned King of France.
1647 - Peter Stuyvesant was inaugurated as Director-General of New Netherland.
1703 - Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg.
1798 - The Battle of Oulart Hill occurs in Wexford, Ireland.
1812 - South American Wars of Independence: In Bolivia, the battle of La Coronilla, in which the women from Cochabamba fought against the Spanish army.
1813 - War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
1849 - The Great Hall of Euston station, London opened.
1860 - Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian Unification.
1883 - Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia.
1895 - Oscar Wilde is sent to prison for sodomy.
1896 - The F4-strength St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado hits in St. Louis, Missouri and East Saint Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and incurring $2.9 billion in damages (1997USD).
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins.
1907 - A Bubonic plague outbreak begins in San Francisco, California.
1908 - Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din elected first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
1919 - The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight.
1927 - The Ford Motor Company ceases manufacturing the Ford Model T and begins to retool plants to make Ford Model A's.
1930 - The 1,046 feet (319 meters) tall Chrysler Building in New York (tallest man-made structure at the time) opens to the public.
1933 - New Deal: The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
1933 - The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon The Three Little Pigs, with its hit song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?"
1933 - The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago.
1935 - New Deal: The Supreme Court of the United States declares the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional in the case A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495).
1937 - In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County.
1939 - DC Comics publishes its second superhero in Detective Comics #27; he is Batman, one of the most topical comic book superheroes of all time.
1940 - World War II: Le Paradis massacre. 97 out of 99 members of a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops.
1941 - World War II: U.S. President Roosevelt proclaims an "unlimited national emergency".
1941 - World War II: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.
1942 - World War II: Operation Anthropoid - assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in Prague
1957 - Toronto's 1050 CHUM AM becomes Canada's first radio station to only broadcast top 40 Rock n' Roll music format.
1958 - The F-4 Phantom II flies for the first time.
1960 - In Turkey, a military coup removed President Celal Bayar and the rest of the democratic government from office.
1964 - Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru dies in office.
1965 - Vietnam War: United States warships begin bombardments of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam for the first time.
1967 - Australians vote in favour of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians, and to count them in the national census.
1967 - The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) is christened by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.
1968 - the meeting of the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France (national Union of the students of France), most outstanding of the events of May 1968, proceeds and gathers 30.000 to 50.000 people in the Stade Sebastien Charlety.
1971 - The Dahlerau train disaster, the worst railway accident in West Germany, kills 46 people and injures 25 near Wuppertal.
1975 - Dibble's Bridge coach crash near Grassington, North Yorkshire, England killed 32 (highest ever death toll in a United Kingdom road accident).
1980 - The Gwangju Massacre: airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.
1995 - In Culpeper, Virginia, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition.
1996 - First Chechnya War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire in the war.
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Paula Jones can pursue her sex harassment lawsuit against President Bill Clinton while he is in office.
1997 - A F5 tornado strikes Jarrell, Texas killing 27 people
1998 - Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.
1999 - The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands indicts Slobodan Milošević and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.
2006 - The May 2006 Java earthquake strikes at 5:53:58 AM local time (22:53:58 UTC May 26) devastating Bantul and the city of Yogyakarta killing over 6,600 people.

Births
1332 - Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (d. 1406)
1519 - Girolamo Mei, Italian historian (d. 1594)
1576 - Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)
1601 - Antoine Daniel, Jesuit missionary and martyr (d. 1648)
1623 - William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)
1626 - William II, Prince of Orange (d. 1650)
1651 - Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (d. 1729)
1652 - Liselotte von der Pfalz, Duchess of Orléans (d. 1722)
1738 - Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (d. 1796)
1756 - King Maximilian I of Bavaria (d. 1825)
1794 - Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (d. 1877)
1818 - Amelia Bloomer, American suffragette (d. 1894)
1819 - Julia Ward Howe, American composer (d. 1910)
1820 - Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess and socialite (d. 1904)
1827 - Samuel F. Miller, American politician (d. 1892)
1836 - Jay Gould, American financier (d. 1892)
1837 - Wild Bill Hickok, American gunfighter (d. 1876)
1837 - Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter (d. 1887)
1860 - Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal (d. 1941)
1864 - Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (d. 1938)
1867 - Arnold Bennett, British novelist (d. 1931)
1871 - Georges Rouault, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1958)
1876 - Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (d. 1945)
1878 - Isadora Duncan, American dancer (d. 1927)
1879 - Hans Lammers, German SS officer (d. 1962)
1884 - Max Brod, Austrian author (d. 1968)
1888 - Louis Durey, French composer (d. 1979)
1891 - Claude Champagne, French-Canadian composer (d. 1965)
1893 - Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)
1894 - Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (d. 1961)
1894 - Dashiell Hammett, American author (d. 1961)
1897 - John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
1900 - Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
1904 - Chuhei Nambu, Japanese athlete (d. 1997)
1907 - Rachel Carson, American biologist and science writer (d. 1964)
1911 - Hubert H. Humphrey, American politician (d. 1978)
1911 - Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born Israeli politician (d. 2007)
1911 - Vincent Price, American actor (d. 1993)
1912 - John Cheever, American author (d. 1982)
1912 - Sam Snead, American golfer (d. 2002)
1912 - Terry Moore, American baseball player (d. 1995)
1913 - Wols, German painter (d. 1951)
1915 - Herman Wouk, American writer
1918 - Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese politician
1921 - Caryl Chessman, American robber and rapist (d. 1960)
1922 - Christopher Lee, English actor
1923 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1923 - Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
1925 - Tony Hillerman, American writer
1930 - John Barth, American novelist
1930 - William S. Sessions, American director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
1933 - Ted Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur
1934 - Harlan Ellison, American author
1935 - Lee Meriwether, Miss America and actress
1935 - Ramsey Lewis, American pianist
1935 - Mal Evans, British Beatles assistant (d. 1976)
1936 - Louis Gossett Jr., American actor
1936 - Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
1937 - Allan Carr, American film producer and writer (d. 1999)
1939 - Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
1942 - Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
1943 - Cilla Black, English singer and presenter
1943 - Bruce Weitz, American actor
1944 - Christopher Dodd, American politician
1944 - Alain Souchon, French singer and songwriter
1945 - Bruce Cockburn, Canadian musician
1946 - Lewis Collins, English actor
1946 - Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Danish musician (d. 2005)
1947 - Branko Oblak, Slovenian footballer
1948 - Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant
1951 - Ana Belén, Spanish singer and actress
1954 - Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
1954 - Jackie Slater, American football player
1955 - Richard Schiff, American actor
1955 - Eric Bischoff, American professional wrestling promoter
1956 - Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
1957 - Siouxsie Sioux, English musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees)
1957 - Duncan Goodhew, English Olympic Games gold medalist swimmer
1958 - Neil Finn, New Zealand singer and songwriter (Split Enz, Crowded House)
1958 - Linnea Quigley, American actress
1961 - Peri Gilpin, American actress
1962 - Ray Borner, Australian basketball player
1962 - Steven Brill, American film writer and director
1964 - Adam Carolla, American comedian and television personality
1965 - Todd Bridges, American actor
1967 - Paul Gascoigne, English footballer
1968 - Jeff Bagwell, American baseball player
1968 - Frank Thomas, American baseball player
1969 - Jeremy Mayfield, American race car driver
1970 - Tim Farron, British politician
1970 - Joseph Fiennes, English actor
1970 - Michele Bartoli, Italian cyclist
1971 - Paul Bettany, English actor
1971 - Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
1971 - Kaur Kender, Estonian author
1971 - Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, American singer (TLC) (d. 2002)
1971 - Glenn Ross, Northern Irish strongman
1971 - Monika Schnarre, Canadian model
1972 - Ivete Sangalo, Brazilian singer
1972 - Todd Demsey, American golfer
1973 - Jack McBrayer, American actor and comedian
1974 - Derek Webb, American singer and songwriter (Caedmon's Call)
1974 - Danny Wuerffel, American football player
1975 - André 3000, American musician (OutKast)
1975 - Michael Hussey, Australian cricketer
1975 - Jadakiss, American rapper (The Lox)
1975 - Jamie Oliver, British chef and television personality
1976 - RJD2, American hip-hop producer
1976 - Anita Blonde, Hungarian porn star
1977 - Abderrahmane Hammad, Algerian athlete
1977 - Mahela Jayawardene, Sri Lankan cricketer
1977 - Tommie van der Leegte, Dutch footballer
1978 - Adin Brown, American soccer player
1979 - Mile Sterjovski, Australian footballer
1981 - Özgür Çevik, Turkish singer and actor
1981 - Johan Elmander, Swedish footballer
1981 - Miloy, Angolan footballer
1981 - Fivos Constantinou, Cypriot distance runner
1983 - Bobby Convey, American soccer player
1984 - Kalle Spjuth, Swedish bandy player
1984 - Blake Ahearn, NBA basketball player
1985 - Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
1990 - Ekaterina Zaikina, Russian figure-skater


Deaths
366 - Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 326)
735 - Bede, English historian and theologian (b. 672 or 673)
866 - Ordoño I of Asturias, King of Asturias (b. 831)
927 - Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)
1039 - Dirk III, Count of Holland
1444 - John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (b. 1404)
1508 - Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan (b. 1452)
1525 - Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
1541 - Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury (b. 1473)
1564 - John Calvin, French religious reformer (b. 1509)
1610 - François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
1615 - Marguerite de Valois, queen of Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
1661 - Archibald Campbell, Scottish religious dissident (b. 1607)
1675 - Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
1690 - Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (b. 1626)
1702 - Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
1707 - Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. 1640)
1781 - Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (b. 1716)
1797 - François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary (b. 1760)
1831 - Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)
1840 - Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1782)
1896 - Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
1910 - Robert Koch, German physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1843)
1919 - Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social activist (b. 1848)
1926 - Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
1941 - Gunther Lutjens, German admiral, died in sinking of the German battleship Bismarck (b. 1889)
1941 - Ernst Lindemann, German captain, died in sinking of the German battleship Bismarck (b. 1894)
1947 - Ed Konetchy, American baseball player (b. 1885)
1949 - Robert Ripley, American cartoonist (Ripley's Believe It or Not!) (b. 1890)
1953 - Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (b. 1868)
1960 - James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (b. 1877)
1963 - Gregoris Lambrakis, Greek physician and politician (b. 1912)
1964 - Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian politician (b. 1889)
1967 - Ernst Niekisch, German politician (b. 1889)
1969 - Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (b. 1926)
1973 - P.Ramlee, Malaysian actor,singer and songwriter (b. 1922)
1984 - Vincent James McMahon, was a U.S. professional wrestling promoter.
1986 - Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
1987 - John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
1989 - Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (b. 1907)
1990 - Robert B. Meyner, American politician (b. 1908)
1991 - Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)
1992 - Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)
1993 - Mary Philbin, American actress (b. 1903)
1993 - Werner Stocker, German actor (b. 1955)
2000 - Crawford Murray MacLehose of Beoch, British statesman (b. 1917)
2000 - Maurice Richard, Canadian hockey player (b. 1921)
2000 - Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (b. 1912)
2001 - Ramon Bieri, American actor (b. 1929)
2003 - Luciano Berio, Italian composer (b. 1925)
2006 - Craig Heyward, American football player (b. 1966)
2006 - Paul Gleason, American actor (b. 1939)
2006 - Alex Toth, American cartoonist (b. 1928)
2006 - Rob Borsellino, American columnist (b. 1949)
2006 - Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (b. 1944)
2007 - Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer (b. 1967)
2007 - Ed Yost, American inventor (b. 1919)
2007 - Gretchen Wyler, American actress (b. 1932)

Holidays and observances
Lag Ba'omer in Judaism (2005)
Feast day of the following saints in the Christian Church:
Augustine of Canterbury
Saint Julius the Veteran
Pope John I
Hildebert
Bruno, Bishop of Würzburg
Eutropius
Mother's Day in Bolivia (Día de la Madre) and Sweden (Mors Dag)
Children's Day in Nigeria


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
28-05-2008, 17:15
May 28th

May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 217 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
585 BC - A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
1503 - James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married according to a Papal Bull by Pope Alexander VI. A Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England signed on that occasion results in a peace that lasts ten years.
1533 - The Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer declares the marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn valid.
1588 - The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. (It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port).
1644 - Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby.
1754 - French and Indian War: in the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1774 - American Revolutionary War: the first Continental Congress convenes.
1830 - President Andrew Jackson signs The Indian Removal Act which relocates Native Americans.
1863 - American Civil War: the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first African American regiment, leaves Boston, Massachusetts, to fight for the Union.
1892 - In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: the Battle of Tsushima ends with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Togo Heihachiro and the Imperial Japanese Navy.
1918 - The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic declares its independence
1926 - 28th May 1926 coup d'état: Ditadura Nacional is established in Portugal to suppress the unrest of the First Republic.
1930 - The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.
1934 - Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1934 - The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.
1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
1937 - Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister.
1940 - World War II: Belgium surrenders to Germany.
1940 - World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik. This is the first allied infantry victory of World War II.
1942 - World War II: in retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1800 people.
1952 - Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
1952 - The women of Greece are given the right to vote.
1955 - Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria.
1961 - Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.
1964 - The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.
1970 - The formerly united Free University of Brussels officially splits into two separate entities, the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
1974 - Northern Ireland's power-sharing Sunningdale Agreement collapses following a general strike by loyalists.
1975 - Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, creating the Economic Community of West African States.
1977 - In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.
1978 - Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. The election is won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.
1979 - Constantine Karamanlis signs the full treaty of the accession of Greece with the European Economic Community.
1982 - Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.
1987 - 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in Red Square in Moscow. He is immediately detained and is not released until August 3, 1988.
1987 - A robot probe finds the wreckage of the USS Monitor near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
1991 - The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.
1995 - The Russian town of Neftegorsk is hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake that kills at least 2,000 people, ⅔ of total population.
1996 - U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, James McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.
1998 - Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.
1999 - In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece "The Last Supper" is put back on display.
1999 - Two Swedish police officers are murdered with their own fire arms by the bank robbers Jackie Arklöv and Tony Olsson after a dramatic car chase.
2002 - NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
2003 - Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.
2004 - The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become prime minister of Iraq's interim government.

Births
1140 - Xin Qiji, Chinese poet (d. 1207)
1371 - John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1419)
1524 - Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1574)
1582 - William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (d. 1662)
1588 - Pierre Seguier, Chancellor of France (d. 1672)
1641 - Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (d. 1693)
1660 - King George I of Great Britain (d. 1727)
1676 - Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (d. 1754)
1692 - Joseph Butler, English philosopher (d. 1752)
1738 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician (d. 1814)
1759 - William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1806)
1779 - Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)
1807 - Louis Agassiz, Swiss-born zoologist and geologist (d. 1873)
1818 - Pierre Beauregard, American Confederate general (d. 1893)
1836 - Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
1837 - George Ashlin, Irish architect (d. 1921)
1837 - Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (d. 1908)
1853 - Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (d. 1919)
1858 - Carl Rickard Nyberg, Swedish inventor (d. 1939)
1872 - Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (d. 1917)
1878 - Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
1883 - Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian activist (d. 1966)
1883 - Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (d. 1978)
1884 - Edvard Beneš, Czech politician (d. 1948)
1886 - Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (d. 1954)
1888 - Jim Thorpe, American athlete (d. 1953)
1888 - Kaarel Eenpalu, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1942)
1889 - Richard Réti, Austrian-Czech chess grandmaster (d. 1929)
1892 - Sepp Dietrich, German SS officer (d. 1966)
1900 - Tommy Ladnier, American musician (d. 1939)
1908 - Ian Fleming, English author (d. 1964)
1909 - Red Horner, Canadian hockey player (d. 2005)
1910 - T-Bone Walker, American singer (d. 1975)
1910 - Lady Rachel Kempson, English actress (d. 2003)
1911 - Thora Hird, British actress (d. 2003)
1911 - Fritz Hochwälder, Austrian author (d. 1986)
1912 - Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d.1990)
1912 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian scientist and politician (d. 1992)
1914 - W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996)
1915 - Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)
1916 - Walker Percy, American author (d. 1990)
1917 - Papa John Creech, American musician (d. 1994)
1918 - Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (Wayne and Shuster) (d. 1990)
1921 - Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)
1922 - Lou Duva, American boxing trainer
1923 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (d. 2006)
1923 - Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian actor and politician (d. 1998)
1925 - Bülent Ecevit, Prime Minister of Turkey (d. 2006)
1925 - Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, German baritone
1931 - Carroll Baker, American actress
1934 - Dionne quintuplets (Emilie d. 1954, Marie d. 1970, Yvonne d. 2001)
1936 - Betty Shabazz, American civil rights activist (d. 1997)
1936 - Claude Forget, French-Canadian politician
1938 - Jerry West, American basketball player
1938 - Prince Buster, Jamaican musician
1941 - Beth Howland, American actress
1942 - Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1943 - Terry Crisp, Canadian hockey coach
1943 - Elena Souliotis, Greek soprano (d. 2004)
1944 - Rudy Giuliani, American politician
1944 - Gladys Knight, American singer and actress
1944 - Patricia Quinn, Northern Irish actress
1944 - Billy Vera, American actor and musician
1944 - Faith Brown, British actress
1945 - John Fogerty, American musician (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
1945 - Gary Stewart, American singer (d. 2003)
1945 - Hunter "Patch" Adams, American doctor
1945 - John N. Bambacus, American politician
1946 - Satchidanandan, Indian poet
1946 - Skip Jutze, American baseball player
1947 - Sondra Locke, American actress
1947 - Zahi Hawass, Egyptian Egyptologist
1949 - Wendy O. Williams, American musician (The Plasmatics) (d. 1998)
1950 - Ian Bradley, British writer and academic
1950 - Jim Harris, American professional wrestler
1952 - Russell J. Wintner, American film executive
1953 - Arto Lindsay, American guitarist and singer
1954 - John Tory, Canadian politician
1954 - Youri Egorov, Soviet classical pianist (d.1988)
1955 - John McGeoch, Scottish musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees) (d. 2004)
1955 - Mark Howe, American ice hockey player
1956 - Julie Peasgood, British actress
1956 - Jerry Douglas, American dobro player
1956 - Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1980)
1957 - Kirk Gibson, American baseball player
1957 - Ben Howland, American college basketball coach
1959 - John Morgan, British etiquette expert (d. 2000)
1961 - Roland Gift, English musician (Fine Young Cannibals)
1962 - Brandon Cruz, American actor
1962 - James Michael Tyler, American actor
1963 - Houman Younessi, Iranian-born scientist
1963 - Gavin Harrison, British drummer (Porcupine Tree)
1964 - Jeff Fenech, Australian boxer
1964 - Christa Miller, American actress
1964 - David Baddiel, British comedian and television presenter
1964 - Phil Vassar, American country music singer
1965 - Chris Ballew, American musician
1967 - Glen Rice, American basketball player
1968 - Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer
1969 - Mike DiFelice, American baseball player
1969 - Justin Kirk, American actor
1970 - Morgan Fox, Canadian model and 1990 Playboy playmate
1970 - Ian Cashmore, English actor and paranormal investigator
1970 - Glenn Quinn, Irish actor (d. 2002)
1971 - Isabelle Carré, French actress
1971 - Ekaterina Gordeeva, Russian figure skater
1972 - Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
1972 - Guidoni Junior Doriva, Brazilian footballer
1975 - Charmaine Sheh, Hong Kong actress
1976 - Liam O'Brien, American voice actor
1976 - Alexei Nemov, Russian gymnast
1976 - Glenn Morrison, Rugby League Player
1977 - Jeremy Borash, American professional wrestling announcer
1977 - Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American television panelist (The View)
1979 - Jesse Bradford, American actor
1979 - Monica Keena, American actress
1979 - Ronald Curry, American football player
1980 - Mark Feehily, Irish musician (Westlife)
1980 - Miguel Pérez, Spanish footballer
1981 - Adam Green, American singer and songwriter
1981 - Daniel Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
1982 - Alexa Davalos, American actress
1982 - Jhonny Peralta, Dominican baseball player
1983 - Joshua Houghton, Instrumental Enviornmentalist
1983 - Humberto Sanchez, Dominican baseball player
1985 - Colbie Caillat, American folk singer-songwriter
1986 - Charles N'Zogbia, French footballer
1986 - Jaslene Gonzalez, American model and reality show contestant
1986 - Michael Oher, American football player at Ole Miss
1988 - David Perron, Canadian ice hockey player

Deaths
1357 - King Afonso IV of Portugal (b. 1291)
1556 - Saitō Dōsan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494?)
1672 - John Trevor, English politician (b. 1626)
1747 - Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (b. 1715)
1750 - Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
1787 - Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1719)
1805 - Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (b. 1743)
1808 - Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (b. 1720)
1811 - Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
1816 - Ras Wolde Selassie, Ethiopian warlord
1828 - Daikokuya Kōdayū, Japanese castaway (b. 1751)
1843 - Noah Webster, American author, politician, and lexicographer (b. 1758)
1849 - Anne Brontë, English author (b. 1820)
1878 - John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)
1916 - Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer (b. 1856)
1927 - Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
1937 - Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (b. 1870)
1940 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen (b. 1868)
1947 - August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (b. 1907)
1948 - Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer (b. 1914)
1953 - Hori Tatsuo, Japanese writer (b. 1904)
1968 - Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (b. 1908)
1971 - Audie Murphy, American actor and war hero (b. 1924)
1971 - Jean Vilar, French actor (b. 1912)
1972 - King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (b. 1894
1975 - Ezzard Charles, Heavyweight champion (b. 1921)
1976 - Steffan Danielsen, Faroese painter (b. 1922)
1978 - Arthur Brough, English actor (b. 1905)
1980 - Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)
1981 - Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński, Archbishop of Warsaw (b. 1901)
1982 - Lt Col 'H'. Jones VC, British soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1940)
1984 - Eric Morecambe, British comedian (Morecambe and Wise) (b. 1926)
1988 - Sy Oliver, Jazz trumpeter, composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
1993 - Billy Conn, American boxer and actor (b. 1917)
1994 - Julius Boros, American golfer (b. 1920)
1994 - Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (b. 1916)
1998 - Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (b. 1948)
2001 - Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)
2001 - Joe Moakley, American politician (b. 1927)
2002 - Jean Berger, German-born composer (b. 1909)
2003 - Oleg Makarov, cosmonaut (b. 1933)
2003 - Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
2003 - Martha Scott, American actress (b. 1912)
2004 - Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (b. 1934)
2006 - Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (b. 1920)
2007 - Marquise Hill, American football player (b. 1982)
2007 - Toshikatsu Matsuoka, Japanese politician (b. 1945)
2008 - David Mitton, Scottish-born director (b. 1938 )

Holidays and observancesFeast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
Germain of Paris
Augustine of Canterbury
William of Gellone
Bernard of Menthon
Lanfranc
Republic Day in Azerbaijan and Armenia (both 1918).
National Flag Day in the Republic of the Philippines


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
29-05-2008, 03:55
May 29th

May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 216 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
363 - Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city.
1167 - Battle of Monte Porzio - A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel
1176 - Battle of Legnano, in which the Lombard League defeats Emperor Frederick I.
1414 - Council of Constance.
1453 - Byzantine-Ottoman Wars: Ottoman armies under Sultan Mehmed II Fatih capture Constantinople after a siege, ending the Byzantine Empire.
1592 - At the Battle of Sacheon, the Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin, repel a Japanese army which outnumbers them nearly 3 to 1.
1660 - English Restoration: Charles II (on his birthday - see below) is restored to the throne of Great Britain.
1677 - Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.
1727 - Peter II becomes Tsar of Russia.
1733 - Right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves upheld at Quebec City.
1765 - Patrick Henry in a speech (on his birthday, see below) denouncing the Stamp Act is believed to have said, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"
1780 - Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton brutally massacred Colonel Abraham Buford's continentals even after the continentals surrendered. 113 Americans were killed.
1790 - Rhode Island becomes the last of the original United States colonies to ratify the Constitution and is admitted as the 13th U.S. state.
1848 - Wisconsin is admitted as the 30th U.S. state.
1864 - Emperor Maximilian of Mexico arrives in Mexico for the first time.
1867 - Austro-Hungarian agreement called Ausgleich ("the Compromise") is born through Act 12, which established the Austro-Hungarian Empire; on June 8 Emperor Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.
1868 - The assassination of Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
1886 - Chemist John Pemberton places his first advertisement for Coca-Cola, the ad appearing in the Atlanta Journal.
1903 - May coup d'etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
1913 - Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris.
1914 - Ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,024 lives lost.
1919 - Einstein's theory of general relativity is tested (later confirmed) by Arthur Eddington's observation of a total solar eclipse in Principe and by Andrew Crommelin in Sobral, Ceará, Brazil.
1919 - Republic of Prekmurje founded
1924 - AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks.
1932 - World War I Veterans begin to assemble in Washington, DC in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.
1942 - Bing Crosby, the Ken Darby Singers and the John Scott Trotter Orchestra record Irving Berlin's "White Christmas", the best-selling Christmas album in history, for Decca Records in Los Angeles.
1950 - St. Roch, first ship to circumnavigate North America, arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia .
1953 - Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay are the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on Tenzing Norgay's (adopted) 39th birthday.
1954 - First of the annual Bilderberg conferences.
1964 - The Arab League meets in East Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian situation in Israel which leads to the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
1968 - Manchester United wins the European Cup, the first English Club to do so.
1972 - 26 people are killed and dozens more injured when three Japanese gunmen opened fire on crowds at Lod International Airport in Tel Aviv, Israel.
1973 - Tom Bradley is elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles, California.
1982 - Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff ever to visit Canterbury Cathedral.
1985 - Heysel Stadium disaster: In Brussels, Belgium, 39 football fans die and hundreds are injured by Liverpool fans at a European Cup match.
1985 - Amputee Steve Fonyo completes cross-Canada marathon at Victoria, British Columbia, after 14 months.
1988 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan begins his first visit to the Soviet Union as he arrives in Moscow for a superpower summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
1990 - Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian SFSR by the Russian parliament.
1999 - Olusegun Obasanjo takes office as President of Nigeria, the first elected and civilian head of state in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule.
1999 - Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.
2001 - U.S. Supreme Court rules that disabled golfer Casey Martin could use a cart to ride in tournaments.
2004 - The World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
2004 - The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22.
2005 - France, one of the founders of a united Europe, resoundingly rejects the European Constitution.

Births
1594 - Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)
1627 - Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French writer and Princess(d. 1693)
1630 - Charles II of England (d. 1685)
1675 - Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
1716 - Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French naturalist (d. 1800)
1722 - James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (d. 1773)
1736 - Patrick Henry, American patriot, statesman, and orator (d. 1799)
1773 - Princess Sophia of Gloucester (d. 1844)
1794 - Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)
1823 - John H. Balsley, American carpenter (d. 1895)
1860 - Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer (d. 1909)
1863 - Arthur Mold, English cricketer (d. 1921)
1874 - G. K. Chesterton, English novelist (d. 1936)
1880 - Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (d. 1936)
1892 - Alfonsina Storni, Argentine writer (d. 1938)
1893 - Max Brand, American author and war correspondent (d. 1944)
1894 - Beatrice Lillie, Canadian actress (d. 1989)
1894 - Josef von Sternberg, Austrian-born writer and film director (d. 1969)
1897 - Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austrian composer (d. 1957)
1903 - Bob Hope, British-born comedian and actor (d. 2003)
1905 - Sebastian Shaw, English actor (d. 1994)
1906 - T.H. White, British author (d. 1964)
1907 - Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman and senator (d. 2002)
1911 - Armida, Mexican-American stage, vaudeville and film star (d. 1989)
1913 - Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
1914 - Stacy Keach, Sr., American actor (d. 2003)
1915 - Karl Münchinger, German conductor (d. 1990)
1917 - John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (d. 1963)
1920 - John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
1922 - Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer and architect, major contributor to musical modernism (d. 2001)
1926 - Charles Denner, French actor (d. 1995)
1927 - Jean Coutu, Quebec businessman (Jean Coutu Group)
1932 - Richie Guerin, former basketball player
1932 - Paul R. Ehrlich, American biologist and author who founded the group Zero Population Growth
1933 - Helmuth Rilling, German conductor
1937 - Charles W. Pickering, American judge
1937 - Irmin Schmidt, German musician (Can)
1938 - Fay Vincent, baseball commissioner
1939 - Al Unser, Sr., American race car driver
1940 - Farooq Leghari, President of Pakistan
1942 - Pierre Bourque, Former mayor of Montreal
1942 - Kevin Conway, American actor
1943 - Robert W. Edgar, Theologian
1945 - Gary Brooker, musician (Procol Harum)
1946 - Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
1947 - Gene Robinson, American ecclesiastic
1947 - Anthony Geary, American actor
1949 - Brian Kidd, English footballer
1950 - Rebbie Jackson, American musician
1951 - Peter Chernin, President of News Corporation
1953 - Danny Elfman, American musician (Oingo Boingo)
1953 - Aleksandr Abdulov, Russian actor (d. 2008)
1955 - John Hinckley, Jr., American attempted assassin
1955 - Sut Jhally, Kenyan-born American educator
1955 - Ken Schrader, American race car driver
1956 - LaToya Jackson, American musician
1957 - Jeb Hensarling, American politician
1957 - Ted Levine, American actor
1958 - Annette Bening, American actress
1958 - Willem Holleeder, Dutch criminal
1959 - Rupert Everett, English actor
1959 - Adrian Paul, English actor
1961 - Melissa Etheridge, American musician
1962 - Eric Davis, American baseball player
1962 - John D. LeMay, American actor
1963 - Blaze Bayley, British singer (ex-Iron Maiden)
1963 - Ukyo Katayama, Japanese racing driver
1963 - Lisa Whelchel, American actress
1967 - Noel Gallagher, English musician (Oasis)
1967 - Mike Keane, Canadian hockey player
1969 - Chan Kinchla, Canadian musician (Blues Traveler)
1971 - Eric Lucas, Quebec professional boxer
1972 - Közi, Japanese visual kei artist
1973 - Mark Lee, American musician (guitarist for Third Day)
1973 - Alpay Özalan, Turkish footballer
1974 - Myf Warhurst, Australian radio presenter on Triple J and TV personality on Spicks and Specks
1974 - Marc Gené, Spanish Formula One driver
1975 - Melanie Brown, English musician and actress
1975 - Anthony Wall, English golfer
1976 - David Buckner, American musician (Papa Roach)
1976 - Caçapa, Brazilian footballer
1976 - Jerry Hairston Jr., American baseball player
1976 - Yūsuke Iseya, Japanese model and actor
1977 - Antonio Lebo-Lebo, Angolan footballer
1978 - Pelle Almqvist, Swedish musician (The Hives)
1978 - Sébastien Grosjean, French tennis player
1978 - Adam Rickitt,British/New Zealand actor
1979 - Brian Kendrick, American professional wrestler
1979 - Arne Friedrich, German football player
1979 - John Rheinecker, Major League Baseball player
1979 - Casey Sheehan, American soldier; son of Cindy Sheehan (d. 2004)
1982 - Ana Beatriz Barros, Brazilian model
1982 - Joanne Borgella, American plus-sized model and singer
1982 - Matt Macri, American baseball player
1983 - Rama Claproth, Indonesian blues guitarist
1984 - Carmelo Anthony, American basketball player
1986 - Dylan Postl, American professional wrestler
1987 - Alessandra Toreson, American actress
1989 - Danielle Riley Keough, American actress
1991 - Kristen Alderson, American actress

Deaths
1259 - King Christopher I of Denmark (b. 1219)
1379 - King Henry II of Castile (b. 1334)
1405 - Philippe de Mézières, advisor to Charles V of France
1425 - Hongxi Emperor of China (b. 1378)
1453 - Constantine XI Palaeologus, last Byzantine Emperor (b. 1404)
1500 - Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer
1546 - David Beaton, Scottish Catholic cardinal
1593 - John Penry, Welsh Protestant leader (b. 1559)
1660 - Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)
1691 - Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1629)
1790 - Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
1796 - Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
1814 - Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (b. 1763)
1829 - Humphry Davy, English chemist (b. 1778)
1847 - Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (b. 1766)
1866 - Winfield Scott, American general (b. 1786)
1868 - Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia (b. 1823)
1882 - Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)
1892 - Bahá'u'lláh, Persian founder of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1817)
1896 - Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (b. 1814)
1903 - Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (b. 1864)
1903 - Bruce Price, American architect (b. 1845)
1910 - Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (b. 1837)
1911 - William S. Gilbert, English dramatist (b. 1836)
1919 - Robert Bacon, American politician (b. 1860)
1935 - Josef Suk, Czech composer and violinist (b. 1874)
1939 - Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (b. 1865)
1942 - John Barrymore, American actor (b. 1882)
1946 - Martin Gottfried Weiss, Commandant of Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
1948 - Dame May Whitty, English actress (b. 1865)
1951 - Fanny Brice, American singer/comedian (b. 1891)
1953 - Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (b. 1891)
1958 - Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
1970 - John Gunther, American writer (b. 1901)
1972 - Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (b. 1902)
1972 - Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (b. 1878)
1973 - P. Ramlee, Malaysian film actor, director, singer and songwriter. (b. 1929)
1977 - Ba Maw, Burmese politician (b. 1893)
1979 - Mary Pickford, Canadian-born American actress and studio founder (b. 1892)
1979 - John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (b. 1916)
1982 - Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (b. 1938)
1983 - Arvīds Pelše, Soviet Latvian statesman (b. 1899)
1989 - John Cipollina, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b. 1943)
1993 - Billy Conn, American boxer (b. 1917)
1994 - Erich Honecker, leader of East Germany (b. 1912)
1996 - Tamara Toumanova, Ballet star and actress (b. 1919)
1997 - Jeff Buckley, American musician (drowned) (b. 1966)
1997 - George Fenneman, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
1998 - Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)
2002 - Mildred Benson, American writer (b. 1905)
2003 - David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer (b. 1972)
2004 - Archibald Cox, Watergate special prosecutor (b. 1912)
2004 - Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (b. 1925)
2005 - George Rochberg, American composer (b. 1918)
2006 - Steve Mizerak, American pool player (b. 1944)
2006 - Jacques Bouchard, Quebec advertising executive (b. 1930)
2007 - Dave Balon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
2007 - Lois Browne-Evans, Bermudian Politician (stroke) (b. 1927)
2007 - Posteal Laskey, American convicted murderer widely believed to be the Cincinnati Strangler of natural causes (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances
Bahá'í Faith: Ascension of Bahá'u'llah
Nigeria: Democracy Day
United Kingdom: Oak Apple Day.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
30-05-2008, 13:16
May 30th

May 30 is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 215 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1416 - The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, burns Jerome of Prague following a trial for heresy.
1431 - Hundred Years' War: in Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal.
1434 - Hussite Wars (Bohemian Wars): Battle of Lipany - effectively ending the war, Utraquist forces led by Diviš Bořek of Miletínek defeat and almost annihilate Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great.
1536 - King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
1539 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
1574 - Henry III becomes King of France.
1588 - The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
1635 - Thirty Years' War: the Peace of Prague (1635) is signed.
1642 - From this date all honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
1806 - Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson's wife of bigamy.
1814 - Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
1832 - The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is opened.
1854 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
1868 - Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern "Memorial Day") is observed in the United States for the first time (By "Commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic" John A. Logan's proclamation on May 5).
1871 - The Paris Commune falls.
1876 - Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
1879 - New York City's Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
1879 - An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
1883 - In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede that crushes twelve people.
1911 - At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race.
1913 - First Balkan War: the Treaty of London, 1913 is signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
1914 - The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
1917 - Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
1922 - In Washington, D.C. the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
1925 - In China protests erupt against the Great Powers infringing on Chinese sovereignty.
1941 - World War II: Germany captures Crete.
1941 - World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb on the Athenian Acropolis, tear down the Nazi swastika and replace it with the Greek flag.
1942 - World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
1948 - A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
1959 - The Auckland Harbour Bridge is officially opened today in Auckland, New Zealand.
1958 - Memorial Day: the remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War respectively, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
1966 - Former Congolese Prime Minister Evariste Kimba and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
1967 - At the Ascot Park in Gardena, California, daredevil Evel Knievel jumps his motorcycle over 16 cars lined up in a row.
1967 - The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
1969 - Riots on the Caribbean island of Curaçao
1971 - Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched to Map 70% of the surface, and study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface, of Mars.
1972 - The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
1972 - In Tel Aviv members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
1982 - Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany's admission in 1955.
1989 - Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: the 33-foot high "Goddess of Democracy" statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
1998 - A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.

Births
1010 - Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)
1423 - Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)
1623 - John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (d. 1686)
1653 - Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany (d. 1676)
1713 - Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain (d. 1757)
1718 - Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (d. 1793)
1719 - Roger Newdigate, English politician (d. 1806)
1757 - Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
1814 - Mikhail Bakunin, Russian anarchist (d. 1876)
1814 - Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)
1819 - William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)
1820 - Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (d. 1890)
1845 - King Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1890)
1846 - Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (d. 1920)
1858 - Siegfried Alkan, German composer (d. 1941)
1871 - Olga Engl, Austrian actress (d. 1946)
1875 - Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)
1878 - Mike Donlin, American baseball player (d. 1933)
1879 - Colin Blythe, English cricketer (d. 1917)
1881 - Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)
1882 - Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (d. 1915)
1886 - Randolph Bourne, American writer (d. 1918)
1892 - Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
1895 - Maurice Tate, English cricketer (d. 1956)
1896 - Howard Hawks, American film director (d. 1977)
1899 - Irving Thalberg, American film producer (d. 1936)
1901 - Cornelia Otis Skinner, American writer and actress (d. 1979)
1902 - Stepin Fetchit, American dancer and actor (d. 1985)
1903 - Countee Cullen, American writer (d. 1946)
1906 - Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
1907 - Elly Beinhorn, German pilot (d. 2007)
1907 - Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (d. 2008)
1908 - Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
1908 - Mel Blanc, American voice actor (d. 1989)
1909 - Benny Goodman, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 1986)
1910 - Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)
1910 - Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)
1912 - Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1912 - Erich Bagge, German physicist
1912 - Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (d. 1980)
1918 - Guadalupe "Pita" Amor, Mexican poet (d. 2000)
1918 - Bob Evans, American restaurateur (d. 2007)
1919 - René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)
1920 - Franklin Schaffner, American film director (d. 1989)
1922 - Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
1926 - Christine Jorgensen, American transsexual activist (d. 1989)
1927 - Clint Walker, American actor
1928 - Agnès Varda, French director
1928 - Pro Hart, Australian artist (d. 2006)
1930 - Mark Birley, British nightclub owner (d. 2007)
1930 - Robert Ryman, American painter
1932 - Pauline Oliveros, American composer and accordionist
1934 - Aleksei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut
1934 - Alketas Panagoulias, Greek footballer and coach
1936 - Keir Dullea, American actor
1939 - Michael J. Pollard, American actor
1939 - Dieter Quester, Austrian racing driver
1940 - Gilles Villemure, Canadian ice hockey player
1943 - James Chaney, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
1943 - Gale Sayers, American football player
1944 - Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
1945 - Norman Eshley, English actor
1947 - Jocelyne Bourassa, French Canadian LPGA golfer
1948 - Michael Piller, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
1949 - P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball coach
1950 - Bertrand Delanoë, French politician
1950 - Paresh Rawal, Indian actor
1951 - Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor
1951 - Zdravko Čolić, Yugoslav-Bosnian singer
1951 - Fernando Lugo, Paraguayan politician
1953 - Colm Meaney, Irish actor
1955 - Topper Headon, British musician (The Clash)
1956 - Robert F. Newmyer, American film producer (d. 2005)
1958 - Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer and songwriter (Roxette)
1958 - Steve Israel, American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives (D-New York)
1958 - Ted McGinley, American actor
1959 - Frank Vanhecke, Belgian politician
1961 - Harry Enfield, British comedian
1962 - Kevin Eastman, American comic book creator
1962 - Tonya Pinkins, American actress
1964 - Wynonna Judd, American Country/Bluegrass Singer
1964 - Tom Morello, American guitarist (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
1964 - Andrea Montermini, Italian racing driver
1966 - Stephen Malkmus, American musician (Pavement)
1967 - Tim Burgess, English singer (The Charlatans)
1968 - Zacarias Moussaoui, French citizen found guilty relating to September 11, 2001 attacks
1968 - Kelley Armstrong, Novelist
1970 - Flora Chan, Hong Kong television actress
1970 - Ness Wadia, Indian industrialist
1971 - Idina Menzel, American actress and singer
1972 - Manny Ramírez, Major League Baseball player
1972 - Soichiro Hoshi, Japanese seiyuu
1973 - Leigh Francis, British comedian
1974 - Cee-Lo, American musician
1974 - Big L, American rapper (d. 1999)
1974 - Konstantinos Chalkias, Greek footballer
1974 - Shin Ha-kyun, South Korean actor
1974 - David Wilkie, American ice hockey player
1975 - Andrew Farrell, English rugby league and union footballer
1976 - Radoslav Nesterovič, Slovenian basketball player
1976 - Magnus Norman, Swedish tennis player
1977 - Akwá, Angolan footballer
1977 - Rachael Stirling, British actress
1979 - Mike Bishai, Canadian ice hockey player
1979 - Kugimiya Rie, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
1980 - Steven Gerrard, English footballer
1981 - Devendra Banhart, American singer and songwriter
1981 - Andrey Arshavin, Russian Footballer
1981 - Blake Bashoff, American actor
1981 - Gianmaria Bruni, Italian racing driver
1981 - Ahmad Elrich, Australian footballer
1982 - Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (d. 2007)
1984 - Matt Maguire, Australian rules footballer
1984 - Jordan Palmer, American Football Player
1989 - Kevin Covais, American singer
1990 - Dean Collins, American actor

Deaths
1159 - Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
1252 - King Ferdinand III of Castile
1416 - Jerome of Prague, Czech theologian (executed) (b. 1379)
1431 - Joan of Arc, French heroine and saint (burned at the stake) (b. 1412)
1434 - Prokop the Great, Hussite general
1469 - Lope de Barrientos —a powerful bishop in Castile
1574 - King Charles IX of France (b. 1550)
1576 - Harada Naomasa, Japanese retainer and samurai
1593 - Christopher Marlowe, English playwright (b. 1564)
1640 - Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (b. 1577)
1696 - Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1638)
1718 - Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, Dutch favorite of William III of England (b. 1670)
1730 - Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1648)
1744 - Alexander Pope, English writer (b. 1688)
1770 - François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
1778 - Voltaire, French philosopher and author (b. 1694)
1865 - John Catron, United States Supreme Court Justice
1868 - Souji Okita, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1823
1901 - Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (b. 1841)
1912 - Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer (Wright Brothers) (b. 1867)
1918 - Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (b. 1856)
1925 - Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (b. 1876)
1926 - Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
1934 - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
1939 - Floyd Roberts, Auto racer, killed during 1939 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1904)
1941 - Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
1946 - Louis Slotin, Canadian Scientist at Los Alamos (b. 1910)
1947 - Georg Ritter von Trapp, World War I Austrian submarine commander (b. 1880)
1951 - Hermann Broch, Austrian author (b. 1886)
1953 - Dooley Wilson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)
1955 - Bill Vukovich, Auto racer, killed during 1955 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1918)
1960 - Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
1961 - Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic (b. 1891)
1964 - Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born nuclear physicist (b. 1898)
1964 - Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald, American auto racers, killed during 1964 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1927)
1967 - Claude Rains, English actor (b. 1889)
1971 - Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (b. 1886)
1975 - Steve Prefontaine, American runner (b. 1951)
1975 - Michel Simon, French actor (b. 1895)
1975 - Tatsuo Shimabuku, founder of Isshinryu karate (b. 1908)
1980 - Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (b. 1942)
1981 - Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1955)
1981 - Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (b. 1936)
1986 - Perry Ellis, American fashion designer (b. 1940)
1993 - Sun Ra, American musician (b. 1914)
1994 - Ezra Taft Benson, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
1994 - Marcel Bich, French industrialist (Société Bic) (b. 1914)
1995 - Ted Drake, former English footballer (b. 1912)
1995 - Lofty England, English automotive engineer and race team manager (b.1911)
1995 - Bobby Stokes, former English footballer (b. 1951)
2000 - Tex Beneke, American bandleader, singer, and saxophone player (b. 1914)
2000 - Doris Hare, Welsh actress (b. 1905)
2003 - Mickie Most, English record producer (b. 1938)
2005 - Fazal Mahmood, Pakistani cricketer (b. 1927)
2005 - Tomasz Pacyński, Polish writer (b. 1958)
2006 - Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (b. 1926)
2006 - Robert Sterling, American actor (b. 1917)
2006 - David Lloyd, New Zealand biologist (b. 1938)
2007 - Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor, director, screenwriter and author (b. 1933)
2008 - Luc Bourdon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1987)

Holidays and observances
Geologist's Day (in Brazil)
Trinidad and Tobago – Indian Arrival Day (National Holiday).
United States – Memorial Day (originally – currently last Monday in May).


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
01-06-2008, 17:47
May 31st

May 31 is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 214 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
1223 - Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River - Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.
1578 - Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London.
1669 - Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
1678 - The Godiva procession through Coventry begins.
1759 - The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: The Mecklenburg Resolutions adopted urging the American Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain.
1790 - Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
1790 - The United States enacts its first copyright statute, the Copyright Act of 1790.
1813 - In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth, reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
1862 - American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks) - Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnston & G. W. Smith engage Union forces under George B. McClellan outside Richmond, Virginia.
1864 - American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor - The Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee engages the Army of the Potomac under Ulysses S. Grant & George G. Meade.
1866 - In the Fenian Invasion of Canada, John O'Neill leads 850 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English. Canadian militia and British regulars repulse the invaders in over the next three days, at a cost of 9 dead and 38 wounded to the Fenian's 19 dead and about 17 wounded.
1889 - Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam break sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
1902 - Second Boer War: The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the war and ensures British control of South Africa.
1910 - Creation of the Union of South Africa.
1911 - R.M.S. Titanic launched.
1916 - World War I: Battle of Jutland - The British Grand Fleet under the command of Sir John Jellicoe & Sir David Beatty engage the Kaiserliche Marine under the command of Reinhard Scheer & Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.
1921 - Tulsa Race Riot: A civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, the official death toll is 39, but recent investigations suggest the actual toll may be much higher.
1924 - The Soviet Union signs an agreement with the Peking government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of China", whose "sovereignty" therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
1927 - The last Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles.
1931 - 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
1942 - World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia.
1961 - Republic of South Africa created.
1962 - The West Indies Federation dissolves.
1970 - The Ancash earthquake causes a landslide that buries the town of Yungay, Peru; more than 47,000 people are killed.
1971 - In accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1968, observation of Memorial Day occurs on the last Monday in May for the first time, rather than on the traditional Memorial Day of May 30.
1973 - The United States Senate votes to cut off funding for the bombing of Khmer Rouge targets within Cambodia, hastening the end of the Cambodian Civil War.
1977 - The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System completed.
1985 - United States-Canadian Outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, leaving 76 dead.
1985 - Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.
1987 - Athena 98.4 FM, the first legal private radio station starts broadcasting in Greece.
1997 - The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.

Births
1443 - Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
1469 - Manuel I of Portugal (d. 1521)
1535 - Alessandro Allori, Italian painter (d. 1607)
1557 - Feodor I of Russia (d. 1598)
1613 - John George II, Elector of Saxony (d. 1680)
1640 - Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)
1656 - Marin Marais, French composer (d. 1728)
1753 - Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud, French revolutionary (d. 1793)
1754 - Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (d. 1817)
1773 - Ludwig Tieck, German writer (d. 1853)
1801 - Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)
1818 - John Albion Andrew, 25th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1867)
1819 - Walt Whitman, American poet (d. 1892)
1835 - Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)
1838 - Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (d. 1900)
1852 - Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)
1857 - Pope Pius XI (d. 1939)
1860 - Walter Sickert, English painter (d. 1942)
1863 - Francis Younghusband, British explorer (d. 1942)
1872 - Heath Robinson, English cartoonist (d. 1944)
1882 - Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (d. 1956)
1883 - Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
1885 - Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazis escape trial (d. 1963)
1887 - Saint-John Perse, French diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
1892 - Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
1892 - Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
1892 - Gregor Strasser, German Nazi politician (d. 1934)
1894 - Fred Allen, American comedian (d. 1956)
1898 - Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, American clergyman (d. 1993)
1901 - Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (d. 1983)
1905 - Florence Desmond, English actress and comedian (d. 1993)
1908 - Don Ameche, American actor (d. 1993)
1908 - Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (d. 2000)
1909 - Aurore Gagnon, French Canadian victim of child abuse (d. 1920)
1911 - Maurice Allais, French economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1912 - Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
1914 - Akira Ifukube, Japanese composer (d. 2006)
1916 - Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (d. 1997)
1921 - Alida Valli, Italian actress (d. 2006)
1921 - Howard Reig, American radio and television announcer
1922 - Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
1923 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
1930 - Clint Eastwood, American film director and actor
1931 - John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1931 - Shirley Verrett, American soprano
1932 - Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)
1935 - Jim Bolger, 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand
1938 - Johnny Paycheck, American singer (d. 2003)
1938 - John Prescott, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1938 - Peter Yarrow, American folk singer (Peter, Paul and Mary)
1939 - Terry Waite, British humanitarian
1940 - Gilbert Shelton, American underground comics illustrator
1941 - Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate
1943 - Sharon Gless, American actress
1943 - Joe Namath, American football player
1945 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German film director (d. 1982)
1945 - Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist
1946 - Ted Baehr, American media critic
1946 - Steve Bucknor, West Indian Cricket Umpire
1947 - Junior Campbell, British musician and songwriter (The Marmalade)
1948 - John Bonham, British musician (Led Zeppelin) (d. 1980)
1948 - Duncan Hunter, American politician, 2008 presidential candidate
1949 - Tom Berenger, American actor
1949 - Nancy Shade, American soprano
1950 - Gregory Harrison, American actor
1952 - Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)
1953 - Pirkka-Pekka Petelius, Finnish actor
1954 - Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (d. 2000)
1954 - Thomas Mavros, Greek footballer
1956 - Fritz Hilpert, German musician and sound engineer (Kraftwerk)
1955 - Tommy Emmanuel, Australian Guitarist CGP
1957 - Jim Craig, American hockey player
1959 - Andrea de Cesaris, Italian racing driver
1960 - Greg C. Adams, Canadian ice hockey player
1960 - Chris Elliott, American comedian
1961 - Ray Cote, Canadian ice hockey player
1961 - Lea Thompson, American actress
1962 - Corey Hart, Canadian musician
1962 - Sebastian Koch, German actor
1963 - Teresa Cheung, Hong Kong socialite
1963 - Hugh Dillon, Canadian musician and actor
1963 - Viktor Orbán, Hungarian politician
1963 - Wesley Willis, American musician (d. 2003)
1964 - Leonard Asper, Canadian businessman
1964 - Scotti Hill, American rock guitarist
1964 - Darryl McDaniels, American musician (Run-D.M.C.)
1965 - Brooke Shields, American model
1966 - Jeremy Hotz, Canadian stand-up comedian
1966 - Nick Scotti, American actor and singer
1967 - Sandrine Bonnaire, French actress
1967 - Phil Keoghan, New Zealand television personality
1967 - Kenny Lofton, American baseball player
1967 - Vampiro, Canadian professional wrestler
1972 - Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier
1972 - Sarah Murdoch, English model
1972 - Karl Geary, Irish actor
1972 - Dave Roberts, American baseball player
1974 - Chad Campbell, American golfer
1974 - Zsolt Erdei, Hungarian light heavyweight boxer
1974 - Adrian Tomine, American cartoonist
1975 - Sienna Guillory, English actress
1976 - Colin Farrell, Irish actor
1976 - Matt Harpring, American basketball player
1977 - Eric Christian Olsen, American actor
1977 - Theodoros Baev, Bulgarian-born Greek volleyball player
1977 - Debbie King, English TV presenter
1977 - Scott Klopfenstein, American musician (Reel Big Fish)
1980 - Andy Hurley, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
1981 - Jake Peavy, American baseball player
1982 - Jonathan Tucker, American actor
1983 - David Hernandez, American singer
1983 - Dustin Wells, New Zealand footballer
1983 - Reggie Yates, English television presenter
1984 - Nate Robinson, American basketball player
1984 - Jason Smith, Australian actor
1985 - Ian Vouyoukas, Greek basketball player
1986 - Robert Gesink, Dutch cyclist
1986 - Sopho Khalvashi, Georgian musical artist
1986 - Melissa McIntyre, Canadian actress
1988 - Hope Partlow, American Singer

Deaths
1246 - Isabella of Angouleme, queen of John of England
1349 - Thomas Wake, English politician (b. 1297)
1408 - Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1358)
1410 - King Martin I of Aragon (b. 1356)
1495 - Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, (b. 1415)
1558 - Philip Hoby, English politician (b. 1505)
1567 - Guido de Bres, Belgian theologian (b. 1522)
1594 - Tintoretto, Italian painter (b. 1518)
1680 - Joachim Neander, German clergyman (b. 1650)
1740 - King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (b. 1688)
1747 - Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
1799 - Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)
1809 - Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1732)
1809 - Jean Lannes, French marshal (b. 1769)
1831 - Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)
1832 - Évariste Galois, French mathematician (b. 1811)
1837 - Joseph Grimaldi, British clown (b. 1779)
1846 - Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
1847 - Thomas Chalmers, Scottish pastor (b. 1780)
1848 - Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
1908 - Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (b. 1839)
1910 - Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (b. 1821)
1931 - Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, French Canadian cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (b. 1866)
1945 - Odilo Globocnik, Austrian nazi (b. 1904)
1957 - Leopold Staff, Polish poet (b. 1878)
1960 - Willem Elsschot, Flemish writer (b. 1882)
1960 - Walther Funk, Nazi leader (b. 1890)
1961 - Walter Little, Canadian politician (b. 1877)
1962 - Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (b. 1874)
1967 - Billy Strayhorn, American composer, pianist and arranger (b. 1915)
1970 - Terry Sawchuk, hockey player (b. 1929)
1972 - Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)
1976 - Jacques Monod, French biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
1977 - William Castle, American film director (b. 1914)
1978 - József Bozsik, Hungarian footballer (b. 1925)
1983 - Jack Dempsey, American boxer (b. 1895)
1986 - Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank), American artist (b. 1918)
1986 - James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
1987 - John Abraham (director), Indian film director
1993 - Spuds Mackenzie, American advertisement dog
1994 - Herva Nelli, Italian-born soprano (b. 1909)
1996 - Timothy Leary, American professor and LSD advocate (b. 1920)
1997 - James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)
1998 - Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (b. 1912)
2000 - Tito Puente, American musician (b. 1923)
2000 - Johnnie Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)
2001 - Arlene Francis, American television personality (d. 1907)
2004 - Robert Quine, American guitarist (b. 1941)
2004 - Étienne Roda-Gil, French songwriter and screenwriter (b. 1941)
2006 - Ryan Bennett, broadcast commentator (b. 1970)
2006 - Miguel Berrocal, sculptor (b. 1933)
2006 - Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
2006 - Lula Mae Hardaway, American songwriter, mother of singer Stevie Wonder (b. 1930)

Holidays and observancesThe Godiva procession.
World No Tobacco Day.
Syaday (Discordianism) (5th day of the season of Confusion, honors Apostle Sri Syadasti).
The Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
01-06-2008, 17:51
June 1st

June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 213 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus assassinated.
987 - Hugh Capet is elected King of France.
1204 - King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.
1215 - Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.
1252 - Alfonso X is elected King of Castile and León.
1283 - Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
1485 - Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Frederick III
1495 - Friar John Cor records the first known batch of scotch whisky.
1533 - Anne Boleyn crowned Queen of England.
1660 - Mary Dyer hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1779 - American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold court-martialed for malfeasance.
1792 - Kentucky admitted as the 15th state of the United States.
1796 - Tennessee admitted as the 16th state of the United States.
1812 - War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
1813 - James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, cries out "Don't give up the ship!"
1815 - Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
1831 - James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole.
1855 - American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.
1857 - Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
1862 - American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks) - Engagement ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
1868 - Treaty of Bosque Redondo signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
1869 - Thomas Edison receives a patent for his electric voting machine.
1879 - Napoleon Eugene killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
1886 - The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
1890 - The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns.
1910 - Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition leaves England.
1918 - World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood - Allied Forces under John J. Pershing & James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
1920 - Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
1921 - Tulsa Race Riot: Civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
1922 - Royal Ulster Constabulary founded .
1925 - Lou Gehrig plays the first game in his streak of 2,130 consecutive games; it was the longest such streak until broken by Cal Ripken Jr. in 1995.
1935 - The first driving tests are introduced in the United Kingdom.
1939 - Maiden flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (D-OPZE) fighter aeroplane
1940 - The Leninist Communist Youth League of the Karelo-Finnish SSR holds its first congress.
1941 - World War II: Battle of Crete ends as Crete capitulates to Germany.
1941 - The Farhud, a pogrom in Iraqi Jews, took place in baghdad.
1942 - World War II: The Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade publishes the first news of the concentration camps.
1943 - British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
1946 - Ion Antonescu executed.
1956 - First international flight (to YUL) from the Atlanta Municipal Airport (ATL; now Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, and currently the world's busiest airport)
1958 - Charles de Gaulle brought out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
1962 - Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
1963 - Kenya gains internal self-rule (Madaraka Day).
1967 - The groundbreaking Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album by The Beatles is released
1974 - Flixborough disaster: Explosion at a chemical plant kills 28 people.
1974 - Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
1978 - FIFA World Cup kicks off in Argentina with a match held in Buenos Aires between cup holder West Germany and Poland
1978 - The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty filed.
1979 - Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
1979 - The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
1980 - Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting.
1985 - Alan García is proclaimed President of Peru.
1990 - George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production.
1997 - Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
2000 - The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) signed.
2001 - Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
2001 - Dolphinarium massacre: A Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.
2003 - The People's Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
2005 - The Dutch referendum on the European Constitution results in its rejection.
2005 - The longest oil/natural gas explosion in the Houston, Texas area occurred in Crosby, Texas. The drill was owned by the Louisiana Oil and Gas Company.
2007 - Jack Kevorkian was released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second-degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.

Births
1076 - Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)
1300 - Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
1480 - Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
1503 - Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer (d. 1567)
1563 - Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English statesman and spymaster (d. 1612)
1633 - Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
1637 - Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
1653 - Georg Muffat, French composer (d. 1704)
1675 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
1762 - Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
1771 - Ferdinando Paer, Italian composer (d. 1839)
1780 - Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general and military theorist (d. 1831)
1790 - Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
1796 - Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
1800 - Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (d. 1879)
1801 - Brigham Young, Mormon church leader (d. 1877)
1804 - Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (d. 1857)
1815 - Philip Kearny, American general (d. 1862)
1815 - Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
1831 - John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
1833 - John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
1843 - Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
1844 - John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
1878 - John Masefield, English novelist and poet (d. 1967)
1881 - Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
1890 - Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949)
1898 - Molly Picon, American actress (d. 1992)
1899 - Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
1901 - John Van Druten, English screen writer (d. 1957)
1901 - Hap Day, Canadian hockey player and manager (d. 1990)
1903 - Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (d. 1973)
1907 - Frank Whittle, English inventor of the jet engine. (d. 1996)
1909 - Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
1913 - Bill Deedes, British journalist (d. 2007)
1915 - John Randolph, American actor (d. 2004)
1917 - William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1921 - Nelson Riddle, American bandleader and arranger (d. 1985)
1922 - Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
1922 - Joan Caulfield, American actress (d. 1991)
1922 - Joan Copeland, American actress
1924 - William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
1926 - Andy Griffith, American actor
1926 - Marilyn Monroe, American actress (d. 1962)
1928 - Georgi Dobrovolski, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1971)
1928 - Bob Monkhouse, English comedian (d. 2003)
1930 - John Lemmon, English logician (d. 1966)
1930 - Edward Woodward, English actor
1933 - Charles Wilson, American politician
1934 - Pat Boone, American singer
1935 - Reverend Ike, American televangelist
1936 - Gerald Scarfe, British illustrator
1937 - Morgan Freeman, American actor
1937 - Rosaleen Linehan, Irish actress
1937 - Colleen McCullough, Australian novelist (The Thorn Birds)
1939 - Cleavon Little, American actor (d. 1992)
1940 - René Auberjonois, American actor
1940 - Kip Thorne, American physicist
1944 - Robert Powell, English actor
1945 - Frederica von Stade, American mezzo-soprano
1945 - Linda Scott, American singer
1946 - Brian Cox, Scottish actor
1947 - Jonathan Pryce, British actor
1947 - Ron Dennis, CBE, F1 team principal (McLaren)
1947 - Ronnie Wood, English guitarist (Rolling Stones)
1948 - Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
1948 - Michel Plasse, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
1948 - Tom Sneva, American race car driver and Indianapolis 500 winner (1983)
1950 - Wayne Nelson, American musician (Little River Band)
1953 - Ronnie Dunn, American musician (Brooks & Dunn)
1953 - David Berkowitz, American serial killer (Son of Sam)
1955 - Ralph Morse, British actor, singer and writer of historical dramas
1956 - Lisa Hartman, American actress
1957 - Dorota Kędzierzawska, Polish film director
1958 - Ahron Bregman, Israeli journalist
1959 - Martin Brundle, British race car driver and F1 television commentator
1959 - Alan Wilder, British musician (Depeche Mode and Recoil)
1960 - Simon Gallup, English bassist (The Cure)
1961 - Paul Coffey, Canadian hockey player
1963 - Mike Joyce, English drummer (The Smiths)
1964 - Mark Curry, American comedian and actor
1965 - Larisa Lazutina, Russian cross-country skier
1965 - Nigel Short, English chess player
1966 - Greg Schiano, American football coach
1967 - Roger Sanchez, American disc jockey
1968 - Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
1968 - Jeff Hackett, Canadian hockey player
1969 - Teri Polo, American actress
1970 - Alexi Lalas, American soccer player
1970 - Karen Mulder, Dutch supermodel
1970 - R. Madhavan, Indian actor
1971 - Mario Cimarro, Cuban actor
1972 - Daniel Casey, English actor
1973 - Adam Garcia, Australian actor
1973 - Derek Lowe, American baseball player
1973 - Heidi Klum, German supermodel
1974 - Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer-songwriter
1974 - Michael Rasmussen, Danish cyclist
1974 - Melissa Sagemiller, American actress
1974 - Akis Zikos, Greek footballer
1975 - James Storm, American professional wrestler
1975 - Michal Grosek, Czech hockey player
1977 - Veronika Vařeková, Czech supermodel
1977 - Danielle Harris, American actress
1977 - Sarah Wayne Callies, American actress
1977 - Brad Wilkerson, American baseball player
1977 - Richard Williams, British racing driver
1979 - Santana Moss, American football player
1980 - Oliver James, British actor
1981 - Carlos Zambrano, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
1982 - Justine Henin (formerly Henin-Hardenne), Belgian tennis player
1984 - Oliver Tielemans, Dutch racing driver
1985 - Mário Hipólito, Angolan footballer
1985 - Nick Young, American basketball player
1987 - Zoltán Harsányi, Slovakian footballer
1988 - Nami Tamaki, Japanese pop singer

Deaths
195 BC - Gaozu of Han of China
193 - Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (b. 133)
1434 - Wladislaus II of Poland
1571 - John Story, English Catholic
1616 - Tokugawa Ieyasu (b. 1543)
1625 - Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
1639 - Melchior Franck, German composer
1660 - Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred)
1710 - David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
1740 - Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
1769 - Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)
1795 - Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)
1815 - Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
1823 - Louis Nicolas Davout, French marshal (b. 1770)
1826 - Jean Frédéric Oberlin, Alsatian pastor (b. 1740)
1841 - David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
1846 - Pope Gregory XVI (b. 1765)
1864 - Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
1868 - James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (b. 1791)
1872 - James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1795)
1873 - Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
1876 - Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
1879 - Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial son of Emperor Napoleon III (b. 1856)
1927 - J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
1941 - Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (b. 1873)
1943 - Leslie Howard, English actor (b. 1893)
1943 - Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
1946 - Ion Antonescu, Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1882)
1948 - Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (b. 1914)
1948 - Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
1954 - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (b. 1869)
1959 - Sax Rohmer, English author (b. 1883)
1960 - Lester Patrick, Canadian hockey player (b. 1883)
1960 - Paula Hitler, Adolf Hitler's final living sibling (b. 1896)
1962 - Adolf Eichmann, Nazi official (by execution; b. 1906)
1965 - Earl "Curly" Lambeau, American football coach (b. 1898)
1966 - Papa Jack Laine, American musician (b. 1873)
1968 - Helen Keller, American humanitarian (b. 1880)
1968 - André Laurendeau, French Canadian writer, journalist and politician (b. 1912)
1969 - Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian ice skater (b. 1904)
1971 - Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (b. 1892)
1973 - Mary Kornman, American actress (b. 1915)
1979 - Werner Forssmann, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1904)
1980 - Rube Marquard, baseball player (b. 1886)
1980 - Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)
1981 - Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (b. 1883)
1983 - Prince Charles of Belgium (b. 1903)
1985 - Richard Greene, British actor (b. 1918)
1986 - Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1958)
1987 - Rashid Karami, Lebanese statesman (b. 1921)
1989 - Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; b. 1917)
1991 - David Ruffin, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1941)
1994 - Frances Heflin, American actress (b. 1923)
1996 - Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Fifth President of India (b. 1913)
1998 - Darwin Joston, American actor (b. 1937)
1999 - Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (b. 1910)
2001 - Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (b. 1949)
2001 - King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
2001 - Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
2002 - Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (b. 1969)
2003 - Johnny Hopp, baseball player (b. 1916)
2004 - William Manchester, American writer (b. 1922)
2005 - George Mikan, American basketball player (b. 1924)
2006 - Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1944)
2007 - Arn Shein, American sports writer (b. 1928)
2007 - Tony Thompson, Singer in R&B group Hi-Five (b. 1975)
2008 - Tommy Lapid, Israeli journalist and politician (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances
Children's Day in some countries.
Poland - Thanksgiving Day
Kenya - Madaraka Day 1963.
Roman Empire - Festival in honour of Carna.
Commemoration of Justin Martyr (Eastern Orthodox


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
03-06-2008, 10:46
June 2nd

June 2 is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 212 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
455 - The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks.
1098 - First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ends as Crusader forces take the city. The second siege would later start on June 7.
1615 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France.
1692 - Bridget Bishop is the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts, is found guilty, and would go on to be hanged on June 10.
1763 - Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort.
1774 - Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to let British soldiers into their homes, is reenacted.
1780 - The Derby horse race is held for the first time.
1793 - Jean-Paul Marat recites the names of 29 people to the French National Convention. Almost all of these people are guillotined, followed by 17,000 more over the course of the next year during the Reign of Terror.
1800 - The first smallpox vaccination in North America, at Trinity, Newfoundland.
1835 - P. T. Barnum and his circus start their first tour of the United States.
1848 - The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
1855 - The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine.
1876 - Hristo Botev, a national revolutionary of Bulgaria, is killed in Stara Planina
1886 - U.S. President Grover Cleveland marries Frances Folsom in the White House, becoming the only president to wed in the executive mansion.
1896 - Guglielmo Marconi receives a patent for his newest invention: the radio.
1909 - Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
1924 - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
1925 - Because of a lineup shakeup by Miller Huggins, Wally Pipp is replaced by Lou Gehrig at first base for the New York Yankees, begining a streak of 2,130 consecutive games played, topped only by Cal Ripken, Jr. in 1995. Exactly 16 years to the day, in 1941, Gehrig passes away from Amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
1946 - Birth of the Italian Republic: In a referendum, Italians decide to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After this referendum the king of Italy Umberto II di Savoia is exiled.
1953 - The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, the first to be televised.
1955 - The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
1965 - Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrive in South Vietnam.
1966 - Surveyor program: The Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon, becoming the first U.S. spacecraft to soft land on another world.
1967 - Protests in West Berlin against the arrival of the Shah of Iran turn into riots, during which Benno Ohnesorg is killed by a police officer. His death results in the founding of the terrorist group Movement 2 June.
1975 - French sex workers occupied a Lyon church in protest against excessive fines and taxes, as well as a lack of police action against violence, thereby sparking the birth of the modern sex worker rights movement.
1979 - Pope John Paul II visits his native Poland, becoming the first Pope to visit a Communist country.
1984 - Operation Bluestar, a military offensive, is launched by the Indian government at Harmandir Sahib, also known as Golden Temple, the holiest shrine for the Sikhs, in Amritsar. The operation continues until June 6 with causalities, most of them civilians, in excess of 5,000.
1990 - The Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak spawns 88 confirmed tornados in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio, killing 12. Petersburg, Indiana is the hardest-hit town in the outbreak, with 6 deaths.
1992 - Denmark rejects the Maastricht Treaty by a thin margin in a national referendum.
1995 - United States Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady's F-16 is shot down over Bosnia while patrolling the NATO no-fly zone.
1997 - In Denver, Colorado, Timothy McVeigh is convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
1998 - The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan.
1999 - The Bhutan Broadcasting Service brings television transmissions to the Kingdom for the first time.
2003 - Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency's Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.
2004 - Ken Jennings begins his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated game show Jeopardy!.

Births
926 - Murakami, Emperor of Japan (d. 967)
1535 - Pope Leo XI (d. 1605)
1731 - Martha Washington, First American first lady (d. 1802)
1740 - Marquis de Sade, French author (d. 1814)
1743 - Count Alessandro di Cagliostro, Sicilian Occultist (d. 1795)
1773 - John Randolph, U.S. Senator from Virginia (d. 1833)
1774 - William Lawson, explorer of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1850)
1823 - Gédéon Ouimet, French Canadian politician (d. 1905)
1835 - Pope Pius X (d. 1914)
1838 - Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna (d. 1900)
1840 - Thomas Hardy, English writer (d. 1928)
1857 - Edward Elgar, English composer (d. 1934)
1857 - Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
1863 - Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (d. 1942)
1865 - George Lohmann, English cricketer (d. 1901)
1869 - Jack O'Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
1887 - Howard Johnson, American songwriter (d. 1941)
1891 - Thurman Arnold, American attorney and jurist (d. 1969)
1899 - Lotte Reiniger, German film director (d. 1981)
1904 - Frank Runacres, English artist (d. 1974)
1904 - Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (d. 1984)
1907 - Dorothy West, American writer (d. 1998)
1913 - Walter Andreas Schwarz, German singer and author (d. 1992)
1913 - Barbara Pym, English novelist (d. 1980)
1915 - Walter Tetley, American voice actor (d. 1975)
1915 - Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)
1917 - Heinz Sielmann, German photographer and filmmaker (d. 2006)
1919 - Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (d. 2005)
1920 - Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born critic
1920 - Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (d. 2003)
1920 - Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee (d. 1969)
1922 - Charlie Sifford, American golfer
1922 - Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish director and screenwriter (d. 2002)
1924 - June Callwood, Canadian jounalist and activist (d. 2007)
1926 - Milo O'Shea, Irish actor
1927 - W. Watts Biggers, American novelist and animator
1929 - Norton Juster, American author and architect
1929 - Ken McGregor, Australian tennis player
1930 - Pete Conrad, American astronaut (d. 1999)
1930 - Bob Lillis, baseball player
1931 - Larry Jackson, baseball player (d. 1990)
1932 - Sammy Turner, American singer
1935 - Carol Shields, American-born novelist (d. 2003)
1935 - Roger Brierley, English actor (d. 2005)
1935 - Dimitri Kitsikis, Greek turkologist
1936 - Sally Kellerman, American actress
1937 - Jimmy Jones (singer), American singer and songwriter
1938 - Kevin Brownlow, English film historian and author
1940 - King Constantine II of Greece
1941 - Stacy Keach, American actor
1941 - Charlie Watts, English musician (The Rolling Stones)
1941 - William Guest, American singer (Gladys Knight & the Pips)
1943 - Charles Haid, American actor
1943 - Ilaiyaraaja, Indian composer
1944 - Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and musician
1945 - Jon Peters, American film producer and hairdresser
1946 - Peter Sutcliffe, English murderer
1946 - Lasse Hallström, Swedish film director
1947 - Mark Elder, British opera and symphony conductor
1948 - Jerry Mathers, American actor
1949 - Heather Couper, British astronomer
1949 - Frank Rich, American theater critic and columnist
1951 - Larry Robinson, Canadian hockey player
1952 - Gary Bettman, American National Hockey League commissioner
1953 - Keith Allen, Welsh comedian, actor, singer and writer
1953 - Craig Stadler, American golfer
1954 - Dennis Haysbert, American actor
1955 - Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian
1955 - Michael Steele, American musician (The Bangles)
1955 - Chantal Hochuli, Swiss-born socialite
1956 - Mani Ratnam, Indian director
1956 - Malcolm Garrett, English graphic designer
1957 - King Lizzard, American entertainer
1957 - Mark Lawrenson, English Football Pundit
1958 - Lawrence Pfohl, American professional wrestler
1959 - Lydia Lunch, American singer
1960 - Kyle Petty, American race car driver
1960 - Tony Hadley, English singer (Spandau Ballet)
1961 - Dez Cadena, American musician (Black Flag)
1964 - Caroline Link, German film director and screenwriter
1965 - Jim Knipfel, American autobiographer and journalist
1965 - Mark and Steve Waugh, Australian cricketers
1966 - Pedro Guerra, Spanish songwriter and singer
1967 - Mike Stanton, baseball player
1968 - Beetlejuice, member of Howard Stern's Wack Pack
1968 - Jon Culshaw, British comedian
1969 - Cy Chadwick, English actor
1970 - Andy McCollum, American football player
1970 - B-Real, American rapper (Cypress Hill)
1971 - Anthony Montgomery, American actor
1971 - Kateřina Jacques, Czech politician
1972 - Wayne Brady, American actor and comedian
1972 - Wentworth Miller, American actor
1972 - Simon Staho, Danish film director
1973 - Neifi Perez, Dominican baseball player
1974 - Matt Serra, American mixed martial artist
1974 - Gata Kamsky, American chess player
1976 - Earl Boykins, American basketball player
1976 - Tim Rice-Oxley, English musician (Keane)
1976 - Martin Čech, International ice hockey player (d. 2007)
1976 - Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, Brazilian mixed martial artist
1976 - Queen 'Masenate Mohato Seeiso, Queen consort of Lesotho
1977 - Zachary Quinto, American actor
1978 - Dominic Cooper, English actor
1978 - Nikki Cox, American actress
1978 - Justin Long, American actor
1978 - A.J. Styles, American professional wrestler
1980 - Fabrizio Moretti, American rock drummer (The Strokes)
1981 - Nikolay Davydenko, Russian professional tennis player
1981 - Tucker Rountree, American guitarist and composer.
1981 - Chin-hui Tsao, Taiwanese baseball player
1982 - Jewel Staite, Canadian actress
1983 - Christopher Higgins, American ice hockey player
1983 - Brooke White, American singer
1988 - Sergio Agüero, Argentinian footballer
1988 - Patrik Berglund, Swedish hockey player
1989 - Freddy Adu, Ghanaian-American footballer
1990 - Brittany Curran, American actress

Deaths
829 - Saint Nicephorus, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 758)
910 - Richilde of Provence, Queen of Western Francia
1418 - Katherine of Lancaster, wife of Henry III of Castile
1567 - Shane O'Neill, Irish chieftain
1581 - James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
1693 - John Wildman, English soldier and politician
1701 - Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1607)
1716 - Ogata Korin, Japanese painter
1754 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
1761 - Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
1785 - Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
1833 - Simon Byrne, Irish bare-knuckle prize fighter (b. 1806)
1865 - Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (b. 1783)
1875 - Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
1876 - Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
1881 - Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
1882 - Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian revolutionarist (b. 1807)
1901 - George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
1933 - Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878)
1937 - Louis Vierne, French organist and composer (b. 1870)
1941 - Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1948 - Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (b. 1904)
1948 - Karl Brandt, personal physician of Adolf Hitler (b. 1904)
1948 - Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (b. 1897)
1948 - Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
1948 - Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
1956 - Jean Hersholt, Danish actor and humanitarian (b. 1886)
1961 - George S. Kaufman, American playwright (b. 1889)
1962 - Vita Sackville-West, English writer, and gardener (b. 1892)
1967 - Benno Ohnesorg, German student (b. 1940)
1968 - André Mathieu, Quebec pianist and composer (b. 1929)
1969 - Leo Gorcey, American actor (b. 1917)
1970 - Bruce McLaren, New Zealand car racer, designer, and founder of eponymous race team (b. 1937)
1970 - Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (b. 1888)
1970 - Albert Lamorisse, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
1974 - Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (b. 1949)
1976 - Juan José Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
1977 - Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (b. 1931)
1979 - Jim Hutton, American actor (b. 1934)
1982 - Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (b. 1904)
1983 - Stan Rogers, Canadian musician (b. 1949)
1984 - Georgios Kasassoglou, Greek musician (b. 1908)
1986 - Aurel Joliat, Canadian hockey player (b. 1901)
1987 - Sammy Kaye, American bandleader (b. 1910)
1987 - Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (b. 1893)
1989 - Ted a'Beckett, Australian cricketer (b. 1907)
1990 - Stiv Bators, American singer (The Dead Boys, The Lords of the New Church) (b. 1949)
1990 - Jack Gilford, American actor (b. 1908)
1990 - Rex Harrison, English actor (b. 1908)
1992 - Phillip Dunne, American film director (b. 1908)
1993 - Johnny Mize, American baseball player (b. 1913)
1996 - John Alton, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
1996 - Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (b. 1956)
1996 - Leon Garfield, English children's author (b. 1921)
1996 - Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (b. 1937)
1997 - Doc Cheatham, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1905)
1998 - Sylvester Ritter, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
1999 - Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican musician (The Wailers) (b. 1949)
2000 - Svyatoslav Fyodorov, Russian ophthalmologist (b. 1927)
2000 - Gerald Whitrow, British mathematician (b. 1912)
2001 - Imogene Coca, American actress (b. 1908)
2001 - Frank Stagg, Baptist Theologian (b. 1911)
2001 - Joey Maxim, American boxer (b. 1922)
2003 - Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (b. 1918)
2004 - Loyd Sigmon, American amateur ("ham") radio broadcaster (b. 1909)
2005 - Gunder Gundersen, Norwegian Nordic combined skier and sports official (b. 1930)
2005 - Chloe Jones, Model and pornographic actress (b. 1975)
2005 - Samir Kassir, Lebanese journalist and teacher (b. 1950)
2005 - Melita Norwood, British spy (b. 1912)
2006 - Keith Smith, English professional rugby player (b. 1952)
2006 - Vince Welnick, musician, keyboardist (The Grateful Dead) (b. 1951)
2007 - Huang Ju, Chinese Vice-Premier
2007 - Kentaro Haneda, Japanese composer (b. 1949)
2008 - Bo Diddley, American musician (b. 1928)


Holidays and observances
Italy's Festa della Repubblica (Republic Day), which commemorates the birth of the Repubblica Italiana and the end of the monarchy.
Xenia name day in Slovakia.
Shavuoth (Judaism) (2006).
The death of Hristo Botev in Bulgaria.
Independence day Samoa 1962
The Greek Orthodox Church commemorates Saint Nicephorus' death - see also March 13.

Take Care All:);)

poopoy
03-06-2008, 10:49
June 3rd

June 3 is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 211 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
1098 - First Crusade: Antioch falls to the crusaders after an eight-month siege.
1140 - French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
1326 - Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark.
1539 - DeSoto claims Florida for Spain
1608 - Samuel de Champlain completes his third voyage to New France at Tadoussac, Quebec.
1620 - Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
1621 - The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherlands.
1658 - Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France.
1665 - James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England) defeats the Dutch Fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
1770 - Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo is founded in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.
1800 - U.S. President John Adams takes up residence in Washington, DC (in a tavern – the White House was not yet completed).
1850 - The traditional founding date of Kansas City, Missouri. This was the date on which it was first incorporated by Jackson County, Missouri as the "City of Kansas".
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor - Union forces attack Confederate troops in Hanover County, Virginia.
1866 - Fenians are driven out of Fort Erie, Ontario, into the United States
1885 - Last military engagement fought on Canadian soil: Cree leader Big Bear escapes the North West Mounted Police.
1888 - The poem "Casey at the Bat", by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner.
1889 - The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
1889 - The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon, United States.
1907 - Centro Escolar University was established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines.
1916 - The ROTC is established by the U.S. Congress.
1916 - The National Defense Act is signed into law, increasing the size of the United States National Guard by 450,000 men.
1935 - One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario.
1937 - The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson.
1940 - World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris.
1940 - World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk ends with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat.
1943 - A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beats up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
1956 - British Rail renames 'Third Class' passenger facilities as 'Second Class' (Second Class facilities had been abolished in 1875, leaving just First Class and Third Class).
1962 - An Air France Boeing 707 charter, Chateau de Sully crashed after aborted takeoff from Paris, killing 130. The largest single plane accident to date.
1963 - A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101.
1965 - Launch of Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew.
1965 - For 21 minutes, Edward H. White floats free outside the space vehicle Gemini IV for the first time.
1968 - Valerie Solanas, author of The SCUM Manifesto, attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times.
1969 - Melbourne-Evans collision - Off the coast of South Vietnam, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne cuts the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half.
1973 - A Soviet supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 crashes near Goussainville, France, killing 14, the first crash of a supersonic passenger aircraft.
1979 - A blowout at the Ixtoc I oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico causes at least 600,000 tons (176,400,000 gallons) of oil to be spilled into the waters, the worst oil spill to date.
1982 - The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, is shot on a London street. He survives but is permanently paralysed.
1984 - The Indian Army storms the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib), the most sacred shrine of Sikhism, near Amritsar.
1989 - The government of China sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.
1991 - Mount Unzen erupts in Japan in Kyūshū killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.
1998 - Eschede train disaster: an ICE high speed train derails in Lower Saxony, Germany, causing 101 deaths.
2006 - The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence.

Births
1540 - Charles I of Austria (d. 1590)
1635 - Philippe Quinault, French writer (d. 1688)
1659 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
1723 - Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born naturalist (d. 1788)
1726 - James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797)
1770 - Manuel Belgrano, Argentine politician (d. 1820)
1808 - Jefferson Davis, American politician and President of the Confederate States of America (d. 1889)
1818 - Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
1819 - Anton Anderledy, Swiss Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1892)
1832 - Alexandre Charles Lecocq, French composer (d. 1918)
1843 - Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1912)
1844 - Garret Hobart, 24th Vice President of the United States (d. 1899)
1844 - Detlev von Liliencron, German poet (d. 1909)
1853 - William Matthew Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (d. 1942)
1864 - Otto Erich Hartleben, German writer (d. 1905)
1864 - Ransom E. Olds, American automobile pioneer (d. 1950)
1865 - George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1936)
1866 - George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
1873 - Otto Loewi, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1961)
1877 - Raoul Dufy, French painter (d. 1953)
1878 - Barney Oldfield, American race car driver (d. 1946)
1879 - Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
1881 - Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
1888 - Tom Brown, American musician (d. 1958)
1899 - Georg von Békésy, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1972)
1901 - Maurice Evans, English actor (d. 1989)
1903 - Eddie Acuff, American actor (d. 1956)
1904 - Jan Peerce, American tenor (d. 1984)
1905 - Martin Gottfried Weiss, German, commandant of Dachau concentration camp (d. 1946, by execution)
1906 - Josephine Baker, American dancer (d. 1975)
1907 - Paul Rotha, English director (d. 1984)
1911 - Ellen Corby, American actress (d. 1999)
1911 - Paulette Goddard, American actress (d. 1990)
1913 - Pedro Mir, Dominican Poet Laureate (d. 2000)
1917 - Leo Gorcey, American actor (d. 1969)
1918 - Patrick Cargill, English actor (d. 1996)
1918 - Lili St. Cyr, American ecdysiast (d. 1999)
1921 - Forbes Carlile, Australian athlete
1922 - Alain Resnais, French director
1923 - Igor Shafarevich, Russian mathematician
1924 - Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian actress (d. 1991)
1924 - Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (d. 1999)
1924 - Torsten Wiesel, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
1924 - Jimmy Rogers, American blues guitarist (d. 1997)
1925 - Tony Curtis, American actor
1926 - Allen Ginsberg, American poet (d. 1997)
1927 - Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (d. 2007)
1929 - Werner Arber, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
1929 - Chuck Barris, American game show host
1930 - Marion Zimmer Bradley, American author (d. 1999)
1930 - Dakota Staton, American jazz singer (d. 2007)
1930 - Ben Wada, Japanese television producers
1931 - Françoise Arnoul, French actress
1931 - Raúl Castro, Cuban statesman
1931 - John Norman, American author
1931 - Lindy Remigino, American athlete
1933 - Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (d. 1999)
1934 - Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
1936 - Jim Gentile, baseball player
1936 - Larry McMurtry, American author
1937 - Solomon P. Ortiz, American politician
1937 - Edward Winter, American actor (d. 2001)
1939 - Steve Dalkowski, baseball player
1939 - Ian Hunter (singer), English musician
1942 - Curtis Mayfield, American musician (d. 1999)
1943 - Billy Cunningham, American basketball player
1944 - Edith McGuire, American runner
1944 - Eddy Ottoz, Italian athlete
1946 - Eddie Holman, American singer
1946 - Michael Clarke American musician (d. 1993)
1947 - Mickey Finn, British guitarist and percussionist (T. Rex) (d. 2003)
1947 - Mike Burgmann, Australian racing driver (d. 1986)
1947 - John Dykstra, American special effects supervisor
1950 - Melissa Mathison, American screenwriter
1950 - Suzi Quatro, American musician and actress
1950 - Christos Verelis, Greek politician
1950 - Deniece Williams, American singer
1952 - Billy Powell, American keyboardist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
1952 - David Richards, CBE, British motor racing entrepreneur
1954 - Dan Hill, Canadian singer and songwriter
1954 - Wally Weir, Quebec ice hockey player
1956 - Brad Nessler, American sports broadcaster
1956 - George Burley, Scottish football player and manager
1957 - Horst-Ulrich Hänel, German field hockey player
1961 - Lawrence Lessig, American lawyer and author
1962 - Susannah Constantine, British fashion guru
1963 - Rudy Demotte, Belgian politician
1963 - Toshiaki Karasawa, Japanese actor
1964 - Kerry King, American musician (Slayer)
1964 - Doro Pesch, German singer
1964 - James Purefoy, British actor
1965 - Mike Gordon, American musician
1965 - Jeff Blumenkrantz, American composer and actor
1966 - Wasim Akram, Pakistani cricketer
1967 - Anderson Cooper, American reporter
1968 - Jamie O'Neal, American singer
1968 - Samantha Sprackling, Nigerian singer
1969 - Takako Minekawa, Japanese musician
1969 - Hiroyuki Takami, Japanese musician
1970 - Esther Hart, Dutch singer
1970 - Julie Masse, French Canadian singer
1970 - Peter Tägtgren, Swedish musician (Hypocrisy) and producer
1970 - Ammon McNeely, American rock climber
1971 - Carl Everett, American baseball player
1974 - Kelly Jones, Welsh singer (Stereophonics)
1975 - Jose Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
1976 - Jamie McMurray, American NASCAR driver
1976 - Yuri Ruley, American drummer
1976 - Enda Markey, Irish/Australian entertainer
1977 - Cris, Brazilian footballer
1977 - Az-Zahir Hakim, American football player
1977 - Travis Hafner, American baseball player
1980 - Lazaros Papadopoulos, Greek basketball player
1982 - Yelena Isinbayeva, Russian pole vaulter
1986 - Alexandros Karageorgiou, Greek archer
1986 - Brenden Richard Jefferson, African-American actor
1986 - Rafael Nadal, Spanish tennis player
1986 - Tomas Verner, Czech Republic ice skater
1986 - Adrián Vallés, Spanish racing driver
1986 - Al Horford, American basketball player
1987 - Lalaine, American actress and singer
1987 - Masami Nagasawa, Japanese actress
2002 - Prince Tirso of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
2006 - Countess Leonore, Member of the Dutch Royal Family

Deaths
1395 - Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria
1397 - William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (b. 1328)
1411 - Duke Leopold IV of Austria (b. 1371)
1548 - Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Catholic bishop of Mexico (b. 1468)
1594 - John Aylmer, English political theorist (b. 1521)
1615 - Sanada Yukimura, Japanese samurai (b. 1567)
1640 - Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (b. 1584)
1657 - William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
1649 - Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
1659 - Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
1780 - Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (b. 1711)
1826 - Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (b. 1766)
1858 - Julius Reubke, German composer (b. 1834)
1861 - Stephen A. Douglas, American politician (b. 1813)
1865 - Okada Izō, Japanese samurai (b. 1838)
1875 - Georges Bizet, French composer (b. 1838)
1877 - Ludwig Ritter von Köchel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1800)
1882 - Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
1894 - Karl Eduard Zachariae, German expert on Byzantine Law (b. 1812)
1899 - Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (b. 1825)
1924 - Franz Kafka, Czech novelist (b. 1883)
1928 - Li Yüan-hung, Chinese general and political figure (b. 1864)
1933 - William Muldoon, wrestler (b. 1852)
1955 - Barbara Graham, American murderer (b. 1923)
1963 - Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (b. 1902)
1963 - Pope John XXIII (b. 1881)
1964 - Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
1970 - Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi official (b. 1877)
1971 - Heinz Hopf, German mathematician (b. 1894)
1973 - Dory Funk, professional wrestler (b. 1919)
1975 - Ozzie Nelson, American band leader, producer, director, and actor (b. 1906)
1975 - Eisaku Sato, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1901)
1977 - Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
1977 - Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director (b. 1906)
1983 - Nanna, Rafi Khawar, Lollywood actor, Lahore
1989 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Shi'ite leader (b. 1900)
1989 - John McCauley, NHL official (b. 1945)
1990 - Stiv Bators, American musician (The Dead Boys) (b. 1949)
1990 - Robert Noyce, American inventor (b. 1927)
1991 - Katia Krafft, French volcanologist (eruption) (b. 1942)
1991 - Maurice Krafft, French volcanologist (eruption) (b. 1946)
1991 - Takeshi Nagata, Japanese geophysicist (b. 1913)
1992 - Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908)
1994 - Puig Aubert, French rugby league footballer (b. 1925)
1997 - Dennis James, American television personality (b. 1917)
1998 - Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (b. 1922)
2001 - Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born actor (b. 1915)
2003 - Felix de Weldon, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
2004 - Quorthon, Swedish musician (Bathory) (b. 1966)
2005 - Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader, writer, and lawyer (b. 1945)
2006 - Johnny Grande, original accordion/piano/keyboard player for Bill Haley's Comets (b. 1932)

Holidays and observances
Roman Empire - Festival to Bellona.
Confederate Memorial Day observed in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Tennessee.
Vladimirskaya (in Russia)


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
04-06-2008, 06:57
June 4th

June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 210 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
781 BC - The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in China.
1039 - Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh establishes first English colony on Roanoke Island, old Virginia (now North Carolina).
1615 - Forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.
1760 - Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia Canada taken from the Acadians.
1769 - A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in history.
1783 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon).
1792 - Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Great Britain.
1794 - British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti.
1804 - Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clothilde, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.
1812 - Following Louisiana's admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory is renamed the Missouri Territory.
1859 - Italian Independence wars: in the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeats an Austrian army.
1862 - American Civil War: Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.
1876 - An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
1878 - Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.
1912 - Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.
1913 - Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of King George V's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled and dies a few days later, never having regained consciousness.
1917 - The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert B. Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World.
1919 - Women's rights: The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.
1920 - Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris.
1928 - President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents.
1939 - Holocaust: the SS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps.
1940 - World War II: the Dunkirk evacuation ends - British forces complete evacuation of 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France.
1940 - World War II: German forces enter Paris.
1942 - World War II: Reinhard Heydrich is assassinated by Czechoslovak paratrooperin Prague (Operation Anthropoid).
1942 - World War II: the Battle of Midway begins. Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese navy.
1943 - A Military coup in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
1944 - World War II: a hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505 - the first time a U.S. Navy vessel captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
1944 - World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.
1967 - Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashes in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew.
1970 - Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1973 - A patent for the ATM is granted to Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain.
1979 - Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Akuffo is overthrown.
1986 - Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.
1989 - Ali Khamenei is elected the new Supreme Leader of Islamic republic of Iran by the Assembly of Experts after the death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
1989 - Tiananmen Square protests are violently ended in Chinese capital city Beijing by People's Liberation Army soldiers and tanks. Many innocent people are killed.
1989 - Solidarity's victory in the first partly free parliamentary elections in post-war Poland sparks off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe and leads to the creation of the so-called Contract Sejm.
1989 - Ufa train disaster: a natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, kills 575 as two trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline.
1991 - The United Kingdom's Conservative government announces that some British regiments would disappear or be merged into others—the largest armed forces cuts in almost twenty years.
1998 - Terry Nichols is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
2001 - Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascends to the throne after the massacre in the Royal Palace.

Births
1394 - Philippa of England, queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (d. 1430)
1489 - Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1544)
1604 - Claudia de' Medici, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1648)
1665 - Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier (d. 1733)
1694 - François Quesnay, French economist (d. 1774)
1704 - Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (d. 1776)
1738 - King George III of Great Britain (d. 1820)
1744 - Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
1754 - Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian editor and astronomer (d. 1832)
1787 - Constant Prévost, French geologist (d. 1856)
1801 - James Pennethorne, English architect (d. 1871)
1821 - Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (d. 1897)
1866 - Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician (d. 1952)
1867 - C.G.E. Mannerheim, President of Finland (d. 1951)
1877 - Heinrich Wieland, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
1879 - Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator (d. 1964)
1880 - Clara Blandick, American actress (d. 1962)
1881 - Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (d. 1962)
1887 - Tom Longboat, marathon runner (d. 1949)
1894 - Madame Bolduc, French Canadian singer (d. 1941)
1899 - Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect (d. 1989)
1907 - Rosalind Russell, American actress (d. 1976)
1907 - Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (d. 1944)
1907 - Patience Strong, English poet and journalist (d. 1990)
1910 - Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (d. 1999)
1916 - Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, Nobel laureate
1916 - Fernand Leduc, Canadian painter (The Automatistes)
1917 - Robert Merrill, American baritone (d. 2004)
1921 - Bobby Wanzer, American professional basketball player and coach
1923 - Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (d. 2007)
1924 - Dennis Weaver, American actor (d. 2006)
1924 - Tofilau Eti Alesana, former Prime Minister of Samoa (d. 1999)
1926 - Robert Earl Hughes, American man who became the heaviest known human (d. 1958)
1927 - Geoffrey Palmer, English actor
1928 - Ruth Westheimer, German-born American sex therapist and author
1929 - Karolos Papoulias, Greek politician
1930 - Morgana King, American actress
1930 - Viktor Tikhonov, Russian hockey player and coach
1932 - Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (d. 1975)
1932 - Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer
1932 - John Drew Barrymore, American actor (d. 2004)
1934 - Seamus Elliott, Irish cyclist (d. 1971)
1935 - Colette Boky, Quebec operatic soprano
1936 - Bruce Dern, American actor
1937 - Freddy Fender, American musician (d. 2006)
1937 - Robert Fulghum, American author
1937 - Gorilla Monsoon, American professional wrestler (d. 1999)
1937 - Mortimer Zuckerman, American publisher
1938 - Art Mahaffey, American baseball player
1940 - Cliff Bennett, British singer with the Rebel Rousers
1943 - Joyce Meyer, American religious leader
1944 - Michelle Phillips, American singer (The Mamas & the Papas) and actress
1945 - Anthony Braxton, American composer and instrumentalist
1945 - Gordon Waller, Scottish musician (Peter and Gordon)
1947 - Viktor Klima, Chancellor of Austria
1948 - Bob Champion, English Jump Jockey
1949 - Gabriel Arcand, French Canadian actor
1950 - Dagmar Krause, German singer (Slapp Happy, Henry Cow, Art Bears)
1950 - George Noory, American radio personality
1950 - Kevin Woodford, English celebrity chef
1951 - Charles Dickinson, American author
1952 - Parker Stevenson, American actor and director
1953 - Jimmy McCulloch, Scottish musician (d. 1979)
1953 - Susumu Ojima, Japanese entrepreneur (Huser)
1953 - Paul Samson, British guitarist (Samson) (d. 2002)
1955 - Paul Stewart, English writer
1955 - Mary Testa, American stage actress
1956 - Martin Adams, English darts player
1956 - Keith David, American actor
1956 - Gerry Ryan, Irish radio talkshow host
1956 - John Hockenberry, American journalist
1956 - Terry Kennedy, American baseball player
1957 - John Treacy, Irish athlete
1960 - Bradley Walsh, British actor
1961 - El DeBarge, American singer (DeBarge)
1962 - Zenon Jaskuła, Polish cyclist
1962 - Ferenc Gyurcsány, Hungarian prime minister
1962 - John P. Kee, American Gospel singer
1964 - Eva Fampas, Greek guitarist
1964 - Sean Pertwee, English actor
1965 - Mick Doohan, Australian motorcycle racer
1965 - Andrea Jaeger, American tennis player
1966 - Cecilia Bartoli, Italian mezzo-soprano
1966 - Vladimir Voevodsky, Russian mathematician
1969 - Horatio Sanz, Chilean-born comedian
1970 - Richie Hawtin, Canadian musician
1970 - David Pybus, British musician
1971 - Joseph Kabila, Congolese politician
1971 - Noah Wyle, American actor
1971 - Shoji Meguro, Japanese composer
1972 - Nikka Costa, American singer
1972 - Derian Hatcher, American ice hockey player
1972 - Rob Huebel, American comedian
1974 - Darin Erstad, American baseball player
1974 - Andrew Gwynne, British politician
1974 - Stefan Lessard, American musician
1975 - Russell Brand, British comedian and television personality
1975 - Henry Burris, American Football Quarterback
1975 - Angelina Jolie, American actress
1977 - Dionisis Chiotis, Greek footballer
1977 - Berglind Icey, Icelandic actor
1977 - Quinten Hann, Australian former snooker player
1977 - Alex Manninger, Australian footballer
1979 - Naohiro Takahara, Japanese footballer
1979 - Daniel Vickerman, Australian rugby union player
1980 - Alicja Janosz, Polish singer
1980 - François Beauchemin, French Canadian ice hockey player
1981 - T. J. Miller, American actor and comedian
1981 - Giourkas Seitaridis, Greek footballer
1982 - Ronnie Prude, National Football League player
1982 - Jin, Chinese-American rapper
1982 - Jamie Dornan, Irish model and actor
1983 - Emmanuel Eboué, Ivorian footballer
1984 - Ian White, Canadian hockey player
1984 - Rainie Yang, Taiwanese singer and actress
1985 - Lukas Podolski, Polish-born footballer
1985 - Bar Refaeli, Israeli model
1985 - Evan Lysacek, American figure skater
1985 - Ana Carolina Reston, Brazilian fashion model (d. 2006)
1986 - Shane Kippel, Canadian actor
1988 - Leigh Adams, Australian Footballer
1992 - Dino Jelusić, Croatian singer

Deaths
1039 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
1135 - Emperor Huizong of China (b. 1082)
1206 - Adèle of Champagne, wife of Louis VII of France
1257 - Duke Przemysl I of Poland
1394 - Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV of England
1463 - Flavio Biondo, Italian humanist (b. 1392)
1585 - Muretus, French humanist (b. 1526)
1663 - William Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1582)
1798 - Giacomo Casanova, Italian womanizer and writer (b. 1725)
1801 - Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)
1830 - Antonio José de Sucre, Great Marshall of Ayacucho (b. 1795)
1872 - Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Dutch politician (b. 1798)
1875 - Eduard Mörike, German poet (b. 1804)
1922 - William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor (b. 1864)
1926 - Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (b. 1853)
1928 - Zhang Zuolin, Chinese warlord (b. 1873)
1929 - Harry Frazee, Boston Red Sox owner from 1916-1923 (b. 1881)
1939 - Tommy Ladnier, American musician (b. 1900)
1941 - Wilhelm II of Germany, German emperor (b. 1859)
1942 - Reinhard Heydrich, German SS senior officer and Nazi official, by assassination (b. 1904)
1951 - Serge Koussevitsky, Russian conductor (b. 1874)
1956 - Katherine MacDonald, American actress (b. 1881)
1962 - Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (b. 1882)
1964 - Samuil Marshak, Russian poet (b. 1887)
1968 - Dorothy Gish, American actress (b. 1898)
1970 - Sonny Tufts, American actor (b. 1911)
1971 - Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1885)
1973 - Maurice René Fréchet, French mathematician (b. 1878)
1973 - Murry Wilson, father of Brian Wilson, Dennis Wilson and Carl Wilson (b. 1917)
1989 - Dik Browne, American cartoonist (b. 1917)
1992 - Carl Stotz, American Little League Founder (b. 1910)
1994 - Derek Leckenby, British guitarist (Herman's Hermits) (b. 1943)
1994 - Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (b. 1953)
1997 - Ronnie Lane, British bass player (b. 1946)
2001 - Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971)
2001 - John Hartford, American musician (b. 1937)
2002 - Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Peruvian politician (b. 1912)
2004 - Steve Lacy, American saxophonist (b. 1934)
2004 - Nino Manfredi, Italian actor (b. 1921)
2007 - Clete Boyer, American baseball player
2007 - Jim Clark, American sheriff and segregationist (b. 1922)
2007 - Bill France Jr., NASCAR pioneer (b. 1933)
2007 - Sotiris Moustakas, Greek actor (b. 1940)
2007 - Freddie Scott, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
2007 - Craig L. Thomas, United States Senator (b.1933)

Holidays and observancesTonga - National Day.
Finland - National flag day of the Finnish Defence Forces (on Mannerheim's birthday).
Hong Kong - Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 memorial day.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
05-06-2008, 16:01
June 5th

June 5 is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 209 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
70 - Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem
1257 - Kraków, Poland received city rights.
1305 - Pope Clement V is elected.
1798 - Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
1817 - First Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.
1829 - HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
1832 - Parisian student uprisings of 1832 begin.
1837 - Houston, Texas is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.
1849 - Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.
1851 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom's Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly starts a ten-month run in the National Era abolitionist newspaper.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont: Union forces under General David Hunter defeat a Confederate army at Piedmont, Virginia, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
1888 - Rio de la Plata Earthquake 1888: Uruguay 3.20 UTC-3, 5,5 Richter Scale, 34º36'00S, 57º53'59'W.
1900 - Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
1915 - Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage.
1916 - Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1917 - World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as "Army registration day."
1933 - The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
1941 - Four thousands Chongqing residents were asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
1944 - World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
1945 - Allied Control Council, military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
1946 - A fire in the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago, kills 61 people.
1947 - Marshall Plan: At a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
1956 - Elvis Presley introduces his new single, "Hound Dog", on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
1959 - The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.
1963 - British Secretary of State for War John Profumo resigns in a sex scandal.
1963 - Movement of 15 Khordad: protest against arrest of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini by Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In several cities, masses of angry demonstrators were confronted by tanks and paratroopers.
1967 - Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
1968 - U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies the next day.
1969 - International communist conference begins in Moscow.
1970 - Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1975 - The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.
1975 - The UK holds its first and only UK-wide referendum, on remaining in the EEC.
1976 - Collapse of the Teton Dam in Idaho, United States.
1977 - A coup takes place in Seychelles.
1977 - The Apple II, the first practical personal computer, goes on sale.
1981 - The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that five homosexual men in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.
1984 - Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi orders an attack on the Golden Temple, the holiest site of the Sikh religion.
1986 - A 52-year old man in Auburn, Washington, United States, dies after taking an Excedrin capsule laced with cyanide; this is the first of two Excedrin deaths.
1989 - The Inuvialuit Final Agreement is signed in Canada to give the Inuit of western Canada the first comprehensive land claim agreement north of the 60th parallel.
1989 - The Unknown Rebel halts the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
1995 - Bose-Einstein condensate is first created.
1998 - A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks).
2001 - U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords leaves the Republican Party, an act which shifts control of the United States Senate from the Republicans to the Democratic Party.
2001 - Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall on the upper-Texas coastline as a strong tropical storm and dumps large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm caused $5.5 billion in damages, making Allison the costliest tropical storm in U.S. history.
2003 - Severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
2006 - Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

Births
469 BC - Socrates, Greek philosopher (d. 399 BC)
1341 - Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (d. 1402)
1493 - Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)
1523 - Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1573)
1553 - Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1617)
1554 - Elisabeth of Austria, queen consort of France (d. 1592)
1640 - Pu Songling, Chinese writer (d. 1715)
1660 - Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (d. 1744)
1646 - Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician (d. 1684)
1718 - Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker (d. 1779)
1723 - Adam Smith, Scottish economist (d. 1790)
1757 - Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (d. 1808)
1760 - Johan Gadolin, Finnish scientist (d. 1852)
1771 - Ernest Augustus I of Hanover (d. 1851)
1781 - Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)
1819 - John Couch Adams, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1892)
1850 - Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
1862 - Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1930)
1868 - James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
1876 - Tony Jackson, American musician (d. 1920)
1878 - Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1923)
1879 - Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)
1879 - René Pottier, French cyclist (d. 1907)
1883 - John Maynard Keynes, English economist (d. 1946)
1884 - Ralph Benatzky, Czech composer (d. 1957)
1894 - Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
1895 - William Boyd (actor), American actor (d. 1972)
1898 - Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, lyricist and dramatist (d. 1936)
1900 - Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
1905 - John Abbott, British actor (d. 1996)
1912 - Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
1919 - Richard Scarry, American children's author (d. 1994)
1920 - Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American author (d. 1974)
1923 - Daniel Pinkham, American composer, organist, and harpsichordist (d. 2006)
1923 - Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (d. 1963)
1925 - Art Donovan, American football star
1928 - Tony Richardson, British film director (d. 1991)
1930 - Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
1931 - Jacques Demy, French film director (d. 1990)
1931 - Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher, antroposopher
1932 - Christy Brown, Irish author (d. 1981)
1934 - Bill Moyers, American journalist
1938 - Karin Balzer, German hurdler
1939 - Joe Clark, sixteenth Prime Minister of Canada
1939 - Margaret Drabble, English novelist
1941 - Martha Argerich, Argentine pianist
1941 - Spalding Gray, American actor and writer (d. 2004)
1941 - Robert Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots
1941 - Erasmo Carlos, Brazilian singer and songwriter
1942 - Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Equatoguinean politician
1943 - Matthew Lesko, American author
1944 - Tommie Smith, American athlete
1944 - Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer
1945 - John Carlos, American Athlete
1945 - Patrick Head, English F1 technical director and team co-owner (WilliamsF1)
1946 - Freddie Stone, American guitarist (Sly & the Family Stone)
1946 - John Bach, Welsh actor
1947 - Laurie Anderson, American performance artist
1947 - Tom Evans, English musician (Badfinger) (d. 1983)
1949 - Ken Follett, Welsh author
1950 - J. J. Bittenbinder, American television host and author
1950 - Ronnie Dyson, American singer and actor (d. 1990)
1950 - Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist & political activist (d. 1977)
1951 - Suze Orman, American financial advisor, writer, and television personality.
1952 - Daniel Katzen, Symphony musician
1952 - Carole Fredericks, American singer (d. 2001)
1954 - Nicko McBrain, English musician (Iron Maiden)
1955 - Edino Nazareth Filho, Brazilian football player
1956 - Richard Butler, English singer (Psychedelic Furs)
1956 - Kenny G, American saxophonist
1958 - Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of the Comoros
1961 - Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (d. 2006)
1961 - Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (d. 1999)
1962 - Princess Astrid of Belgium
1962 - Jeff Garlin, American comedian
1963 - Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
1964 - Karl Sanders, American musician (Nile)
1965 - Sandrine Piau, French soprano
1967 - Joe DeLoach, American athlete
1967 - Ray Lankford, baseball player
1967 - Ron Livingston, American actor
1969 - Brian McKnight, American musician
1970 - Martin Gelinas, Canadian hockey player
1971 - Susan Lynch, Northern Irish actress
1971 - Takaya Tsubobayashi, Japanese racing driver
1971 - Mark Wahlberg, American singer and actor
1972 - Pavel Kotla, Polish conductor
1972 - Chuck Klosterman, American journalist
1972 - Mike Bucci, American professional wrestler
1973 - Daniel Gildenlöw, Swedish musician and songwriter
1973 - Lamon Brewster, American boxer
1974 - Chad Allen, American actor
1974 - Russ Ortiz, American baseball player
1975 - Žydrūnas Ilgauskas, Lithuanian basketball player
1977 - Christian Martucci, American musician
1977 - Liza Weil, American actress
1977 - Nourhanne, Lebanese singer
1978 - Fernando Meira, Portuguese football player
1979 - David Bisbal, Spanish singer
1979 - Fraser Watts, Scottish cricketer
1979 - Pete Wentz, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
1979 - Jason White, American NASCAR driver
1980 - Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer
1980 - Sutee Suksomkit, Thai football player
1981 - Sebastien Lefebvre, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
1981 - Jade Goody, British television personality
1983 - Bill Bray, American baseball player
1984 - Cécilia Cara, French singer and actress
1987 - Lara Bingle, Australian model
1987 - Charlie Clements ,Actor
2005 - Irene Urdangarin, granddaughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain

Deaths
535 - Epiphanius of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
1017 - Emperor Sanjō of Japan (b. 976)
1118 - Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
1296 - Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (b. 1245)
1316 - King Louis X of France (b. 1289)
1383 - Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
1568 - Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (b. 1522)
1625 - Orlando Gibbons, English composer (b. 1583)
1667 - Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1607)
1688 - Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer (b. 1667)
1716 - Roger Cotes, English mathematician (b. 1682)
1722 - Johann Kuhnau, German composer, organist, and harpsichordist (b. 1660)
1738 - Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (b. 1659)
1791 - Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
1816 - Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (b. 1741)
1825 - Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
1826 - Carl Maria von Weber, German composer (b. 1786)
1866 - John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (b. 1815)
1898 - Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian Shoemaker
1900 - Stephen Crane, American author (b. 1871)
1902 - Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassins of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1842)
1906 - Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
1910 - O. Henry, American author (b. 1862)
1913 - Chris von der Ahe, baseball pioneer (b. 1851)
1916 - Horatio Kitchener, Lord Kitchener, British field marshal (b. 1850)
1920 - Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
1921 - Georges Feydeau, French playwright (b. 1862)
1930 - Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
1975 - Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (b. 1916)
1976 - Violet Wilkey, American actress (b. 1903)
1993 - Conway Twitty, American musician (b. 1933)
1998 - Jeanette Nolan, American actress (b. 1911)
1998 - Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1909)
1999 - Mel Tormé, American singer ("The Velvet Fog"), composer, and actor (b. 1925)
2000 - Don Liddle, baseball player (b. 1925)
2001 - Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
2002 - Gwen Plumb, Australian actress (b. 1912)
2002 - Dee Dee Ramone, American bassist (The Ramones) (b. 1952)
2003 - Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (b. 1945)
2003 - Manuel Rosenthal, French composer and conductor (b. 1904)
2004 - Ronald Reagan, American radio broadcaster, film actor, governor of California and 40th President of the United States (b. 1911)
2004 - Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (b. 1941)
2005 - Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Mexican politician (b. 1949)
2005 - Susi Nicoletti, German actress (b. 1918)
2006 - Frederick Franck, American artist and writer (b. 1909)
2007 - Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (b. 1922)

Holidays and observances
World Environment Day, since the United Nations General Assembly resolution in 1972.
National holiday of Denmark (Constitution Day).
Suriname - Indian Arrival Day
Seychelles - Liberation Day.
Bahá'í Faith - Feast of Núr (Light) - First day of the fifth month of the Bahá'í calendar.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
06-06-2008, 14:56
June 6th

June 6 is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 208 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice.
1513 - Italian Wars: Battle of Novara. Swiss troops defeat the French under Louis de la Tremoille, forcing the French to abandon Milan. Duke Massimiliano Sforza is restored.
1523 - Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union.
1644 - the Qing Dynasty Manchu forces led by the Shunzhi Emperor capture Beijing during the collapse of the Ming Dynasty. The Manchus would rule China until 1912 when the Republic of China was established.
1654 - Charles X succeeds his abdicated cousin Queen Christina to the Swedish throne.
1683 - The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum.
1752 - A devastating fire destroys one-third of Moscow, including 18,000 homes.
1808 - Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte is crowned King of Spain.
1809 - Sweden promulgates a new Constitution, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of Enlightened absolutism.
1813 - War of 1812: Battle of Stoney Creek - A British force of 700 under John Vincent defeat an American force three times its size under William Winder and John Chandler.
1832 - The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end.
1833 - U.S. President Andrew Jackson becomes the first President to ride a train.
1844 - The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in London.
1857 - Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway.
1859 - Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Memphis - Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee, from the Confederates.
1882 - More than 100,000 inhabitants of Bombay are killed as a cyclone in the Arabian Sea pushes huge waves into the harbour.
1882 - The Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and their victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
1889 - The Great Seattle Fire destroys the entirety of downtown Seattle, Washington.
1894 - Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike.
1906 - Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz).
1912 - Eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. Second largest volcanic eruption in historic time.
1919 - Republic of Prekmurje end.
1921 - Southwark Bridge in London, is opened for traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.
1925 - The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
1932 - The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold.
1933 - The first drive-in theater opens, in Camden, New Jersey, United States.
1934 - New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Act of 1933 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and Judge Joseph Crater was declared dead in absentia.
1939 - German dictator Adolf Hitler gives a public address to returning German volunteers who fought as Legion Kondor during the Spanish Civil War.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history.
1944 - Alaska Airlines commenced operations.
1946 - The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
1946 - Soviet Union established diplomatic relations with Argentina.
1950 - Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
1956 - David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.
1964 - Under a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven, Germany, are terminated, though they never resume.
1966 - James Meredith, civil rights activist, is shot while trying to march across Mississippi.
1968- Don Drysdale, Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher throws record 58th consecutive inning shutout, a major league record.
1968 - Senator Robert F. Kennedy dies from his wounds after he was shot the previous night.
1971 - Soyuz program: Soyuz 11 launches.
1971 - A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte, California claims 50 lives.
1974 - A new Instrument of Government is promulgated making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy.
1981 - A passenger train travelling between Mansi and Saharsa, India, jumps the tracks at a bridge crossing the Bagmati river. The government places the official death toll at 268 plus another 300 missing; however, it is generally believed that the actual figure is closer to 1,000 killed.
1982 - 1982 Lebanon War begins: Forces under Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon in their "Operation Peace for the Galilee," eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut.
1984 - The Indian Army attacks the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to flush out terrorists, following an order from Indira Gandhi. Official casualties are 576 combatants killed and 335 wounded; independent observers estimate that thousands of unarmed Sikh civilians are also killed in the crossfire. A total death count adds up to almost 2000.
1985 - The grave of "Wolfgang Gerhard" is exhumed in Embu, Brazil; the remains found are later proven to be those of Josef Mengele, Auschwitz's "Angel of Death". Mengele is thought to have drowned while swimming in February 1979.
1990 - U.S. District court judge Jose Gonzales rules that the rap album As Nasty As They Wanna Be by the 2 Live Crew violates Florida's obscenity law; he declares that the predominant subject matter of the record is "directed to the 'dirty' thoughts and the loins, not to the intellect and the mind."
1993 - Mongolia holds its first direct presidential elections.
1999 - In Australian Rules Football, Tony Lockett breaks the record for career goals, previously 1299 by Gordon Coventry and which had stood since 1937.
1999 - At the Putim maximum security prison in Brazil, 345 prisoners run from the main gate in the largest jailbreak in Brazilian history, marking the 10th escape for the three-year-old facility. In the ensuing manhunt, two fugitives are killed and five innocent bystanders are accidentally jailed.
2002 - Eastern Mediterranean Event. A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. The resulting explosion is estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, slightly more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
2004 - Tamil was established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
2005 - the United States Supreme Court votes to ban medical marijuana in Gonzales v. Raich.

Births
1236 - Wen Tianxiang, Chinese prime minister (d. 1283)
1436 - Regiomontanus, German mathematician (d. 1476)
1502 - King John III of Portugal (d. 1557)
1519 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (d. 1603)
1542 - Richard Grenville, English soldier and explorer (d. 1591)
1576 - Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1649)
1580 - Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer (d. 1667)
1599 - Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (d. 1660)
1606 - Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1684)
1622 - Claude-Jean Allouez, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d.1857)
1714 - King Joseph I of Portugal (d. 1777)
1755 - Nathan Hale, American writer and patriot (d. 1776)
1756 - John Trumbull, American painter (d. 1843)
1772 - Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Holy Roman Empire Empress consort (d. 1807)
1799 - Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet (d. 1837)
1810 - Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin, German classical scholar (d. 1856)
1829 - Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (d. 1862)
1841 - Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d.1910)
1844 - Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (d. 1905)
1850 - Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1918)
1857 - Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
1862 - Henry John Newbolt, English author (d. 1938)
1867 - David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (d. 1931)
1868 - Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (d. 1912)
1872 - Tsarina Alexandra of Russia (d. 1918)
1875 - Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
1890 - Ted Lewis, American bandleader (d. 1971)
1892 - Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (d. 1971)
1896 - Henry Allingham, English pilot
1898 - Ninette de Valois, Irish dancer (d. 2001)
1898 - Walter Abel, American actor (d. 1987)
1900 - Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
1901 - Sukarno, first President of Indonesia (d. 1970)
1902 - Jimmie Lunceford, American bandleader (d. 1947)
1903 - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
1906 - Max August Zorn, German-born mathematician (d. 1993)
1907 - Bill Dickey, American baseball player (d. 1993)
1913 - Carlo L. Golino, American scholar (d. 1991)
1915 - Vincent Persichetti, American composer (d. 1987)
1916 - Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
1917 - Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman
1918 - Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1923 - V. C. Andrews, American author (d. 1986)
1924 - Jinyong, Chinese novelist
1926 - Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (d. 1998)
1929 - Sunil Dutt, Indian actor and politician (d. 2005)
1932 - David Scott, American astronaut
1933 - Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1934 - King Albert II of Belgium
1934 - Roy Innis, American civil rights activist
1936 - Levi Stubbs, American musician (The Four Tops)
1936 - A. Venkatesh Naik, Indian politician
1938 - Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne
1939 - Louis Andriessen, Dutch composer
1939 - Gary U.S. Bonds, American musician
1939 - Ed Giacomin, hockey player
1940 - Larry Lujack, American disc jockey
1941 - Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-born American journalist
1943 - Ken Hatfield, former N.C.A.A. Football Head Coach
1943 - Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1944 - David Penhaligon, British politician
1944 - Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1945 - David E. Bonior, American politician
1945 - David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000)
1947 - David Blunkett, English politician
1947 - Ada Kok, Dutch swimmer
1948 - Tony Levin, American bassist (King Crimson)
1948 - Richard Sinclair, English musician (Caravan)
1949 - Robert Englund, American actor
1949 - Holly Near, American folksinger
1950 - Chantal Akerman, Belgian film director
1951 - Noritake Takahara, Japanese racing driver
1952 - Yukihiro Takahashi, Japanese musician and singer (Yellow Magic Orchestra)
1952 - Harvey Fierstein, American actor
1952 - Jean Hamel, French Canadian ice hockey player
1953 - Dimitris Avramopoulos, Greek politician
1954 - Cynthia Rylant, American author
1955 - Sandra Bernhard, American actress and comedian
1956 - Björn Borg, Swedish tennis player
1956 - Bubbi Morthens, Icelandic singer and songwriter
1957 - Mike Gatting, English cricketer
1959 - Jimmy Jam, American record producer
1959 - Colin Quinn, American comedian
1959 - David Schultz, American wrestler (d. 1996)
1959 - Georgios Voulgarakis, Greek politician
1960 - Gary Graham, American actor
1960 - Steve Vai, American musician
1960 - Jozef Pribilinec, Slovak athlete
1961 - Bill Bates, American football player
1961 - Tom Araya, Chilean musician (Slayer)
1961 - Nir Brand, Israeli composer
1961 - Aldo Costa, Italian engineer
1963 - Wolfgang Drechsler, German social scientist
1963 - Jason Isaacs, English actor
1965 - Cam Neely, Canadian hockey player
1966 - Tony Yeboah, Ghanaian footballer
1966 - Sean Yseult, American musician (White Zombie)
1967 - Paul Giamatti, American actor
1968 - François Avard, Canadian writer and scenarist
1968 - Alan Licht, American guitarist, composer and journalist
1970 - Eugeni Berzin, Russian cyclist
1970 - Anthony Norris, American professional wrestler
1970 - James Shaffer, American rock musician (Korn)
1970 - Sarah Dessen, American author
1972 - Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer (Lacuna Coil)
1973 - Kat Swift, US Presidential Candidate (Green Party)
1974 - Danny Strong, American actor
1975 - Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer and musician
1975 - Nina Kaczorowski, American actress
1975 - Staci Keanan, American actress
1975 - Niklas Sundström, hockey player
1976 - aKido, Canadian musician
1976 - Ross Noble, British comedian
1976 - Geoff Rowley, British skateboarder
1977 - David Connolly, Irish footballer
1978 - Carl Barât, English musician (The Libertines and Dirty Pretty Things)
1978 - Judith Barsi, American actress (d. 1988)
1978 - Mariana Popova, Bulgarian singer
1980 - Matt Belisle, American baseball player
1980 - Martin Devaney, English footballer
1983 - Gemma Bissix, British actress
1983 - Gianna Michaels, American porn actress
1984 - Noor Sabri, Iraqi footballplayer
1984 - Shannon Stewart, American model
1985 - Drew Galloway, Scottish professional wrestler
1987 - Kyle Falconer, Scottish musician
1987 - Daniel Logan, New Zealand actor

[edit] Deaths
1393 - Emperor Go-En'yu of Japan (b. 1359)
1480 - Vecchietta, Italian artist and architect
1548 - Juan de Castro, Portuguese explorer (b. 1500)
1563 - Ikeda Nagamasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1519)
1583 - Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
1730 - Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (b. 1646)
1740 - Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
1784 - Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, Dutch politician (b. 1741)
1799 - Patrick Henry, American revolutionary (b. 1736)
1813 - Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
1832 - Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)
1840 - Marcellin Champagnat, French priest (b. 1789)
1843 - Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
1861 - Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)
1865 - William Quantrill, American Confederate raider (b. 1837)
1878 - Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
1881 - Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer (b. 1820)
1891 - John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1815)
1916 - Yuan Shikai, Chinese military officer and politician (b. 1859)
1922 - Lillian Russell, American actress (b. 1860)
1934 - Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
1935 - Julian Byng, British army officer (b. 1862)
1941 - Louis Chevrolet, American automotive pioneer (b. 1878)
1946 - Gerhart Hauptmann, German dramatist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
1948 - Louis Lumière, French movie pioneer (b. 1864)
1951 - Olive Tell, American actress (b. 1894)
1955 - Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (b. 1875)
1961 - Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1875)
1962 - Yves Klein, French artist (b. 1928)
1968 - Robert F. Kennedy, United States Attorney General and Senator (b. 1925)
1968 - Randolph Churchill, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911)
1975 - Larry Blyden, American actor (b. 1925)
1976 - J. Paul Getty, American industrialist (b. 1892)
1976 - Victor Varconi, Hungarian actor (b. 1891)
1979 - Jack Haley, American actor (b. 1898)
1981 - Carleton S. Coon, American anthropologist (b. 1904)
1982 - Kenneth Rexroth, American poet (b. 1905)
1984 - A. Bertram Chandler, Australian author (b. 1912)
1991 - Stan Getz, American musician (b. 1927)
1992 - Larry Riley, American actor (b. 1952)
1994 - Mark McManus, Scottish actor (Taggart) (b. 1935)
1994 - Barry Sullivan, American actor (b. 1912)
1996 - George Davis Snell, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
1999 - Anne Haddy, Australian actress (b. 1930)
2000 - Frédéric Dard, French writer (b. 1921)
2002 - Robbin Crosby, American guitarist (Ratt) (b. 1959)
2003 - Ken Grimwood, American writer (b. 1944)
2003 - Dave Rowberry, British musician (The Animals) (b. 1940)
2005 - Anne Bancroft, American actress (b. 1931)
1986 - Bhavana,Indian actress
2005 - Dana Elcar, American actor (b. 1927)
2006 - Billy Preston, American musician (b. 1946)
2006 - Hilton Ruiz, Puerto Rican-American jazz pianist (b. 1952)
2006 - Arnold Newman, American photographer (b. 1918)

Holidays and observances
D-Day landings - Europe.
Memorial Day - South Korea.
National holiday of Sweden.
Queensland Day.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
07-06-2008, 15:46
June 7th

June 7 is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 207 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1099 - The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins.
1494 - Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.
1654 - Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
1692 - Port Royal, Jamaica, is hit by a catastrophic earthquake; in just three minutes, 1600 people are killed and 3000 are seriously injured.
1776 - Richard Henry Lee presents the "Lee Resolution" to the Continental Congress. The motion is seconded by John Adams and leads to the United States Declaration of Independence.
1800 - David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba.
1832 - Asian cholera reaches Quebec, brought by Irish immigrants, and kills about 6,000 people in Lower Canada.
1862 - The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
1863 - During the French intervention in Mexico, Mexico City is captured by French troops.
1866 - 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec.
1880 - War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
1892 - Benjamin Harrison becomes the first President of the United States to attend a baseball game.
1893 - Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.
1905 - Norway dissolves its union with Sweden.
1906 - Cunard Line's RMS Lusitania is launched at the John Brown Shipyard, Glasgow(Clydebank), Scotland.
1917 - World War I: Battle of Messines - Allied ammonal mines underneath German trenches in Mesen Ridge are detonated, killing 10,000 German troops.
1919 - Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
1936 - The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Philip Murray is elected its first president.
1938 - The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
1940 - King Haakon VII of Norway, Crown Prince Olav and the Norwegian government leave Tromsø and go into exile in London.
1942 - World War II: The Battle of Midway ends.
1942 - World War II: Japanese soldiers occupy the American islands of Attu and Kiska, in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Normandy - At Abbey Ardennes members of the SS Division Hitlerjugend massacre 23 Canadian prisoners of war.
1945 - King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.
1948 - Edvard Beneš resigns as President of Czechoslovakia rather than signing a Constitution making his nation a Communist state.
1955 - Lux Radio Theater signs off the air permanently. The show launched in New York in 1934, and featured radio adaptations of Broadway shows and popular films.
1965 - The US Supreme Court decides Griswold v. Connecticut effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples.
1966 - Former movie star, Ronald Reagan, becomes the 33rd governor of the state of California.
1967 - The Israeli forces enter Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.
1968 - The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York.
1971 - The US Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent that vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment.
1975 - Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public.
1977 - 500 million people watch on television as the high day of Jubilee gets underway for Queen Elizabeth II.
1981 - The Israeli Air Force destroys Iraq's Osiraq nuclear reactor during Operation Opera. The Israelis charged the facility could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
1982 - Priscilla Presley opens Graceland to the public; the bathroom where Elvis Presley died five years earlier is kept off-limits.
1987 - Washington Dulles International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport are transferred to The Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority.
1989 - A Surinam Airways DC-8 Super 62 crashes near Paramaribo Airport, Suriname, killing 168.
1991 - Mount Pinatubo explodes generating an ash column 7 km (4.5 miles) high.
1995 - The long range Boeing 777 enters service with United Airlines
1998 - James Byrd, Jr is dragged to death by Shawn Allen Berry, Lawrence Russel Brewer, and John William King in Jasper, Texas in a racially-motivated hate crime.
2001 - Tony Blair's Labour Party wins another landslide victory in the General Election.
2006 - British Houses of Parliament temporarily shut down due to anthrax alert.

Births
1529 - Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and man of letters (d. 1615)
1761 - John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
1770 - Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1828)
1778 - Beau Brummell, English fashion leader (d. 1840)
1811 - James Young Simpson, British obstetrician (d. 1870)
1831 - Amelia Edwards, English author and Egyptologist (d. 1892)
1837 - Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903)
1840 - Charlotte of Belgium, Empress of Mexico (d. 1927)
1845 - Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
1848 - Paul Gauguin, French painter (d. 1903)
1862 - Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
1868 - Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator (d. 1928)
1877 - Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1944)
1879 - Knud Rasmussen, Greenland-born explorer (d. 1933)
1883 - Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (d. 1948)
1886 - Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
1894 - Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (d. 1974)
1896 - Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
1896 - Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (d. 1958)
1896 - Douglas Campbell, American World War I flying ace (d. 1990)
1897 - George Szell, Hungarian conductor (d. 1970)
1899 - Elizabeth Bowen, Irish novelist (d. 1973)
1900 - Glen Gray, Jazz musician and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra (d. 1963)
1902 - Herman B Wells, president and chancellor of Indiana University (d. 2000)
1909 - Virginia Apgar, American physician and childbirth specialist (d. 1974)
1909 - Peter W. Rodino, American politician (d. 2005)
1909 - Jessica Tandy, English-born actress (d. 1994)
1910 - Bradford Washburn, American explorer, (d. 2007)
1911 - Brooks Stevens, automotive designer (d. 1995)
1917 - Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (d. 2000)
1917 - Dean Martin, American actor (d. 1995)
1920 - Georges Marchais, French politician (d. 1997)
1921 - Tal Farlow, American jazz guitarist (d. 1998)
1922 - Leo Reise, Canadian ice hockey player
1923 - Jules Deschênes, Canadian jurist (d. 2000)
1927 - Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (d. 1953)
1928 - Dave Bowen, former Wales international football manager (d. 1995)
1928 - James Ivory, American film director
1928 - Reg Park, British bodybuilder
1929 - John Turner, seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada
1929 - The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager (d. 1983)
1931 - Malcolm Morley, English-born painter
1935 - Harry Crews, American author
1935 - Thomas Kailath, American engineer
1937 - Neeme Järvi, Estonian conductor
1938 - Goose Gonsoulin, American football player
1940 - Tom Jones, Welsh singer
1943 - Nikki Giovanni, American poet
1945 - Wolfgang Schüssel, Chancellor of Austria
1946 - Jenny Jones, Palestinian-born comedian and talk show host
1947 - Don Money, American baseball player, manager
1947 - Thurman Munson, American baseball player (d. 1979)
1950 - Gary Graham American actor
1952 - Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
1953 - Dougie Donnelly, Scottish television broadcaster
1953 - Johnny Clegg, South African musician
1954 - Louise Erdrich, American author
1955 - William Forsythe, American actor
1955 - Tim Richmond, American race car driver (d. 1989)
1956 - L.A. Reid, American music producer
1957 - Juan Luis Guerra, Dominican musician
1957 - Paddy McAloon, English singer and songwriter (Prefab Sprout)
1958 - Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
1958 - Prince, American musician
1960 - Bill Prady, American television producer
1961 - Dave Catching, American musician
1962 - Thierry Hazard, French singer and songwriter
1962 - Takuya Kurosawa, Japanese racing driver
1963 - Roberto Alagna, French tenor
1964 - Judie Aronson, American actress
1964 - Gia Carides, Greek-Australian actress
1965 - Mick Foley, American professional wrestler
1965 - Damien Hirst, English artist
1966 - Stephane Richer, Canadian ice hockey player
1966 - Eric Kretz, American musician (Stone Temple Pilots)
1967 - Dave Navarro, American musician
1969 - Kim Rhodes, American actress
1969 - Prince Joachim of Denmark
1970 - Mike Modano, American ice hockey player
1970 - Cafu, Brazilian footballer
1970 - Andrei Kovalenko, Russian ice hockey player
1971 - Alex X. Mooney, American politician
1972 - Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
1973 - Song Yun-ah, South Korean model and actress
1973 - Bear Grylls, British survivor
1974 - Cassius Khan Canadian Tabla player/vocalist
1974 - Mahesh Bhupathi, Indian tennis player
1975 - Allen Iverson, American basketball player
1976 - Necro, Jewish American rapper
1977 - Marcin Baszczyński, Polish soccer player
1977 - Joe Horgan, baseball player
1977 - Odalis Pérez, baseball player
1978 - Tony An, Korean singer H.O.T
1978 - Bill Hader, American comedian
1979 - Kevin Hofland, Dutch footballer
1981 - Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player
1981 - Stephen Bywater, British goalkeeper
1981 - Tyler Johnson, baseball player
1981 - Kevin Kyle, Scottish footballer
1981 - Larisa Oleynik, American actress
1981 - Amrita Rao, Indian model and actress
1982 - Virgil Vasquez, American baseball player
1983 - Mark Lowe, American baseball player
1985 - Charlie Simpson, British pop singer
1988 - Michael Cera, American actor
1988 - Milan Lucic, Canadian Hockey player (Boston Bruins)
1993 - Jordan Fry, American actor

Deaths
1329 - Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (b. 1274)
1358 - Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese shogun (b. 1305)
1394 - Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II of England (plague) (b. 1367)
1618 - Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Governor of Virginia (b. 1577)
1676 - Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (b. 1606)
1711 - Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
1779 - William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
1810 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (b. 1765)
1821 - Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
1826 - Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
1840 - King Frederick William III of Prussia (b. 1770)
1854 - Charles Baudin, French admiral (b. 1792)
1859 - David Cox, English artist (b. 1783)
1866 - Chief Seattle, Native American leader
1896 - Pavlos Carrer, Greek composer (b. 1829)
1911 - Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (b. 1842)
1916 - Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
1927 - Edmund James Flynn, Premier of Quebec (b. 1847)
1936 - Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (b. 1875)
1937 - Jean Harlow, American actress (b. 1911)
1942 - Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
1951 - Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (b. 1892)
1954 - Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1912)
1963 - Zasu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
1965 - Judy Holliday, American actress (b. 1921)
1966 - Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (b. 1886)
1967 - Dorothy Parker, American writer (b. 1893)
1967 - Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
1968 - Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
1970 - E. M. Forster, English author (b. 1879)
1978 - Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
1979 - Forrest Carter, American author (b. 1925)
1980 - Henry Miller, American writer (b. 1891)
1980 - Elizabeth Craig, British writer (b. 1883)
1988 - Vernon Washington, American actor (b. 1927)
1989 - Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1907)
1993 - Dražen Petrović, Croatian basketball player (b. 1964)
1995 - Hsuan Hua, influential Buddhist master in the United States (b. 1918)
1996 - Max Factor, Jr., American businessman (b. 1904)
1999 - Paco Stanley, Mexican TV entertainer (b. 1942)
2001 - Carole Fredericks, American singer (Fredericks Goldman Jones) (b. 1952)
2001 - Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
2002 - Mary Lilian Baels, Belgian princess (b. 1916)
2003 - Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
2006 - John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1963)
2006 - Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian-born Mujahid (b. 1966)
2008 - Rudy Fernandez, Filipino actor (b. 1953)

Holidays and observances
Roman Empire - first day of the Vestalia (penus vestae) in honor of Vesta.
Norway - Union Dissolution Day, observing the 1905 decision to dissolve the Union between Sweden and Norway.
Malta - Sette giugno - Riot in Malta that began the road to self government and then independence.
Colman, bishop of Dromore


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
08-06-2008, 14:35
June 8th

June 8 is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 206 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
68 - The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba.
536 - St. Silverius becomes Pope (probable date).
1191 - Richard I arrives in Acre thus beginning his crusade.
1405 - Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in York on Henry IV's orders.
1776 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières - American invaders are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
1783 - The volcano Laki, in Iceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills over 9,000 people and starts a seven-year famine.
1789 - James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.
1856 - The community of Pitcairn Islands and descendants of the mutineers of the Bounty consisting of 194 people arrived on the Morayshire at Norfolk Island Commencing the Third Settlement of the Island
1861 - American Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys - Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
1887 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
1906 - Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
1912 - Carl Laemmle incorporated Universal Pictures.
1928 - Second Northern Expedition: NRA captures Peking, whose name is changed to Beijing.
1941 - World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
1942 - World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.
1948 - Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater.
1949 - Such celebrities as Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
1950 - Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
1953 - Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A tornado hits the U.S. city of Flint, Michigan, and kills 115. This is the last tornado to claim more than 100 lives.
1953 - The United States Supreme Court rules that Washington, D.C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.
1959 - The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
1966 - One of the XB-70 Valkyrie prototypes is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and USAF test pilot Carl Cross were both killed.
1966 - Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed. [1]
1967 - Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 and wounding 171.
1968 - James Earl Ray is arrested for the murder of Martin Luther King Jr.
1968 - The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.
1974 - An F4 tornado strikes the U.S. city of Emporia, Kansas, killing six.
1984 - Homosexuality is declared legal in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
1986 - Former United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim is elected president of Austria.
1987 - New Zealand's Labour government legislates against nuclear weapons and nuclear powered vessels. This makes New Zealand the first and (as at June 2006) only nation to ban these things from its territory.
1992 - The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
1995 - Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
1996 - Panama becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

Births
1625 - Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian scientist (d. 1712)
1671 - Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer (d. 1751)
1717 - John Collins, American politician (d. 1795)
1724 - John Smeaton, English civil engineer (d. 1794)
1743 - Alessandro Cagliostro, Italian adventurer (d. 1795)
1745 - Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (d. 1818)
1757 - Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1824)
1810 - Robert Schumann, German composer (d. 1856)
1831 - Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
1842 - John Q. A. Brackett, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
1847 - Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (d. 1907)
1851 - Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist (d. 1940)
1859 - Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure (d. 1947)
1860 - Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician (d. 1940)
1867 - Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
1885 - Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (d. 1957)
1897 - John G. Bennett, British scientist and author (d. 1974)
1901 - Lena Baker, American murderer (d. 1945)
1903 - Ralph Yarborough, U.S. Senator from Texas (d. 1996)
1903 - Marguerite Yourcenar, French author (d. 1987)
1910 - John W. Campbell, American publisher and editor (d. 1971)
1910 - Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (d. 2003)
1911 - Edmundo Rivero, Argentine singer (d. 1986)
1912 - Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist (d. 1987)
1912 - Maurice Bellemare, French Canadian politician (d. 1989)
1916 - Francis Crick, English molecular biologist; Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1916 - Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (d. 2007)
1917 - Byron White, American athlete and Supreme Court Justice (d. 2002)
1918 - Robert Preston, American actor (d. 1987)
1918 - John D. Roberts, American chemist
1921 - LeRoy Neiman, American painter
1921 - Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (d. 1993)
1921 - Suharto, President of Indonesia (d. 2008)
1923 - Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest and author
1924 - Lyn Nofziger, American political operative (d. 2006)
1925 - Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States
1925 - Eddie Gaedel, American baseball player (d. 1961)
1925 - Del Ennis, baseball player (d. 1996)
1927 - Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
1930 - Robert Aumann, German-born Israeli mathematician; Nobel laureate
1930 - Marcel Léger, Quebec politician (d. 1993)
1931 - Dana Wynter, German-born American actress
1933 - Joan Rivers, American comedian and author
1934 - Millicent Martin, English singer and actress
1936 - James Darren, American actor and singer
1936 - Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
1939 - Bernie Casey, American football player and actor
1940 - Nancy Sinatra, American singer
1941 - Robert Bradford, Northern Irish politician (d. 1981)
1941 - Fuzzy Haskins, American musician (P Funk)
1942 - Doug Mountjoy, Welsh snooker player
1942 - Chuck Negron, American singer (Three Dog Night)
1943 - Colin Baker, British actor
1943 - William Calley, American war criminal
1943 - Willie Davenport, American athlete (d. 2002)
1944 - Mark Belanger, American baseball player (d. 1998)
1944 - Marc Ouellet, Archbishop of Quebec City
1944 - Boz Scaggs, American singer and songwriter
1947 - Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1949 - Emanuel Ax, Polish-born pianist
1949 - Jeffrey Mylett, American actor (d. 1986)
1950 - Kathy Baker, American actress
1950 - Sonia Braga, Brazilian actress
1951 - Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer and guitarist
1951 - Tony Rice, American acoustic guitarist
1953 - Olav Stedje, Norwegian singer-songwriter
1953 - Ad Tak, Dutch cyclist
1954 - Sergei Storchak, Russian deputy finance minister
1955 - Tim Berners-Lee, English internet developer
1955 - Griffin Dunne, American actor
1955 - Greg Ginn, American guitarist (Black Flag)
1957 - Scott Adams, American cartoonist
1957 - Don Robinson, baseball player
1958 - Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor and director
1960 - Mick Hucknall, English singer and songwriter (Simply Red)
1960 - Thomas Steen, Swedish hockey player
1962 - Nick Rhodes, English musician (Duran Duran)
1962 - Kristine W, American musician
1963 - Keti Garbi, Greek singer
1964 - Butch Reynolds, American former 400m runner
1965 - Kevin Farley, American actor
1965 - Rob Pilatus, member of Milli Vanilli (d. 1998)
1965 - Chris Chavis, American professional wrestler
1966 - Julianna Margulies, American actress
1969 - J.P. Manoux, American actor
1969 - Marcos Siega, American director
1969 - David Sutcliffe, Canadian actor
1970 - Gabrielle Giffords, American politician
1970 - Teresa Strasser, American Morning Radio Host
1970 - Kelli Williams, American actress
1971 - Troy Vincent, American footballer
1971 - Mark Feuerstein, American actor
1972 - Christian Mayrleb, Austrian footballer
1973 - Lexa Doig, Canadian actress
1973 - Lucija Šerbedžija, Croatian actress
1975 - Bryan McCabe, Canadian hockey player
1975 - Shilpa Shetty, Indian actress
1976 - Lindsay Davenport, American tennis player
1976 - Kenji Johjima, Japanese baseball player
1977 - Kanye West, American rapper
1978 - Maria Menounos, American actress and television host
1979 - Pete Orr, Canadian baseball player
1979 - Derek Trucks, American guitarist (Derek Trucks Band)
1979 - Adine Wilson, New Zealand netball player
1981 - Alex Band, American singer (The Calling)
1981 - Matteo Meneghello, Italian racing driver
1981 - Ai Nonaka, Japanese voice actor
1981 - Sara Watkins, American fiddle player
1982 - Dickson Etuhu, Nigerian footballer
1982 - Irina Lazareanu, Canadian model
1982 - Katy Morgan-Davies, British politician
1982 - Nadia Petrova, Russian tennis player
1983 - Kim Clijsters, Belgian tennis player
1983 - Lee Harding, Australian punk-rock singer
1983 - Mamoru Miyano, Japanese seiyuu
1984 - Andrea Casiraghi, son of Princess Caroline of Monaco
1984 - Javier Mascherano, Argentine footballer
1985 - Alexandre Despatie, French-Canadian diver
1986 - Patrick Kaleta, Hockey Player for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League

Deaths
218 - Macrinus, Roman Emperor
632 - Muhammad, Prophet of Islam (b. 570)
1042 - Harthacanute, King of Denmark and England (b. 1018)
1376 - Edward, the Black Prince, son of Edward III of England (b. 1330)
1383 - Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, English Crusader (b. 1338)
1384 - Kanami, Japanese actor (b. 1333)
1476 - George Neville, English archbishop and statesman
1505 - Hongzhi, Emperor of China (b. 1470)
1611 - Jean Bertaut, French poet (b. 1552)
1612 - Hans Leo Hassler, German composer (b. 1562)
1621 - Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (b. 1567)
1628 - Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
1714 - Sophia of Hanover, heir to the throne of Great Britain (b. 1630)
1716 - Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1658)
1727 - August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)
1768 - Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German classical scholar and archaeologist (b. 1717)
1771 - George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
1795 - King Louis XVII of France (b. 1785)
1809 - Thomas Paine, American revolutionary and writer (b. 1737)
1835 - Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)
1845 - Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (b. 1767)
1857 - Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
1874 - Cochise, Apache leader
1876 - George Sand, French author (b. 1804)
1885 - Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal (b. 1799)
1924 - Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1902)
1924 - George Leigh Mallory, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1886)
1929 - Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (b. 1861)
1945 - Karl Hanke, Nazi official (b. 1903)
1951 - Eugène Fiset, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1874)
1956 - Marie Laurencin, French painter (b. 1883)
1965 - Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
1966 - Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
1969 - Robert Taylor, American actor (b. 1911)
1970 - Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
1972 - Jimmy Rushing, American blues singer (b. 1903?)
1980 - Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (b. 1900)
1982 - Satchel Paige, American baseball player (b. 1906)
1984 - Gordon Jacob, English composer (b. 1895)
1993 - Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (b. 1945)
1998 - Sani Abacha, President of Nigeria (b. 1943)
1998 - Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (b. 1903)
2000 - Jeff MacNelly, American political cartoonist (b. 1948)
2003 - Leighton Rees, Welsh darts player (b. 1940)
2004 - Mack Jones, American baseball player (b. 1938)
2006 - Robert Donner, American actor (b. 1931)
2006 - Abouna Matta El Meskeen, Coptic Orthodox monk (b. 1919)
2007 - Kenny Olsson, Swedish speedway racer (b. 1977)
2007 - Richard Rorty, American postanalytic, pragmatic philosopher (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances
Norfolk Island Anniversary Day, also known as Bounty Day
Roman Empire - second day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta.
World Ocean Day.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
09-06-2008, 06:26
June 9th

June 9 is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 205 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
68 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.
721 - Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
1310 - Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
1534 - Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
1650 - The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It was the first legal corporation in the Americas.
1667 - The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet starts lasting for five days and resulting in a decisive victory of the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and a favourable peace for the Dutch.
1732 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
1772 - British vessel Gaspee is burned off of Rhode Island.
1790 - Philadelphia Spelling Book by John Barry becomes the first book to be copyrighted in the United States.
1815 - End of the Congress of Vienna: new European political situation is set.
1856 - 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, became the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, for fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
1915 - U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States' handling of the RMS Lusitania sinking.
1922 - First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
1923 - Bulgaria's military takes over the government in a coup.
1928 - Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross.
1930 - Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed at the Illinois Central train station during rush hour by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a 100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
1934 - Donald Duck debuts in The Wise Little Hen.
1935 - Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognized Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
1944 - World War II: The Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, since 1941 occupied by Finland.
1946 - King Bhumibol Adulyadej ascends to the throne of Thailand. He is currently the world's longest reigning monarch.
1953 - Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94.
1954 - McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army.
1957 - First ascent of Broad Peak (12th highest mountain).
1958 - London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, UK officially opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
1959 - The USS George Washington is launched as the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
1967 - Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
1968 - President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1973 - Secretariat wins the Triple Crown.
1974 - The diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Soviet Union were established.
1978 - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens the priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.
1985 - Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he was not released until 1991).
1986 - The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
1991 - The congress of the Italian party Proletarian Democracy decides to merge with the Communist Refoundation Party.
1999 - Kosovo War: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization sign a peace treaty.

Births
1508 - Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
1580 - Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
1588 - Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (d. 1666)
1595 - King Wladislaus IV of Poland (d. 1648)
1640 - Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
1661 - Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
1672 - Tsar Peter I of Russia (d. 1725)
1686 - Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
1768 - Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
1781 - George Stephenson, English mechanical engineer (d.1848)
1810 - Otto Nicolai, German composer (d. 1849)
1812 - Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
1843 - Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
1845 - Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
1849 - Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
1851 - Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
1865 - Albéric Magnard, French composer (d. 1914)
1865 - Carl Nielsen, Danish composer (d. 1931)
1875 - Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1968)
1882 - Bobby Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
1890 - Leslie Banks, British actor (d. 1952)
1891 - Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
1893 - Irish Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1963)
1898 - Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (d. 1952)
1900 - Fred Waring, American bandleader (d. 1984)
1911 - George Webb, British actor (d. 1998)
1912 - Ingolf Dahl, American composer (d. 1970)
1915 - Les Paul, American guitarist
1916 - Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank
1921 - Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
1922 - John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
1922 - Fernand Seguin, Canadian biochemist - Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
1922 - George Axelrod, American screenwriter, producer, playwright and film director (d. 2003)
1925 - Keith Laumer, science fiction writer (d. 1993)
1929 - Johnny Ace, American singer (d. 1954)
1930 - Barbara, French singer (d. 1997)
1931 - Jackie Mason, American comedian
1931 - Joe Santos, American actor
1931 - Bill Virdon, American baseball player and manager
1934 - Jackie Wilson, American singer (d. 1984)
1936 - Mick O'Dwyer, Gaelic footballer and manager
1937 - Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
1938 - Charles Wuorinen, American composer
1939 - Ileana Cotrubaş, Romanian soprano
1939 - David Hobbs, English race car driver and personality on American TV
1939 - Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
1939 - Charles Webb, author
1941 - Jon Lord, organist in Deep Purple
1943 - Joe Haldeman, science fiction writer
1945 - Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994)
1945 - Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
1947 - Kiran Bedi, Indian Police Service Officer
1947 - John Gurda, American historian
1948 - Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
1951 - Dave Parker, American baseball player
1951 - James Newton Howard, American film composer
1952 - Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer
1954 - George Pérez, American comic book artist
1954 - Gregory Maguire, American fantasy writer
1956 - Patricia Cornwell, American author
1959 - Christian Wulff, German politician, currently prime minister of Lower Saxony.
1961 - Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
1961 - Aaron Sorkin, American writer
1963 - Johnny Depp, American actor
1963 - Gilad Atzmon, Israeli jazz musician and author
1964 - Gloria Reuben, Canadian actress
1964 - Hiroko Yakushimaru, Japanese actress and singer
1968 - Niki Bakoyianni, Greek high jumper
1969 - Eric Wynalda, American footballer
1971 - Gilles De Bilde, Belgian footballer
1971 - John McKeown, Scottish musician (Yummy Fur, 1990s)
1971 - Rick Renstrom, American guitarist
1972 - Tomoe Hanba, Japanese voice actress
1973 - Tedy Bruschi, American football player
1973 - Laura Ponte, Spanish model and royal
1973 - Frederic Choffat, Swiss film director
1974 - Samoth, Norwegian guitarist (Emperor, Zyklon)
1974 - Tim Shaw, British radio personality
1974 - Randy Winn, American baseball player
1975 - Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
1975 - Otto Addo, Ghanaian footballer
1975 - Jeff Saturday, American football player
1977 - Roopa Mishra, Indian civil servant
1977 - Amisha Patel, Indian actress
1977 - Peja Stojakovic, Serbian basketball player
1978 - Shandi Finnessey, game hostess
1978 - Matthew Bellamy, British musician (Muse)
1978 - Miroslav Klose, German footballer
1979 - Ruka, Japanese Drummer
1980 - Mike Fontenot, American baseball player
1980 - Lehlohonolo Seema, Lesotho footballer
1980 - Udonis Haslem, American basketball player
1981 - Natalie Portman, Israeli-born actress
1981 - Vic Zhou, JVKV band member, Taiwanese actor, singer and model.
1981 - Anoushka Shankar, Famous sitarist and daughter of Ravi Shankar
1982 - Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
1983 - Alektra Blue, American porn star
1983 - Danny Richar, Dominican baseball player
1984 - Yulieski Gourriel, Cuban baseball player
1984 - Kaleth Morales, Colombian singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
1984 - Wesley Sneijder, Dutch footballer
1984 - Masoud Shojaei, Iranian footballer
1985 - Sonam Kapoor, Indian actress
1985 - Sebastian Telfair, American basketball player
1986 - Adamo Ruggiero, Canadian actor
1986 - Kary Ng, Hong Kong singer and actress
1988 - Mae Whitman, American Actress
1993 - Danielle Chuchran, American actress

Deaths
62 - Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero (b. 40)
68 - Nero, Roman Emperor (b. 37)
373 - Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
597 - St. Columba, Christian missionary (b. 521)
630 - King Shahrbaraz of Persia
1361 - Philippe de Vitry, French composer (b. 1291)
1563 - William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
1572 - Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
1583 - Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1656 - Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (b. 1572)
1716 - Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander (executed)
1717 - Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (b. 1648)
1834 - William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
1870 - Charles Dickens, English author (b. 1812)
1875 - Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
1892 - Taiso Yoshitoshi, Woodblock print artist
1892 - William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
1912 - Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writter (b. 1852)
1946 - Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII, king of Thailand (b. 1925)
1952 - Adolf Busch, German composer (b. 1891)
1958 - Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
1959 - Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
1961 - Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
1964 - Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born business tycoon and politician (b. 1879)
1973 - Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
1974 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
1979 - Cyclone Taylor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1884)
1981 - Allen Ludden, TV game show host (b. 1917)
1989 - George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
1989 - Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
1991 - Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
1993 - Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (b. 1921)
1994 - Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
1997 - Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (b. 1908)
2000 - Jacob Lawrence, American painter (b. 1917)
2004 - Rosey Brown, American football player (b. 1932)
2006 - Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (b. 1946)
2007 - Frankie Abernathy, Former The Real World: San Diego castmate (b. 1981)

Holidays and observances
Roman Empire paganism - third day of the Vestalia in honor of the goddess Vesta Catholicism


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
10-06-2008, 13:07
June 10th

June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 204 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
1539 - Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had had traveling to Venice.
1619 - Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
1692 - Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries".
1719 - Jacobite Rising: Battle of Glen Shiel
1770 - Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
1786 - A landslide dam on the Dadu River created by an earthquake ten days ealier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China.
1793 - The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris (becoming, a year later, the first public zoo).
1793 - French Revolution: Following arrests of Girondin leaders the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
1805 - First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
1829 - First Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge.
1838 - Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
1846 - Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
1854 - The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
1871 - Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
1886 - Eruption of Mount Tarawera in New Zealand, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces.
1898 - Spanish-American War: US Marines land on the island of Cuba.
1918 - Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
1924 - Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
1925 - Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto arena
1935 - Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob.
1940 - World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
1940 - World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions with "Stab in the Back" speech from the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
1940 - World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
1940 - World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
1940 - World War II: Norway Surrenders to German forces.
1942 - World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
1944 - World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
1944 - World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 children,women and men were massacred by German troops.
1944 - In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
1945 - Australian Imperial Forces landed in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
1947 - Saab produces its first automobile.
1965 - Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
1967 - Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
1967 - Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1973 - John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
1977 - James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
1977 - Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer.
1978 - Costa Rica becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1980 - The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
1996 - Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin.
1997 - Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen's family members before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold.
1999 - Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
2001 - Pope John Paul II canonized Lebanon's first female saint Saint Rafqa
2002 - First direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
2003 - The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA's Mars Exploration Rover mission.

Births
1213 - Fakhruddin 'Iraqi, Persian philosopher
1632 - Esprit Fléchier, French writer and bishop (d. 1710)
1637 - Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
1657 - James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
1688 - James Francis Edward Stuart (d. 1766)
1706 - John Dollond, English optician (d. 1761)
1710 - James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
1753 - William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
1803 - Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
1804 - Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
1825 - Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
1819 - Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
1825 - Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
1835 - Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)
1839 - Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Council President of Denmark (d. 1912)
1861 - Pierre Duhem, French physicist (d. 1916)
1862 - Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)
1863 - Louis Couperus, Dutch novelist (d. 1923)
1880 - André Derain, French painter (d. 1954)
1889 - Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (d. 1973)
1891 - Al Dubin, American lyricist (d. 1945)
1895 - Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)
1897 - Grand Duchess Tatiana of Russia (d. 1918)
1901 - Frederick Loewe, Austrian-born composer (d. 1988)
1907 - Fairfield Porter, American painter (d. 1975)
1908 - Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
1910 - Howlin' Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
1910 - Frank Demaree, American baseball player (d. 1958)
1910 - Robert Still, English composer (d. 1971)
1911 - Ralph Kirkpatrick, American musician and musicologist (d. 1984)
1911 - Terence Rattigan, British playwright (d. 1977)
1912 - Jean Lesage, Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)
1913 - Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer
1915 - Saul Bellow, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
1918 - Barry Morse, British-born Canadian actor (d. 2008)
1919 - Kevin O'Flanagan, Irish athlete and physician (d. 2006)
1919 - Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
1921 - Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
1921 - Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)
1922 - Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
1923 - Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born newspaperman (d. 1991)
1925 - Nat Hentoff, American historian, novelist, jazz critic, and columnist
1926 - Lionel Jeffries, British actor
1927 - Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
1927 - Ladislao Kubala, Hungarian-born footballer (d. 2002)
1928 - Maurice Sendak, American writer
1929 - Harald Juhnke, German actor and comedian (d. 2005)
1929 - Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
1929 - E. O. Wilson, American biologist
1931 - João Gilberto, Brazilian singer and guitarist
1932 - Branko Lustig, film producer
1933 - Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
1933 - F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
1935 - Vic Elford, British racing driver
1940 - Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (d. 2007)
1940 - John Stevens, British drummer (d. 1994)
1941 - Jürgen Prochnow, German actor
1941 - Mickey Jones, American musician and actor
1941 - Shirley Owens, American singer (Shirelles)
1941 - David Walker, Australian racing driver
1942 - Preston Manning, Canadian politician
1947 - Ken Singleton, American baseball player
1949 - John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
1950 - Elias Sosa, Major League Baseball pitcher
1951 - Dan Fouts, American football player
1953 - John Edwards, American politician
1956 - Georg Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1957 - Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
1957 - Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
1959 - Eliot Spitzer, American politician
1959 - Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
1960 - Balakrishna Nandamuri, Indian actor
1960 - Maxi Priest, American musician
1961 - Kim Deal, American musician (Pixies), (The Breeders)
1961 - Kelley Deal, American musician (The Breeders)
1962 - Gina Gershon, American actress
1962 - Koma Wong Ka-Kui, Hong Kong musician (Beyond) (d. 1993)
1962 - Vincent Perez, Swiss actor
1962 - Akie Abe, current First Lady of Japan
1962 - Brent Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player
1963 - Brad Henry, American politician (current Oklahoma governor)
1963 - Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
1964 - Jimmy Chamberlin, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
1964 - Ben Daniels, British actor
1964 - Tony Martin, Australian comedian
1965 - Elizabeth Hurley, British actress
1966 - David Platt, English footballer
1967 - Emma Anderson, British guitarist and songwriter (Lush, Sing-Sing)
1968 - Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
1968 - The D.O.C., American rapper
1969 - Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer
1969 - Kate Snow, American TV journalist
1970 - Mike Doughty, American singer
1971 - Bobby Jindal, Louisiana Congressman, Governor
1971 - Joel Hailey, American singer
1971 - Bruno N'Gotty, French footballer
1971 - Kyle Sandilands, Australian radio host and TV personality
1972 - Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
1972 - Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
1973 - Faith Evans, American singer
1973 - Pokey Reese, American baseball player
1973 - Flesh-N-Bone, American rapper, (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
1975 - Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer
1975 - Risto Jussilainen, Finnish ski jumper
1976 - Freddy García, American baseball player
1976 - Hadi Saei Bonehkohal, Persian taekwondoka
1976 - Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer
1976 - Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
1977 - Takako Matsu, Japanese singer and actress
1977 - Adam Darski, Polish musician most known for being the leader of Behemoth
1978 - Shane West, American actor
1978 - Brian West, American soccer player
1979 - Konstantinos Loumpoutis, Greek footballer
1979 - Jake Tsakalidis, Georgian-Greek basketball player
1980 - Francelino Matuzalem, Brazilian footballer
1980 - Jessica Di Cicco, American actress
1981 - Burton O'Brien, Scottish footballer
1981 - Hoku, American singer and actress
1981 - Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
1981 - Jonathan Bennett, actor (Mean Girls)
1982 - Princess Madeleine of Sweden
1982 - Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
1983 - Leelee Sobieski, American actress
1985 - Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
1985 - Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
1987 - Amobi Okoye, Nigeria-born American football player
1987 - Martin Harnik, Austrian footballer
1987 - Kelly Vitz, American actress

Deaths
323 BC - Alexander the Great (b. 356 BC)
1075 - Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
1190 - Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (drowned) (b. 1122)
1424 - Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
1552 - Alexander Barclay, English poet
1556 - Martin Agricola, German composer (b. 1486)
1580 - Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet
1607 - John Popham, English politician
1654 - Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
1680 - Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
1735 - Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
1776 - Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
1791 - Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
1831 - Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
1836 - André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
1849 - Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (b. 1784)
1896 - Amelia Dyer, English murderer (b. 1829)
1899 - Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
1901 - Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
1902 - Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
1909 - Edward Everett Hale, American author (b. 1822)
1912 - Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
1918 - Arrigo Boito, Italian composer (b. 1842)
1923 - Pierre Loti, French sailor (b. 1850)
1926 - Antoni Gaudí, Spanish, Catalan architect (b. 1852)
1930 - Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
1934 - Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
1937 - Robert Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
1940 - Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
1944 - Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
1946 - Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
1947 - Alexander Bethune, Canadian politician (b. 1852)
1949 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
1958 - Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist (b. 1880)
1959 - Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (b. 1883)
1967 - Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
1971 - Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
1973 - William Inge, American playwright (b. 1913)
1973 - Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
1974 - Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
1976 - Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born producer (b. 1873)
1982 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German author (b. 1945)
1982 - Addie "Micki" Harris, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1940)
1986 - Merle Miller, American biographer (b. 1919)
1987 - Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)
1988 - Louis L'Amour, American author (b. 1908)
1991 - Vercors, French writer (b. 1902)
1992 - U.S. Army Sgt. Zak Hernández (b. 1973)
1993 - Les Dawson, English Comedian (b. 1934)
1996 - George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
1996 - Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1914)
1998 - Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)
1998 - Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)
2000 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
2000 - Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
2001 - Princess Leila of Iran (b. 1970)
2001 - Mike Mentzer, American bodybuilder (b. 1951)
2002 - John Gotti, American gangster (b. 1940)
2003 - Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
2003 - Bernard Williams, English philosopher (b. 1929)
2003 - Dr Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
2004 - Ray Charles, American musician (b. 1930)
2005 - Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer (b. 1915)
2007 - Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances
Roman Empire – fourth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
Portugal Day – National day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
11-06-2008, 06:17
June 11th

June 11 is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 203 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.
631 - Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sent envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to persuade the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners who were captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; this embassy succeeded in freeing 80,000 Chinese men and women who were then returned to China.
758 - Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at Chang'an, the Tang Chinese capital, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, in order to present tribute before the other. A settlement was reached when both were allowed to enter at the same time, but through two different gates to the palace.
1429 - Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
1509 - Marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon.
1594 - Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the creation of the Principalía .
1774 - Jews in Algiers escape the attacks of the Spanish army.
1776 - Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to a committee to draft a declaration of independence.
1788 - Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
1805 - A fire consumed large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.
1825 - The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
1837 - The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
1866 - The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) is established in India.
1892 - The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
1898 - Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.
1898 - The Hundred Days' Reform started by Guangxu Emperor in hope to change social,political and educational institutions in China,however suspended by Empress Dowager Cixi after 104 days. The failed reform though led to the abolishment of Imperial Examination in 1905.
1901 - New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands.
1907 - George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket.
1917 - King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
1935 - Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.
1936 - International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England.
1937 - Great Purge: The Soviet Union executes eight army leaders under Joseph Stalin.
1938 - Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts.
1938 - Second Sino-Japanese War: The Nationalist government created the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt the Japanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed.
1940 - World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
1940 - World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
1942 - World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
1955 - Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
1962 - Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
1963 - American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students from attending that school.
1963 - Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
1964 - World War II veteran Walter Seifert runs amok in an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.
1967 - Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1970 - After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.
1972 - Eltham Well Hall rail crash, caused by an intoxicated train driver, kills six people and injures 126
1978 - Altaf Hussain founded students' political movement All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation a.k.a (APMSO) in Karachi University
1981 - Richer Scale 6.9 magnitude Golbaf earthquake at Iran, killing at least 2,000.
1998 - Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in largest high-tech acquisition.
2001 - Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
2002 - Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
2004 - Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe.
2004 - Ronald Reagan's funeral held at Washington National Cathedral.

Births
1403 - John IV, Duke of Brabant (d. 1427)
1456 - Anne Neville, wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485)
1540 - Barnabe Googe, English poet (d. 1594)
1572 - Ben Jonson, English dramatist (d. 1637)
1588 - George Wither, English writer (d. 1667)
1672 - Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (d. 1749)
1696 - Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
1704 - Carlos Seixas, Portuguese composer (d. 1742)
1713 - Edward Capell, English critic (d. 1781)
1723 - Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (d. 1788)
1741 - Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
1776 - John Constable, English painter (d. 1837)
1815 - Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
1842 - Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
1846 - William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
1847 - Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (d. 1929)
1864 - Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949)
1867 - Charles Fabry, French physicist (d. 1945)
1876 - Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
1877 - Renee Vivien, English-born poet (d. 1909)
1879 - Roger Bresnahan, baseball player (d. 1944)
1879 - Max Schreck, German actor (d. 1936)
1880 - Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist (d. 1973)
1888 - Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
1894 - Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
1895 - Nikolai Bulganin, Soviet politician (d. 1975)
1903 - Ernie Nevers, American football player (d. 1976)
1910 - Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor (d. 1997)
1910 - Carmine Coppola, American composer, director and songwriter (d. 1991)
1913 - Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
1913 - Risë Stevens, American operatic soprano
1914 - Gerald Mohr, American actor (d. 1968)
1915 - Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (d. 1999)
1919 - Richard Todd, British actor
1920 - Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (d. 1981)
1920 - Irving Howe, American literary and social critic (d. 1993)
1922 - John Bromfield, American actor (d. 2005)
1922 - Michael Cacoyannis, Greek Cypriot film maker
1924 - Ed Farhat, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
1925 - William Styron, American author (d. 2006)
1926 - Carlisle Floyd, American composer
1928 - Fabiola de Mora y Aragón, Queen of the Belgians
1930 - Charles B. Rangel, American politician
1931 - Audrey Schuh, American soprano
1932 - Athol Fugard, South African playwright
1933 - Gene Wilder, American actor
1934 - Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
1936 - Jud Strunk, American musician and comedian (d. 1981)
1936 - Chad Everett, American actor
1937 - Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
1937 - Johnny Brown, American comic
1939 - Sir Jackie Stewart, Scottish race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and former F1 team principal
1939 - Bernard Purdie, American session drummer
1939 - Christina Crawford, American actress and writer
1940 - Joey Dee, American musician (Joey Dee and the Starliters)
1945 - Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
1947 - Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician
1947 - Henry Cisneros, American politician, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
1947 - Richard Palmer-James, British lyricist and guitarist (King Crimson and Supertramp)
1947 - Bob Evans, British racing driver
1948 - Dave Cash, Major league baseball player
1949 - Frank Beard, American drummer (ZZ Top)
1949 - Tom Pryce, British racing driver (d. 1977)
1949 - Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist
1950 - Lynsey De Paul, British singer and songwriter
1950 - Graham Russell, British guitarist and vocalist (Air Supply)
1951 - Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist
1951 - Mark D. Siljander, former Republican U.S. Representative from the state of Michigan
1952 - Donnie Van Zant, American rock musician
1953 - Peter Bergman, American actor
1955 - Yuriy Sedykh, Soviet hammer thrower
1956 - Joe Montana. American football player
1957 - Jamaaladeen Tacuma, American musician
1959 - Hugh Laurie, English actor and comedian
1961 - Caroline Quentin, English actress
1961 - María Barranco, Spanish actress
1962 - Erika Salumäe, Estonian cyclist, Olympian
1963 - Bruce Kimball, American diver
1963 - Sandra Schmirler, Canadian curler (d. 2000)
1964 - Jean Alesi, French Formula One driver
1965 - Manuel Uribe, One of the world's heaviest people
1965 - Joey Santiago, Filipino guitarist (Pixies)
1968 - Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
1969 - Peter Dinklage, American actor
1969 - Steven Drozd, American drummer
1969 - Bryan Fogarty, professional ice hockey player (d. 2002)
1969 - Matt McGrath, American actor
1970 - Chris Rice, singer/songwriter
1973 - José Manuel Abundis, Mexican football (soccer) forward
1974 - David Starie, British boxer
1975 - Choi Ji Woo, South Korean actress and model
1975 - Thomas Bimis, Greek diver
1976 - Tai Anderson, American musician (bass player for Third Day)
1977 - Geoff Ogilvy, Australian golfer
1977 - Ryan Dunn, American actor
1978 - Joshua Jackson, Canadian actor
1978 - Ujjwala Raut, Indian supermodel
1979 - Amy Taylor, Australian football (soccer) player, television presenter and model
1980 - Yhency Brazoban, Dominican born baseball player
1981 - Emiliano Moretti, Italian footballer
1982 - Eldar Rønning, Norwegian cross-country skier
1982 - Johnny Candido, American professional wrestler
1982 - Joey Graham, American basketball player
1982 - Steven Graham, American basketball player
1982 - Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
1983 - José Reyes, American baseball player
1983 - Chuck Hayes, American basketball player
1984 - Vagner Love, Brazilian footballer
1985 - Anja Rubik, Polish supermodel
1985 - Chris Trousdale, American pop singer and dancer
1986 - Shia LaBeouf, American actor
1987 - TiA, Japanese R&B singer
1988 - Yui Aragaki, Japanese actress and model
1994 - Ivana Baquero, Spanish actress

Deaths
1183 - Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
1216 - Henry of Flanders, Emperor of the Latin Empire
1488 - King James III of Scotland
1557 - King John III of Portugal (b. 1502)
1695 - André Félibien, French architect (b. 1619)
1712 - Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)
1727 - King George I of Great Britain (b. 1660)
1796 - Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
1847 - John Franklin, English sea captain and explorer (b. 1786)
1852 - Karl Briullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)
1858 - Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
1879 - Prince Willem of the Netherlands, disgraced heir apparent to the Dutch throne (b. 1840)
1882 - Louis Maigret, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1804)
1903 - Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
1903 - Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia (b. 1876)
1911 - James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (b. 1815)
1914 - Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
1924 - Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (b. 1837)
1927 - William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
1934 - Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
1936 - Robert E. Howard, American author (b. 1906)
1937 - R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
1941 - Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1850)
1963 - Thích Quảng Đức, Vietnamese monk, self-immolation (b. 1897)
1965 - José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
1970 - Earl Grant, American musician and singer (b. 1931)
1970 - Frank Laubach, Christian missionary (b. 1884)
1970 - William 'Billy Batts' Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
1974 - Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
1974 - Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
1976 - Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (b. 1917)
1979 - John Wayne, American actor (b. 1907)
1984 - Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (b. 1922)
1985 - Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (b. 1954)
1985 - Sapfo Notara, Greek actress (b. 1907)
1986 - Chesley Bonestell, American-born engineer, architect, and artist (b. 1888)
1991 - Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
1993 - Ray Sharkey, American actor (b. 1952)
1996 - Brigitte Helm, German actress (b. 1908)
1998 - Catherine Cookson, British novelist (b. 1906)
1999 - DeForest Kelley, American actor (b. 1920)
2001 - Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (by execution; b. 1968)
2001 - Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer (b. 1923)
2003 - David Brinkley, American television reporter (b. 1920)
2004 - Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (b. 1946)
2004 - Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
2005 - Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese general (b. 1922)
2006 - Bruce Shand, father of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (b. 1917)
2006 - Michael Bartosh, computer expert and author (b. 1977)
2006 - Neroli Fairhall, New Zealand archer (b. 1944)
2007 - Imre Friedmann, American scientist (b. 1921)
2007 - Mala Powers, American film actress (b. 1931)

Holidays and Observances
Kamehameha Day, official state holiday of Hawaii, United States, in honor of its first monarch, celebrated with floral parades, hula competition, and festivals
Davis Day, in remembrance of William Davis, observed in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada


[I]Take Care All:);)

poopoy
12-06-2008, 06:02
June 12

June 12 is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 202 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1381 - Peasants' Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath.
1418 - An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
1429 - Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
1560 - Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
1653 - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard – lasted until June 13.
1665 - England installs a municipal government in New York City. This was the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
1758 - French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
1775 - American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offered a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
1830 - Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers landed 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
1860 - The State Bank of the Russian Empire established.
1864 - American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor - Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
1889 - 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
1896 - J.T. Hearne sets a cricket record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets.
1898 - Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
1899 - New Richmond Tornado: 8th deadliest tornado in U.S. history - killing 117 and injuring around 200 people.
1902 - Australia: Women in the four Australian States without female suffrage achieved the right to vote in Commonwealth elections under Section 3 of the Commonwealth Franchise Act for a Uniform Federal Franchise. Specifically excluded from enrolling to vote were 'aboriginal native[s] of Australia Africa Asia or the Islands of the Pacific except New Zealand' unless covered under Section 41 of the Constitution of Australia.
1903 - Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
1922 - In Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colours of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded - the Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
1931 - Charlie Parker equals cricket record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets. Tich Freeman reaches 100 wickets a day later.
1935 - Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay, fighting since 1932.
1939 - Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
1940 - World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
1942 - Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1943 - Holocaust: German Nazis liquidate Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. 1,180 Jews were led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and shot.
1963 - Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
1964 - Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
1967 - The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
1967 - Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data).
1978 - David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
1979 - Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
1987 - The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
1987 - Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate.
1988 - The Republic of Ireland beat England 1-0 at Euro88 thanks to a Ray Houghton headed goal. This was Ireland's first competitive match at a major football tournament.
1990 - Russia Day – The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
1991 - Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of their republic.
1991 - Michael Jordan and the Chicago Bulls win their first NBA Championship
1993 - Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola elected President of Nigeria in record turnout for Nigerian elections.
1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in a civil suit.
1996 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.
1998 - The Philippines celebrates its centennial year of Independence from Spain.
1999 - Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins – NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
2000 - Sandro Rosa do Nascimento takes hostages while robbing Bus #174 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the highly-publicized standoff becomes a media circus and ends with the death of do Nascimento and a hostage.
2004 - A 1.3 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries

Births
1107 - Emperor Gaozong of China (d. 1187)
1519 - Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1574)
1577 - Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (d. 1643)
1659 - Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
1775 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
1777 - Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
1802 - Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist (d. 1876)
1806 - John A. Roebling, German-America civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge) (d. 1869)
1812 - Edmond Hébert, French geologist (d. 1890)
1819 - Charles Kingsley, English writer (d. 1875)
1827 - Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (d. 1901)
1861 - William Attewell, English cricketer (d. 1927)
1875 - Sam De Grasse, Canadian actor (d. 1953)
1888 - Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
1890 - Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
1892 - Djuna Barnes, American author (d. 1982)
1897 - Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1977)
1899 - Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
1902 - Hendrik Elias, Flemish politician (d. 1973)
1903 - Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
1905 - Ray Barbuti, American athlete (d. 1988)
1906 - Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
1908 - Alphonse Ouimet, Canadian TV pioneer and president of the CBC (d. 1988)
1908 - Marina Semenova, Russian ballerina
1908 - Otto Skorzeny, Famous WWII German SS commando (d. 1975)
1910 - Bill Naughton, English playwright (d. 1992)
1912 - Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist
1913 - Jean Victor Allard, Canadian army general (d. 1996)
1915 - Christopher Mayhew, British politician (d. 1997)
1915 - David Rockefeller, American banker
1916 - Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
1918 - Samuel Z. Arkoff, American film producer (d. 2001)
1919 - Uta Hagen, American actress (d. 2004)
1920 - Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
1920 - Peter Jones, English actor (d. 2000)
1920 - Jim Siedow, American actor (d. 2003)
1921 - Christopher Derrick, British writer (d. 2007)
1921 - James Houston, Canadian artist (d. 2005)
1923 - Monty Westmore, American make-up artist (d. 2007)
1924 - George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
1926 - Jackie Pallo, English professional wrestler (d. 2006)
1928 - Vic Damone, American singer
1928 - Richard M. Sherman, American songwriter
1929 - Brigid Brophy, British writer
1929 - Anne Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim (d. 1945)
1930 - Donald Byrne, American chess player (d. 1976)
1930 - Jim Nabors, American actor
1932 - Rona Jaffe, American novelist
1932 - Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian athlete (d. 2002)
1933 - Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (d. 2004)
1934 - John A. Alonzo, American cinematographer (d. 2001)
1937 - Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician
1937 - Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist
1938 - Tom Oliver, Australian actor
1939 - Frank McCloskey, American politician (d. 2003)
1941 - Marv Albert, American sportscaster
1941 - Chick Corea, American musician
1941 - Roy Harper, English musician
1942 - Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
1942 - Len Barry, American singer and musician (The Dovells)
1945 - Pat Jennings, Northern Irish footballer
1946 - Harry Glasper, English writer
1946 - Michel Bergeron, NHL head coach
1948 - Hans Binder, Austrian racing driver
1949 - Marc Tardif, Canadian ice hockey player
1949 - John Wetton, English musician (Asia)
1951 - Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
1951 - Bun E. Carlos, American musician (Cheap Trick)
1951 - Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (d. 2007)
1952 - Pete Farndon, English musician (The Pretenders) (d. 1983)
1952 - Spencer Abraham, Secretary of Energy under George W. Bush
1953 - Allan Weiner, American radio station owner
1956 - Terry Alderman, Australian cricketer
1956 - Rob Collins, English musician (The Charlatans) (d. 1996)
1957 - Timothy Busfield, American actor
1957 - Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer and coach
1958 - Rebecca Holden, American actress and singer
1959 - John Linnell, American musician (They Might Be Giants)
1959 - Scott Thompson, Canadian comedian (Kids in the Hall)
1959 - Jervis Johnson, Games Designer for Games Workshop, Nottingham
1961 - Jim Goad, American author
1962 - Paul Clark, English musician (The Bolshoi)
1963 - Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
1963 - Jerry Lynn, American professional wrestler
1963 - Johnny Weiss, American professional wrestler
1964 - Paula Marshall, American actress
1965 - Filip Topol, Czech musician and writer
1965 - Vicky Vette, Norwegian-born adult film actress
1967 - Frances O'Connor, Australian actress
1968 - Scott Aldred, American baseball player
1968 - Bobby Sheehan, American musician (Blues Traveler) (d. 1999)
1969 - Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist (Omen, Bikini) (d. 2007)
1969 - Mathieu Schneider, American ice hockey player
1971 - Mark Henry, American professional wrestler
1971 - Ryan Klesko, American baseball player
1972 - Bounty Killer, Jamaican deejay
1973 - Takis Fyssas, Greek footballer
1973 - Darryl White, Australian rules footballer
1974 - Hideki Matsui, Japanese baseball player
1974 - Jason Mewes, American actor
1974 - Kerry Kittles, American basketball player
1976 - Thomas Sørensen, Danish footballer
1976 - Antawn Jamison, American basketball player
1977 - Kenny Wayne Shepherd, American blues-rock guitarist
1977 - Wade Redden, Canadian ice hockey player
1979 - Dallas Clark, American football player
1979 - Wil Horneff, American actor
1980 - Larry Foote, American football player
1980 - Marco Bortolami, Italian rugby union player
1981 - Adriana Lima, Brazilian supermodel
1982 - Ben Blackwell, American musician
1982 - Jason David, American football player
1983 - Josh Dies, American author and musician (Showbread)
1983 - Bryan Habana, South African rugby player
1983 - Christine Sinclair, Canadian soccer player
1985 - Blake Ross, American software developer
1985 - Tasha-Ray Evin, Canadian musician (Lillix)
1985 - Kendra Wilkinson, American Playboy bunny/Playmate
1985 - Chris Young, American musician
1997 - William Cuddy, Canadian Actor

Deaths
816 - Pope Leo III
918 - Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians
1020 - Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury
1418 - Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, Constable of France (b. 1360)
1435 - John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1408)
1560 - Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
1560 - Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
1565 - Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
1567 - Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
1647 - Thomas Farnaby, English grammarian
1675 - Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
1734 - James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French military commander (b. 1670)
1758 - Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (b. 1722)
1772 - Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (b. 1724)
1778 - Philip Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1716)
1816 - Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
1818 - Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
1904 - Camille de Renesse, Belgian Count (b. 1836)
1912 - Frédéric Passy, French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1822)
1917 - Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan pianist (b. 1853)
1937 - Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
1957 - Jimmy Dorsey, American musician (b. 1904)
1962 - John Ireland, English composer (b. 1879)
1963 - Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
1966 - Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (b. 1891)
1969 - Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
1978 - Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (b. 1892)
1980 - Milburn Stone, American actor (b. 1904)
1980 - Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
1980 - Masayoshi Ohira, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1910)
1982 - Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
1982 - Sgt Ian McKay VC, British soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1953)
1983 - Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (b. 1902)
1989 - Lou Monte, American singer (b. 1917)
1994 - Ronald Goldman, American actor and model (b. 1969)
1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson, American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson (b. 1959)
1994 - Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe (b. 1902)
1994 - Christopher Collins, American actor and comedian (b. 1949)
1995 - Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
1997 - Bulat Okudzhava, Russian writer and musician (b. 1924)
2000 - P.L.Deshpande, Marathi writer (b. 1919)
2002 - Bill Blass, American fashion designer (b. 1922)
2003 - Gregory Peck, American actor (b. 1916)
2005 - Scott Young, Canadian sports novelist and educationist (b. 1918)
2006 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (b. 1923)
2006 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
2007 - Don Herbert aka "Mr. Wizard", American television host (b. 1917)

Holidays and observances
Roman Empire – sixth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
Philippines – Araw ng Kalayaan (Independence Day) 1898
Russian Federation – Russia Day (Independence Day) 1990
United Kingdom – Trooping the Colour (Military celebration of the monarch's official birthday held in London on the second Saturday of June)
Brazil – Dia dos Namorados (Lover's Day; similar to St. Valentine's)
United States – Loving Day celebrates the legalization of interracial marriage


Take Care All:);)

RIDER
15-06-2008, 09:25
Today in
American Ban*stand History

1962 - The Five Satins performed "Memories of Days Gone By" on "American Ban*stand."

1968 - Albert King performed "Cold Feet" on "American Ban*stand."

1968 - Merilee Rush performed "Angel of the Morning" on "American Ban*stand."


Today is Sunday, June 15, 2008

Today in
Television History

1958 - The Platters performed "Twilight Time" on Ed Sullivan.

1993 - FOX-TV aired "Paul McCartney Live In The New World." It was McCartney's first live concert to be televised.

2007 - Bob Barker's final appearance as host of "The Price Is Right" aired. The show had been taped on June 6.

Today is Sunday, June 15, 2008



Today in
Middle East History

1866 - Prussia attacked Austria.

1958 - Greece severed military ties to Turkey because of the Cypress issue.

1978 - King Hussein of Jordan married 26-year-old American Lisa Halaby, who became Queen Noor.

1994 - Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.

2002 - Iraq accused the U.S. and Britain of interfering with the U.N. oil-for-food program. Iraq claimed that the new U.N. pricing policy for Iraq had caused a big drop in revenues that could sabotage the program.

2006 - The U.S. Senate rejected a call to withdraw combat troops in Iraq by year's end. The vote was rejected by a vote of 93-6.


Middle East Quote

"You can't make war in the Middle East without Egypt and you can't make peace without Syria."
- Henry Kissinger

Today is Sunday, June 15, 2008

Today in
World War II History

1940 - The French fortress of Verdun was captured by Germans.

1943 - Paul Blobel, an SS colonel, was given the assignment of destroying the evidence of the systematic extermination of European Jews.

1944 - American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II.


Random World War II Quote

"Defend Paris to the last, destroy all bridges over the Seine and devastate the city."
Adolf Hitler - August 1944



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RIDER
17-06-2008, 08:52
June 17
Birthdays


Edward I (England) 1239
John Wesley 1703

James Weldon Johnson 1871

Igor Stravinski 1882

Ralph Bellamy 1904

Red Foley 1910

John Hersey 1914

Stringbean (David Akeman) 1915

Elroy Hirsch 1923

Peter Lupus 1932

Dickie Doo (Dickie Doo and The Don'ts) 1939

Bobby Bell 1940

Norman Kuhlke (The Swinging Blue Jeans) 1942

Steve Clark 1943

Newt Gingrich 1943

Randy Johnson 1944

Chris Spedding 1944

Barry Manilow 1946

Joe Piscopo 1951

Dave Fortier 1951

Mark Linn-Baker 1953

Greg Kinnear 1964

Dan Jansen 1965

Jason Patric 1966

Kevin Thornton (Color Me Badd) 1969





June 17 Today History!

0362 - Emperor Julian issued an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.

1579 - Sir Francis Drake claimed San Francisco Bay for England.

1775 - The British took Bunker Hill outside of Boston.

1789 - The Third Estate in France declared itself a national assembly, and began to frame a constitution.

1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte incorporated Italy into his empire.

1837 - Charles Goodyear received his first patent. The patent was for a process that made rubber easier to work with.

1848 - Austrian General Alfred Windischgratz crushed a Czech uprising in Prague.

1854 - The Red Turban revolt broke out in Guangdong, China.

1856 - The Republican Party opened its first national convention in Philadelphia.

1861 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln witnessed Dr. Thaddeus Lowe demonstrate the use of a hydrogen balloon.

1872 - George M. Hoover began selling whiskey in Dodge City, Kansas. The town had been dry up until this point.

1876 - General George Crook’s command was attacked and bested on the Rosebud River by 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne under the leadership of Crazy Horse.

1879 - Thomas Edison received an honorary degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the trustees of Rutgers College in New Brunswick, NJ.

1885 - The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City aboard the French ship Isere.

1912 - The German Zeppelin SZ 111 burned in its hanger in Friedrichshafen.

1913 - U.S. Marines set sail from San Diego to protect American interests in Mexico.

1917 - The Russian Duma met in a secret session in Petrograd and voted for an immediate Russian offensive against the German Army.

1924 - The Fascist militia marched into Rome.

1926 - Spain threatened to quit the League of Nations if Germany was allowed to join.

1928 - Amelia Earhart began the flight that made her the first woman to successfully fly across the Atlantic Ocean.

1930 - The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill became law. It placed the highest tariff on imports to the U.S.

1931 - British authorities in China arrested Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.

1932 - The U.S. Senate defeated the bonus bill as 10,000 veterans massed around the Capitol.

1940 - The Soviet Union occupied Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.

1940 - France asked Germany for terms of surrender in World War II.

1941 - WNBT-TV in New York City, NY, was granted the first construction permit to operate a commercial TV station in the U.S.

1942 - Yank, a weekly magazine for the U.S. armed services, began publication. The term "G.I. Joe" was first used in a comic strip by Dave Breger.

1942 - "Suspense" debuted on CBS Radio.

1944 - French troops landed on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.

1944 - The republic of Iceland was established.

1950 - Dr. Richard H. Lawler performed the first kidney transplant in a 45-minute operation in Chicago, IL.

1953 - Soviet tanks fought thousands of Berlin workers that were rioting against the East German government.

1963 - The U.S. Supreme Court banned the required reading of the Lord's prayer and Bible in public schools.

1965 - Twenty-seven B-52’s hit Viet Cong outposts but lost two planes in South Vietnam.

1969 - Boris Spasky became chess champion of the world after checkmating former champion Tigran Petrosian in Moscow.

1970 - North Vietnamese troops cut the last operating rail line in Cambodia.

1972 - Five men were arrested for burglarizing the Democratic Party Headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington, DC. The men all worked for the reelection of President Nixon. The event was the beginning of the Watergate affair.

1982 - Former U.S. President Richard M. Nixon was interviewed by Diane Sawyer on "The CBS Morning News."

1985 - Judy Norton-Taylor was photographed for "Playboy" magazine.

1987 - American journalist Charles Glass was kidnapped. He was held captive for 62 days until he escaped on August 18, 1987.

1991 - The Parliament of South Africa repealed the Population Registration Act. The act had required that all South Africans for classified by race at birth.

1994 - O.J. Simpson drove his Ford Bronco across Los Angeles with police in pursuit and millions of people watching live on television. After the slow speed chase ended Simpson was arrested and charged with the murders of Nicole Simpson and Ronald Goldman.


Music History for

June 17


1818 - Composer Charles Francois Gounod was born.

1882 - Composer Igor Fedorovich Stravinski was born.

1902 - Composer Sammy Fain was born.

1965 - The Kinks arrived in New York City to start their first U.S. tour.

1967 - Moby Grape released 5 singles simultaneously on CBS Records.

1967 - The Hollies' "Carrie Ann" was released.

1969 - Charles Mingus came out of a two-year, self-imposed retirement to make a concert appearance at the Village Vanguard in New York City.

1972 - Paul McCartney released "Mary Had a Little Lamb."

1977 - Steve Winwood released his first solo album, "Steve Winwood."

1980 - Led Zeppelin began their last tour.

1995 - Rod Stewart set an attendance record for Wembley Stadium with a concert crowd of 90,000.


Today is Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Today in
Television History

1941 - WNBT-TV in New York City, NY, was granted the first construction permit to operate a commercial TV station in the U.S.

1971 - BBC-TV aired the first episode "Yesterday's Men."

1982 - Former U.S. President Richard M. Nixon was interviewed by Diane Sawyer on "The CBS Morning News."

1991 - The 100th episode of "Star Trek: The Next Generation" aired.

poopoy
19-06-2008, 14:40
June 18th

June 18 is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 196 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
618 - Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China.
1178 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the moon's distance (on the order of metres) are a result of this collision.
1264 - The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.
1429 - French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeat the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turns the tide of the Hundred Years' War.
1767 - Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.
1778 - American Revolutionary War: British troops abandon Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1812 - War of 1812: The U.S. Congress declares war on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1815 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Waterloo leads to Napoleon Bonaparte abdicating the throne of France for the second and final time.
1858 - Charles Darwin receives a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that includes nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin's own. This prompts Darwin to publish his theory.
1873 - Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election.
1887 - The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
1900 - Empress Dowager Longyu of China orders all foreigners killed, including foreign diplomats and their families.
1908 - Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
1923 - Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets.
1928 - Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly in an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean (she was a passenger; Wilmer Stutz was the pilot and Lou Gordon the mechanic).
1930 - Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held.
1940 - Appeal of June 18 by Charles de Gaulle.
1940 - "Finest Hour" speech by Winston Churchill.
1945 - William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) is charged with treason.
1946 - Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim.
1953 - The Republic of Egypt is declared and the monarchy is abolished.
1953 - A United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns near Tokyo, Japan killing 129.
1954 - Pierre Mendès-France becomes Prime Minister of France.
1959 - Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.
1965 - Vietnam War: The United States uses B-52 bombers to attack National Liberation Front guerrilla fighters in South Vietnam.
1979 - SALT II is signed by the United States and the Soviet Union.
1981 - The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California.
1983 - Space Shuttle program: STS-7, Astronaut Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.
1984 - A major clash between about 5,000 police and a similar number of miners takes place at Orgreave, South Yorkshire, during the 1984-1985 miners' strike. The incident later becomes known as the Battle of Orgreave.
1996 - Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts.
1999 - A global Carnival Against Capitalism.
2001 - Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India.
2006 - The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched.

Births
1269 - Princess Eleanor of England (d. 1298)
1318 - Princess Eleanor of Woodstock (d. 1355)
1466 - Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer (d. 1539)
1511 - Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect and sculptor (d. 1592)
1517 - Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (d. 1593)
1552 - Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (d. 1637)
1667 - Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750)
1716 - Joseph-Marie Vien, French painter (d. 1809)
1757 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
1757 - Ignaz Pleyel, Austrian composer and piano manufacturer (d. 1831)
1812 - Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (d. 1891)
1815 - Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (d. 1881)
1839 - William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (d. 1920)
1845 - Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
1854 - E.W. Scripps, American journalist and publisher (d. 1926)
1863 - George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
1868 - Miklós Horthy, Hungarian admiral and regent (d. 1957)
1877 - James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (d. 1960)
1882 - Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgarian Communist leader (d. 1949)
1884 - Édouard Daladier, French politician (d. 1970)
1886 - Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
1891 - Mae Busch, Australian actress (d. 1946)
1895 - Blanche Sweet, American actress (d. 1986)
1895 - Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian
1901 - Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna Romanova of Russia (d. 1918)
1903 - Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (d. 1965)
1903 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (d. 1923)
1904 - Keye Luke, Chinese-born actor (d. 1991)
1904 - Manuel Rosenthal, French conductor and composer (d. 2003)
1907 - Frithjof Schuon, Swiss metaphysician, poet, and painter (d. 1998)
1908 - Bud Collyer, American game show host (d. 1969)
1908 - Nedra Volz, American actress (d. 2003)
1908 - Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
1910 - E.G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
1910 - Ray McKinley, jazz drummer and bandleader (d. 1995)
1910 - Dick Foran, American actor (d. 1979)
1913 - Sammy Cahn, American composer (d. 1993)
1913 - Sylvia Field Porter, American economist and journalist (d. 1991)
1915 - Red Adair, American firefighter (d. 2004)
1916 - Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (d. 2005)
1917 - Richard Boone, American actor (d. 1981)
1917 - Arthur Tremblay, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
1918 - Jerome Karle, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1918 - Franco Modigliani, Italian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
1920 - Ian Carmichael, English actor
1922 - Claude Helffer, French pianist (d. 2004)
1924 - George Mikan, American basketball player (d. 2005)
1927 - Paul Eddington, English actor (d. 1995)
1927 - Eva Bartok, Hungarian-born British actress
1928 - David T. Lykken, American scientist
1929 - Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher
1931 - Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of Brazil from 1995 to 2002
1932 - Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1932 - Geoffrey Hill, English poet
1934 - Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
1935 - Hugh McColl, American banker
1936 - Denny Hulme, New Zealand race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1992)
1937 - Wray Carlton, American football player
1937 - John D. Rockefeller IV, U.S. Senator
1937 - Vitali Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut
1938 - Kevin Murray, Australian rules footballer
1939 - Lou Brock, American baseball player
1939 - Jean-Claude Germain, French Canadian author, journalist and historian
1940 - Michael Sheard, British actor (d. 2005)
1942 - Roger Ebert, American film reviewer
1942 - Sir Paul McCartney, English singer and songwriter (The Beatles)
1942 - Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (d. 2004)
1942 - Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa
1942 - Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (d. 1980)
1943 - Raffaella Carrà, Italian singer
1944 - Sandy Posey, American singer
1946 - Russell Ash, British author
1946 - Fabio Capello, Italian football coach
1946 - Bruiser Brody, professional wrestler (d. 1988)
1948 - Éva Marton, Hungarian operatic soprano
1949 - Chris Van Allsburg, American author and illustrator
1949 - Prince Lincoln Thompson, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
1949 - Lech Kaczyński, Polish president, 2005-present
1949 - Jarosław Kaczyński, Polish prime minister, twin brother of Lech Kaczyński
1950 - Jackie Leven aka Sir Vincent Lone Scottish singer and songwriter
1952 - Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress
1952 - Carol Kane, American actress
1956 - Brian Benben, American actor
1957 - Miguel Ángel Lotina, Spanish football manager
1960 - Ralph Brown, British actor
1961 - Andrés Galarraga, baseball player
1961 - Alison Moyet, English pop singer
1963 - Bruce Smith, American football player
1963 - Dizzy Reed, aka Darren Arthur Reed keyboardist for (former) Guns N' Roses and Velvet Revolver
1964 - Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
1965 - Kim Dickens, American actress and model
1966 - Kurt Browning, Canadian figure skater
1967 - Pasquale Bruno, Italian American entrepreneur
1969 - Pål Pot Pamparius, Norwegian musician (Turbonegro)
1969 - Vito LoGrasso, American professional wrestler
1969 - Christopher Largen, American author
1970 - Greg Yaitanes, American television and film director
1971 - Nathan Morris, American singer (Boyz II Men)
1971 - Jason McAteer, England-born Irish footballer
1972 - Michal Yannai, Israeli actress and model.
1973 - Alexandros Papadimitriou, Greek hammer thrower
1973 - Eddie Cibrian, American actor
1973 - Julie Depardieu, French actress
1974 - Vincenzo Montella, Italian footballer
1975 - Martin St. Louis, Canadian hockey player
1975 - Aleksandrs Koliņko, Latvian footballer
1975 - Marie Gillain, Belgian actress
1975 - Jemma Griffiths, Welsh singer-songwriter
1975 - Jamel Debbouze, French actor and producer
1976 - Alana de la Garza, American actress
1976 - Witte Wartena, Dutch artist
1976 - Blake Shelton, American Country Singer
1978 - Wang Liqin, Chinese table tennis player
1980 - Antonio Gates, American football player
1980 - Tara Platt, American actress
1980 - Ivana Wong, Hong Kong singer and songwriter
1980 - Craig Mottram, Australian middle distance runner
1981 - Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (d. 1987)
1981 - Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
1982 - Sean Conant, Irish-American artist
1984 - Mateus, Angolan footballer
1984 - Janne Happonen, Finnish skijumper
1986 - Richard Gasquet, French tennis player
1989 - Renee Olstead, American singer and actress
1991 - Willa Holland, American actress
2006 - Countess Zaria of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg

Deaths
1234 - Emperor Chukyo of Japan (b. 1218)
1291 - King Alfonso III of Aragon (b. 1265)
1464 - Roger van der Weyden, Flemish painter
1536 - Henry Fitzroy, (b. 1519) bastard son of Henry VIII
1588 - Robert Crowley, English printer and poet
1629 - Piet Hein, Dutch naval commander and folk hero (b. 1577)
1650 - Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer
1673 - Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler (b. 1606)
1680 - Samuel Butler, English poet (b. 1612)
1704 - Tom Brown, English satirist (b. 1662)
1726 - Michel Richard Delalande, French organist and composer (b. 1657)
1742 - John Aislabie, English politician (b. 1670)
1749 - Ambrose Philips, English poet (b. 1674)
1772 - Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)
1772 - Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-born physician (b. 1700)
1788 - Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (b. 1714)
1794 - François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1760)
1794 - James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
1815 - Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
1815 - Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
1835 - William Cobbett, English journalist and author (b. 1763)
1889 - Jacques Damala, Greek military officer and actor (b. 1855)
1902 - Samuel Butler, English writer (b. 1835)
1915 - Eufemio Zapata, brother to Mexican revolutionist Emiliano Zapata, killed by Sidronio Comancho
1916 - Max Immelmann, German flying ace (b. 1890)
1922 - Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (b. 1851)
1928 - Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (b. 1872)
1936 - Maxim Gorky, Russian author (b. 1868)
1937 - Gaston Doumergue, French statesman (b. 1863)
1947 - Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (b. 1898)
1959 - Ethel Barrymore, American actress (b. 1879)
1963 - Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (b. 1912)
1967 - Beat Fehr, Swiss racing driver (b. 1942)
1967 - Giacomo Russo, Italian racing driver (b. 1937)
1971 - Thomas Gomez, American actor (b. 1905)
1971 - Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
1973 - Roger Delgado, British actor (b. 1918)
1974 - Georgy Zhukov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1896)
1974 - Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (b. 1896)
1980 - André Leducq, French cyclist (b. 1904)
1980 - Terence Fisher, English film director (b. 1904)
1982 - John Cheever, American author (b. 1912)
1982 - Curd Jürgens, German actor (b. 1915)
1984 - Alan Berg, American radio talk show host
1985 - Paul Colin, French poster designer (b. 1892)
1986 - Frances Scott Fitzgerald, Daughter of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre. (b. 1921)
1989 - I. F. Stone, American journalist (b. 1907)
1992 - Mordecai Ardon, one of Israel's greatest painters (b. 1896)
1992 - Peter Allen, Australian singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
1997 - Lev Kopelev, Russian writer and dissident (b. 1912)
2000 - Nancy Marchand, American actress (b. 1928)
2002 - Jack Buck, American baseball announcer (b. 1924)
2003 - Larry Doby, American baseball player (b. 1923)
2005 - Syed Mushtaq Ali, Indian cricketer (b. 1914)
2005 - Manuel Sadosky, Argentine mathematician (b. 1914)
2006 - Vincent Sherman, American film director (b. 1906)
2007 - Bernard Manning, British comedian (b. 1930)
2007 - Georges Thurston, Canadian singer (b. 1951)

Holidays and observances
Seychelles - National Day
Autistic Pride Day
Waterloo Day


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
19-06-2008, 14:44
June 19th

June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 195 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars.
1269 - King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.
1306 - The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
1770 - Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.
1807 - Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
1816 - Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
1821 - Decisive defeat of the Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia).
1846 - The first baseball game under recognizable modern rules is played in Hoboken, New Jersey, United States.
1850 - Princess Louise of the Netherlands marries Crown Prince Karl of Sweden-Norway.
1862 - U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying the Dred Scott Case.
1865 - Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 13 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.
1867 - Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro.
1870 - After all of the Southern States are formally readmitted to the United States of America, the Confederate States of America ceases to exist.
1910 - The first Father's Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington.
1914 - A radiotelegraphic link is established between Germany and the United States and German Emperor Wilhelm II and US President Woodrow Wilson exchange telegrams to mark the event.
1934 - The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
1943 - Race riots occur in Beaumont, Texas.
1944 - World War II: First day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
1953 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are put to death at Sing Sing, in New York.
1961 - Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom.
1970 - The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is signed.
1982 - In one of the first militant attacks by Hezbollah, David S. Dodge, president of the American University in Beirut, is kidnapped.
1982 - The body of "God's Banker", Roberto Calvi is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.
1987 - ETA commits one of its most violent attacks, in which a bomb is set off in a supermarket, Hipercor, killing 21 and injuring 45.
2006 - Prime ministers of several northern European nations participate in a ceremonial "laying of the first stone" at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Spitsbergen, Norway.

Births
1301 - Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (d. 1333)
1507 - Annibale Caro, Italian poet (d. 1566)
1566 - King James I of England and VI of Scotland (d. 1625)
1606 - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)
1623 - Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and philosopher (d. 1662)
1633 - Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (d. 1712)
1717 - Johann Stamitz, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1757)
1764 - José Gervasio Artigas, father of Uruguay (d. 1850)
1771 - Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician (d. 1859)
1792 - Gustav Schwab, German author (d. 1850)
1815 - Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (d. 1872)
1816 - William Henry Webb, American industrialist (d. 1899)
1834 - Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (d. 1892)
1846 - Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer (d. 1928)
1850 - David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)
1851 - Billy Midwinter, Australian cricketer (d. 1890)
1858 - Sam Walter Foss, American librarian and poet (d. 1911)
1861 - Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, British soldier (d. 1928)
1861 - José Rizal, Filipino poet and national hero (d. 1896)
1865 - Dame May Whitty, English entertainer (d. 1948)
1874 - Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer (d. 1941)
1877 - Charles Coburn, American actor (d. 1961)
1896 - Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor (d. 1986)
1897 - Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1967)
1897 - Moe Howard, American actor (d. 1975)
1898 - James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (d. 1968)
1900 - Laura Z. Hobson, American novelist (d. 1986)
1902 - Guy Lombardo, Canadian bandleader (d. 1977)
1903 - Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)
1903 - Wally Hammond, English cricketer (d. 1965)
1903 - Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)
1905 - Mildred Natwick, American actress (d. 1994)
1906 - Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
1906 - Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)
1907 - Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)
1909 - Osamu Dazai, Japanese author (d. 1948)
1910 - Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
1910 - Abe Fortas, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1982)
1912 - Don Gutteridge, American baseball player
1912 - Virginia MacWatters, American soprano (d. 2005)
1914 - Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church
1914 - Alan Cranston, American politician (d. 2000)
1914 - Lester Flatt, American musician (d. 1979)
1915 - Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent (d. 2004)
1917 - Joshua Nkomo, Vice President of Zimbabwe (d. 1999)
1919 - Louis Jourdan, French actor
1919 - Pauline Kael, American movie critic (d. 2001)
1922 - Aage Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel laureate
1924 - Leo Nomellini, American football player (d. 2000)
1925 - Charlie Drake, British actor, writer and singer (d. 2006)
1928 - Nancy Marchand, American actress (d. 2000)
1928 - Barry Took, English comedy writer (d. 2002)
1929 - Thelma Barlow, English actress
1930 - Gena Rowlands, American actress
1932 - Pier Angeli, Italian-born American actress (d. 1972)
1932 - Marisa Pavan, Italian-born actress
1933 - Viktor Patsayev, Soviet cosmonaut
1936 - Tommy DeVito, American musician and singer
1936 - Shirley Goodman, American singer (d. 2005)
1936 - Marisa Galvany, American soprano
1938 - Wahoo McDaniel, American football player and wrestler (d. 2002)
1938 - Ian Smith, Australian actor
1939 - Al Wilson, American singer (d. 2008)
1940 - Shirley Muldowney, Racecar Driver
1941 - Václav Klaus, Czech politician and President
1941 - Conchita Carpio-Morales, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
1942 - Elaine "Spanky" McFarlane, musician
1942 - Jos Brink, Dutch actor (d. 2007)
1944 - Chico Buarque, Brazilian musician
1945 - Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, Nobel laureate
1945 - Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
1947 - Paula Koivuniemi, Finnish singer
1947 - Salman Rushdie, Indian author
1948 - Phylicia Rashad, American actress
1948 - Nick Drake, English musician (d. 1974)
1950 - Ann Wilson, American musician
1951 - Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian terrorist
1951 - Francesco Moser, Italian cyclist
1953 - Larry Dunn, American musician
1954 - Kathleen Turner, American actress
1956 - Doug Stone, American singer
1957 - Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
1959 - Mark DeBarge, American singer, songwriter and trumpeter
1960 - Luke Morley, British guitarist
1962 - Jeremy Bates, English tennis player
1962 - Paula Abdul, American singer and choreographer
1963 - Rory Underwood, English rugby union footballer
1964 - Boris Johnson, British politician
1964 - Brian Vander Ark, American musician
1965 - Sadie Frost, English actress
1965 - Luc Donckerwolke, Belgian car designer
1966 - Joichi Ito, Japanese entrepreneur
1967 - Bjørn Dæhlie, Norwegian skier
1967 - Mia Sara, American actress
1968 - Alastair Lynch, Australian rules footballer
1969 - Lara Spencer, American TV personality
1970 - Quincy Watts, American athlete
1970 - Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician
1970 - Brian Welch, American guitarist
1970 - Antonis Remos, Greek singer
1972 - Brian McBride, American soccer player
1972 - Poppy Montgomery, Australian actress
1972 - Dennis Lyxzén, Swedish musician
1973 - Jahine Arnold, American football player
1973 - Yasuhiko Yabuta, Japanese baseball player
1974 - Doug Mientkiewicz, American baseball player
1975 - Anthony Parker, American basketball player
1975 - Hugh Dancy, English actor
1976 - Bryan Hughes, English footballer
1976 - Patrick Surtain, American football player
1977 - Peter Warrick, American football player
1977 - Veronika Vařeková, Czech supermodel
1978 - Tyson Dux, Canadian wrestler
1978 - Dirk Nowitzki, German basketball player
1978 - Claudio Vargas, Dominican baseball player
1979 - John Duddy, Northern Irish boxer
1979 - Quentin Jammer, American football player
1979 - John Ford, American software engineer
1980 - Adel Abdulaziz, Emiratie football player
1980 - Dante Robinson, American football player
1982 - David Pollack, American football player
1982 - Joe Cheng, Taiwanese actor
1982 - Alexander Frolov, Russian hockey player
1983 - Mark Selby, British snooker player
1984 - Paul Dano, American actor
1985 - John Decyk, American martial artist
1986 - Marvin Williams, American basketball player
1987 - Rashard Mendenhall, American football player
1991 - Pontus Ekhem, Swedish hockey player
1995 - Blake Woodruff, American actor

Deaths
1312 - Piers Gaveston, French favorite of Edward II of England
1542 - Leo Jud, Swiss reformer (b. 1482)
1545 - Abraomas Kulvietis Lithuanian reformer (b. 1509)
1584 - François, Duke of Anjou (b. 1555)
1608 - Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (b. 1551)
1650 - Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)
1747 - Alessandro Marcello, Italian composer (b. 1669)
1762 - Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (b. 1702)
1768 - Benjamin Tasker, provincial Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)
1786 - Nathanael Greene, American Revolutionary general (b. 1742)
1805 - Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
1820 - Joseph Banks, English naturalist and botanist (b. 1743)
1844 - Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (b. 1772)
1867 - Maximilian I, Mexican Emperor (b. 1832), Executed
1902 - Albert, King of Saxony (b. 1828)
1921 - Ramón López Velarde, Mexican poet (b. 1888)
1937 - J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (b. 1860)
1939 - Grace Abbott, American social worker and activist (b. 1878)
1949 - Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
1952 - Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone (b. 1888)
1953 - Julius Rosenberg, American spy (executed) (b. 1918)
1953 - Ethel Rosenberg, American spy (executed) (b. 1915)
1956 - Thomas J. Watson, American businessman (IBM) (b. 1874)
1966 - Ed Wynn, American actor (b. 1886)
1968 - James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (b. 1898)
1975 - Sam Giancana, American gangster (b. 1908)
1977 - Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
1977 - Lady Olave Baden-Powell, English Chief Girl Guide (b. 1889)
1979 - Paul Popenoe, American eugenicist (b. 1888)
1986 - Coluche, French comedian (b. 1944)
1986 - Len Bias, American basketball player (b. 1963)
1987 - Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (b. 1981)
1988 - Fernand Seguin, Canadian biologist (b. 1922)
1988 - Gladys Spellman, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1918)
1991 - Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900)
1993 - William Golding, English writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
1995 - Peter Townsend, RAF officer (b. 1914)
1996 - G. David Schine, American businessman (b. 1927)
1997 - Olga Georges-Picot, French actress (b. 1944)
1997 - Bobby Helms, American singer (b. 1933)
2001 - John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (b. 1916)
2003 - Laura Sadler, English actress (b. 1980)
2007 - El Fary, Spanish singer (b. 1937)
2007 - Terry Hoeppner, American football coach (b. 1947)
2007 - Antonio Aguilar, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1919)

Holidays and observances
Juneteenth – celebrates the Emancipation Proclamation.
Garfield the Cat Day


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
20-06-2008, 20:18
June 20th

June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 194 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
451 - Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius' defeats Attila the Hun.
1214 - The University of Oxford receives its charter.
1631 - The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
1685 - Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declares himself King of England at Bridgwater.
1756 - A British garrison is imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.
1782 - The U.S. Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States.
1787 - Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.
1789 - Deputies of the French Third Estate take the Tennis Court Oath.
1791 - King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family begin the Flight to Varennes during The French Revolution.
1819 - The U.S. vessel SS Savannah arrives at Liverpool, United Kingdom. She is the first steam-propelled vessel to cross the Atlantic, although most of the journey was made under sail.
1837 - Queen Victoria succeeds to the British throne.
1840 - Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph.
1862 - Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
1863 - American Civil War: West Virginia is admitted as the 35th U.S. state.
1877 - Alexander Graham Bell installs the world's first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
1893 - Lizzie Borden is acquitted for the murders of her father and stepmother.
1919 - 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1944 - World War II: The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.
1948 - Toast of the Town, later The Ed Sullivan Show, makes its television debut.
1956 - A Venezuelan Super-Constellation crashes in the Atlantic Ocean off Asbury Park, New Jersey, killing 74 people.
1960 - Independence of Mali and Senegal.
1963 - The so-called "red telephone" is established between the Soviet Union and the United States following the Cuban Missile Crisis.
1973 - Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fire upon left-wing Peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 are injured.
1979 - ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart is shot dead by a Nicaraguan soldier under the regime of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. The murder is caught on tape and sparked international outcry of the regime.
1990 - Asteroid Eureka is discovered.
1991 - The German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.
2008 - First day of the summer.

Births
1005 - Ali az-Zahir, caliph (d. 1036)
1389 - John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (d. 1435)
1566 (O.S.) - King Sigismund III Vasa (d. 1632)
1583 - Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
1634 - Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (d. 1675)
1642 (O.S.) - George Hickes, English minister and scholar (d. 1715)
1647 - John George III, Elector of Saxony (d. 1691)
1717 - Jacques Saly, French sculptor (d. 1776)
1723 (O.S.) - Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1816)
1723 (O.S.) - Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian (d. 1808)
1733 - Betty Washington- sister of George Washington
1737 - Tokugawa Ieharu, Japanese military (d. 1786)
1756 - Joseph Martin Kraus, Swedish composer (d. 1792)
1763 - Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot (d. 1798)
1770 - Moses Waddel, American educator/minister and bestselling author (d. 1840)
1771 - Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
1786 - Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
1808 - Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)
1819 - Jacques Offenbach, German-born French composer (d. 1880)
1858 - Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (d. 1932)
1860 - Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer, footballer, and coach (d. 1937)
1861 - Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (d.1947)
1872 - George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
1885 - Andrzej Gawroński, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
1887 - Kurt Schwitters, German painter and writer (d. 1948)
1889 - John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)
1891 - John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
1894 - Lloyd Hall, American chemist (d. 1971)
1896 - Wilfrid Pelletier, Canadian conductor (d. 1982)
1897 - Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
1899 - Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (d. 1943)
1905 - Lillian Hellman, American playwright (d. 1984)
1901- Edward Cullen, American Vampire
1907 - Jimmy Driftwood, American songwriter and musician (d. 1998)
1908 - Billy Werber, American baseball player
1909 - Errol Flynn, Australian actor (d. 1959)
1911 - Gail Patrick, American actress (d. 1980)
1912 - Anthony Buckeridge, English author (d. 2004)
1915 - Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
1915 - Terence Young, British film director (d. 1994)
1916 - Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (d. 1973)
1917 - Igor Śmiałowski, Polish actor (d. 2006)
1918 - George Lynch, American auto racer (d. 1997)
1918 - Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer
1920 - Hans Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater
1924 - Chet Atkins, American guitar player and producer (d. 2001)
1924 - Audie Murphy, American Medal of Honor recipient and actor (d. 1971)
1924 - Fritz Koenig, German sculptor
1928 - Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (d. 1964)
1928 - Jean-Marie Le Pen, French politician
1930 - Paul Pender, American boxer
1930 - Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
1931 - Olympia Dukakis, Greek-American actress
1931 - Martin Landau, American actor
1932 - Robert Rozhdestvensky, Russian poet (d. 1994)
1933 - Danny Aiello, American actor
1934 - Wendy Craig, English actress
1934 - Rossana Podestà, Italian actress
1935 - Len Dawson, former football player
1935 - Neal Knox, gun rights activist (d. 2005)
1936 - Billy Guy, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 2002)
1937 - Jerry Keller, pop singer and songwriter
1938 - Mickie Most, British record producer (d. 2003)
1939 - Ramakant Desai, Indian cricketer (d. 1998)
1940 - Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
1940 - John Mahoney, English actor
1941 - Ulf Merbold, German physicist and astronaut
1941 - Stephen Frears, English film director
1942 - Brian Wilson, American musician; founder of The Beach Boys
1944 - Cheryl Holdridge, American actress
1944 - David Roper, English actor
1945 - Anne Murray, Canadian singer
1946 - Bob Vila, television presenter
1946 - Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
1946 - Andre Watts, American pianist
1947 - Dolores Brooks, American singer (the Crystals)
1947 - Candy Clark, American actress
1947 - Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
1947 - Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
1948 - Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
1949 - Lionel Richie, American musician (The Commodores)
1949 - Alan Longmuir, Scottish bass guitarist (Bay City Rollers)
1951 - Tress MacNeille, American voice actress
1951 - Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
1951 - Bill Simon, American businessman and politician
1952 - John Goodman, American actor
1952 - Larry Riley, American actor (d. 1992)
1952 - Vikram Seth, Indian poet
1953 - Ulrich Mühe, German actor (d. 2007)
1953 - Raúl Ramírez, Mexican tennis player
1952 - Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
1954 - Michael Anthony, American musician (Van Halen)
1954 - Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
1954 - Allan Lamb, South African born English cricketer
1956 - Ace Andres, American musician
1956 - Peter Reid, English former footballer
1957 - Koko B. Ware, American professional wrestler
1958 - Chuck Wagner, American actor
1958 - Ron Hornaday, American racecar driver
1960 - John Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran)
1963 - Amir Derakh, American musician (Orgy)
1963 - Don West, American professional wrestling announcer
1964 - Pierfrancesco Chili, Italian motorcycle racer
1964 - Silke Möller, German track and field athlete
1967 - Nicole Kidman, American-born Australian actress
1968 - Robert Rodriguez, American film director
1969 - MaliVai Washington, American former tennis player
1970 - Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco
1970 - Andrea Nahles, German politician
1970 - Bruce Woodcock, American computer games analyst
1971 - Josh Lucas, American actor
1971 - Jeordie White, American musician (Marilyn Manson)
1971 - Rodney Rogers, American basketball player
1972 - Paul Bako, American baseball player
1973 - Chino Moreno, American musician (Deftones)
1973 - Brian Maloney, Austin Designer and creator of snerst.com
1974 - Attila Czene, Hungarian swimmer
1974 - Jami Ferrell, American model and actress
1975 - Daniel Zítka, Czech footballer
1976 - Jerome Fontamillas,Filipino American musician (Switchfoot)
1976 - Carlos Lee, Panamanian baseball player
1976 - Rob Mackowiak, American baseball player
1976 - Juliano Belletti, Brazilian footballer
1977 - Gordan Giriček, Croatian basketball player
1978 - LaVar Arrington, American football player
1978 - Adam Gorfin, American grouch
1978 - Frank Lampard, English footballer
1978 - Jan-Paul Saeijs, Dutch footballer
1978 - Bobby Seay, American baseball player
1979 - Charlotte Hatherley, English guitarist (Ash)
1979 - Charles Howell III, Professional Golfer
1979 - Cael Sanderson, Olympic Wrestler
1979 - Lani Billard, Canadian actress
1980 - Damián A. Fernández Beanato, Argentine journalist
1980 - Carlo Festuccia, Italian rugby union footballer
1980 - Fabian Wegmann, German road racing cyclist
1980 - Tony Lovato, American singer and guitarrist (Mest)
1980 - Franco Semioli, Italian footballer
1981 - Ardian Gashi, Albanian-Norwegian footballer
1983 - Darren Sproles, American football player
1983 - Josh Childress, American basketball player
1983 - Cherrie Ying, Hong Kong actress
1985 - Souleymane Mamam, Togolese footballer
1985 - Darko Miličić, Serbian basketball player
1986 - DJ Biz, Computer DJ
1988 - Shefali Chowdhury, Welsh actress
1989 - Christopher Mintz-Plasse, American actor
1990 - Tim Commandeur, Australian musician
1997 - Maria Lark, Russian-born American actress

Deaths
451 - Theodorid, King of the Visigoths
840 - Louis the Pious, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (b. 778)
885 - Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (b. 841)
1597 - Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator
1668 - Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
1776 - Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (b. 1704)
1787 - Karl Friedrich Abel, German composer (b. 1723)
1800 - Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (b. 1719)
1820 - Manuel Belgrano, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1770)
1837 - William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
1869 - Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
1870 - Jules de Goncourt, French writer (b. 1830)
1906 - John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
1925 - Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
1945 - Bruno Frank, German author (b. 1878)
1947 - Bugsy Siegel, American crime figure (b. 1906)
1952 - Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (b. 1898)
1958 - Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
1963 - Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (b. 1898)
1972 - Howard Johnson, American businessman, originator of restaurant chain (b. 1897)
1976 - Lou Klein, American baseball player (b. 1918)
1978 - Mark Robson, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1913)
1995 - Emil Cioran, Romanian-born French philosopher (b. 1911)
1996 - Jim Ellison, Singer/Guitarist for the band Material Issue (b. 1964)
1997 - Lawrence Payton, American singer (The Four Tops) (b. 1938)
1998 - Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (b. 1942)
1999 - Clifton Fadiman, American author (b. 1902)
2002 - Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
2002 - Tinus Osendarp, Dutch runner (b. 1916)
2003 - Bob Stump, American politician (b. 1927)
2005 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (b. 1923)
2005 - Larry Collins, American writer (b. 1929)
2006 - Billy Johnson, American baseball player (b. 1918)
2007 - Trevor Henry, New Zealand Justice (b. 1902)

Holidays and observances
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - World Refugee Day.
Flag Day in Argentina (1938).
West Virginia – West Virginia Day.
International Surfing Day.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
21-06-2008, 12:28
June 21st

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 193 days remaining until the end of the year.

On certain years, but not every year, this day marks the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere and the winter solstice in the southern hemisphere, and thus is the day of the year with the longest hours of daylight in the northern hemisphere and the shortest in the southern hemisphere. In astrology, it is the cusp line between Gemini and Cancer.

This is a common date for the Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.

Events
524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce.
1582 - Incident at Honnō-ji in Kyoto, Japan.
1621 - Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.
1665 - First soldiers of Le Régiment de Carignan-Salières arrive at Quebec to invade Iroquois territories.
1734 - In Montreal in New France (today primarily Quebec), a black slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, was tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony that involved her disgrace and the amputation of a hand.
1749 - Halifax, Nova Scotia, founded.
1788 - New Hampshire ratifies the Constitution and is thus admitted as the 9th state in the United States.
1798 - Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at Battle of Vinegar Hill
1813 - Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria
1813 - Laura Secord sets out to warn British forces of an impending U.S. attack on Queenston, Ontario during the War of 1812.
1824 - Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.
1826 - Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas
1854 - First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands.
1864 - New Zealand Land Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.
1877 - The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania Prisons.
1898 - Guam becomes a U.S. territory.
1915 - The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
1919 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.
1919 - Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed were the last casualties of the First World War.
1940 - World War II: France surrenders to Germany.
1940 - First successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia.
1942 - World War II: Tobruk falls to Italian and German forces.
1942 - World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the U.S. mainland.
1945 - World War II: Battle of Okinawa ends.
1948 - The "Manchester Baby" (SSEM) runs the first ever computer program stored in electronic memory.
1948 - Columbia Records introduces the long-playing record album in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.
1952 - Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, was converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
1957 - Ellen Louks Fairclough sworn in as Canada's first woman Cabinet Minister
1964 - Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
1973 - In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test, which now governs obscenity in U.S. law.
1982 - John Hinckley is found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
2000 - Section 28 (outlawing the 'promotion' of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.
2001 - A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Va., indicted 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.
2004 - SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
2006 - Pluto's newly discovered moons are officially named Nix & Hydra.

Births
1002 - Pope Leo IX (d. 1054)
1226 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
1528 - Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress (1603)
1535 - Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (d. 1596)
1639 (O.S.) - Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (d. 1723)
1646 - Maria Francisca of Nemours, queen of Portugal (d. 1683)
1676 (O.S.) - Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1712 - Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
1730 - Motoori Norinaga, Japanese scholar (d. 1801)
1732 - Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1791)
1736 (O.S.) - Enoch Poor, American general in the Continental Army (d. 1780)
1759 - Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)
1763 - Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher (d. 1845)
1764 - Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
1774 - Daniel D. Tompkins, Congressman, Governor of New York, and sixth Vice President of the United States (d. 1825)
1781 - Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)
1782 - Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (d. 1852)
1788 - Princess Augusta of Bavaria (d. 1850)
1791 - Robert Napier, British engineer (d. 1876)
1798 - Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)
1805 - Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath (d. 1880)
1811 - Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
1812 - Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
1823 - Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
1825 - William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
1828 - Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (d. 1904)
1839 - Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (d. 1908)
1850 - Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)
1858 - Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (d. 1928)
1859 - Henry Ossawa Tanner, American painter (d. 1937)
1862 - Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)
1863 - Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
1864 - Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian (d. 1945)
1868 - Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist (d. 1946)
1870 - Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
1876 - Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (d. 1956)
1879 - Gemma Doyle, Victorian Debutante, developer of the Realms theology (d. 1949)
1880 - Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
1880 - Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
1882 - Rockwell Kent, American artist (d. 1971)
1882 - Lluís Companys i Jover, Spanish politician (d. 1940)
1883 - Fyodor Gladkov, Russian writer (d. 1958)
1884 - Claude Auchinleck, British field marshal (d. 1981)
1887 - Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
1889 - Ralph Craig, American athlete (d. 1972)
1891 - Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect (d. 1979)
1891 - Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (d. 1966)
1892 - Reinhold Niebuhr, Protestant theologian (d. 1971)
1893 - Alois Hába, Czech composer (d. 1973)
1896 - Charles B. Momsen, American inventor (d. 1967)
1898 - Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
1902 - Howie Morenz, professional ice hockey player (d. 1937)
1903 - Al Hirschfeld, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
1905 - Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (d. 1980)
1906 - Harold Spina, American composer (d. 1997)
1908 - William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)
1910 - Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Soviet poet (d. 1971)
1912 - Mary McCarthy, American writer (d. 1989)
1912 - Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot and officer of the Home Army's intelligence and counter-intelligence (d. 2000)
1914 - William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
1916 - Joseph Cyril Bamford, English inventor and industrialist (d. 2001)
1916 - Buddy O'Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1977)
1918 - James Clyde Mitchell, English sociologist and anthropologist (d. 1995)
1919 - Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
1919 - Vladimir Simagin, Russian chess master and teacher (d. 1968)
1919 - Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect
1921 - Judy Holliday, American actress (d. 1965)
1921 - Jane Russell, American actress
1921 - Jean de Broglie, French politician
1923 - Jacques Hébert, French Canadian author, journalist and politician
1924 - Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and pioneering museum director (d. 2006)
1924 - Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker
1924 - Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
1925 - Giovanni Spadolini, Italian politician (d. 1994)
1925 - Maureen Stapleton, American actress (d. 2006)
1926 - Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
1927 - Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
1929 - Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (d. 1977)
1929 - Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian classical guitarist (d. 1999)
1930 - Sir Gerald Kaufman, British politician
1930 - Mike McCormack, American professional football player
1931 - Margaret Mary O'Shaughnessy Heckler, U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
1932 - O.C. Smith, American singer (d. 2001)
1932 - Lalo Schifrin, Argentine pianist and composer
1935 - Françoise Sagan, French writer (d. 2004)
1938 - Ron Ely, American actor
1939 - Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
1940 - Mariette Hartley, American actress
1940 - Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher
1941 - Joe Flaherty, American-Canadian actor
1941 - Lyman Ward, Canadian actor
1942 - Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
1942 - Dan Henning, American football player
1942 - Henry S. Taylor, American writer
1943 - Salomé, Spanish singer
1944 - Ray Davies, English musician (The Kinks)
1944 - Corinna Tsopei, Greek beauty pageant winner, the first Greek Miss Universe
1945 - Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
1946 - Brenda Holloway, American musician
1946- Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author
1947 - Meredith Baxter, American actress
1947 - Michael Gross, American actor
1947 - Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
1947 - Joey Molland, English musician (Badfinger)
1948 - Ian McEwan, English writer
1948 - Lionel Rose, Australian boxer
1948 - Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer
1950 - Anne Carson, Canadian poet
1950 - Joey Kramer, American drummer and percussionist (Aerosmith)
1950 - Vasilis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and musician
1950 - Gérard Lanvin, French actor
1951 - Nils Lofgren, American musician
1952 - Kôichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director
1953 - Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
1953 - Maurice Boucher, Quebec Hels Angels member
1953 - Michael Bowen, American actor
1954 - Müjde Ar, Turkish actress
1954 - Mark Kimmitt, US Army general
1954 - Anne Kirkbride, English actress
1954 - Robert Menasse, Austrian writer
1954 - Augustus Pablo, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
1954 - Robert Pastorelli, American actor (d. 2004)
1955 - Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer
1955 - Leigh McCloskey, American actor
1955 - Michel Platini, French footballer
1957 - Berkeley Breathed, American cartoonist and author
1957 - Lucien DeBlois, professional ice hockey player
1958 - Gennady Padalka, cosmonaut
1959 - Tom Chambers, American basketball player
1959 - Marcella Detroit, singer and songwriter (Shakespear's Sister)
1959 - Kathy Mattea, American country singer
1961 - Kip Winger, American musician
1961 - Manu Chao, Spanish musician
1961 - Sascha Konietzko, German musician
1962 - Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician
1962 - Takeshi Asami, Japanese racing driver
1964 - Doug Savant, American actor
1964 - Sammi Davis, British actor
1965 - Larry Wachowski, film director
1965 - Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut
1966 - Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist
1966 - Mancow Muller, American radio personality
1966 - Nan Woods, American actress
1967 - Jim Breuer, American comedian
1967 - Pierre Omidyar, Iranian-American billionaire
1967 - Derrick Coleman, American basketball player
1968 - Sonique, British DJ
1968 - Alisyn Camerota, American journalist
1968 - Gretchen Carlson, American journalist
1969 - Gabriella Paruzzi, Italian skier
1970 - Sindee Coxx, American pornographic actress
1970 - Pete Rock, American rapper/producer
1971 - Marianne Lie Berg, Norwegian philosopher
1971 - Anette Olzon, Swedish singer
1972 - Alon Hilu, Israeli writer
1972 - Neil Doak, former Irish cricketer
1973 - Juliette Lewis, American actress
1974 - Natasha Desborough, British radio personality
1974 - Craig Lowndes, Australian racing driver
1974 - Rob Kelly, American football player
1976 - Antonio Cochran, American football player
1976 - Mike Einziger, American musician
1976 - Nigel Lappin, Australian footballer
1977 - Jochen Hecht, German ice hockey player
1978 - Cristiano Lupatelli, Italian footballer
1978 - Jack Guzman, American actor
1978 - Erica Durance, Canadian actress
1978 - Dejan Ognjanović, Montenegrin football (soccer) player
1979 - Chris Pratt, American actor
1980 - Sendy Rleal, Dominican baseball player
1980 - Richard Jefferson, American basketball player
1981 - Brandon Flowers, American singer and keyboardist (The Killers)
1981 - Yann Danis, Canadian ice hockey player
1982 - Prince William of Wales, British prince
1984 - Alicia Alighatti, American pornographic actress
1984 - Franck Perera, French racing driver
1985 - Anthony Morelli, American football player
1985 - Byron Schammer, AFL footballer
1987 - Dale Thomas, AFL footballer
1987 - Kim Ryeowook, Korean pop singer
1987 - Sebastian Prödl, Austrian footballer

Deaths
1305 - King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
1377 - King Edward III of England (b. 1312)
1527 - Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (b. 1469)
1529 - John Skelton, English poet
1547 - Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)
1582 - Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
1591 - Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (b. 1568)
1621 - Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
1652 - Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
1738 - Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
1796 - Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)
1824 - Étienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)
1865 - Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
1874 - Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
1893 - Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University
1908 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (b. 1844)
1914 - Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
1934 - Thorne Smith, American author (b. 1892)
1940 - Smedley Butler, American Marine general (b. 1881)
1951 - Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
1952 - Wilfrid 'Wop' May, Canadian aviation pioneer (b. 1896)
1954 - Gideon Sundback, invented the zipper (b. 1880)
1957 - Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
1964 - James Chaney, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
1964 - Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
1964 - Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (b. 1939)
1969 - Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)
1970 - Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
1976 - Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
1979 - Angus Maclise, American mystic, shaman, musician, and composer (b. 1938)
1980 - Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (b. 1923)
1985 - Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)
1986 - Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author (b. 1923)
1987 - Madman Muntz, American entrepreneur, businessman, electrical engineer, TV commercial actor (b. 1914)
1993 - Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (b. 1928)
1997 - Shintaro Katsu, Japanese entertainer (b. 1931)
1997 - Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican labour leader (b. 1900)
1998 - Al Campanis, American baseball executive (b. 1916)
1999 - Kami, Japanese drummer (Malice Mizer) (b. 1973)
2000 - Alan Hovhaness, American composer (b. 1911)
2001 - John Lee Hooker, American musician (b. 1916)
2001 - Carroll O'Connor, American actor (b. 1924)
2001 - Souad Hosni, Egyptian actress (b. 1942)
2003 - Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1934)
2003 - Leon Uris, American writer (b. 1924)
2003 - Jason Moran, Australian criminal (b. 1967)
2004 - Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
2005 - Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
2007 - Bob Evans, American restaurateur (b. 1918)

Holidays and observances
Summer solstice (Northern Hemisphere) and winter solstice (Southern Hemisphere) celebrations
National Aboriginal Day in Canada (starting in 1996)
Midsummer – Neopagan festival – Litha
National Day of Greenland
Fête de la Musique World Music Day, since 1982.
Secular Humanists: World Humanist Day
National Go Skateboarding Day


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
22-06-2008, 13:36
June 22nd

June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 192 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
168 BC - Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
1593 - Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks
1633 - The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his scientific view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.
1783 - Poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.
1812 - Napoleon declares war on Russia and invades
1815 - Second abdication of Napoleon
1825 - British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.
1844 - Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
1848 - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
1866 - Battle of Custoza: an Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
1893 - The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet's commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.
1898 - Spanish-American War: United States Marines land in Cuba.
1911 - George V is crowned King of the United Kingdom, succeeding his father, Edward VII.
1918 - Hammond circus train wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana.
1922 - Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.
1940 - France forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Nazi Germany.
1941 - Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, one of the most dramatic turning points of World War II.
1941 - First anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe founded by Croatian partisans near Sisak, Croatia.
1941 - The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins
1941 - Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
1942 - Erwin Rommel was promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk
1944 - Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
1957 - Soviet Union launches R-12 missile for the first time (in Kapustin Yar)
1962 - An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies killing 113
1969 - The Cuyahoga River caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river.
1976 - Canadian House of Commons abolishes capital punishment.
1978 - Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered.
2002 - An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.

Births
1680 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
1684 - Francesco Manfredini, Italian baroque composer (d. 1762)
1704 - John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
1713 - Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
1738 - Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
1757 - George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
1767 - Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
1805 - Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (d. 1872)
1837 - Paul Morphy, American chess master (d. 1884)
1845 - Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
1856 - H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)
1861 - Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
1864 - Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (d. 1909)
1871 - William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
1879 - Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
1884 - James Rector, American athlete (d. 1949)
1885 - Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
1887 - Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
1888 - Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
1892 - Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
1897 - Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1973)
1897 - Norbert Elias, German sociologist (d. 1990)
1898 - Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
1899 - Michał Kalecki, Polish economist (d. 1970)
1902 - Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (d. 1950)
1903 - Carl Hubbell, baseball player (d. 1988)
1903 - John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
1906 - Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (d. 2001)
1906 - Billy Wilder, Austrian-born director (d. 2002)
1907 - Mike Todd, American film producer (d. 1958)
1909 - Maurice Adler, American film producer (d. 1960)
1910 - Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
1910 - Konrad Zuse, German engineer and computer pioneer (d. 1995)
1912 - Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
1916 - Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
1919 - Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)
1920 - Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986)
1921 - Joseph Papp, American director and producer (d. 1991)
1922 - Bill Blass, American fashion designer (d. 2002)
1922 - Geza Vermes, Hungarian author and scholar of religious history and the Dead Sea Scrolls
1922 - Mona Lisa, Filipino actress
1927 - Ann Petersen, Belgian actress (d. 2003)
1930 - Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
1932 - Amrish Puri, Indian actor (d. 2005)
1932 - Prunella Scales, English actress
1933 - Dianne Feinstein, American politician
1933 - Jacques Martin, French TV host (d. 2007)
1933 - Libor Pešek, Czech conductor
1936 - Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor
1936 - Hermeto Pascoal, Brazilian musician
1939 - Don Matthews, American football coach in the CFL
1940 - Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
1940 - Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian filmmaker/poet
1941 - Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)
1941 - Michael Lerner, American actor
1943 - Brit Hume, American news anchor and commentator
1943 - Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
1944 - Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor
1944 - Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon)
1946 - Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club)
1947 - Octavia Butler, American author (d. 2006)
1947 - Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
1947 - David Lander, American actor and baseball scout
1947 - Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles
1947 - Pete Maravich, American basketball player (d. 1988)
1948 - Todd Rundgren, American songwriter and record producer
1949 - Meryl Streep, American actress
1949 - Lindsay Wagner, American actress
1949 - Alan Osmond, American singer
1952 - Graham Greene, Canadian actor
1953 - Cyndi Lauper, American singer
1953 - Bruce McAvaney, Australian sports broadcaster
1954 - Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
1956 - Tim Russ, American actor
1956 - Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistani Politician and Foreign Minister
1955 - Green Gartside, Welsh singer songwriter
1957 - Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS
1957 - Danny Baker, English comedy writer and radio presenter
1958 - Bruce Campbell, American actor
1959 - Wayne Federman, American comedian
1959 - Nicola Sirkis, French singer and lyricist (Indochine)
1959 - Mike O'Meara, co-host of Don and Mike Show
1960 - Erin Brockovich-Ellis
1961 - Stephen Batchelor
1961 - Jimmy Sommerville, Scottish singer (Bronski Beat, Communards)
1962 - Clyde Drexler, former American NBA player
1962 - Stephen Chow, Hong Kong actor and director
1962 - Bobby Gillespie, Scottish musician (Primal Scream)
1963 - Randy Couture, American mixed martial artist
1963 - John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2006)
1964 - Dan Brown, American author
1965 - Ľubomír Moravčík, Slovakian footballer
1966 - Michael Park, WRC co-pilot (d. 2005)
1966 - Emmanuelle Seigner, French actress
1968 - Darrell Armstrong, American basketball player
1970 - Steven Page, Canadian singer (Barenaked Ladies)
1970 - Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
1971 - Mary Lynn Rajskub, American actress
1971 - Kurt Warner, American football player
1973 - Carson Daly, American television personality
1974 - Donald Faison, American actor
1974 - Joseph Vijay, Indian actor
1975 - Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer
1975 - Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
1976 - Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
1978 - Champ Bailey, American football player
1978 - Jai Rodriguez, American TV personality
1978 - Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
1979 - Joey Cheek, American speed skater
1979 - Thomas Voeckler, French road bicycle racer
1979 - Brad Hawpe, American baseball player
1981 - Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
1982 - Soraia Chaves, Portuguese actress and model
1982 - Ian Kinsler, American baseball player
1984 - Jerome Taylor, West Indies international cricketer
1984 - Janko Tipsarević, Serbian tennis player
1985 - Rosa Kato, Italian-Japanese model and actress
1986 - Ramin Ott, American Samoan football player
1988 - Kieran Lee, English football player

Deaths
1276 - Pope Innocent V
1429 - Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
1535 - John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (executed)
1632 - James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
1634 - Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
1699 - Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
1714 - Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
1868 - Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
1874 - Howard Staunton, English chess master (b. 1810)
1892 - Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
1894 - Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
1905 - Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
1913 - Ştefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (b. 1875)
1925 - Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
1928 - A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
1931 - Armand Fallières, French president (b. 1841)
1932 - Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (b. 1892)
1933 - Henry Birkin, British racing driver (b. 1896)
1935 - Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
1938 - C.J. Dennis, Australian writer and poet (b. 1876)
1959 - Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
1961 - Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (b. 1900)
1963 - Maria Tănase, Romanian singer of traditional and popular music (b. 1913)
1964 - Havank, Dutch writer (b. 1904)
1965 - David O. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1902)
1969 - Judy Garland, American singer and actress (b. 1922)
1974 - Horace Lindrum, Australian snooker and billiards player (b. 1912)
1974 - Darius Milhaud, French composer (b. 1892)
1977 - Peter Laughner, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Rocket From the Tombs, Pere Ubu) (b. 1952)
1979 - Louis Chiron, Monaco race car driver (b. 1899)
1984 - Joseph Losey, American theater and film director (b. 1909)
1987 - Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (b. 1899)
1988 - Dennis Day, American singer and actor (b. 1916)
1989 - Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician (b. 1916)
1990 - Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
1992 - Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
1993 - Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
1995 - Al Hansen, American artist (b. 1927)
1997 - Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (b. 1956)
1997 - Don Henderson, English actor (b. 1932)
1997 - Gérard Pelletier, Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (b. 1919)
2002 - Darryl Kile, American baseball player (b. 1968)
2002 - Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)
2004 - Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
2004 - Bob Bemer, American computer scientist (b. 1920)
2004 - Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
2006 - Moose (dog actor), dog actor popular for role on Frasier (b. 1990)
2007 - Nancy Benoit, former professional wrestling valet(b. 1964)
2007 - Erik Parlevliet, Dutch field hockey player (b. 1964)

Holidays and observances
School-teachers' Day in El Salvador.
Aaron of Aleth (fl. 6th century)


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
24-06-2008, 14:25
June 23rd

June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 191 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1305 - The Flemish-French peace treaty is signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
1314 - First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn, south of Stirling, begins.
1532 - Henry VIII and François I sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.
1565 - Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta.
1611 - The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson's fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.
1661 - Marriage contract between Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza.
1683 - William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
1713 - The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.
1757 - Battle of Plassey - 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey.
1758 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Landeshut - Austria defeats Prussia.
1794 - Empress Catherine II of Russia grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
1810 - John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
1812 - War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
1860 - The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
1865 - American Civil War: At Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.
1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for Type-Writer.
1887 - The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada, creating the nation's first national park, Banff National Park.
1888 - Frederick Douglass is the first African-American nominated for U.S. president.
1894 - The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
1914 - Mexican Revolution: Francisco Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.
1917 - In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.
1919 - Estonian Liberation War: The decisive defeat of German Freikorps forces in the Battle of Cesis. This day is celebrated as Victory Day in Estonia.
1926 - The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
1931 - Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.
1938 - The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
1940 - World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.
1941 - The Lithuanian Activist Front initiates independence from the Soviet Union; it lasts only briefly as the Nazis occupy Lithuania a few weeks later.
1942 - World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a train load of Jews from Paris.
1942 - World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
1943 - World War II: The British destroyers Eclipse and Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland.
1945 - World War II: The Battle of Okinawa ends when organised resistance of Imperial Japanese Army forces collapses in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island.
1947 - The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
1955 - In the Strahov Stadium in Prague the 1st all-national Spartakiáda begins.
1958 - The Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers.
1959 - Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
1959 - A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people.
1967 - Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.
1968 - 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.
1969 - Warren E. Burger is sworn in as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring chief Earl Warren.
1972 - Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
1972 - 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
1973 - A fire at a house in Hull, England, which kills a six year old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
1985 - A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 aboard.
1988 - James Hansen testifies to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources that it was 99% probable that global warming had begun.
1990 - Moldavia declares independence.
1991 - The first game in the Sonic the Hedgehog series is released and develops into one of the best selling video game franchises of all time.

Births
47 BC - Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt
1373 - Queen Joan II of Naples (d. 1435)
1433 - Francis II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1488)
1456 - Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
1534 - Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
1596 - Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
1612 - André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
1668 - Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
1683 - Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
1703 - Maria Leszczyńska, queen of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
1716 - Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (d. 1789)
1750 - Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (d. 1801)
1763 - Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (d. 1814)
1799 - John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
1800 - Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
1824 - Carl Reinecke, German musician and composer (d. 1910)
1884 - Cyclone Taylor, ice hockey player (d. 1979)
1888 - Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
1889 - Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)
1894 - Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956)
1894 - King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (d. 1972)
1902 - Mathias Wieman, German actor (d. 1969)
1903 - Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (d. 1992)
1905 - Jack Pickersgill, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
1907 - James Meade, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
1909 - David Lewis, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1981)
1910 - Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (d. 1987)
1910 - Gordon B. Hinckley, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 2008)
1910 - Milt Hinton, American jazz bassist (d. 2000)
1912 - Alan Turing, English mathematician, often considered to be the father of modern computer science (d. 1954)
1916 - Len Hutton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
1919 - Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
1922 - Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
1925 - Miriam Karlin, English actress
1927 - Bob Fosse, American choreographer (d. 1987)
1929 - June Carter Cash, American singer (d. 2003)
1935 - Maurice Ferre, former mayor of Miami
1936 - Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece
1937 - Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
1937 - Niki Sullivan, American guitarist (The Crickets)
1940 - Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
1940 - Lord Irvine of Lairg, Scottish Lord Chancellor
1940 - Wilma Rudolph, American runner (d. 1994)
1940 - Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (d. 1962)
1941 - Robert Hunter, American lyricist and poet (The Grateful Dead)
1941 - Richard M. Richie Roberts, Former Marine and New Jersey Police Detective, Criminal Defense Attorney
1943 - James Levine, American conductor
1943 - Vint Cerf, American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate
1945 - John Garang, Leader of the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) and former Vice-President of Sudan under Omar al-Bashir (d. 2005)
1945 - Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer.
1946 - Ted Shackleford, American actor
1947 - Bryan Brown, Australian actor
1948 - Clarence Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
1948 - Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
1948 - Myles Goodwyn, Canadian guitarist and vocalist (April Wine)
1949 - Gordon Bray, Australian sports broadcaster
1950 - Douglas C. Lord, Canadian businessman
1951 - Michèle Mouton, French race car driver
1955 - Pierre Corbeil, Canadian politician
1955 - Glenn Danzig, American musician (The Misfits and Danzig)
1955 - Maggie Greenwald, American film director and writer
1955 - Jordan, British actress and model
1955 - Jean Tigana, French footballer
1956 - Randy Jackson, American music producer
1957 - Frances McDormand, American actress
1960 - Donald Harrison, American musician
1960 - Tatsuya Uemura, Japanese musician and programmer
1961 - Zoran Janjetov, Serbian comic artist
1962 - Chuck Billy, American singer (Testament)
1962 - Kari Takko, Finnish ice hockey player
1962 - Kevin Yagher, TV/film special effects technician
1963 - Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
1963 - Steve Shelley, American musician (Crucifucks and Sonic Youth)
1964 - Joss Whedon, American producer, director, and screenwriter
1964 - Yun Lou, Chinese gymnast
1965 - Paul Arthurs, British guitarist (Oasis)
1966 - Chico DeBarge, American musician (DeBarge)
1966 - Richie Ren, Taiwanese musician
1967 - Paul King, New Zealand politician
1967 - Helen Geake, British archaeologist
1969 - Martin Klebba, American actor
1970 - Robert Brooks, American football player
1970 - Martin Deschamps, Quebec rock singer
1970 - Yann Tiersen, French musician
1971 - Felix Potvin, Canadian hockey player
1972 - Selma Blair, American actress
1972 - Ron Corning, American television anchor
1972 - Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
1973 - Marie N, Latvian singer
1974 - Joel Edgerton, Australian actor
1975 - Kevin Dyson, American football player
1975 - KT Tunstall, Scottish singer and songwriter
1976 - Wade Barrett, American soccer player
1976 - Joe Becker, American musician
1976 - Patrick Monahan, British comedian
1976 - Brandon Stokley, American football player
1976 - Emmanuelle Vaugier, Canadian actress
1976 - Patrick Vieira, French footballer
1977 - Miguel Ángel Angulo, Spanish footballer
1977 - Hayden Foxe, Australian footballer
1977 - Jason Mraz, American singer and songwriter
1978 - Memphis Bleek, American rapper
1978 - Matt Light, American football player
1978 - Frédéric Leclercq, French bassist (DragonForce)
1979 - LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player
1980 - Becky Cloonan, American comic book artist
1980 - Ramnaresh Sarwan, Guyanese cricketer
1983 - Jason Berrent, American performer
1983 - Brooks Laich, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Duffy, Welsh Singer
1988 - Isabella Leong Lok-Sze, Hong Kong singer, actress and model
1988 - Chellsie Memmel, American gymnast
1996 - Charlie Jones, British actor

Deaths
79 - Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)
1018 - Henry I of Austria
1555 - Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
1582 - Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
1615 - Mashita Nagamori, Japanese warlord (b. 1545)
1677 - Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
1686 - William Coventry, English statesman
1707 - John Mill, English theologian
1733 - Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (b. 1672)
1770 - Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (b. 1721)
1775 - Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
1779 - Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
1806 - Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)
1832 - James Hall, Scottish geologist (b. 1761)
1836 - James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, (b. 1773)
1856 - Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)
1891 - Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (b. 1804)
1893 - Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
1926 - Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
1956 - Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (b. 1875)
1959 - Boris Vian, French writer and musician (b. 1920)
1969 - Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish athlete (b. 1907)
1970 - Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)
1980 - Clyfford Still, American painter (b. 1904)
1980 - Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (b. 1894)
1981 - Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (b. 1907)
1982 - Vincent Chin, Chinese-American hate crime victim (b. 1955)
1989 - Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (b. 1903)
1992 - Eric Andolsek, American football player (b. 1966)
1995 - Jonas Salk, American medical researcher (b. 1914)
1995 - Anatoly Tarasov, Russian ice hockey coach (b. 1918)
1996 - Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
1997 - Betty Shabazz, wife of Malcolm X (b. 1936)
1998 - Maureen O'Sullivan, Irish actress (b. 1911)
1999 - Buster Merryfield, British actor (b. 1920)
2001 - Yvonne Dionne, one of the Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
2002 - Pedro 'El Rockero' Alcazar, Panamanian boxer (b. 1975)
2003 - Maynard Jackson, Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia (b. 1938)
2005 - Shana Alexander, American columnist (b. 1926)
2005 - Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (b. 1925)
2006 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer (b. 1923)
2006 - Luke Graham, American wrestler (b. 1940)
2006 - Harriet, Galápagos tortoise (b. 1830)
2007 - Rod Beck, American baseball player (b. 1968)

Holidays and observances
Jāņi (Līgo) - Latvia
Midsummer's Eve, Christianized as the eve of the feast of Saint John the Baptist, is celebrated in much of Northern Europe
Victory Day - Estonia
Father's Day - Poland, Nicaragua and Uganda
Grand Duke's Official Birthday - Luxembourg


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
24-06-2008, 14:32
June 24th

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 190 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces.
1128 - Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães. Portuguese forces led by Alfonso I defeat his mother D.Teresa and D.Fernão Peres de Trava. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" in 1139, after the Battle of Ourique.
1314 - First War of Scottish Independence: Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory of the Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce. Scotland regains its independence in the aftermath of this battle.
1340 - Hundred Years' War: Battle of Sluys The French fleet was almost totally destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by Edward III of England.
1374 - A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
1441 - Eton College founded.
1497 - John Cabot lands on North America in Newfoundland; first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.
1497 - Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank executed at Tyburn, London
1509 - Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon crowned King and Queen of England.
1535 - The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.
1571 - Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines.
1597 - The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).
1662 - Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.
1664 - The colony of New Jersey is founded.
1692 - Kingston, Jamaica is founded.
1717 - The Grand Lodge of England, the first Freemasonic Grand Lodge (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London, England.
1748 - Kingswood School opened by John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley in Bristol. School later moved to Bath.
1793 - First republican constitution in France adopted.
1794 - Bowdoin College is founded.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning his invasion of Russia.
1813 - Battle of Beaver Dams : A British, and Indian joint force defeat the U.S Army.
1821 - Battle of Carabobo - Battle of Carabobo was the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
1859 - Battle of Solferino: (Battle of the Three Sovereigns). Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.
1880 - First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
1894 - Marie Francois Sadi Carnot assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
1901 - First exhibition of Pablo Picasso's work opens.
1902 - King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
1913 - Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
1916 - Mary Pickford becomes first female film star to get million dollar contract.
1916 - Battle of the Somme begins with a week long artillery bombardment on the German Line.
1918 - First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
1928 - With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
1932 - A military coup ends the absolute power of the king of Siam (Thailand).
1938 - A 450 metric ton meteorite strikes the earth in an empty field near Chicora, Pennsylvania.
1940 - France and Italy sign an armistice.
1945 - Moscow Victory Parade
1947 - Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
1948 - Start of the Berlin Blockade. The Soviet Union makes overland travel between the West with West Berlin impossible.
1949 - The first Television Western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.
1957 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.
1963 - Zanzibar is granted internal self-government by the UK.
1975 - An Eastern Air Lines Boeing 727 crashes at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York. 113 people die.
1981 - What would be the world's longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years, the Humber Bridge opens, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.
1982 - British Airways Flight 9, sometimes referred to as the Jakarta incident, flew into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.
1983 - Space Shuttle program: STS-7 Mission Sally Ride, first female American astronaut, returns to earth.
1985 - STS-51-G Space Shuttle Discovery completed its mission, best remembered for having Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a Payload Specialist.
1993 - Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mailbomb from the Unabomber.
1994 - A United States Air Force B-52 aircraft crashes at Fairchild Air Force Base, killing all four members of its crew.
1995 - South Africa defeats New Zealand in the 1995 Rugby World Cup. The 1995 World cup was the first major sporting event in South Africa after Apartheid.
2002 - The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.
2004 - Habib Dodo, the general secretary of the Communist Youth of Côte d'Ivoire is assassinated by pro-government forces.
2004 - In New York, capital punishment was declared unconstitutional.
2007 - The Angora Fire starts near South Lake Tahoe, California destroying 200+ structures in its first 48 hours.

Births
1244 - Henry I of Hesse (d. 1308)
1343 - Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarre (d. 1373)
1386 - Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (d. 1456)
1485 - Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (d. 1558)
1519 - Theodore Beza, French theologian (d. 1605)
1533 - Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (d. 1588)
1535 - Joan of Spain, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1573)
1542 - St. John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite mystic and poet (d. 1591)
1546 - Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (d. 1610)
1663 - Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (d. 1742)
1687 - Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)
1694 - Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss publicist (d. 1748)
1704 - Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer (d. 1771)
1774 - François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (d. 1838)
1777 - John Ross, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)
1795 - Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)
1803 - George James Webb, English-born composer (d. 1887)
1804 - Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
1811 - John Archibald Campbell, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1889)
1813 - Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer (d. 1887)
1825 - Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1844)
1826 - George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (d. 1898)
1842 - Ambrose Bierce, American author (disappeared 1914)
1850 - Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, British field marshal (d. 1916)
1860 - Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
1882 - Carl Diem, German Olympic official (d. 1962)
1882 - Athanase David, Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
1883 - Victor Franz Hess, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
1886 - George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
1888 - Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (d. 1964)
1893 - Roy O. Disney, a founder of the Walt Disney Company (d. 1971)
1895 - Jack Dempsey, American boxer (d. 1983)
1897 - Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)
1900 - Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
1901 - Harry Partch, American composer (d. 1974)
1904 - Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter and comedian (d. 1995)
1906 - Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)
1906 - Willard Maas, American educator and experimental filmmaker (d. 1971)
1907 - Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)
1908 - Hugo Distler, German composer (d. 1942)
1908 - Guru Gopinath, Indian classical dancer (d 1987)
1908 - Alfons Rebane, Estonian military officer (d. 1976)
1911 - Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentine Formula One driver and five-time World Driving Champion (d. 1995)
1911 - Ernesto Sábato, Argentinian writer
1912 - Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (d 1994)
1914 - Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008)
1915 - Fred Hoyle, British astronomer (d. 2001)
1922 - Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
1924 - Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council
1927 - Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1930 - Claude Chabrol, French film director
1930 - William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
1931 - Billy Casper, American golfer
1934 - Jean-Pierre Ferland, Québec singer
1935 - Terry Riley, American composer
1938 - Lawrence Block, an acclaimed contemporary American crime writer
1941 - Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist
1942 - Michele Lee, American actress
1944 - Jeff Beck, English musician (The Yardbirds)
1944 - Arthur Brown, English musician
1944 - John "Charlie" Whitney, English guitarist (Family, Streetwalkers, Axis Point)
1944 - Chris Wood, English musician (d. 1983)
1945 - Colin Blunstone, English musician (The Zombies)
1945 - George Pataki, American politician
1945 - Wayne Cashman, Canadian ice hockey player
1946 - Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (d. 1986)
1946 - Robert Reich, American politician and political commentator
1946 - David Collenette, Canadian politician
1947 - Peter Weller, American actor
1947 - Mick Fleetwood, English musician (Fleetwood Mac)
1948 - Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player (Yes)
1949 - John Illsley, English bassist (Dire Straits)
1950 - Mercedes Lackey, American author
1950 - Nancy Allen, American actress
1951 - David Rodigan, radio DJ/actor
1952 - Stephen Pusey, British-born artist
1953 - Ivo Lill, Estonian artist
1955 - Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Guru of Siddha Yoga
1955 - Betsy Randle, American actress
1956 - Joe Penny, English actor
1958 - Jean Charest, Premier of Québec
1958 - John Tortorella, American ice hockey coach
1960 - Trisha Meili, the "Central Park Jogger"
1960 - Karin Pilsäter, Swedish politician
1961 - Dennis Danell, American musician (Social Distortion) (d. 2000)
1961 - Iain Glen, Scottish actor
1961 - Bernie Nicholls, Canadian ice hockey player
1961 - Curt Smith, English musician and songwriter (Tears for Fears)
1963 - Anatoly Borisovich Jurkin, Russian writer
1963 - Preki, Serbian-born American soccer player
1963 - Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (d. 2007)
1964 - Gary Suter, American ice hockey player
1965 - Uwe Krupp, German ice hockey player
1966 - Hope Sandoval, American singer-songwriter
1966 - Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director and screenwriter (d. 2006)
1967 - Bill Huard, Canadian ice hockey player
1967 - Richard Kruspe-Bernstein, German musician (Rammstein)
1967 - Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director
1967 - Scott Oden, American writer
1967 - Sherry Stringfield, American actress
1969 - Sissel Kyrkjebø, Norwegian singer
1970 - Glenn Medeiros, American singer
1971 - Christopher Showerman, American actor
1972 - Robbie McEwen, Australian cyclist
1972 - Denis Zvegelj, Slovenian rower
1973 - Alexander Beyer, German actor
1973 - Ji Jin Hee, South Korean actor
1975 - Carla Gallo, American actress
1975 - Marek Malik, Czech ice hockey player
1976 - Louisa Leaman, English author
1976 - Brock Olivo, American football player
1977 - Dimosthenis Dikoudis, Greek basketball player
1978 - Luis García, Spanish footballer
1978 - Pantelis Kafes, Greek footballer
1978 - Shunsuke Nakamura, Japanese footballer
1978 - Ariel Pink, American musician
1978 - Juan Román Riquelme, Argentine footballer
1978 - Erno "Emppu" Vuorinen, Finnish guitarist (Nightwish)
1979 - Petra Němcová, Czechoslovakian-born supermodel
1979 - Craig Shergold, British internet folklore subject
1980 - Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
1980 - Andrew Jones, Australian racing driver
1980 - Minka Kelly, American actress
1982 - Brian Fitzgerald, American writer
1982 - Kevin Nolan, English footballer
1982 - Mark Penney, Canadian film director
1982 - Jarret Stoll, Canadian ice hockey player
1982 - Clint Bajada, Maltese television and radio presenter
1983 - John Lloyd Cruz, Filipino Actor
1984 - J.J. Redick, American basketball player
1985 - Kyle Searles, American actor
1985 - Yukina Shirakawa, Japanese gravure idol
1986 - Stuart Broad, English cricketer
1986 - Phil Hughes, American baseball player
1986 - Solange Knowles, American singer
1987 - Arturo Lupoli, Italian footballer
1987 - Lionel Messi, Argentine footballer

Deaths
803 - Higbald of Lindisfarne
1398 - Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)
1439 - Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)
1519 - Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara (b. 1480)
1520 - Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1489)
1604 - Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (b. 1550)
1637 - Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)
1643 - John Hampden, English politician (b. 1595)
1766 - Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
1778 - Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (b. 1714)
1803 - Matthew Thornton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1714)
1817 - Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1734)
1835 - Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)
1894 - Marie François Sadi Carnot, French statesman (b. 1837)
1908 - Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (heart failure) (b. 1837)
1909 - Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)
1922 - Walther Rathenau, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (assassinated) (b. 1867)
1935 - Carlos Gardel, Argentine singer (airplane crash) (b. 1890)
1946 - Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)
1947 - Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (b. 1864)
1968 - Tony Hancock, British comedian (b. 1924)
1977 - André-Gilles Fortin, Canadian politician (b. 1943)
1978 - Robert Charroux, French writer (b. 1909)
1984 - Clarence Campbell, Canadian NHL president (b. 1905)
1987 - Jackie Gleason, American actor and musician (b. 1916)
1991 - Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (b. 1899)
1997 - Don Hutson, American athlete (b. 1913)
1997 - Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
2000 - Vera Atkins, Romanian-born British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
2000 - David Tomlinson, English actor (b. 1917)
2002 - Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
2003 - Vladimir Garin, Russian actor (b. 1987)
2004 - Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter (b. 1957)
2005 - Paul Winchell, American voice actor and ventriloquist (b. 1922)
2005 - Hakham Yedidia Shofet, Former chief rabbi of Iran (b. 1908)
2006 - Patsy Ramsey, mother of JonBenét Ramsey (b. 1956)
2007 - Byron Baer, American politician (b. 1929)
2007 - Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1967)
2007 - Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1938)
2007 - Natasja Saad, Danish reggae and dancehall artist (b. 1974)

Holidays and observances
Fête nationale du Québec, also called St-Jean-Baptiste Day
One of the four Irish Quarter days in the Irish Calendar.
Discovery Day in Newfoundland and Labrador (celebrating the 1497 discovery by John Cabot)
Inti Raymi in Cusco
Jāņi - Latvia
Joninės - Lithuania
Battle of Carabobo Day in Venezuela (1821)
Bahá'í Faith - Feast of Rahmat (Mercy) - First day of the sixth month of the Bahá'í calendar
Midsummer Day in England


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
25-06-2008, 19:03
June 25

June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 189 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians.
841 - Battle of Fontenay.
1530 - The Augsburg Confession is presented at the Diet of Augsburg to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany.
1678 - Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy.
1788 - Virginia becomes the 10th state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1876 - Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.
1935 - Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Colombia are established.
1938 - Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated the first President of Ireland.
1944 - The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic Countries, begins.
1947- The Diary of Anne Frank is published.
1948 - The Berlin Airlift begins.
1949 - Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny.
1950 - The Korean War begins with the invasion of the South by the North.
1967 - First global satellite television programme – Our World
1975 - Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares Emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.
1975 - Mozambique achieves independence.
1976 - Missouri Governor Christopher S. Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the Latter Day Saints.
1981 - Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.
1982 - Greece abolishes headshaving of recruits in the military.
1983 - India wins the final of the Cricket World Cup against the mighty West Indies at the MCC's Lord's Cricket Ground in London.
1991 - Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.
1993 - Kim Campbell is chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
1996 - The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.
1997 - An unmanned Progress spacecraft collides with the Russian Space station, Mir.
1998 - In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.
2007 - 2007 United Kingdom floods, parts of Lincolnshire and Yorkshire flood including Louth,Horncastle and worst effected Hull.
2008 - Atlantis Plastics shooting, An employee shot and killed five people after an argument, which ended in the gunman's suicide in Henderson, Kentucky.

Births
1242 - Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittanny (d. 1275)
1328 - William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (d. 1397)
1560 - Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
1612 - John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
1715 - Joseph-François Foulon, French politician (d. 1789)
1755 - Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia (d. 1776)
1814 - Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (d. 1896)
1852 - Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect (d. 1926)
1858 - Georges Courteline, French dramatist (d. 1929)
1860 - Gustave Charpentier, French composer (d. 1956)
1863 - Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
1864 - Walther Nernst, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1941)
1865 - Robert Henri, American painter (d. 1929)
1884 - Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)
1886 - Henry H. Arnold, American Army Air Force commander (d. 1950)
1887 - George Abbott, American playwright (d. 1995)
1894 - Hermann Oberth, German physicist (d. 1989)
1900 - Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India (d. 1979)
1902 - Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa (d.1953)
1903 - George Orwell (pen name of Eric Arthur Blair), British writer (d. 1950)
1903 - Anne Revere, American actress (d. 1990)
1907 - J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
1908 - Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)
1911 - William Howard Stein, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
1912 - William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (d. 1996)
1913 - Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (d. 2005)
1921 - Celia Franca, Canadian ballet dancer (d. 2007)
1923 - Nicholas Mosley, British writer
1924 - Sidney Lumet, American film director
1925 - June Lockhart, American actress
1925 - Ted Stepien, American business (d. 2007)
1926 - Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (d. 1973)
1928 - Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate
1928 - Michel Brault, Quebec film director, screenwriter and producer
1928 - Peyo, Belgian illustrator (d. 1992)
1928 - Bill Russo, American jazz composer (d. 2003)
1929 - Eric Carle, American author
1930 - Mary Beth Peil, American singer
1932 - Peter Blake, British artist
1933 - James Meredith, American civil rights activist
1933 - Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect
1935 - Eddie Floyd, American singer
1936 - Jusuf Habibie, President of Indonesia
1939 - Harold Melvin, American musician (Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes) (d. 1997)
1939 - Allen Fox, American Tennis Player
1939 - Clint Warwick, English musician (The Moody Blues) (d. 2004)
1940 - A.J. Quinnell, British writer (d. 2005)
1941 - Denys Arcand, Canadian film director
1942 - Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
1944 - Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer
1945 - Carly Simon, American singer
1946 - Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator
1946 - Ian McDonald, English musician (King Crimson and Foreigner)
1947 - Jimmie Walker, American actor (Good Times)
1950 - Nitza Saul, Israeli actress
1952 - Tim Finn, Kiwi singer/songwriter
1952 - Alan Green, Northern Irish BBC sports broadcaster/commentator
1954 - David Paich, composer (Toto)
1956 - Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
1956 - Anthony Bourdain, Chef and author
1959 - Jari Puikkonen, Finnish ski jumper, Winter Olympics medalist
1960 - Craig Johnston, Australian soccer player
1961 - Ricky Gervais, English comedian
1962 - Phill Jupitus, English comedian and broadcaster
1963 - Yann Martel, Canadian author
1963 - George Michael, British musician
1963 - Doug Gilmour, Canadian ice hockey player
1964 - Johnny Herbert, English race car driver
1964 - Emma Suárez, Spanish actress
1966 - Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese (DRC) basketball player
1968 - Oleg Taktarov, Russian martial artist
1969 - Matt Gallant, American television host
1969 - Zim Zum, American musician (former Marilyn Manson guitarist)
1970 - Lucy Benjamin, British actress
1970 - Ariel Gore, American journalist and author
1970 - Erki Nool, Estonian decathlete
1970 - Roope Latvala, Finnish musician
1971 - Angela Kinsey, American actress
1971 - Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect
1971 - Neil Lennon, Northern Irish footballer
1971 - Michael Tucker, American baseball player
1972 - Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
1972 - Mike Kroeger, Canadian musician (Nickelback)
1973 - Jamie Redknapp, English footballer
1974 - Jim LaMarca, American bass guitarist (Chimaira)
1974 - Karisma Kapoor, Indian actress
1975 - Linda Cardellini, American actress
1975 - Chenoa, Spanish singer
1975 - Albert Costa, Spanish tennis player
1975 - Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player
1975 - Natasha Klauss, Colombian actress
1976 - José Cancela, Uruguayan footballer
1976 - Dubravka Vukotić, Montenegrin female actor
1978 - Aftab Shivdasani, Bollywood actor
1978 - Layla El, 2006 WWE Diva Search winner
1978 - Luke Scott, American baseball player
1979 - Brandi Burkhardt, American vocalist, theater actress, and beauty queen
1979 - Katie Doyle, American actress and reality television star
1979 - Hirooki Goto, Japanese professional wrestler
1979 - Busy Philipps, American actress
1979 - Richard Hughes, Scottish footballer
1980 - Maja Latinović, Serbian model
1980 - Nozomi Takeuchi, Japanese actress
1981 - Sheridan Smith, British actress
1981 - Simon Ammann, Swiss ski jumper
1981 - Pooja Umashankar, Indian actress
1982 - Mikhail Youzhny, Russian tennis player
1982 - Rain, Korean singer (Rain, Jeong Ji-Hoon)
1983 - Todd Cooper, British swimmer
1986 - Aya Matsuura, Japanese singer
1986 - Charlie Davies, American soccer player
1988 - Amanda Dowler, British murder victim (d. 2002)

Deaths
635 - Emperor Gaozu, first emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. 566)
1134 - King Niels of Denmark
1218 - Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (b. 1160)
1483 - Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English writer
1522 - Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (b. 1451)
1533 - Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
1579 - Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
1593 - Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (b. 1541)
1634 - John Marston, English playwright (b. 1576)
1638 - Juan Pérez de Montalbán, Spanish writer (b. 1602)
1665 - Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (b. 1630)
1669 - François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
1673 - Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan, Captain of the Musketeers under Louis XIV of France (b. 1611)
1671 - Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian astronomer (b. 1598)
1686 - Simon Ushakov, Russian painter (b. 1626)
1715 - Jean du Casse, French admiral (b. 1646)
1767 - Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (b. 1681)
1792 - Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
1798 - Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
1822 - E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer (b. 1776)
1838 - François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (b. 1774)
1861 - Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)
1866 - Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist (b. 1803)
1868 - Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (b. 1811)
1875 - Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (b. 1796)
1876 - George Armstrong Custer, U.S. Army officer (b. 1839)
1876 - Thomas Custer, Brother of George A. Custer & 2-time Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1845)
1876 - Boston Custer, Brother of George A. Custer (b. 1848)
1876 - James C. Calhoun, Brother-in-Law of George Armstrong Custer & U.S. Soldier (b. 1845)
1876 - Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier & Irish Soldier of Fortune (b. 1840)
1882 - François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
1884 - Hans Rott, Austrian composer (b. 1858)
1916 - Thomas Eakins, American artist (b. 1844)
1918 - Jake Beckley, baseball player (b. 1867)
1937 - Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900)
1944 - Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer (b. 1906)
1948 - William C. Lee, U.S. general (b. 1895)
1949 - Buck Freeman, baseball player (b. 1871)
1959 - Charles Starkweather, spree killer (b. 1938)
1960 - Tommy Corcoran, baseball player (b. 1869)
1971 - John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
1974 - Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1893)
1976 - Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (b. 1909)
1979 - Philippe Halsman, American photographer (b. 1906)
1983 - Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (b. 1916)
1984 - Michel Foucault, French philosopher (b. 1926)
1985 - Morris Mason, American murderer (b. 1954)
1987 - Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1920)
1988 - Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born musician (Anthym/What Is This?, Red Hot Chili Peppers) (b. 1962)
1990 - Ronald Gene Simmons, American mass murderer
1992 - Jerome Brown, American football player (b. 1965)
1995 - Warren Burger, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1907)
1995 - Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
1996 - Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)
1997 - Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer (b. 1910)
1999 - Fred Feast, English actor (b. 1929)
2002 - Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
2003 - Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
2005 - John Fiedler, American Actor (b. 1925)
2006 - Jaap Penraat, Dutch architect (b. 1918)
2007 - Mahasti, Persian singer (b. 1946)
2007 - J. Fred Duckett, American sports announcer and teacher (b. 1933)

Holidays and observances
Statehood Day in Slovenia and Croatia
National Catfish Day
Mozambique – Independence Day

Take Care All :);)

poopoy
26-06-2008, 06:05
June 26th

June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 188 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
1284 - According to legend, the Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away.
1409 - Western Schism: The Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
1483 - Richard III is crowned king of England.
1541 - Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Diego is later caught and executed.
1718 - Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
1723 - After a lasting siege and firing from the cannons Baku surrendered to Russians.
1848 - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
1857 - The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
1870 - The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
1918 - World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood - Allied Forces under John J. Pershing & James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
1924 - American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.
1927 - The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
1934 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
1934 - Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
1940 - World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and northern part of Bukovina.
1945 - The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
1948 - The Western allies start an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union has blockaded West Berlin.
1948 - William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
1959 - The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America's Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
1960 - Former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gains its independence
1963 - John F. Kennedy speaks the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner" on a visit to West Berlin.
1973 - On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
1974 - The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio
1975 - Indira Gandhi establishes emergency rule in India.
1975 - Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
1976 - The CN Tower, the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world, was opened.
1977 - The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
1978 - Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overran the runway and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers onboard died.
1991 - Ten-Day War- Yugoslav people's army began Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
1993 - The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
1995 - Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposed his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
1996 - Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment
2003 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas.
2006 - The Republic of Montenegro becomes the 192nd member of the United Nations.

Births
1575 - Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)
1681 - Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
1689 - Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
1694 - Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (d. 1768)
1702 - Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
1703 - Thomas Clap, American academic (d. 1767)
1817 - Branwell Bronte, British painter and poet (d. 1848)
1819 - Abner Doubleday, American Major General (d. 1893)
1824 - Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist (d. 1907)
1838 - Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali Novelist (d. 1894)
1854 - Robert Laird Borden, Canadian politician (d. 1937)
1865 - Bernard Berenson, American art historian (d. 1959)
1866 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (d. 1923)
1869 - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
1880 - Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
1892 - Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
1895 - George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1950)
1898 - Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
1898 - Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
1899 - Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
1902 - Hugues Cuénod, Swiss Tenor
1904 - Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
1904 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1964)
1906 - Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer (d. 1974)
1906 - Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer (d. 2008)
1907 - Debs Garms, American baseball player (d. 1984)
1908 - Salvador Allende, Former President of Chile (1970-1973) (d. 1973)
1909 - Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley's manager (d. 1997)
1911 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)
1913 - Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (d. 2008)
1914 - Laurie Lee, British writer (d. 1997)
1915 - Paul Castellano, American mafia boss (d. 1985)
1915 - Charlotte Zolotow, American author
1919 - Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
1921 - Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent (d. 1945)
1922 - Eleanor Parker, American actress
1923 - Barbara Graham, American murderer (d. 1955)
1924 - Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher
1925 - Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1970)
1928 - Jacob Druckman, American composer (d. 1996)
1928 - Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
1929 - Milton Glaser, American Designer
1933 - Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
1933 - Gene Green, American baseball player (d. 1981)
1934 - Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
1934 - Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist
1936 - Robert Maclennan, British politician
1936 - Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal
1937 - Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor
1937 - Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
1938 - Gerald North, American climatologist
1940 - Billy Davis, Jr., American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
1941 - Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
1942 - Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture
1943 - John Beasley, American actor
1943 - Georgie Fame, British singer
1945 - Malachi York, Nuwaubian leader
1951 - Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer
1954 - Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
1955 - Mick Jones, British guitarist (The Clash, Big Audio Dynamite)
1956 - Chris Isaak, American singer
1957 - Patty Smyth, American singer (Scandal)
1957 - Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
1959 - Mark McKinney, Canadian actor
1960 - Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist
1961 - Greg LeMond, American cyclist
1961 - Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin)
1961 - Manu Chao, French Musician
1963 - Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
1963 - Richard Garfield, American game designer
1967 - Todd Pletcher, American horse trainer
1968 - Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
1968 - Shannon Sharpe, American football player
1969 - Colin Greenwood, British musician (Radiohead)
1969 - Mike Myers, American baseball player
1970 - Chris O'Donnell, American actor
1970 - Sean Hayes, American Actor
1970 - Irv Gotti, American record producer
1970 - Paul Thomas Anderson, American filmmaker
1970 - Nick Offerman, American actor
1971 - Max Biaggi, Italian motorcycle racer
1972 - Garou, Canadian singer
1972 - Jai Taurima, Australian long jumper
1973 - Gretchen Wilson, American singer
1973 - Paweł Małaszyński, Polish actor
1973 - Jussi Sydänmaa, Finnish musician (Lordi)
1974 - Matt Striker, American professional wrestler
1974 - Derek Jeter, American baseball player
1974 - Jeff Frankenstein, American musician (Newsboys)
1974 - Jason Kendall, American baseball player
1974 - Nicole Saba, Lebanese singer
1975 - Jonah Sorrentino, American hip hop artist
1975 - Terry Skiverton, English football player
1976 - Ed Jovanovski, Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Chad Pennington, American football player
1976 - Joe Landon, American pornographic actor
1977 - Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
1977 - Raul Gonzales, Spainish Football player
1978 - Alexandra, French singer, L5's singer
1979 - Kostas Katsouranis, Greek footballer
1979 - Wálter Herrmann, Argentinian basketball player
1979 - Andy O'Brien, English footballer
1979 - Ryo Fukuda, Japanese racing driver
1980 - Jason Schwartzman, American actor
1980 - Michael Vick, American football player
1980 - Chris Shelton, American baseball player
1980 - Sinik, French singer and rapper
1984 - Elijah Dukes, American baseball player
1984 - Raymond Felton, American basketball player
1984 - Deron Williams, American basketball player
1984 - Jose Juan Barea, American basketball player
1985 - Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
1986 - Casey Desmond, American singer
1987 - Carlos Iaconelli, Brazilian racing driver
1987 - Samir Nasri, French footballer, currently playing for Marseille
1992 - Jennette McCurdy, American actress
2005 - Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

Deaths
363 - Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 331)
1291 - Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
1541 - Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror of Peru (murdered)
1688 - Ralph Cudworth, English philosopher (b. 1617)
1784 - Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1728)
1793 - Gilbert White, English ornithologist (b. 1720)
1810 - Joseph Michel Montgolfier, inventor of the hot air balloon (b. 1740)
1836 - Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (b. 1760)
1878 - Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)
1918 - Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
1922 - Albert I, Prince of Monaco (b. 1848)
1939 - Ford Madox Ford, English writer (b. 1873)
1943 - Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1868)
1946 - Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)
1946 - Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
1947 - Richard Bedford Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1870)
1948 - Lilian Velez, Filipino actress (murdered) (b. 1924)
1949 - Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
1956 - Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1930)
1957 - Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
1958 - George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
1958 - Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
1964 - Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian sports executive (b. 1889)
1964 - Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (b. 1888)
1967 - Françoise Dorléac, French actress (b. 1942)
1975 - St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
1992 - Herman Rohde, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
1993 - William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
1993 - Roy Campanella, Major League baseball player (b. 1921)
1994 - Jahanara Imam, Bangladeshi writer and political activist (b. 1929)
1996 - Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
1997 - Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, Hawaiian singer (b. 1959)
2001 - Soccer (dog actor) (b. 1988)
2002 - Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
2002 - Jay Berwanger, American football player (b. 1914)
2003 - Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroon footballer (b. 1975)
2003 - Denver Randleman, U.S. Army Seargent (b. 1920)
2003 - Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)
2003 - Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)
2004 - Yash Johar, Indian film producer (b. 1929)
2004 - Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer and song-writer (b. 1930)
2005 - Richard Whiteley, British television game show host (b. 1943)
2007 - Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (b. 1929)
2007 - Joey Sadler, All Black rugby player (b. 1914)

Holidays and observances
International Day in Support of Torture Victims
International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
Madagascar: Independence Day
Thailand: Sunthorn Phu Day


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
27-06-2008, 10:28
June 27th

June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 187 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik founded
1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
1743 - War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen On the battlefield in Bavaria, George II personally led troops into battle. The last time that a British monarch would command troops in the field.
1759 - General James Wolfe starts siege of Quebec.
1806 - The British capture Buenos Aires during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.
1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was murdered at the Carthage, Illinois jail, along with his brother, Hyrum Smith, by a mob.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
1867 - The Bank of California is created.
1893 - Crash of the New York Stock Exchange.
1898 - The first solo circumnavigation of the globe is completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.
1905 - (June 14 according to the Julian calendar): Battleship Potemkin uprising: Sailors start a mutiny aboard the Battleship Potemkin, denouncing the crimes of autocracy, demanding liberty and an end to war.
1923 - Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
1941 - German troops capture the city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa.
1950 - The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.
1954 - The world's first nuclear power station opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.
1957 - Hurricane Audrey kills 500 people in Louisiana and Texas.
1966 - The first broadcast of Dark Shadows is aired on ABC-TV.
1967 - The world's first ATM is installed in Enfield, London.
1969 - The Stonewall riots that mark the beginning of the gay liberation movement begin in Greenwich Village in Manhattan.
1973 - The President of Uruguay dissolves Parliament and heads a coup d'état.
1974 - U.S president Richard Nixon visits the U.S.S.R..
1976 - Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) is hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.
1977 - France grants independence to Djibouti.
1980 - A commercial DC-9 (Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870) crashes near Ustica, Italy, killing 81
1984 - Pierre Elliott Trudeau wins the Albert Einstein Peace Prize.
1985 - U.S. Route 66 ceases to be an official U.S. highway.
1986 - The International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in Nicaragua v. United States.
1987 - A commercial HS 748 (Philippine Airlines Flight 206) crashes near Baguio City, Philippines, killing 50
1991 - Slovenia, after declaring independence two days previous, is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft, starting the Ten-Day War.
1998 - Opening of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Malaysia.
2001 - International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in the LaGrand Case.
2001 - Pope John Paul II beatified 28 Ukrainian Greek Catholics, including 27 martyrs most of whom were killed by the Soviet secret police. Beatification took place at the service in Lviv, western Ukraine during his first visit to this country.
2003 - The United States National Do Not Call Registry, formed to combat unwanted telemarketing calls and administered by the Federal Trade Commission, enrolled almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on its first day.
2005 - AMD files broad antitrust complaint against Intel Corporation in U.S. Federal District Court, alleging abuse of monopoly powers and antitrust violations.
2007 - The Brazilian Military Police invades the favelas of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.
2007 - Gordon Brown succeeds Tony Blair as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after over 10 years of Blair's premiership.

Births
1040 - King Ladislaus I of Hungary (d. 1095)
1350 - Manuel II Palaiologos, Eastern Roman Emperor
1462 - King Louis XII of France (d. 1515)
1550 - King Charles IX of France (d. 1574)
1696 - William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier (d. 1759)
1717 - Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (d. 1799)
1838 - Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer (d. 1914)
1846 - Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish independence fighter (d. 1891)
1850 - Lafcadio Hearn, Greek-born author (d. 1904)
1850 - Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
1869 - Emma Goldman, anarchist and feminist (d. 1940)
1869 - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
1880 - Helen Keller, American deaf and blind activist (d. 1968)
1882 - Eduard Spranger, German philosopher and educator (d. 1963)
1884 - Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher and poet (d. 1962)
1888 - Antoinette Perry, American theater director (d. 1946}
1888 - Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian (d. 1960)
1892 - Paul Colin, French poster designer (d. 1985)
1899 - Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur (d. 1981)
1905 - Armand Mondou, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
1907 - John McIntire, American actor (d. 1991)
1908 - João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (d. 1967)
1913 - Willie Mosconi, American billiards player (d. 1993)
1914 - Robert Aickman, English author (d. 1981)
1914 - Giorgio Almirante, Italian politician (d. 1988)
1921 - Muriel Pavlow, British actress
1923 - Jacques Berthier, French composer (d. 1994)
1924 - Rosalie Allen, American singer and disc jockey (d. 2003)
1924 - Bob Appleyard, English cricketer
1925 - Doc Pomus, American blues singer/songwriter (d. 1991)
1927 - Bob Keeshan, American actor (d. 2004)
1928 - Rudy Perpich, American politician (d. 1995)
1929 - William Afflis, American wrestler (d. 1991)
1930 - Ross Perot, American businessman and politician
1931 - Charles Bronfman, Canadian industrialist
1931 - Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1932 - Anna Moffo, American soprano (d. 2006)
1932 - Eddie Kasko, baseball player
1932 - Magali Noël, French actress
1935 - Laurent Terzieff, French actor
1935 - Ramon Zamora, Filipino martial arts actor (d. 2007)
1936 - Lucille Clifton, American poet
1938 - Tommy Cannon, British comedian
1938 - Shirley Anne Field, British actress
1938 - Kathryn Beaumont, British voice actress
1939 - Rahul Dev Burman, Indian composer and actor (d. 1994)
1941 - Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (d. 1996)
1941 - Bill Baxley, American politician
1941 - James P. Hogan, British science fiction author
1941 - Avi Lerner, Israeli-born American film producer
1942 - Bruce Johnston, American musician (The Beach Boys)
1942 - Frank Mills, Canadian pianist and composer
1943 - Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player
1943 - Kjersti Døvigen, Norwegian actress
1944 - Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist
1948 - Camile Baudoin, American musician
1949 - Vera Wang, American fashion designer
1951 - Mary McAleese, President of Ireland
1951 - Julia Duffy, American actress
1952 - Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (d. 1993)
1955 - Isabelle Adjani, French actress
1956 - Heiner Dopp, German field hockey player
1956 - Brad Childress, American football coach
1956 - Ted Haggard, American evangelical preacher
1958 - Lisa Germano, American singer, songwriter and musician
1958 - Brian Helicopter, Musician, bass guitarist (The Shapes HellsBelles Rogue Male)
1958 - Magnus Lindberg, Finnish composer
1958 - Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (The Gun Club) (d. 1996)
1959 - Dan Jurgens, American comic book writer
1959 - Lorrie Morgan, American country music singer
1961 - Meera Syal, British-Indian comedienne and actress
1961 - Margo Timmins, Canadian folk-rock singer (Cowboy Junkies)
1962 - Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Hong Kong actor
1963 - Paul Roos, Australian rules footballer
1963 - Johnny Benson, American NASCAR driver
1964 - Stephan Brenninkmeijer, Dutch film producer and director
1964 - Chuck Person, American basketball player
1966 - J. J. Abrams, American television writer and producer
1967 - Sylvie Fréchette, French-Canadian synchronized swimmer
1968 - Pascale Bussières, French-Canadian actress
1970 - John Eales , Australian Rugby Player
1970 - Jim Edmonds, American baseball player
1971 - Jo Frost, English nanny and television host
1974 - Big Moe, American musician (Screwed Up Click)
1975 - Tobey Maguire, American actor
1975 - Daryle Ward, American baseball player
1975 - Ace Darling, American professional wrestler
1975 - Sarah Evanetz, Canadian swimmer
1976 - Johnny Estrada, American baseball player
1977 - Raúl, Spanish footballer
1977 - Arkadiusz Radomski, Polish footbaler
1979 - Kim Gyu-ri, South Korean actress
1978 - Anna Kumble, British Singer, also known as Lolly
1979 - John Warne, American musician (Relient K; Ace Troubleshooter)
1980 - Kevin Pietersen, English cricketer
1980 - Craig Terrill, American football player
1983 - Alsou, Russian singer
1983 - Dale Steyn, South African cricketer
1983 - Evan Taubenfeld, American musician
1984 - Rocio Guirao Diaz, Argentinian Model
1984 - Julie Ordon, Swiss model
1984 - Emma Lahana, New Zealand actress
1984 - Khloe Kardashian, American reality television star
1985 - Svetlana Kuznetsova, Russian tennis player
1985 - Nico Rosberg, German race car driver
1985 - James Hook, Welsh rugby player
1986 - Drake Bell, musician/ songwriter /actor, best known for his role on Nickelodeon's Drake & Josh
1988 - Kate Ziegler, American swimmer
1989 - Matthew Lewis, English actor
1991 - Madylin Sweeten, American actress

Deaths
1162 - Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1118)
1458 - King Alfonso V of Aragon (b. 1396)
1574 - Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (b. 1511)
1603 - Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
1627 - John Hayward, English historian
1655 - Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1598)
1672 - Roger Twysden, English antiquarian (b. 1597)
1720 - Guillaume Amfrye de Chaulieu, French poet (b. 1639)
1773 - Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
1794 - Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
1794 - Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
1827 - Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
1829 - James Smithson, English scientist and philanthropist (b. 1765)
1831 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (b. 1776)
1844 - Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (b. 1800)
1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1805)
1907 - Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator (b. 1822)
1912 - George Bonnor, Australian cricketer (b. 1855)
1917 - Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (b. 1896)
1935 - Eugene Augustin Lauste, French inventor (b. 1857)
1944 - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
1952 - Max Dehn, German mathematician (b. 1878)
1954 - Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (b. 1881)
1960 - Lottie Dod, English athlete (b. 1871)
1962 - Paul Viiding, Estonian poet (b. 1904)
1970 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (b. 1902)
1986 - George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1905)
1988 - Hillel Slovak, Israeli American guitarist (b. 1962)
1989 - Alfred Jules Ayer, British philosopher (b. 1910)
1991 - Klaas Bruinsma, Dutch drug lord (b. 1953)
1991 - Milton Subotsky, American screenwriter (b. 1921)
1996 - Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (b. 1909)
1998 - Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (b. 1935)
1999 - George Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (b. 1919)
2001 - Tove Jansson, Finnish author (b. 1914)
2001 - Jack Lemmon, American actor (b. 1925)
2002 - John Entwistle, English bassist (The Who) (b. 1944)
2003 - David Newman, American filmmaker (b. 1937)
2004 - George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923)
2004 - Darrell Russell, American race car driver (b. 1968)
2005 - Shelby Foote, American author and historian (b. 1917)
2005 - Frank Harte, Traditional Irish Singer and song collector
2005 - John T. Walton, American businessman (b. 1946)
2005 - Ray Holmes, Battle of Britain veteran (b. 1914)
2005 - Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)
2006 - Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, Mexican serial killer, known as "The Railway Killer" (b. 1959)
2007 - Patrick Allotey, Ghana footballer (b. 1979)
2007 - Dragutin Tadijanović, Croatian poet (b. 1905)
2007 - William Hutt, Canadian stage and film actor (b. 1920)

Holidays and observances
National HIV Testing Day in United States
National Veterans' Day in the United Kingdom
Mixed Race Day in Brazil
Siebenschläfertag (Seven Sleepers Day) in Germany


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
28-06-2008, 20:43
June 28th

June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 186 days remaining until the end of the year.

In common years it is always in ISO week 26.

This date is the only date each year where both the month and day are different perfect numbers.

Events
1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
1389 - Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).
1519 - Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1635 - Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
1651 - Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.
1776 - Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
1778 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton. Washington appoints Molly Pitcher a sergeant.
1807 - Second British invasion; John Whitelock lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
1838 - The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.
1841 - The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
1855 - The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
1859 - First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
1865 - The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
1880 - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
1881 - Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
1886 - First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
1887 - Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.
1894 - Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
1895 - El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
1902 - The U.S. Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorizing President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
1904- The SS Norge Runs aground and sinks
1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.
1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
1922 - The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
1936 - The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
1940 - Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
1948 - Cominform circulates the "Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia"; Yugoslavia is expelled from the Communist bloc.
1950 - Seoul is captured by troops from North Korea.
1956 - Protests and demonstrations in Poznań. Also called Poznański czerwiec (June of Poznań).
1964 - Malcom X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
1967 - Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1969 - Stonewall riots begin in New York City.
1973 - Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
1976 - The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
1978 - The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
1983 - The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
1986 - ¡A Luchar! holds its first congress in Bogotá, Colombia.
1988 - The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
1990 - Paperback Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
1992 - The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
1994 - Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, Japan, 7 persons killed, 660 injured.
1996 - The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
1997 - Mike Tyson vs Evander Holyfield II - Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting a piece from Holyfield's ear.
2000 - Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
2001 - U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court's order to break up Microsoft in an antitrust case.
2004 - The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
2004 - Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
2004 - Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
2005 - Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
2005 - A final design for Manhattan's Freedom Tower is formally unveiled.
2006 - The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.
2007 - Alistair Darling becomes Chancellor of the Exchequer, replacing new Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

Births
1476 - Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
1490 - Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)
1491 - King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
1503 - Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
1547 (baptism) - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (d. 1599)
1577 - Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (d. 1640)
1641 - Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
1703 - John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (d. 1791)
1712 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
1719 - Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
1806 - Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
1824 - Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)
1831 - Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
1867 - Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
1873 - Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1944)
1875 - Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)
1883 - Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
1884 - Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
1891 - Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
1891 - Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
1891 - Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
1902 - Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)
1906 - Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1972)
1909 - Eric Ambler, English writer (d. 1998)
1912 - Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)
1912 - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)
1913 - Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker
1913 - Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
1914 - Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
1917 - Katherine Rawls, American swimming champion (d. 1982)
1920 - A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright
1921 - P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)
1922 - Michael Vale, American actor (d. 2005)
1923 - Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentine racing driver
1926 - Mel Brooks, American filmmaker
1927 - Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel laureate
1928 - Dr Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003
1928 - Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times 1967-1981
1930 - Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
1931 - Junior Johnson, American NASCAR driver
1932 - Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
1933 - Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician
1934 - Carl Levin, United States Senator
1935 - John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)
1936 - Chuck Howley, American football player
1937 - Richard Bright, American actor (d. 2006)
1937 - George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)
1937 - Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (d. 1995)
1938 - John Byner, American comedian
1938 - Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
1938 - Leon Panetta, American White House Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton
1940 - Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1941 - Al Downing, American baseball player
1941 - Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
1942 - Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist Party (d. 1993)
1942 - David Miner, American musician and record producer
1943 - Donald Johanson, American paleoanthropologist
1943 - Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate
1945 - David Knights, English bass guitarist (Procol Harum)
1946 - Bruce Davison, American actor
1946 - Gilda Radner, American comedienne (d. 1989)
1946 - Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician.
1947 - Robert Bondi, American politician
1947 - Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef
1947 - Anny Duperey, French film and television actress
1947 - Mark Helprin, American writer
1948 - Kathy Bates, American actress
1950 - Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician
1952 - Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
1954 - Alice Krige, South African actress
1955 - Shirley Cheriton, English actress
1955 - Eric Gates, English footballer
1955 - Thomas Hampson, American baritone
1956 - Noel Mugavin, Australian Rules Football player
1957 - Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
1957 - Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
1957 - Mike Skinner, American racecar driver
1958 - Félix Gray, French singer and songwriter
1960 - John Elway, American football player
1963 - Beverley Craven, English singer-songwriter
1964 - Mark Grace, American baseball player
1965 - Jessica Hecht, American actress
1966 - John Cusack, American actor
1966 - Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
1967 - Gil Bellows, Canadian actor
1967 - Lars Riedel, German discus thrower
1968 - Adam Woodyatt, English actor
1968 - Chayanne, Puerto Rican singer
1969 - Danielle Brisebois, American actress
1969 - Ayelet Zurer, Israeli actress
1970 - Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
1970 - Steve Burton, American actor
1970 - Mike White, American filmmaker and actor
1971 - Tichina Arnold, American actress
1971 - Fabien Barthez, French footballer
1971 - Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer
1971 - Juan Carlos Echeverry, Colombian operatic tenor
1971 - Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality
1971 - Ron Mahay, American baseball player
1971 - Aileen Quinn, American actress
1972 - Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
1972 - Alessandro Nivola, American actor
1973 - Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete
1974 - Rob Dyrdek, Professional skateboarder
1975 - Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish Musician, Former Lead Singer of Dissection
1976 - Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
1976 - Seth Wescott, American snowboarder
1977 - Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)
1977 - Chris Spurling, American baseball player
1978 - Simon Larose, Canadian professional tennis player
1979 - Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer
1979 - Randy McMichael, American football player
1979 - Florian Zeller, French novelist and playwright
1983 - Maui Taylor, Filipino model and singer
1985 - Phil Bardsley, English football player
1986 - Kellie Pickler, American singer
1986 - Shadia Simmons, Canadian actress
1988 - Lacey Schwimmer, American dancer
1990 - Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress
1994 - Madeline Duggan, English actress
1994 - Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan

Deaths
548 - Theodora, Byzantine empress
767 - Pope Paul I
928 - Louis the Blind, King of Provence
1061 - Floris I, Count of Holland
1175 - Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
1194 - Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
1385 - Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1348)
1389 - Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović of Serbia (b. 1329)
1586 - Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
1598 - Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)
1716 - George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
1813 - Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)
1834 - Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
1836 - James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)
1880 - Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
1881 - Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
1892 - Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
1889 - Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)
1913 - Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)
1914 - Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1868)
1915 - Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
1916 - Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
1922 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
1929 - Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
1960 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
1962 - Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1962 - Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
1965 - Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)
1971 - Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)
1974 - Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)
1975 - Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
1975 - Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)
1976 - Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and film producer (b. 1927)
1978 - Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
1980 - José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
1981 - Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)
1982 - Harry Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1913)
1985 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (b. 1913)
1989 - Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)
1992 - Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
1993 - GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)
2000 - Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
2000 - Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (b. 1908)
2001 - Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
2001 - Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)
2003 - Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
2004 - Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
2005 - Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
2006 - Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
2006 - George Page, American television host (b. 1935)
2006 - Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
2006 - George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
2007 - Eugene Bennett Fluckey, American Navy Submariner (b. 1913)
2007 - Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)

Holidays and observances
Vidovdan, Orthodox religious holiday commemorating St. Vitus


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
29-06-2008, 11:47
June 29th

June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 185 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
512 - A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.
1149 - Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.
1194 - Sverre is crowned King of Norway.
1534 - Jacques Cartier makes the European discovery of Prince Edward Island.
1613 - The Globe Theatre in London, England burns to the ground.
1644 - Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil.
1659 - The Russians, led by prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
1749 - New Governor, Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers, arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).
1786 - Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
1850 - Coal is discovered on Vancouver Island.
1850 - Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
1864 - Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada's worst railway disaster near St-Hilaire, Quebec.
1874 - Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
1880 - France annexes Tahiti.
1888 - First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder.
1891 - Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
1895 - Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
1914 - Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
1916 - Sir Roger Casement, Irish Nationalist and British diplomat is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.
1922 - France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes."
1925 - Canada House opens in London, England.
1926 - Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
1927 - First test of Wallace Turnbull's Controllable pitch propeller.
1937 - Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles.
1945 - Carpathian Ruthenia was annexed by Soviet Union.
1956 - The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.
1972 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules the death penalty could constitute "cruel and unusual punishment".
1974 - Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. Her husband President Juan Peron had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.
1976 - The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
1995 - Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission (Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.)
1995 - The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.
2002 - Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
2002 - U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney, serves as Acting President for two and a half hours, while President George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy procedure.
2006 - Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.
2007 - Two car bombs are found in the heart of London at Picadilly Circus.
2007 - Apple Inc. released the iPhone for the United States market.

Births
1397 - John II of Aragon (d. 1479)
1482 - Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (d. 1517)
1517 - Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician (d. 1585)
1596 - Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
1798 - Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet (d. 1837)
1803 - John Newton Brown, American publisher (d. 1868)
1849 - John Hunn, American businessman (d. 1926)
1858 - George Washington Goethals, American army engineer (d. 1928)
1861 - William Mayo, American physician (d. 1939)
1865 - Shigechiyo Izumi, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 1986)
1866 - Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1934)
1868 - George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (d. 1938)
1880 - Ludwig Beck, German general (d. 1944)
1881 - Harry Frazee, American baseball team owner (d. 1929)
1881 - Curt Sachs, German musicologist (d. 1959)
1886 - Robert Schuman, French politician (d. 1963)
1889 - Willie MacFarlane, Scottish golfer (d. 1961)
1893 - Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer (d. 1958)
1897 - Fulgence Charpentier, French-Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
1900 - Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
1901 - Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967)
1903 - Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (d. 1942)
1906 - Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (d. 1945)
1908 - Leroy Anderson, American composer (d. 1975)
1910 - Frank Loesser, American composer (d. 1969)
1910 - Burgess Whitehead, American baseball player (d. 1993)
1911 - Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
1911 - Bernard Herrmann, American film composer (d. 1975)
1912 - John Toland, American historian (d. 2004)
1912 - Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (d. 2004)
1914 - Rafael Kubelík, Czech conductor (d. 1996)
1914 - Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician (d. 1976)
1915 - Ruth Warrick, American actress (d. 2005)
1919 - Slim Pickens, American actor (d. 1983)
1919 - Lloyd Richards, American director (d. 2006)
1920 - Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker
1921 - Frédéric Dard, French writer (d. 2000)
1922 - Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (d. 1991)
1923 - Chou Wen-chung, Chinese-American composer
1924 - Flo Sandon's, Italian singer (d. 2006)
1924 - Ezra Laderman, American composer
1925 - Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician
1925 - Hale Smith, American composer and editor
1925 - Cara Williams, American actress
1926 - Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
1928 - Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (d. 1999)
1929 - Pat Crawford Brown, American actress
1929 - Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author (d. 2006)
1930 - Viola Léger, Acadian-Canadian actress
1931 - Ed Gilbert, American actor (d. 1999)
1930 - Robert Evans, American film producer
1932 - Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton, British politician
1933 - Bob Shaw, baseball player
1933 - John Bradshaw, American theologian
1935 - Katsuya Nomura, Japanese baseball player and manager
1936 - Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player
1939 - Alan Connolly, Australian cricketer
1939 - Lo Lieh, Hong Kong martial arts actor (d. 2002)
1940 - Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer
1941 - John Boccabella, American baseball player
1941 - Stokely Carmichael, Trinidadian-American activist (d. 1998)
1942 - Mike Willesee, Australian television presenter
1943 - Little Eva, American singer (d. 2003)
1944 - Gary Busey, American actor
1944 - Sean O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop
1945 - Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka
1946 - Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
1946 - Ernesto Pérez Balladares, Panamanian politician
1947 - Michael Carter, British actor
1947 - Richard Lewis, American comedian
1948 - Ian Paice, English drummer
1949 - Joan Clos i Matheu, Spanish politician
1949 - Ann Veneman, American politician
1951 - Don Rosa, American ilustrator
1952 - Joe Johnson, English snooker player
1953 - Colin Hay, Scottish-Australian guitarist and singer
1954 - Rick Honeycutt, American baseball player
1955 - Terence M. O'Sullivan, American activist
1955 - Charles J. Precourt, American astronaut
1956 - Pedro Guerrero, baseball player
1956 - Pedro Santana Lopes, Prime Minister of Portugal
1957 - María Conchita Alonso, Cuban-Venezuelan singer and actress
1957 - Robert Forster, Australian musician
1958 - Rosa Mota, Portuguese athlete
1958 - Jeff Coopwood, American actor, broadcaster and singer
1961 - Kimberlin Brown, American actress
1961 - Greg Hetson, American punk-rock guitarist
1961 - Sharon Lawrence, American actress
1962 - Amanda Donohoe, British actress
1962 - George Zamka, American astronaut
1963 - Khalid El-Masri, German-born suspected terrorist
1963 - Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
1964 - Stedman Pearson, British singer
1965 - Tripp Eisen, American musician
1966 - John Part, Canadian darts player
1967 - Jeff Burton, American racing driver
1967 - Murray Foster, Canadian musician
1967 - Melora Hardin, American actress, singer
1968 - Theoren Fleury, Canadian hockey player
1969 - Claude Béchard, Canadian politician
1969 - Ilan Mitchell-Smith, American actor
1969 - Toru Hashimoto, Japanese politician
1970 - Mike Vallely, American skateboarder
1970 - Emily Skinner, American actress and singer
1971 - Kaitlyn Ashley, American pornographic actress
1971 - Matthew Good, Canadian musician
1971 - Anthony Hamilton, English snooker player
1972 - Samantha Smith, American activist (d. 1985)
1972 - Nawal Al Zoghbi, Lebanese singer
1973 - George Hincapie, American cyclist
1977 - Oleg Korenfeld, Russian-American poet
1978 - Sam Farrar, American bassist
1978 - Nicole Scherzinger, American singer and actress
1979 - Abs Breen, English singer
1979 - Marleen Veldhuis, Dutch swimmer
1979 - Matthew Bode, Australian Rules football player
1979 - Barış Akarsu, Turkish singer and actor (d. 2007)
1980 - Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano
1980 - Mel Peachey, British television personality
1980 - Martin Truex Jr, American race car driver
1981 - Joe Johnson, American basketball player
1981 - Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)
1983 - Aundrea Fimbres, American singer
1984 - Han Ji-hye, South Korean actress and model
1984 - Derek Lee Rock, American drummer
1985 - Quintin Demps, American football player
1986 - Austin Drage, English singer
1986 - Iya Villania, Filipina actress
1987 - Yasuka Saitou, Japanese actor
1988 - Éver Banega, Argentine footballer
1992 - Adam G. Sevani, American actor
1993 - George Sampson, English dancer

Deaths
1059 - Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
1252 - King Abel of Denmark (b. 1218)
1315 - Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
1509 - Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)
1725 - Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)
1744 - André Campra, French composer (b. 1660)
1764 - Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
1852 - Henry Clay, U.S. Senator (b. 1777)
1855 - John Gorrie, American scientist (b. 1802)
1861 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (b. 1806)
1873 - Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)
1875 - Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (b. 1793)
1895 - Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (b. 1825)
1900 - Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
1919 - José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician (b. 1864)
1921 - Otto Seeck German classical historian (b. 1850)
1931 - Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)
1933 - Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, American actor (b. 1887)
1935 - Jack O'Neill, American baseball player (b. 1873)
1940 - Paul Klee, Swiss artist (b. 1879)
1941 - Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1860)
1958 - Charles Spencelayh, English painter (b. 1865)
1960 - Frank Patrick, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1885)
1964 - Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (b. 1928)
1967 - Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933)
1967 - Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (b. 1906)
1969 - Shorty Long, American singer (b. 1940)
1969 - Moise Tshombe, Congolese politician (b. 1919)
1973 - Germán Valdés, Mexican actor (b. 1915)
1975 - Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
1977 - Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)
1978 - Bob Crane, American actor (b. 1928)
1979 - Lowell George, American country-rock singer (b. 1945)
1982 - Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer (b. 1914)
1982 - Henry King, American film director (b. 1886)
1990 - Irving Wallace, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)
1992 - Mohammed Boudiaf, President of Algeria (b. 1919)
1993 - Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (b. 1946)
1994 - Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (b. 1908)
1995 - Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)
1997 - William Hickey, American actor (b. 1927)
1998 - Horst Jankowski, German pianist (b. 1936)
1999 - Allan Carr, American film producer (b. 1937)
2000 - Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (b. 1922)
2002 - Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (b. 1928)
2002 - Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1931)
2002 - François Périer, French actor (b. 1919)
2003 - Katharine Hepburn, American actress (b. 1907)
2004 - Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)
2006 - Randy Walker, American football coach (b. 1954)
2006 - Fabián Bielinsky, Argentinean film director (b. 1959)
2006 - Lloyd Richards, American actor and director (b. 1919)
2007 - Joel Siegel, American film critic (b. 1943)
2007 - Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (b. 1947)

Holidays and observances
Seychelles - Independence Day.
The Netherlands - Veterans Day.
Malta - l-Imnarja


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
30-06-2008, 14:17
June 30th

June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 184 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
1422 - Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
1520 - The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
1559 - King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery.
1651 - The Deluge (Polish history): Khmelnytsky Uprising - The Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
1688 - The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, continuing the struggle for English independence from Rome which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
1758 - Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl occurs.
1805 - The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory.
1859 - French acrobat Charles Blondin crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
1860 - Historic debate about evolution at the Oxford University Museum.
1864 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation."
1882 - Charles Guiteau hanged in Washington, DC for the shooting death of President James Garfield.
1886 - The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montreal. It arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4 of the same year.
1905 - Albert Einstein publishes the article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", where he introduces special relativity.
1906 - The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
1908 - The Tunguska impact event occurs in Siberia.
1912 - The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event.
1921 - U.S. President Warren G. Harding appoints former President William Howard Taft chief justice of the United States.
1934 - The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.
1935 - The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
1941 - World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Nazi Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
1944 - World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
1953 - The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan.
1956 - A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 (Flight 718) collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing all 128 on the two planes.
1960 - Congo gains independence from Belgium.
1963 - Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.
1968 - Solemni hac liturgia by Pope Paul VI.
1969 - Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra.
1971 - The crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.
1971 - Ohio ratifies the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect.
1972 - One leap second is added to the UTC time system.
1977 - Virginia Wade wins the Ladies Singles title at Wimbledon, the last British champion at the All England Club to date.
1985 - Thirty-nine American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner are freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days.
1986 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.
1987 - The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the $1 coin, known as the Loonie
1988 - French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre is excommunicated by the Catholic church.
1990 - East and West Germany merge their economies.
1992 - Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joins the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.
1997 - The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
2005 - Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.
2007 - A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack.

Births
1286 - John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, English politician (d. 1347)
1470 - Charles VIII of France (d. 1498)
1503 - John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (d. 1554)
1641 - Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (d. 1719)
1685 - John Gay, British writer (d. 1732)
1755 - Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)
1789 - Horace Vernet, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1863)
1803 - Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (d. 1849)
1807 - Friedrich Theodor von Vischer, German narrator, lyricist, and philosopher (d. 1887)
1817 - Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist (d. 1911)
1823 - Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)
1843 - Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
1884 - Georges Duhamel, French author (d. 1966)
1891 - Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (d. 1953)
1891 - Ed "Strangler" Lewis, American professional wrestler (d. 1966)
1892 - Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
1893 - Walter Ulbricht, German politician (d. 1973)
1899 - Madge Bellamy, American actress (d. 1990)
1899 - Harry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1971)
1906 - Ralph Allen, English footballer (d. 1981)
1906 - Anthony Mann, American film actor and director (d. 1967)
1907 - Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian politician (d. 1950)
1908 - Winston Graham, British writer (d. 2003)
1911 - Czesław Miłosz, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1912 - Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
1912 - Dan Reeves - Owner of the Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (d. 1971)
1913 - Harry Wismer, owner of the New York Jets (d. 1967)
1913 - Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
1914 - Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16th President of Portugal (d. 2001)
1917 - Susan Hayward, American actress (d. 1975)
1917 - Lena Horne, American actress and singer
1919 - Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
1926 - Paul Berg, Nobel Prize laureate
1929 - James Goldman, American screenwriter (d. 1998)
1931 - Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi (d. 2005)
1931 - Andrew Hill, American jazz pianist (d. 2007)
1933 - Lea Massari, Italian actress
1933 - Orval Tessier, Canadian ice hockey player
1934 - Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)
1936 - Nancy Dussault, American actress
1936 - Dave Van Ronk, American folk singer/songwriter (d. 2002)
1938 - Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (d. 1999)
1939 - José Emilio Pacheco, Mexican poet
1940 - Mark Spoelstra, American folksinger (d. 2007)
1941 - Peter Pollock, South African cricket player
1942 - Robert Ballard, Oceanographer
1942 - Ron Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
1943 - Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (d. 1976)
1944 - Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist
1944 - Terry Funk, American professional wrestler
1944 - Glenn Shorrock, Australian singer-songwriter; co-founding member of Little River Band
1944 - Ron Swoboda, American baseball player
1950 - Leonard Whiting, British actor
1951 - Stanley Clarke, American musician
1952 - David Garrison, Broadway and television actor
1952 - Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician
1953 - Hal Lindes, British-American musician (Dire Straits)
1954 - Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)
1955 - David Alan Grier, American actor and comedian
1957 - Sterling Marlin, American race car driver (NASCAR)
1958 - Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer
1959 - Vincent D'Onofrio, American actor
1959 - Brendan Perry, British musician (Dead Can Dance)
1960 - Murray Cook, Australian children's singer (The Wiggles)
1962 - Tony Fernández, Dominican baseball player
1963 - Yngwie J. Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist
1964 - Alexandra Christina Manley, Former Danish princess, now countess
1965 - Mitch Richmond, American basketball player
1965 - Steve Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player
1965 - Gary Pallister, English footballer
1966 - Mike Tyson, American former boxer
1966 - Marton Csokas, New Zealand actor
1968 - Philip Anselmo, American musician
1969 - Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lankan cricketer
1970 - Mark Grudzielanek, American baseball player
1971 - Anette Michel, Mexican actress
1971 - Monica Potter, American actress
1972 - James Martin, English celebrity chef
1973 - Chan-ho Park, South Korean baseball player
1974 - Melanie Lambert American ice skater
1975 - Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver (F1)
1978 - Owen Lafave, ex-husband of Debra Lafave
1978 - Ben Cousins, Australian Football League player
1979 - Matisyahu, Hasidic Jewish Reggae singer
1979 - Rick Gonzalez, Hispanic-American actor
1979 - Travis Minor, National Football League Runningback
1980 - Rade Prica, Swedish footballer
1981 - Can Artam, Turkish racing driver
1981 - Matt Kirk, Canadian football Player
1981 - Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker
1982 - Dan Jacobs, American guitarist (Atreyu)
1982 - Andy Knowles, British musician (Franz Ferdinand)
1982 - Mitch Maier, American baseball player
1982 - Lizzy Caplan, American actress
1983 - Brendon James, British drummer (Thirteen Senses)
1983 - Marlin Jackson, American football player
1983 - Patrick Wolf, British musician
1983 - Cheryl Cole, British singer (Girls Aloud)
1984 - Fantasia Barrino, American singer
1984 - Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer
1985 - Rafal Blechacz, Polish classical pianist
1985 - Michael Phelps, American swimmer
1985 - Fabiana Vallejos, Argentine footballer
1985 - Cody Runnels, American wrestler
1986 - Victoria Crawford, American wrestler and model
1991 - Kaho,Japanese actress

Deaths
350 - Nepotianus, Roman usurper
1181 - Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
1224 - Adolf of Osnabrück, Saint Adolf (b. 1185)
1364 - Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)
1538 - Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelders (b. 1467)
1579 - Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary
1607 - Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1538)
1660 - William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
1666 - Alexander Brome, English poet (b. 1620)
1670 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
1704 - John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
1709 - Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
1785 - James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
1796 - Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
1857 - Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)
1882 - Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of President James A. Garfield (b. 1841)
1890 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)
1919 - John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)
1934 - Night of the Long Knives murders
Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)
Gregor Strasser, former Nazi politician (b. 1892)
Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria (b. 1862)
Karl Ernst, SA-gruppenführer (b. 1904)
Erich Klausener, Catholic politician (b. 1885)
1953 - Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
1959 - José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)
1961 - Lee DeForest, American inventor (b. 1873)
1966 - Giuseppe Farina, Italian Formula One champion. First person to win an F1 championship. (b. 1906)
1971 - Herbert Biberman, Jewish American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)
1971 - Crew of Soyuz 11
Viktor Patsayev (b. 1933)
Georgi Dobrovolski (b. 1928)
Vladislav Volkov (b. 1935)
1973 - Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (b. 1903)
1974 - Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)
1976 - Firpo Marberry, baseball player (b. 1898)
1984 - Lillian Hellman, American playwright (b. 1905)
1993 - George "Spanky" McFarland, American actor (b. 1928)
1993 - Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer (b. 1962)
1995 - Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)
1995 - Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1921)
1995 - Phyllis Hyman, American jazz vocalist (b. 1949)
1997 - Larry O'Day, wrestler (b. 1944)
2001 - Chet Atkins, American country guitar player and producer (b. 1924)
2001 - Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1937)
2002 - Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)
2003 - Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)
2003 - Robert McCloskey, American children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1915)
2006 - Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)
2007 - Sahib Singh Verma, Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi (b. 1943)

Holidays and observances
Independence Day in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
First Martyrs of the See of Rome.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
01-07-2008, 16:04
July 1st

July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 183 days remaining until the end of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year. It also falls on the same day of the week as New Year's Day in a leap year.

Events
251 - The battle of Abrittus is won by Goths against Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army under Qilich Arslan I.
1520 - La Noche Triste: Joint Mexican Indian force led by Aztecs under Cuitláhuac defeat Spanish Conquistadors under Hernán Cortés.
1569 - Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland (Polish Crown) and Great Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union, the united country is called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
1690 - Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian calendar.
1782 - American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
1862 - Russian State Library is founded.
1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place, the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of the George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
1863 - American Civil War: the Battle of Gettysburg begins.
1867 - The British North America Act, 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation; John A. Macdonald sworn as first Prime Minister.
1870 - The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
1873 - Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation.
1878 - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
1879 - Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
1881 - World's first international telephone call takes place between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
1881 - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, came into effect.
1885 - United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
1890 - Canada and Bermuda linked by telegraph cable.
1892 - The Homestead Strike, a strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers against the Carnegie Steel Company, begins.
1898 - Spanish-American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago de Cuba.
1916 - World War I: First day on the Somme - On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 20,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
1921 - Communist Party of China was founded.
1931 - United Airlines began service (as Boeing Air Transport)
1933 - Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
1935 - Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in On-to-Ottawa-Trek.
1942 - World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
1942 - Australian Federal Govt becomes sole collector of Income Tax (State Income Tax Abolished).
1943 - Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name "Tokyo." (Present-day Tokyo is not a city.)
1947 - British parliament passed India independence act. According to this took a decision for giving independence to India on August 15.
1948 - Quaid-i-Azam inaugrates Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan.
1957 - The International Geophysical Year begins (until December 31, 1958).
1958 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
1958 - Flooding of the St. Lawrence Seaway begins.
1959 - The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
1960 - Independence of Somalia.
1960 - Ghana becomes a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom ceases to be the Head of state.
1962 - Independence of Rwanda.
1962 - Independence of Burundi.
1963 - ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail.
1963 - The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.
1966 - First colour television transmission in Canada, from Toronto.
1967 - The European Community is formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
1967 - Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867.
1968 - The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.
1968 - The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty is signed in Washington, London and Moscow by sixty-two countries.
1968 - Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
1970 - President General Yahya Khan abolished One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces.
1972 - Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Holger Meins of the Red Army Faction are captured in Frankfurt after a shootout with the police.
1972 - First Gay Pride march in England
1976 - Portugal granted autonomy to Madeira.
1978 - Northern Territory (Aus) granted Self-Government.
1979 - Sony introduces the Walkman.
1980 - O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
1983 - A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djall Mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.
1984 - The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
1987 - American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station
1988 - Bologna, Italy: Quartetto Cetra's last concert after over forty years' musical career.
1990 - German re-unification: East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany.
1991 - The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
1997 - The People's Republic of China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule.
1999 - The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.
2000 - Vermont's civil unions law goes into effect.
2000 - The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opens for traffic.
2002 - The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
2002 - A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.
2004 - Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UT and ends at 02:48 UT.
2006 - The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People's Republic of China.
2007 - Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK. Ban also put into effect in Australia.
2007 Prince William and Prince Harry throw a concert in memory of their mother the late Diana, Princess of Wales, on what would have been her 46th birthday.

Births
1481 - Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (d. 1559)
1506 - Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1526)
1534 - Frederick II of Denmark (d. 1588)
1574 - Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (d. 1656)
1586 - Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (d. 1630)
1633 - Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (d. 1698)
1646 - Gottfried Leibniz, German mathematician (d. 1716)
1676 - Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1723 - Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman (d. 1802)
1725 - Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (d. 1807)
1742 - Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist (d. 1799)
1788 - Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician (d. 1867)
1804 - George Sand, French writer (d. 1876)
1807 - Thomas Green Clemson, American university founder (d. 1888)
1818 - Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician (d. 1865)
1834 - Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
1863 - William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
1869 - William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
1872 - Louis Blériot, French aviator (d. 1936)
1873 - Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (d. 1968)
1879 - Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1954)
1883 - Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)
1899 - Thomas A. Dorsey, American composer (d. 1993)
1899 - Charles Laughton, English actor (d. 1962)
1902 - William Wyler, French-born film director (d. 1981)
1903 - Amy Johnson, English pilot (d. 1941)
1906 - Estée Lauder, American entrepreneur (d. 2004)
1906 - Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician (d. 1992)
1908 - Peg Entwistle, Welsh actress (d. 1932)
1909 - Bill Stern, American sportscaster (d. 1971)
1911 - Sergei Sokolov, Soviet marshal
1912 - David R. Brower, American environmentalist (d. 2000)
1912 - Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (d. 1989)
1913 - Frank Barrett, baseball player (d. 1998)
1915 - Willie Dixon, American musician (d. 1992)
1915 - Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
1916 - Olivia de Havilland, British-born actress
1917 - Humphry Osmond, British psychiatrist (d. 2004)
1920 - Harold Sakata, American actor (d. 1982)
1921 - Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana (d. 1980)
1925 - Farley Granger, American actor
1926 - Robert Fogel, Nobel laureate
1926 - Hans Werner Henze, German composer
1926 - Carl Hahn, German automotive executive
1929 - Gerald Edelman, American biologist, Nobel laureate
1930 - Bobby Day, American singer (d. 1990)
1930 - Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American filmmaker (d. 2005)
1931 - Leslie Caron, French actress
1932 - Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist (d. 2007)
1934 - Jamie Farr, American actor
1934 - Jean Marsh, English actress
1934 - Sydney Pollack, American film director (d. 2008)
1934 - Claude Berri, French actor, director and screenwriter
1938 - Craig Anderson, baseball player
1939 - Karen Black, American actress
1941 - Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1941 - Myron Scholes, American economist, Nobel laureate
1941 - Twyla Tharp, American choreographer
1941 - Rod Gilbert, Canadian hockey player
1942 - Geneviève Bujold, Canadian actress
1942 - Andraé Crouch, American singer
1942 - Mike Malloy, American talk radio host
1943 - Jeff Wayne, musician
1945 - Deborah Harry, American musician (Blondie)
1945 - Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor
1947 - Shirley Hemphill, American actress (d. 1999)
1947 - Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Japanese racing driver
1949 - John Farnham, Australian singer
1950 - David Duke, American politician, K.K.K. member
1951 - Fred Schneider, American singer (The B-52's)
1951 - Anne Feeney, American protest singer
1951 - Terrence Mann, American actor and dancer
1952 - Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor
1952 - Steve Shutt, Canadian ice hockey player
1952 - Timothy J. Tobias, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
1956 - Alan Ruck, American actor
1957 - Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey player
1960 - Evelyn King, American singer
1961 - Kalpana Chawla, Indian-American astronaut (d. 2003)
1961 - Diana, Princess of Wales (d. 1997)
1961 - Malcolm Elliott, British cyclist
1961 - Carl Lewis, American athlete
1961 - Michelle Wright, Canadian musician
1962 - Andre Braugher, American actor
1963 - Roddy Bottum, American musician (Faith No More and Imperial Teen)
1964 - Bernard Laporte, French rugby player & coach
1965 - Harald Zwart, Norwegian film director
1966 - Enrico Annoni, Italian footballer
1967 - Pamela Anderson, Canadian model
1968 - Tim Abell, American actor
1970 - Henry Simmons, American actor
1970 - Melissa Peterman, American actress
1971 - Missy Elliott, American rapper and singer
1971 - Julianne Nicholson, American actress
1971 - Steven W. Bailey, American actor
1971 - Jamie Walker, American baseball player
1972 - Claire Forlani, English actress
1972 - Alex Machacek, Austrian musician
1975 - Sufjan Stevens, American musician
1976 - Patrick Kluivert, Dutch footballer
1976 - Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer
1976 - Justin Lo, Hong Kong singer and songwriter
1976 - Hannu Tihinen, Finnish footballer
1977 - Jarome Iginla, Canadian hockey player
1977 - Liv Tyler, American actress
1977 - Keigo Hayashi, Japanese music artist
1980 - Patrick Aufiero, American hockey player
1981 - Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer
1982 - Hilarie Burton, American actress
1982 - Carmella DeCesare, American model
1982 - Romola Garai, English actress
1982 - Justin Huber, Australian baseball player
1982 - Joachim Johansson, Swedish tennis player
1982 - Adrian Ward, American football player
1983 - Marit Larsen, Norwegian musician (M2M)
1983 - Leeteuk, Korean singer
1988 - Evan Ellingson, American actor
1989 - Mitch Hewer, English actor
1989 - Hannah Murray, English actress

Deaths
251 - Decius, Roman Emperor (b. 207)
251 - Herennius Etruscus, Roman Emperor (b. ca. 227)
868 - Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (b. 828)
1109 - King Alfonso VI of Castile (b. 1040)
1277 - Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
1592 - Marc'Antonio Ingegneri, Italian composer
1614 - Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
1622 - William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, British politician (b. 1575)
1681 - Oliver Plunkett, Irish saint (b. 1629)
1708 - Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
1774 - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (b. 1705)
1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1730)
1784 - Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (b. 1710)
1819 - Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752)
1860 - Charles Goodyear, American inventor (b. 1800)
1863 - John Fulton Reynolds, American Civil War general (b. 1820)
1894 - Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819)
1896 - Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (b. 1811)
1925 - Erik Satie, French composer (b. 1866)
1944 - Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (b. 1930)
1948 - Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (b. 1904)
1950 - Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (b. 1865)
1950 - Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1873)
1961 - Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894)
1964 - Pierre Monteux, French conductor (b. 1875)
1965 - Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903)
1968 - Fritz Bauer, German judge and prosecutor (b. 1903)
1971 - William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
1974 - Juan Perón, President of Argentina (b. 1895)
1976 - Anneliese Michel, German woman said to be possessed by demons (b. 1952)
1978 - Kurt Student, German Luftwaffe general (b. 1890)
1981 - Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921)
1981 - Rushton Moreve, American bass player (b. 1948)
1983 - R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and philosopher (b. 1903)
1984 - Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born educator (b. 1904)
1987 - Snakefinger, British-born musician (b. 1949)
1991 - Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)
1992 - Franco Cristaldi, Italian film producer (b. 1924)
1992 - Francisco Mendes, Guinea-Bissauan politician (b. 1933)
1995 - Wolfman Jack, American radio personality (b. 1938)
1996 - William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1904)
1996 - Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (b. 1942)
1996 - Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (b. 1954)
1997 - Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917)
1999 - Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-born film director (b. 1908)
1999 - Guy Mitchell, American popular singer (b. 1927)
1999 - Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (b. 1904)
1999 - Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910)
2000 - Sarah Payne, British murder victim (b. 1992)
2000 - Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
2001 - Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
2003 - Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (b. 1930)
2003 - Wesley Mouzon, American boxer (b. 1927)
2003 - N!xau, Namibian actor (b. 1944)
2004 - Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
2004 - Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer (b. 1909)
2004 - Marlon Brando, American actor (b. 1924)
2005 - Luther Vandross, American singer (b. 1951)
2005 - Obie Benson, American musician (b. 1936)
2006 - Fred Trueman, English cricketer (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances
Canada Day (formerly Dominion Day) - the national holiday of Canada.
Moving Day in the province of Québec
Memorial Day in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Ghana - Republic Day.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day.
Surinam Keti Koti (Breaking of Chains) Day of Liberty; On July 1, 1863 slavery was abolished.
Bulgaria, July Morning tradition.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
02-07-2008, 07:50
July 2nd

July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 182 days remaining until the end of the year.

It is the middle day of a non-leap year, because there are 182 days before and 182 days after (median of the year). It falls on the same day of the week as New Year's Day (on non-leap years).

Events
626 - In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin's father abdicated to him, and so Shimin became Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China.
706 - In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang had the remains of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, his wife and recently-deceased ruling empress Wu Zetian, her son Li Xian, her grandson Li Chongrun, and granddaughter Li Xianhui all interred in a new tomb complex outside Chang'an known as the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang.
963 - The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
1298 - The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
1561 - Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
1578 - Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
1582 - Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
1613 - First English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia - led by Samuel Argall.
1644 - English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
1698 - Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine
1679 - Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi - led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
1776 - The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain; wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.
1777 - Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
1808 - Simon Fraser reaches Pacific near New Westminster.
1823 - "Bahia Independence Day" - the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the diehard Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
1839 - Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque take over the slave ship Amistad.
1850 - The self-contained gas mask is patented by Benjamin J. Lane.
1853 - The Russian Army invades Turkey, beginning the Crimean War.
1863 - American Civil War: Second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
1878 - The Brighton Beach Line (now the BMT Brighton Line) opens in the then-city of Brooklyn.
1881 - Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from infection on September 19.
1890 - The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
1900 - First zeppelin flight on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1917 - Forty-eight die in rioting in East St. Louis, Illinois, as lower-paid black laborers clash with whites.
1934 - The end of the Night of the Long Knives, with the death of the German Military Officer Ernst Röhm
1937 - Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
1940 - Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose arrested and detained in Calcutta.
1941 - Nazi massacre of Jews in Lutsk, Ukraine. Jewish men were summoned for work, about 2000 of them were taken to the Lubart Fortress and murdered. German soldiers from rearguard units stationed in the city participated in the murder.
1947 - An object speculated to be a UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico, though the United States Air Force claims it is a weather balloon.
1950 - Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan was burned down.
1962 - The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.
1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits segregation in public places.
1966 - The French military explode their nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldébaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.
1971 - Australian Evonne Goolagong becomes the first Aborigine to win the Wimbledon singles tennis title.
1976 - North and South Vietnam, divided since 1954, reunite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
1979 - The first U.S. coin to honor a woman, the Susan B. Anthony dollar, is introduced.
1985 - Andrei Gromyko is appointed the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.
1990 - A stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leads to the deaths of 1,426 pilgrims in Mecca during hajj.
2000 - Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).
2001 - AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
2002 - Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
2004 - ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) accepts Pakistan as the 24th member.

Births
419 - Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (d. 455)
1029 - Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (d. 1094)
1262 - Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
1489 - Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1556)
1492 - Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
1647 - Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English privy councilor (d. 1730)
1665 - Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
1667 - Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
1714 - Christoph Willibald von Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
1724 - Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (d. 1803)
1819 - Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (d. 1900)
1820 - George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)
1821 - Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1915)
1849 - Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
1862 - William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
1865 - Lily Braun, German writer (d. 1916)
1876 - Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)
1877 - Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
1881 - Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
1884 - Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
1890 - Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (d. 1980)
1893 - Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
1896 - Lydia Mei, Estonian artist (d. 1965)
1900 - Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
1903 - Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
1903 - King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
1904 - René Lacoste, French tennis player (d. 1996)
1906 - Hans Bethe, German-born nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
1908 - Thurgood Marshall, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1993)
1914 - Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
1914 - Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
1916 - Ken Curtis, American actor and singer (d. 1991)
1916 - Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
1917 - Murry Wilson, American musician and producer (The Beach Boys) (d. 1973)
1918 - Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
1919 - Jean Craighead George, American writer
1923 - Wisława Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel laureate
1925 - Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (d. 1963)
1925 - Patrice Lumumba, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1961)
1926 - Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)
1927 - Brock Peters, American actor (d. 2005)
1927 - Gene Ray, Founder of the Time Cube website and proponent of Time Cube philosophy
1929 - Imelda Marcos, First Lady of the Philippines
1929 - John A. Cade, American politician
1930 - Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
1932 - Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (d. 2002)
1933 - Kenny Wharram, Canadian hockey player
1934 - Tom Springfield, British singer and songwriter (The Springfields)
1937 - Polly Holliday, American actress
1937 - Richard Petty, American race car driver
1939 - John H. Sununu, White House Chief of Staff under George HW Bush
1939 - Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
1939 - Paul Williams, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1973)
1940 - Kenneth Harry Clarke, British politician
1941 - Stéphane Venne, French Canadian songwriter
1942 - Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
1943 - Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
1946 - Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1946 - Ron Silver, American actor
1947 - Larry David, American television producer
1948 - Saul Rubinek, Canadian film actor
1948 - Gene McFadden, American songwriter (d. 2006)
1949 - Roy Bittan, American musician (E Street Band)
1949 - Hanno Pöschl, Austrian actor
1949 - Robert Paquette, French Canadian singer and songwriter
1953 - Mark Hart, British musician (Crowded House and Supertramp)
1953 - Tony Armas, Venezuelan baseball player
1954 - Pete Briquette, Irish musician (Boomtown Rats)
1955 - Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
1955 - Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
1956 - Jerry Hall, American actress
1957 - Bret "Hitman" Hart, Canadian wrestler
1958 - Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
1959 - Mike Hallett, English snooker player
1960 - Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
1961 - Michael Lindsay, Voice actor
1963 - Mark Kermode, British film critic
1964 - José Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
1964 - Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
1964 - Joe Magrane, American baseball player
1964 - Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
1969 - Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
1970 - Yancy Butler, American actress
1970 - Colin Edwin, Australian musician (Porcupine Tree)
1970 - Scotty 2 Hotty, American wrestler
1970 - Monie Love, English rapper
1970 - Steve Morrow, Irish footballer
1971 - Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
1971 - Troy Brown, American football player
1972 - Darren Shan, Irish children's author
1973 - Peter Kay, British comedian
1974 - Sean Casey, American baseball player
1974 - Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
1974 - Matthew Reilly, Australian author
1974 - Rocky Gray, American musician
1975 - Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
1975 - Eric Daze, French Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
1976 - Tomáš Vokoun, Czech hockey player
1978 - Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
1979 - Diana Gurtskaya, Georgian singer
1979 - Sam Hornish, Jr., American race car driver
1979 - Joe Thornton, Canadian hockey player
1981 - Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist
1981 - Angel Pagán, Puerto Rican baseball player
1982 - Olivia Munn, American television hostess
1983 - Michelle Branch, American Singer (The Wreckers)
1984 - Johnny Weir, American figure skater
1984 - Thomas Kortegaard, Danish footballer
1985 - Rhett Bomar, American football player
1985 - Chad Henne, American football player
1985 - Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
1986 - Lindsay Lohan, American actress and singer
1987 - Ruslana Korshunova, Kazakhstani model (d. 2008)
1992 - Stefan Roberts, British finance heir

Deaths
862 - St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester(b. 789)
1298 - Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, King of the Romans(b. 1220)
1504 - Ştefan cel Mare, Prince of Moldova (b. 1434)
1566 - Nostradamus, French astrologer (b. 1503)
1582 - Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
1591 - Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (b. 1520)
1621 - Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
1656 - François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
1674 - Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
1684 - John Rogers, president of Harvard University (b. 1630)
1743 - Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, second Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1746 - Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
1778 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (b. 1712)
1778 - Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer
1822 - Denmark Vesey, American who planned slave revolt, hanged (b. ca. 1767)
1833 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)
1843 - Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (b. 1755)
1850 - Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1788)
1903 - Ed Delahanty, American Hall of Fame baseball player (b. 1867)
1912 - Tom Richardson, English cricket player (b. 1870)
1914 - Joseph Chamberlain, Mayor of Birmingham and Father of Neville (b. 1836)
1915 - Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (b. 1830)
1920 - William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
1926 - Émile Coué, French psychologist (b. 1857)
1929 - Gladys Brockwell, American actress (b. 1893)
1932 - Manuel II of Portugal (b. 1889)
1934 - Ernst Röhm, Nazi official (b. 1887)
1955 - Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
1961 - Ernest Hemingway, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
1964 - Glenn "Fireball" Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1929)
1966 - Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
1969 - Michael DiBiase, wrestler (b. 1923)
1972 - Joseph Fielding Smith, tenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)
1973 - Betty Grable, American actress (b. 1916)
1973 - Chick Hafey, baseball player (b. 1903)
1973 - George McBride, baseball player (b. 1880)
1973 - Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (b. 1892)
1975 - James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
1977 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (b. 1899)
1978 - Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
1984 - Paul Dozois, Quebec politician (b. 1908)
1985 - David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1945)
1986 - Peanuts Lowrey, baseball player (b. 1917)
1989 - Franklin Schaffner, American film director (b. 1920)
1989 - Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (b. 1909)
1991 - Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
1992 - Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (b. 1950)
1993 - Fred Gwynne, American actor (b. 1926)
1993 - Sir Edward Dunlop, Australian war hero (b. 1907)
1994 - Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (b. 1967)
1995 - Krissy Taylor, American model (b. 1978)
1997 - Jimmy Stewart, American actor (b. 1908)
1999 - Mario Puzo, American author (b. 1920)
2000 - Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1952)
2002 - Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (b. 1926)
2004 - Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (b. 1919)
2004 - John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (b. 1919)
2005 - Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
2006 - Jan Murray, American comedian (b. 1916)
2007 - Beverly Sills, American operatic soprano (b. 1929)

Holidays and observances
Palio di Provenzano in Siena, Italy
Canada Day. Under the Holidays Act, Canada Day is always observed on July 1 unless that date falls on a Sunday, in which case it is observed on July 2.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
03-07-2008, 07:32
July 3

... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 181 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
987 - Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty which ruled France till the French Revolution in 1792.
1250 - Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
1608 - Québec City founded by Samuel de Champlain.
1754 - French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.
1767 - Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
1767 - Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date).
1775 - American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1778 - American Revolutionary War: British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in the Wyoming Valley massacre.
1778 - Prussia declares war on Austria.
1819 - The first savings bank in the United States (The Bank of Savings in New York City) opens.
1839 - The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today's Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with 3 students.
1844 - The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
1848 - Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten.
1849 - The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
1852 - Congress establishes the United States's 2nd mint in San Francisco, California.
1863 - U.S. Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett's Charge.
1866 - Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
1884 - Dow Jones published its 1st stock average.
1886 - Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen - the first purpose-built automobile.
1886 - The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
1890 - Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
1898 - Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
1938 - World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 mph.(203 km/h)
1944 - World War II: Minsk was liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.
1952 - Puerto Rico's Constitution is approved by the Congress of the United States.
1962 - The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.
1969 - The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.
1970 - A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people.
1976 - Israeli commandos rescue 105 hostages at Entebbe Airport, Uganda during Operation Yonatan.
1977 - The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded.
1979 - US President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
1986 - US President Ronald Reagan presides over the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.
1988 - United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.
1988 - The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus.
1989 - Fitzgerald Inquiry released in Queensland.
1994 - The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes.
1996 - Stone of Destiny returned to Scotland.
2001 - A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people.
2004 - Official opening of Bangkok's subway system.
2005 - The national law legalizing same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain.
2006 - Asteroid labeled as 2004 XP14 flies 432,308 km (268,624 miles) by Earth.

Births
1423 - King Louis XI of France (d. 1483)
1442 - Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)
1530 - Claude Fauchet, French historian (d. 1601)
1676 - Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1747)
1683 - Edward Young, English poet (d. 1765)
1685 - Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (d. 1768)
1728 - Robert Adam, Scottish architect (d. 1792)
1738 - John Singleton Copley, American painter (d. 1815)
1743 - Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
1851 - Charles Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1930)
1854 - Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (d. 1928)
1870 - Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1947)
1875 - Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German surgeon (d. 1951)
1878 - George M. Cohan, American actor, director, singer and dancer (d. 1942)
1879 - Alfred Korzybski, Polish linguist (d. 1950)
1880 - Carl Schuricht, Polish-born German conductor (d. 1967)
1883 - Franz Kafka, Czech writer (d. 1924)
1900 - Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (d. 1987)
1903 - Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
1906 - George Sanders, British actor (d. 1972)
1908 - M. F. K. Fisher, American writer (d. 1992)
1908 - Robert B. Meyner, American politician (d. 1990)
1913 - Dorothy Kilgallen, American columnist (d. 1965)
1917 - João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (d. 1990)
1918 - S. V. Ranga Rao, South Indian actor (d. 1974)
1920 - Paul O'Dea, baseball player (d. 1978)
1921 - Susan Peters, American actress (d. 1952)
1924 - S. R. Nathan, 6th president of Singapore
1927 - Ken Russell, British director
1930 - Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
1930 - Tommy Tedesco, American musician (d. 1997)
1930 - Pete Fountain, American clarinetist
1933 - Edward Brandt, American doctor and public health official (d. 2007)
1935 - Harrison Schmitt, American astronaut and politician
1937 - Tom Stoppard, Czech-born, British playwright
1938 - Bolo Yeung, Hong Kong actor
1939 - László Kovács, Hungarian politician and diplomat
1939 - Brigitte Fassbaender, German mezzo-soprano
1940 - César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1994)
1940 - Lamar Alexander, American politician
1940 - Jerzy Buzek, Prime Minister of Poland
1940 - Fontella Bass, American soul singer
1942 - Eddy Mitchell, French singer and actor
1942 - Paco Stanley, Mexican TV personality (d. 1999)
1943 - Kurtwood Smith, American actor
1944 - Michel Polnareff, French singer and songwriter
1945 - Michael Cole, American TV actor
1946 - Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
1947 - Dave Barry, American humorist and author
1947 - Betty Buckley, American actress
1948 - Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
1949 - Jan Smithers, American actress
1949 - Johnnie Wilder, Jr., American singer (Heatwave) (d. 2006)
1950 - James Hahn, American politician
1950 - Ewen Chatfield, New Zealand cricketer
1951 - Richard Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer
1951 - Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian politician
1955 - Sanma Akashiya, Japanese television performer
1956 - Montel Williams, American celebrity and former talk show host
1956 - Don Vito, American Viva La Bam castmember
1957 - Laura Branigan, American singer (d. 2004)
1958 - Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
1958 - Siân Lloyd, Welsh weather presenter
1958 - Aaron Tippin, American singer
1959 - Julie Burchill, British journalist and author
1959 - Stephen Pearcy, American singer (Ratt)
1960 - Vince Clarke, British songwriter (Depeche Mode, Yazoo, and Erasure)
1961 - Pedro Romeiras, Portuguese dancer
1961 - Tim Smith, English musician (Cardiacs)
1962 - Tom Cruise, American actor
1962 - Hunter Tylo, American actress
1962 - Thomas Gibson, American actor
1964 - Joanne Harris, British author
1964 - Yeardley Smith, French-born American actress
1965 - Shinya Hashimoto, Japanese wrestler (d. 2005)
1965 - Connie Nielsen, Danish actress
1966 - Moisés Alou, Dominican baseball player
1966 - Sandra Lee, American television host and cookbook author
1967 - Brian Cashman, American major league baseball executive
1969 - Kevin Hearn, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
1970 - Teemu Selanne, Finnish ice hockey player
1970 - Shawnee Smith, American actress
1970 - Serhiy Honchar, Ukrainian cyclist
1973 - Johnny Terris, Canadian-born actor and director
1973 - Patrick Wilson, American actor
1973 - Emma Cunniffe, British actress
1976 - Andrea Barber, American actress
1976 - Wade Belak, Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Henry Olonga, Zimbabwean cricketer
1976 - Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
1979 - Ludivine Sagnier, French actress
1979 - Sotirios Kyrgiakos, Greek footballer
1979 - David Bacani, American baseball player
1980 - Roland Mark Schoeman, South African swimmer
1980 - Kevin Boyle, American basketballer
1982 - Kanika, Indian actress
1983 - Steph Jones, American singer and model
1984 - Syed Rasel, Bangladeshi cricketer
1984 - Corey Sevier, Canadian actor
1984 - Manny Lawson, American Football player
1987 - Sebastian Vettel, German racing driver

Deaths
1570 - Aonio Paleario, Italian humanist
1642 - Maria de' Medici, wife of Henry IV of France (b. 1573)
1672 - Francis Willughby, English biologist (b. 1635)
1704 - Sophia Alekseyevna, regent of Russia (b. 1657)
1749 - William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
1778 - Anna Maria Walburga Mozart née Pertl, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
1790 - Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (b. 1736)
1795 - Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (b. 1714)
1795 - Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
1809 - Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer, poet and playwright (b. 1746)
1858 - Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
1863 - George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
1904 - Theodor Herzl, Austrian Zionist (b. 1860)
1904 - Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
1914 - Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (b. 1836)
1916 - Hetty Green, American businesswoman (b. 1834)
1918 - Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
1933 - Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (b. 1852)
1935 - André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
1942 - Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (b. 1856)
1954 - Siegfried Handloser, German physician (b. 1895)
1957 - Dolf Luque, baseball player (b. 1890)
1969 - Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (drowned) (b. 1942)
1971 - Jim Morrison, American poet, singer (The Doors) (b. 1943)
1977 - Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (b. 1891)
1978 - James Daly, American actor (b. 1918)
1979 - Louis Durey, French composer (b. 1888)
1981 - Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (b. 1920)
1985 - Frank Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (b. 1893)
1986 - Rudy Vallee, American singer (b. 1901)
1989 - Jim Backus, American actor (b. 1913)
1993 - Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (b. 1909)
1993 - Don Drysdale, baseball player (b. 1936)
1994 - Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (b. 1934)
1995 - Pancho Gonzales, American tennis player (b. 1928)
1995 - Eddie Mazur, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
1998 - Danielle Bunten Berry, American software developer (b. 1949)
1999 - Mark Sandman, American musician (b. 1952)
2000 - Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (b. 1944)
2001 - Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (b. 1931)
2001 - Johnny Russell, American country singer and songwriter (b. 1940)
2003 - Gaetano Alibrandi, Papal diplomat (b. 1914)
2004 - Andrian Nikolayev, cosmonaut (b. 1929)
2005 - Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (b. 1914)
2005 - Gaylord Nelson, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (b. 1916)
2006 - Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (b. 1941)
2006 - Benjamin Hendrickson, American actor (b. 1950)
2007 - Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (b. 1915)
2007 - Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances
Start of the Dog Days
Independence Day in Belarus (when German forces lost Belarus to the Red Army in 1944)

Take Care All :);)

poopoy
04-07-2008, 12:47
July 4th

... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 180 days remaining until the end of the year. Aphelion occurs around this date, this is the point in the year when the Earth is furthest from the Sun.

Events
836 - Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
993 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized.
1054 - A supernova is observed by the Chinese, the Arabs and possibly Amerindians near the star ζ Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.
1120 - Jordan II of Capua anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death
1187 - The Crusades: Battle of Hattin - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem.
1253 - Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre.
1359 - Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
1634 - The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec.
1636 - City of Providence, Rhode Island forms.
1754 - Lt-Col. George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers.
1776 - American Independence Day: The United States Declaration of Independence by the Second Continental Congress declaring itself free of British rule.
1778 - Forces under George Rogers Clark capture Kaskaskia during the Illinois campaign.
1802 - At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens.
1803 - The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
1810 - The French occupy Amsterdam.
1817 - At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins.
1827 - Slavery is abolished in New York State.
1837 - Grand Junction Railway, world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
1838 - The Iowa Territory is organized.
1840 - The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end.
1845 - Near Concord, Massachusetts, Henry David Thoreau embarks on a two-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond (see Walden).
1855 - In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems titled Leaves of Grass is published.
1859 - Austro-Sardinian War: The Battle of Magenta.
1862 - Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.
1863 - American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg - Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. 150 miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate Army is repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas.
1865 - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is published.
1881 - In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
1886 - The people of France offers the Statue of Liberty to the people of the United States.
1886 - First scheduled Canadian transcontinental train arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia.
1887 - Founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah joined Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
1892 - Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4.
1894 - The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.
1910 - African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match sparking race riots across the United States.
1918 - Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
1918 - Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).
1927 - First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
1934 - Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
1939 - Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considers himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth" as he announces his retirement from major league baseball.
1941 - Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by Nazi Germans in the captured Polish city of Lwów.
1946 - After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule, the Philippines is granted full independence by the United States.
1947 - "Indian Independence Bill" is presented before British House of Commons, suggesting bifurcation of British India into two sovereign countries - India and Pakistan.
1950 - First broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
1959 - With the admission of Alaska as the 49th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 49-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1960 - Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaiˈi as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Act).
1961 - Walt Disney is one of the two main speakers on the Independence Day in The Rebild Hills at Skørping in Denmark
1966 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act goes into effect the next year.
1966 - The Beatles, in the Phillipines to give two concerts, are accused of 'standing up' Imelda Marcos. Their entourage is beat upat the airport.
1968 - Two teens are killed at Lake Herman Road in California. They were the first (known) victims of the Zodiac Killer.
1969 - The Ohio Fireworks Derecho kills 18 Ohioans and destroys over 100 boats on Lake Erie.
1976 - Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
1982 - Iranian diplomats kidnapping (1982):Four Iranian diplomats kidnapped by Lebanese militia in Lebanon.
1987 - In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (aka the "Butcher of Lyon") is convicted of crimes against humanity and is sentenced to life imprisonment.
1992 - USS George Washington (CVN-73), a Nimitz Class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy is commissioned at Norfolk, Virginia.
1993 - Sumitomo Chemical's resin plant in Nihama explodes killing one and injuring three workers.
1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
2004 - The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
2005 - The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
2006 - Space Shuttle program: STS-121 Mission - Space Shuttle Discovery launches at 18:37:55 UTC.
2006 - North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.
2007 - Zaca Fire Starts in Santa Barbara, California becomes second largest fire in California history.

Births
1330 - Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)
1546 - Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1595)
1694 - Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (d. 1772)
1715 - Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet (d. 1769)
1719 - Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (d. 1797)
1790 - George Everest, Welsh surveyor (d. 1866)
1799 - King Oscar I of Sweden, French general (d. 1859)
1804 - Nathaniel Hawthorne, American writer (d. 1864)
1807 - Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot (d. 1882)
1816 - Hiram Walker, American grocer and distiller (d. 1899)
1826 - Stephen Foster, American songwriter (d. 1864)
1845 - Thomas Barnardo, Irish humanitarian (d. 1905)
1847 - James Anthony Bailey, American circus impresario (d. 1906)
1854 - Victor Babeş, Romanian bacteriologist (d. 1926)
1868 - Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (d. 1921)
1872 - Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (d. 1933)
1881 - Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier (d. 1968)
1882 - Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (d. 1957)
1883 - Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (d. 1970)
1895 - Irving Caesar, American lyricist and composer (d. 1996)
1896 - Mao Dun, Chinese writer (d. 1981)
1898 - Dr. Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1997)
1898 - Gertrude Lawrence, English-born actress (d. 1952)
1902 - Meyer Lansky, Russian-born American gangster (d. 1983)
1902 - George Murphy, American entertainer (d. 1992)
1903 - Flor Peeters, Belgian composer, organist and teacher (d. 1986)
1904 - Angela Baddeley, English actress (d. 1976)
1905 - Irving Johnson, American adventurer (d. 1991)
1907 - Gordon Griffith, American director (d. 1958)
1907 - Howard Taubman, American music and theater critic (d. 1996)
1910 - Gloria Stuart, American actress
1911 - Mitch Miller, American entertainer
1912 - Viviane Romance, French actress (d. 1991)
1916 - Iva Toguri D'Aquino, American World War II figure (d. 2006)
1917 - Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)
1918 - Ann Landers, American advice columnist (d. 2002)
1918 - Abigail Van Buren, American advice columnist
1918 - King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV of Tonga (d. 2006)
1920 - Norm Drucker, American basketball referee
1920 - Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor (d. 2007)
1921 - Gerard Debreu, French economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1921 - Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist (d. 2003)
1923 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
1924 - Eva Marie Saint, American actress
1926 - Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-Spanish footballer
1927 - Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress
1927 - Neil Simon, American playwright
1929 - Al Davis, American businessman
1929 - Chuck Tanner, American baseball player
1929 - Bill Tuttle, American baseball player (d. 1998)
1930 - Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor
1930 - George Steinbrenner, American businessman
1930 - Yuri Tyukalov, Soviet Olympic rower
1931 - Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (d. 1977)
1931 - Sébastien Japrisot, French author, film director and sreenwriter (d. 2003)
1934 - Colin Welland, English actor
1935 - Paul Scoon, Governor General of Grenada
1937 - Sonja Haraldsen, Queen of Norway (spouse of King Harald V of Norway)
1937 - Thomas Nagel, American philosopher
1938 - Bill Withers, American singer and songwriter
1942 - Hal Lanier, American baseball player
1942 - Floyd Little, American football player
1942 - Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister (d. 2008)
1943 - Konrad "Conny" Bauer, German musician
1943 - Geraldo Rivera, American reporter
1943 - Alan "Blind Owl" Wilson, American musician (d. 1970)
1943 - Emerson Boozer, American football player
1943 - Milan Máčala, Czech football coach
1944 - Ray Meagher, Australian actor
1946 - Tish Howard, American model
1946 - Ron Kovic, American peace activist
1946 - Michael Milken, American financier
1946 - Ed O'Ross, American actor
1947 - Morganna Roberts, American entertainer
1948 - Ed Armbrister, baseball player
1948 - René Arnoux, French race car driver
1948 - Tommy Körberg, Swedish singer and actor
1948 - Jeremy Spencer, English musician
1950 - David Jensen, Canadian-born British radio DJ
1951 - Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American politician
1952 - Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombian politician
1954 - Jim Beattie, American baseball player
1955 - John Waite, English singer
1957 - Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand
1958 - Kirk Pengilly, Australian musician
1959 - Victoria Abril, Spanish actress
1960 - Sid Eudy, American professional wrestler
1960 - Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1994)
1961 - Richard Garriott, English video game designer
1962 - Neil Morrissey, English actor
1962 - Pam Shriver, American former tennis player
1963 - Henri Leconte, French former tennis player
1963 - Matt Malley, American musician
1963 - José Oquendo, Puerto Rican baseball player
1964 - Cle Kooiman, American soccer player
1964 - Mark Slaughter, American singer
1965 - Horace Grant, American basketball player
1966 - Lee Reherman, American actor
1967 - Vinny Castilla, Mexican baseball player
1967 - Andy Walker, Canadian television personality
1967 - Rick Wilkins, American baseball player
1968 - Jack Frost, American musician
1970 - Tony Vidmar, Australian former footballer
1971 - Andy Creeggan, Canadian musician
1971 - Brendan Donnelly, American baseball player
1971 - Koko, sign-language gorilla
1971 - Andrew Murray, English entrepreneur
1971 - Ned Zelic, Australian soccer player
1973 - Gackt, Japanese singer
1973 - Keiko Ihara, Japanese racing driver
1973 - Michael Johnson, English-born Jamaican footballer
1973 - Jan Magnussen, Danish racing driver
1973 - Tony Popovic, Australian soccer player
1974 - La'Roi Glover, American football player
1974 - Vince Spadea, American tennis player
1975 - Tania Davis, Australian violist
1976 - Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
1977 - Katia Zygouli, Greek supermodel
1978 - Vicky Kaya, Greek supermodel and actress
1978 - Stephen McNally, British singer and songwriter (BBMak)
1978 - Emile Mpenza, Belgian footballer
1978 - Becki Newton, American actress
1981 - Francisco Cruceta, Dominican baseball player
1983 - Isabeli Fontana, Brazilian model
1983 - Ben Jorgensen, American musician
1983 - Andy Mrotek, American musician
1984 - Gina Glocksen, American singer
1984 - Akanishi Jin, Japanese singer
1986 - Takahisa Masuda, Japanese singer
1986 - Kriss Donald, Scottish murder victim (d. 2004)
2003 - Alessia di Matteo, Italian medical figure (d. 2005)

Deaths
907 - Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria
943 - Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (b. 877)
965 - Pope Benedict V, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. unknown)
973 - Ulrich of Augsburg, German bishop (b. 890)
1187 - Raynald of Chatillon, Prince of Antioch
1541 - Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish explorer (b. 1495)
1546 - Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)
1603 - Philippe de Monte, Flemish composer (b. 1521)
1623 - William Byrd, English composer
1648 - Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1601)
1742 - Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
1754 - Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author (b. 1680)
1761 - Samuel Richardson, English writer (b. 1689)
1780 - Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (b. 1712)
1787 - Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise, Marshal of France (b. 1715)
1821 - Richard Cosway, English artist (b. 1742)
1826 - John Adams, 2nd President of the United States (b. 1735)
1826 - Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States (b. 1743)
1831 - James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)
1848 - François-René de Chateaubriand, French writer (b. 1768)
1850 - William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1759)
1854 - Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (b. 1781)
1857 - William L. Marcy, American statesman (b. 1786)
1881 - Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
1882 - Joseph Brackett, American composer (b. 1797)
1891 - Hannibal Hamlin, U.S. Vice President (b. 1809)
1901 - Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (b. 1843)
1902 - Swami Vivekananda, Indian spiritual leader (b. 1863)
1905 - Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
1910 - Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1833)
1910 - Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (b. 1835)
1916 - Alan Seeger, American war poet (b. 1888)
1922 - Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1894)
1926 - Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Saint (b. 1901)
1931 - Buddie Petit, American jazz musician (b. 1895)
1931 - Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1869)
1934 - Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Physics (b. 1867)
1938 - Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (b. 1881)
1938 - Suzanne Lenglen, French tennis player (b. 1899)
1941 - Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
1946 - Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concentration camp overseer (b. 1922)
1948 - Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
1963 - Bernard Freyberg, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
1970 - Barnett Newman, American artist (b. 1905)
1970 - Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1884)
1971 - August Derleth, American writer and editor (b. 1909)
1975 - Georgette Heyer, English author (b. 1902)
1976 - Antoni Słonimski, Polish poet (b. 1895)
1977 - Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (b. 1918)
1979 - Lee Wai Tong, Chinese footballer (b. 1905)
1980 - Maurice Grevisse, Belgian grammarian (b. 1895)
1982 - Terry Higgins, early British AIDS death (b. 1945)
1984 - Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
1986 - Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (b. 1899)
1986 - Flor Peeters, Belgian composer, organist, and teacher (b. 1903)
1988 - Adrian Adonis, American artist (b. 1954)
1991 - Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936)
1992 - Ástor Piazzolla, Argentinian composer (b. 1921)
1993 - Bona Arsenault, French Canadian politician and historian (b. 1903)
1994 - Joey Marella, American professional wrestling referee (b. 1964)
1995 - Eva Gabor, Hungarian actress (b. 1919)
1995 - Bob Ross, American artist and television host (b. 1942)
1997 - Charles Kuralt, American television presenter (b. 1934)
1997 - John Zachary Young, English zoologist (b. 1907)
1999 - Leo Garel, American artist and cartoonist (b.1917)
2000 - Gustaw Herling-Grudzinski, Polish writer (b. 1919)
2001 - Keenan Milton, Professional Skater (b. 1974)
2002 - Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American general (b. 1912)
2002 - Mansoor Hekmat, Iranian politician (b. 1951)
2002 - Winnifred Quick, American Titanic survivor (b. 1904)
2003 - Barry White, American singer (b. 1944)
2003 - André Claveau, French singer (b. 1915)
2004 - Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor (b. 1920)
2004 - Frank Robinson (Xylophone Man), an eccentric street entertainer in Nottingham, England (b. 1932)
2005 - Hank Stram, American football coach (b. 1923)
2007 - Barış Akarsu, Turkish rock musician (b. 1979)
2007 - Bill Pinkney, American singer and performer (b. 1925)

Holidays and observances
United States - Independence Day (1776)
Filipino-American Friendship Day
In astronomy, the approximate date of Earth's aphelion.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
06-07-2008, 07:00
July 6th

July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 178 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1044 - Battle of Ménfő.
1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.
1253 - Mindaugas is crowned king of Lithuania.
1348 - Papal bull of Pope Clement VI protecting Jews during the Black Death.
1415 - Jan Hus is burned at the stake.
1483 - Richard III is crowned king of England.
1484 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River.
1495 - First Italian War: Battle of Fornovo Charles VIII defeats the Holy League, but ultimately ends his attempted conquest of Italy.
1535 - Sir Thomas More is executed for treason against King Henry VIII.
1560 - The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England.
1573 - Córdoba, Argentina is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
1609 - Bohemia is granted freedom of religion.
1630 - Thirty-Years War: 4,000 Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Ticonderoga: Due to a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.
1785 - The dollar is unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States.
1801 - Battle of Algeciras: The French navy are defeated by the British Royal Navy.
1854 - In Jackson, Michigan, the first convention of the U.S. Republican Party is held.
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
1887 - David Kalakaua, monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, is forced at gunpoint, at the hands of Americans, to sign the Bayonet Constitution giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping Hawaiian citizens of their rights.
1892 - Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.
1892 - 3,800 striking steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving 10 dead and dozens wounded.
1893 - The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200.
1905 - Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
1908 - Robert Peary sets sail for the Arctic on the expedition on which he later reaches the North Pole.
1917 - World War I: Arabian troops led by Lawrence of Arabia and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Turks during the Arab Revolt.
1919 - The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic by an airship.
1933 - The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeats the National League, 4 to 2.
1936 - A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
1939 - Holocaust: The last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany are closed.
1942 - Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1944 - The Hartford Circus Fire, one of America's worst fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut.
1947 - The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
1957 - Althea Gibson wins the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so.
1962 - Nuclear test shot Sedan; part of Operation Plowshare.
1964 - Malawi declares its independence from the United Kingdom.
1966 - Malawi becomes a republic, with Hastings Banda as the first President.
1967 - Biafran War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.
1970 - Air Canada Flight 621 caught fire after landing at Pearson International Airport, Toronto, Ontario, all 108 passengers and crew are killed.
1975 - The Comoros declare independence from France.
1978 - The Taunton sleeping car fire occurred in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people.
1986 - Davis Phinney became the first American cyclist to win a road stage of the Tour de France.
1988 - The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires. 167 oil workers are killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster.
1989 - The Israeli 405 Bus slaughter in which 14 bus passengers were killed when an Arab assaulted the bus driver as the bus was driving by the edge of a cliff.
1998 - Hong Kong's Kai Tak Airport is closed and the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok becomes operational.
1999 - US Army private Barry Winchell dies from baseball-bat injuries inflicted in his sleep the previous day by fellow soldiers for his relationship with transgendered showgirl and former Navy combat medic, Calpernia Addams.
2003 - The 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message Cosmic Call 2 to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively
2006 - The Nathula Pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.

Births
1686 - Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (d. 1758)
1747 - John Paul Jones, American naval commander (d. 1792)
1766 - Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born naturalist (d. 1813)
1782 - Maria Louisa of Spain, queen of Etruria (d. 1824)
1785 - William Jackson Hooker, English botanist (d. 1865)
1789 - Maria Isabella of Spain, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1846)
1796 - Tsar Nicholas I of Russia (d. 1855)
1817 - Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (d. 1905)
1818 - Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (d. 1879)
1837 - Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, Indian scholar (d. 1925)
1838 - Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian scholar (d. 1923)
1859 - Verner von Heidenstam, Nobel laureate (d. 1940)
1865 - Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (d. 1865)
1868 - Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
1878 - Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
1884 - Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1970)
1885 - Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)
1887 - Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer (d. 1975)
1898 - Hanns Eisler, German composer (d. 1962)
1903 - Hugo Theorell, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
1900 - Frederica Sagor Maas, American playwright
1904 - Erik Wickberg, Salvation Army general (d. 1996)
1907 - Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (d. 1954)
1907 - George Stanley, Canadian politician and designer of Canada's Flag (d. 2002)
1912 - Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer (d. 2006)
1917 - Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach (d. 2004)
1918 - Sebastian Cabot, English actor (d. 1977)
1919 - Ernst Haefliger, Swiss singer (d. 2007)
1921 - Nancy Reagan, First Lady of the United States
1923 - Wojciech Jaruzelski, President of Poland
1925 - Merv Griffin, American television show host (d. 2007)
1925 - Bill Haley, American singer (d. 1981)
1927 - Jan Hein Donner, Dutch chess player
1927 - Alan Freeman, British DJ known by his nickname 'Fluff' (d. 2006)
1927 - Janet Leigh, American actress (d. 2004)
1927 - Pat Paulsen, American comedian (d. 1997)
1927 - Nilo Soruco, Bolivian songwriter (d. 2004)
1931 - Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician
1931 - Della Reese, American singer
1933 - Frank Austin, English footballer
1935 - Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama
1936 - Dave Allen, Irish comedian (d. 2005)
1937 - Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian-born pianist and conductor
1937 - Ned Beatty, American actor
1937 - Gene Chandler, American singer
1939 - Jet Harris, English bass guitarist
1940 - Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan
1940 - Jeannie Seely, American singer
1945 - Burt Ward, American actor
1946 - George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States
1946 - Peter Singer, Australian philosopher
1946 - Fred Dryer, American football player and actor
1946 - Sylvester Stallone, American Movie actor
1947 - Richard Beckinsale, English actor (d. 1979)
1947 - Lance Clemons, baseball player
1948 - Nathalie Baye, French actress
1948 - Jean-Pierre Blackburn, French Canadian politician
1948 - Brad Park, Canadian hockey player
1948 - Tom Curley, American media executive
1949 - Phyllis Hyman, American singer (d. 1995)
1950 - John Byrne, American comic book author & artist
1950 - Hélène Scherrer, Canadian politician
1951 - Geoffrey Rush, Australian actor
1953 - Nanci Griffith, American singer
1954 - Allyce Beasley, American actress
1954 - Willie Randolph, former New York Mets manager
1955 - Frank Sontag, American radio personality
1955 - William Wall, Irish writer
1956 - Casey Sander, American actor
1957 - Ron Duguay, Canadian ice hockey player
1958 - Jennifer Saunders, English actress
1959 - Richard Dacoury, French basketball player
1961 - Rick Price, singer/songwriter
1963 - Todd Burns, baseball player
1963 - Lance Johnson, American baseball player
1966 - Brian Posehn, American actor
1967 - James Hannon, Bronx filmmaker
1967 - Heather Nova, Bermudian singer
1967 - Omar Olivares, Puerto Rican baseball player
1969 - Fernando Redondo, Argentine footballer
1970 - Inspectah Deck, American rapper
1970 - Frank Salvato II, Italian-American Sound Engineer and Composer
1970 - Martin Smith, English singer (Delirious?)
1971 - Kenya D. Williamson, American actress
1972 - Isabelle Boulay, French-Canadian singer
1972 - D-Styles, American scratch DJ
1972 - Greg Norton, American baseball player
1972 - Mark Gasser, British pianist
1974 - Zé Roberto, Brazilian footballer
1975 - Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist
1975 - Sebastián Rulli, Argentine actor
1975 - 50 Cent, American rapper
1977 - Con Blatsis, Australian footballer
1977 - Makhaya Ntini, South African cricketer
1977 - Craig Handley, British film director
1978 - Tia Mowry and Tamera Mowry, American actresses
1978 - Kevin Senio, New Zealand rugby player
1979 - Nic Cester, Australian musician (Jet)
1980 - Pau Gasol, Spanish basketball player
1981 - Nnamdi Asomugha, American football player
1982 - Tay Zonday, American singer and keyboardist
1983 - Gregory Smith, Canadian actor
1984 - Lauren Harris, British rock singer
1984 - James Henderson, American model
1986 - Derrick Williams, American football player
1987 - Kate Nash, English singer/songwriter
1987 - Matt O'Leary, American actor
1987 - Caroline Trentini, Brazilian model
1994 - Rebecca Rosso and Camilla Rosso, British actresses

Deaths
1189 - King Henry II of England (b. 1133)
1218 - Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1166)
1249 - King Alexander II of Scotland (b. 1198)
1415 - Jan Hus, Bohemian reformer (b. 1369)
1476 - Regiomantus, German astronomer (b. 1436)
1480 - Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer (b. 1416)
1533 - Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (b. 1474)
1535 - Sir Thomas More, English philosopher (b. 1478)
1553 - King Edward VI of England (b. 1537)
1583 - Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury
1585 - Thomas Aufield, English Catholic martyr (b. 1552)
1684 - Peter Gunning, English royalist churchman (b. 1614)
1758 - George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general
1762 - Tsar Peter III of Russia (b. 1728)
1768 - Conrad Beissel, German-born religious leader (b. 1690)
1802 - Daniel Morgan, American Revolutionary general and politician (b. ~1735)
1809 - Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (b. 1775)
1813 - Granville Sharp, British abolitionist (b. 1735)
1835 - John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1755)
1854 - Georg Ohm, German physicist (b. 1789)
1868 - Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
1893 - Guy de Maupassant, French author (b. 1850)
1901 - Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
1902 - St. Maria Goretti, Italian saint (b. 1890)
1907 - August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
1916 - Odilon Redon, French painter (b. 1840)
1922 - Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (b. 1863)
1932 - Kenneth Grahame, English author (b. 1859)
1950 - Fats Navarro, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1923)
1952 - Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, French Canadian politician (b. 1867)
1960 - Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
1961 - Scott LaFaro, American musician (b. 1936)
1961 - Woodall Rodgers, American politician (b. 1890)
1962 - William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1897)
1962 - Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1872)
1962 - Georg, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)
1966 - Sad Sam Jones, American baseball player (b. 1892)
1971 - Louis Armstrong, American musician (b. 1901)
1972 - Brandon De Wilde, American actor (b. 1942)
1973 - Otto Klemperer, German conductor (b. 1885)
1975 - Otto Skorzeny, WWII German SS commando (b. 1908)
1975 - Ruffian, American racehorse (b. 1972)
1976 - Zhu De, Chinese Communist military leader and statesman (b. 1886)
1976 - Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (b. 1887)
1979 - Van McCoy, American music producer, musician, songwriter and orchestra leader (b. 1940)
1982 - Bob Johnson, American baseball player (b. 1905)
1986 - Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (b. 1908)
1989 - János Kádár, Hungarian politician (b. 1912)
1991 - Muda Lawal, Nigerian footballer (b. 1954)
1992 - Buddy Rogers, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
1994 - Cameron Mitchell, American actor (b. 1918)
1995 - Aziz Nesin, Turkish humorist and author (b. 1915)
1996 - Kathy Ahern, American golfer (b. 1949)
1998 - Roy Rogers, American actor (b. 1911)
1999 - Carl Gunter Jr, American politician (b. 1938)
1999 - Joaquin Rodrigo, Spanish composer (b. 1901)
1999 - Barry Winchell, American soldier (b. 1977)
2002 - Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (b. 1932)
2002 - John Frankenheimer, American film director (b. 1930)
2003 - Buddy Ebsen, American actor (b. 1908)
2004 - Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (b. 1932)
2004 - Syreeta Wright, American singer (b. 1946)
2005 - Bruno Augenstein, German-born mathematician (b. 1923)
2005 - L. Patrick Gray III, American FBI director (b. 1916)
2005 - Evan Hunter, American novelist (b. 1926)
2005 - Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
2005 - Richard Verreau, Canadian tenor (b. 1926)
2006 - Kasey Rogers, American actress (b. 1926)
2006 - Tom Weir, Scottish climber, author and broadcaster (b. 1914)

Holidays and observances
Comoros - Independence Day (1975).
Czech Republic - Jan Hus Day (1415).
Feast day of St Maria Goretti.
Lithuania - Statehood Day.
Malawi - Independence Day (1964).
Malawi - Republic Day (1966).


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
06-07-2008, 23:13
July 7th

July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 177 days remaining until the end of the year.

The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system. In China, this term is used to denote the Battle of Lugou Bridge started on July 7, 1937, marking the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Events
1456 - A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
1534 - European colonization of the Americas: First known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.
1543 - French troops invade Luxembourg.
1585 - Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
1798 - Quasi-War: The U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war.'
1799 - Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
1807 - Napoleonic Wars: Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition.
1846 - Mexican-American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the United States conquest of California.
1863 - United States begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100
1865 - American Civil War: Four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln were hanged.
1892 - Katipunan: The Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
1898 - President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
1915 - World War I: End of First Battle of the Isonzo.
1915 - A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
1917 - Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the Tsar Nicholas II.
1930 - Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
1937 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge - Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
1941 - World War II: American forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by Germany.
1941 - World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
1946 - Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.
1946 - Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
1947 - Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.
1953 - Che Guevara set out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.
1954 - Formation of the TANU in Tanzania
1956 - Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
1958 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
1959 - 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
1967 - Beginning of the civil war in Biafra.
1969 - In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.
1978 - The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.
1980 - Institution of sharia in Iran.
1980 - The Safra massacre in Lebanon.
1983 - Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov.
1991 - Yugoslav Wars: Brioni Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
2002 - A scandal broke out in the United Kingdom when news reports alleged MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
2003 - The United Communist Party of Armenia was formed.
2005 - A series of four terrorist explosions occur on London's transport system killing 56 people, including four suicide bombers.
2005 - Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledged to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010.
2007 - Pope Benedict XVI issues the Apostolic Letter Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Latin Mass.
2007 - Worldwide performances by charity event Live Earth.

Births
1053 - Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
1119 - Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
1528 - Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
1586 - Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman (d. 1646)
1656 - Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)
1746 - Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
1752 - Joseph-Marie Jacquard, French inventor (d. 1834)
1766 - Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (d. 1815)
1843 - Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and Nobel laureate (d. 1926)
1848 - Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian politician (d. 1919)
1851 - Charles Tindley, American gospel music composer (d. 1933)
1855 - Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
1860 - Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911)
1874 - Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
1884 - Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
1887 - Marc Chagall, Russian painter (d. 1985)
1891 - Virginia Rappe, Silent Film Actress (d. 1921)
1893 - Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
1899 - George Cukor, American director (d. 1983)
1900 - Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
1901 - Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974)
1901 - Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973)
1901 - Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film producer (d. 1970)
1902 - Ted "Double Duty" Radcliffe, American baseball player (d. 2005)
1904 - Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
1906 - William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
1906 - Satchel Paige, American baseball player (d. 1982)
1906 - Anton Karas, Viennese musician (d. 1985)
1907 - Robert A. Heinlein, American writer (d. 1988)
1908 - Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)
1911 - Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (d. 2007)
1913 - Pinetop Perkins, American blues musician
1915 - Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander, African American Novelist and poet (d. 1998)
1917 - Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadorian politician (d. 2003)
1919 - Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
1921 - Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)
1921 - Ezzard Charles, American boxer (d. 1975)
1922 - Pierre Cardin, French fashion designer
1924 - Mary Ford, American singer (d. 1977)
1925 - Wally Phillips, American radio personality (d. 2008)
1929 - Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and poet (d. 2005)
1927 - Doc Severinsen, American composer and musician
1927 - Charlie Louvin, American country musician
1930 - Henry (Hank) Mobley, American Jazz composer and saxophonist (d. 1986)
1931 - David Eddings, American author
1932 - Josef Zawinul, Austrian composer and musician (d. 2007)
1933 - Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner
1933 - David McCullough, American historian and author
1936 - Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (d. 1980)
1936 - Jo Siffert, Swiss race car driver (d.1971)
1937 - Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator
1940 - Ringo Starr, English drummer and singer (The Beatles)
1941 - Michael Howard, British politician
1941 - Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
1942 - Carmen Duncan, Australian actress
1943 - Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
1943 - Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
1945 - Michael Ancram, British politician
1947 - Felix Standaert, Belgian diplomat
1947 - Howard Rheingold, American author
1947 - Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal
1947 - Rob Townsend, English drummer (Family)
1947 - Víctor Manuel, Spanish songwriter and singer
1948 - Jean Leclerc, French-Canadian actor
1949 - Shelley Duvall, American actress
1952 - Mando Guerrero, Mexican professional wrestler
1955 - Len Barker, American baseball player
1957 - Jonathan Dayton, American film director
1957 - Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact)
1959 - Jessica Hahn, American model
1959 - Ben Linder, American engineer (d. 1987)
1960 - Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
1963 - Vonda Shepard, American singer
1965 - Paula Devicq, Canadian actress
1965 - Mo Collins, American actress
1965 - Jeremy Kyle, English television presenter
1966 - Gundula Krause, German folk violinist
1966 - Neil Tobin, American magician
1966 - Jim Gaffigan, American comedian
1967 - Tom Kristensen, Danish race car driver
1967 - Jackie Neal, American singer (d. 2005)
1968 - Jorja Fox, American actress
1968 - Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
1969 - Sylke Otto, German luger
1969 - Joe Sakic, Canadian ice hockey player
1969 - Nathalie Simard, French Canadian singer
1969 - Cree Summer, Canadian voice actress
1969 - Robin Weigert, American actress
1970 - Wayne McCullough, Irish boxer
1970 - Erik Zabel, German cyclist
1970 - Robia LaMorte, American actress and dancer
1971 - Alistair Potts, British rower
1972 - Lisa Leslie, American basketball player
1972 - Manfred Stohl, Austrian rally driver
1973 - José Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
1973 - Matt Mantei, American baseball player
1973 - Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga-ka
1974 - Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player
1974 - Patrick Lalime, Canadian ice hockey player
1975 - Tony Benshoof, American luger
1975 - Michael Voss, Australian rules footballer
1976 - Dominic Foley, Irish footballer
1977 - Felix Vasquez, New York City Housing Authority employee
1979 - Anastasios Gousis, Greek sprinter
1979 - Carl Breeze, British racing driver
1980 - John Buck, American baseball player
1980 - Deidre Downs, American beauty queen
1980 - Michelle Kwan, American figure skater
1980 - Kaisa Jouhki, Finnish vocalist (Battlelore)
1980 - Dan Whitesides, American drummer (The Used)
1981 - Synyster Gates, American guitarist (Avenged Sevenfold)
1981 - Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer
1982 - Cassidy, American rapper
1982 - Mike Glita, American bassist (Senses Fail)
1982 - George Owu, Ghanaian footballer
1983 - Justin Davies, Australian rules footballer
1983 - D. Woods, American singer (Danity Kane)
1984 - Minas Alozidis, Greek hurdler
1984 - Mohammad Ashraful, Bangladeshi cricketer
1984 - Marie-Mai, Canadian singer
1987 - Lena Ma, Miss World Canada 4th runner-up
1988 - Kaci Brown, American singer
1989 - Giannoulis Fakinos, Greek footballer

Deaths
1304 - Pope Benedict XI (b. 1240)
1307 - King Edward I of England (b. 1239)
1537 - Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
1572 - King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland (b. 1520)
1573 - Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (b. 1507)
1647 - Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (b. 1586)
1663 - Thomas Baltzar, German violinist
1701 - William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
1713 - Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and privy councillor (b. 1632)
1764 - William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
1776 - Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
1790 - François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (b. 1721)
1816 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
1855 - Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
1865 - Mary Surratt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1823)
1865 - Lewis Paine, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1844)
1865 - David Herold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1842)
1865 - George Atzerodt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1833)
1878 - Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
1890 - Henri Nestlé, Founder of Nestlé S.A. (b. 1814)
1901 - Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)
1913 - Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
1922 - Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
1925 - Clarence Hudson White American photographer (b.. 1871)
1927 - Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (b. 1846)
1930 - Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer (b. 1859)
1932 - Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880)
1932 - Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1844)
1949 - Bunk Johnson, American musician (b. 1879 or 1889)
1956 - Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886)
1964 - Lillian Copeland, American athlete (b. 1904)
1965 - Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
1967 - Jo Schlesser, French Formula One racing driver (b. 1928)
1971 - Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
1971 - Ub Iwerks, American artist, director, and cartoonist (b1901)
1972 - Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1886)
1972 - King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
1973 - Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1895)
1973 - Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1919)
1975 - Ruffian, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1972)
1976 - Walter Giesler, American soccer coach (b. 1910)
1980 - Dore Schary, American film producer and writer (b. 1905)
1981 - Mildred Lisette Norman a.k.a. Peace Pilgrim, American pacifist and activist
1984 - Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (b. 1941)
1990 - Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920)
1990 - Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (b. 1958)
1993 - Mia Zapata, American singer with The Gits (b. 1965)
1994 - Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (b. 1924)
1994 - Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (b. 1907)
2000 - Kenny Irwin, Jr., American race car driver (b. 1969)
2001 - Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
2002 - Bison Dele, American basketball player (b. 1969)
2003 - Izhak Graziani, Bulgarian-born conductor (b. 1924)
2006 - Juan de Ávalos, Spanish sculptor (b. 1911)
2006 - Syd Barrett, original guitarist and vocalist of the band Pink Floyd (b. 1946)
2006 - John Money, Sexologist (b. 1921)

Holidays and observances
Tanzania: Saba Saba Day
Æthelburg of Faremoutiers
Russia, Ukraine: Ivan Kupala Day
Japan: Tanabata


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
10-07-2008, 22:19
July 10th

July 10 is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedon.
988 - The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.
1212 - The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
1460 - Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeats the king's Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
1553 - Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
1584 - William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
1645 - English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place.
1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1789 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Mackenzie River delta.
1796 - Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
1800 - The British Indian Government establishes the Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent.
1806 - The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
1821 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain.
1832 - U.S.President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
1850 - Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.
1877 - The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
1890 - Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
1913 - Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
1925 - The Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS), the official news agency of the Soviet Union, is established.
1925 - Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, is accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
1938 - Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.
1940 - World War II: Vichy France government is established.
1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain - The German Luftwaffe begin to hit British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though).
1941 - Jedwabne Pogrom is a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
1942 - The diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established.
1943 - World War II: The launching of Operation Husky begins the Italian Campaign.
1947 - Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.
1951 - Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.
1958 - Alaska, highest tsunami wave ever recorded at Lituya Bay, at 524 m high.
1962 - Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
1967 - Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1968 - Maurice Couve de Murville becomes Prime Minister of France.
1973 - The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
1973 - National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on Bangladesh recognition.
1976 - The Seveso disaster occurs in Italy.
1976 - One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
1978 - World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
1978 - Mauritania, President Moktar Ould Daddah is ousted in a bloodless coup d'état.
1985 - Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand Harbor by French DGSE agents.
1991 - Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected President of Russia.
1991 - The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council (ICC) following the end of Apartheid.
1992 - In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
1997 - London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neandertal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
1997 - Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
1998 - Roman Catholic sex abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos.
1999 - The United States women's national soccer team team wins the FIFA Women's World Cup in Pasadena, California at The Rose Bowl.
2000 - A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.
2000 - EADS, the world's second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
2002 - At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth, Lord Thomson.
2003 - A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
2005 - Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.
2006 - Pakistan International Flight PK-688 crashes in Multan, Pakistan shortly after takeoff, killing all 45 people on board.

Births
1419 - Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
1452 - King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
1509 - John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
1517 - Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (d. 1571)
1592 - Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (d. 1660)
1614 - Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (d. 1686)
1625 - Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
1638 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter (d. 1685)
1666 - John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)
1682 - Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India (d. 1719)
1682 - Roger Cotes, English mathematician (d. 1716)
1711 - Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain (d. 1783)
1723 - William Blackstone, English jurist (d. 1780)
1736 - Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1807)
1792 - George Mifflin Dallas, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)
1804 - Emma Smith Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1879)
1809 - Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (d. 1889)
1830 - Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903)
1832 - Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (d. 1897)
1835 - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (d. 1880)
1839 - Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)
1856 - Nikola Tesla, Serb-American inventor (d. 1943)
1867 - Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
1871 - Marcel Proust, French writer (d. 1922)
1874 - Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (d. 1971)
1875 - Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (d. 1955)
1883 - Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (d. 1948)
1888 - Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter (d. 1978)
1895 - Carl Orff, German composer (d. 1982)
1896 - Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator (d. 1981)
1897 - Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
1897 - Jack "Legs" Diamond", American bootlegger (d. 1931)
1899 - John Gilbert, American actor (d. 1936)
1899 - Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (d. 1978)
1900 - Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
1900 - Mitchell Parish, American lyricist (d. 1993)
1902 - Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
1903 - John Wyndham, British author (d. 1969)
1903 - Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (d. 1989)
1905 - Thomas Gomez, American actor (d. 1971)
1905 - Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
1913 - Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (d. 1985)
1914 - Joe Shuster, Canadian-born cartoonist (d. 1992)
1917 - Don Herbert aka "Mr. Wizard", American television host (d. 2007)
1920 - David Brinkley, American television reporter (d. 2003)
1920 - Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
1921 - Harvey Ball, American inventor (d. 2001)
1921 - Jake LaMotta, American boxer
1921 - Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist
1923 - Earl Hamner Jr., American author and television producer
1923 - Jean Kerr, American author (d. 2003)
1923 - G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (d. 1987)
1923 - John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi(see Iwo Jima), (d. 1994)
1924 - Bobo Brazil, professional wrestler (d. 1998)
1924 - Johnny Bach, American basketball coach
1926 - Fred Gwynne, American actor (d. 1993)
1927 - Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician
1927 - Suzanne Cloutier, Canadian film actor (d. 2003)
1928 - Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar
1928 - Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (d. 2003)
1928 - Bernard Buffet, French painter (d. 1999)
1929 - Winnie Ewing, Scottish politician
1931 - Nick Adams, American actor (d. 1968)
1931 - Alice Munro, Canadian writer
1932 - Carlo Mario Abate, Italian racing driver
1934 - Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer
1935 - Tura Satana, American actress
1938 - Paul Andreu, French architect
1939 - Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
1940 - Meghnad Desai, Baron Desai, British economist
1940 - Helen Donath, American soprano
1940 - Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur
1941 - David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist
1941 - Ian Whitcomb, English songwriter, entertainer and producer
1942 - Ronnie James Dio, American musician
1942 - Pyotr Klimuk, cosmonaut
1943 - Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
1945 - John Motson, British sports (football) commentator
1945 - Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director
1945 - Virginia Wade, British tennis player
1945 - Ron Glass, American actor
1945 - Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist
1946 - Sue Lyon, American actress
1947 - Arlo Guthrie, American musician
1949 - Sunil Gavaskar, Indian cricketer
1949 - Greg Kihn U.S. pop musician & radio personality.
1949 - John Whitehead, American singer, songwriter, and record producer
1950 - Prokopis Pavlopoulos, Greek politician
1951 - Phyllis Smith, American actress (The Office)
1951 - Cheryl Wheeler, American singer and songwriter
1952 - Ludmilla Tourischeva, Russian gymnast
1952 - Kim Mitchell, Canadian guitarist/singer
1952 - Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician
1953 - Zoogz Rift, singer/songwriter and wrestling booker
1953 - Rik Emmett, Canadian musician (Triumph)
1954 - Neil Tennant, British musician (Pet Shop Boys)
1954 - Andre Dawson, American baseball player
1956 - Tom McClintock, American politician
1957 - Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war/political activist
1958 - Béla Fleck, American musician
1958 - Fiona Shaw, Irish actress
1959 - Ellen Kuras, American cinematographer
1961 - Jacky Cheung, Hong Kong singer and actor
1964 - Urban Meyer, American football coach
1964 - Wilfried Peeters, Belgian cyclist
1965 - Alec Mapa, Filipino-American actor and comedian
1965 - Ken Mellons, American singer
1965 - Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
1966 - Johnny Grunge, wrestler (d. 2006)
1967 - Tom Meents, American Professional monster truck driver
1968 - Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
1968 - Jonathan Gilbert, American actor (Little House on the Prairie)
1969 - Gale Harold, American actor
1969 - Alexandra Hedison, American actress
1970 - Helen Sjöholm, Swedish singer and actress
1970 - Gary LeVox, American singer (Rascal Flatts)
1970 - Jason Orange, UK pop singer and dancer (Take That)
1970 - John Simm, British actor
1971 - Adam Foote, Canadian ice hockey player
1971 - Gregory Goodridge, Barbadian footballer
1972 - Peter Serafinowicz, British comedian and actor
1972 - Sofia Vergara, Colombian actress
1972 - Tilo Wolff, German musician (Lacrimosa)
1974 - Chiwetel Ejiofor, English actor
1975 - Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player
1975 - Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor
1976 - Elijah Blue Allman, American musician (Deadsy)
1976 - Adrian Grenier, American actor
1976 - Ludovic Giuly, French footballer
1976 - Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
1976 - Edmílson Gomes, Brazilian footballer
1977 - Gwendoline Yeo, American actress
1978 - Jesse Lacey, American musician (Brand New)
1979 - Mvondo Atangana, Cameroon footballer
1980 - Thomas Ian Nicholas, American actor
1980 - Alejandro Millán, Mexican singer and songwriter
1980 - Adam Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
1980 - Jessica Simpson, American singer
1980 - Orlando Jordan, American wrestler
1982 - Alex Arrowsmith, American musician
1983 - Kim Heechul, Korean Singer
1982 - Sebastian Mila, Polish footballer
1984 - Maria Julia Mantilla Garcia, Miss World 2004
1985 - Mario Gómez, German footballer

Deaths
138 - Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)
649 - Li Shimin, Emperor of China (b.599)
1099 - El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)
1103 - King Eric I of Denmark
1290 - King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
1460 - Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English military leader (b. 1402)
1480 - King René I of Naples (b. 1410)
1559 - King Henry II of France (b. 1519)
1584 - William I of Orange (b. 1533)
1590 - Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
1594 - Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer (b. 1554)
1621 - Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
1653 - Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
1680 - Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
1683 - François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
1686 - John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
1776 - Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
1806 - George Stubbs, British painter (b. 1724)
1851 - Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)
1881 - Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)
1884 - Paul Morphy, American chess player (b. 1837)
1908 - Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (b. 1839)
1920 - Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
1941 - Jelly Roll Morton, American musician (b. 1890)
1954 - Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1877)
1956 - Joe Giard, American baseball player (b. 1898)
1963 - Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
1970 - Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (b. 1908)
1972 - Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (b. 1887)
1978 - John D Rockefeller III, American businessman (b. 1906)
1978 - Joe Davis, English snooker player (b. 1901)
1979 - Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
1981 - Ken Rex McElroy, American hog rustler (b. 1936)
1987 - John H. Hammond, American record producer (b. 1910)
1989 - Mel Blanc, American voice actor (b. 1908)
1993 - Sam Rolfe, American screenwriter (b. 1924)
2000 - Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1909)
2000 - Justin Pierce, English-American actor and skateboarder (b. 1975)
2002 - Jean-Pierre Côté, French Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
2003 - Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
2003 - Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
2003 - Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
2005 - A.J. Quinnell, English writer (b. 1940)
2005 - Freda Wright-Sorce, American radio performer (b. 1955)
2005 - Freddy Soto, American comedian and actor (b. 1970)
2005- Jimmy Franklin and Bobby Younkin, airshow performers
2006 - Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (b. 1965)
2007 - Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric (b. 1951)
2007 - Doug Marlette, American cartoonist (b. 1949)

Holidays and observances
Bahamas - Independence Day.
Silence Day - celebrated by followers of Meher Baba.
Mauritania - Armed Forces Day.
Ancient Latvia - Septinu Bralu Diena observed.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
11-07-2008, 04:22
July 11

July 11 is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 173 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
911 - Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
1156 - Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
1302 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) - a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's huge knightly army.
1346 - Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1405 - Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time.
1476 - Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
1576 - Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1616 - Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1735 - Mathematical calculations suggest it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
1740 - Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
1750 - Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
1776 - Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
1789 - Jacques Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming of the Bastille.
1796 - The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1798 - The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.
1804 - Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1811 - Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1848 - The Waterloo railway station in London opens.
1859 - A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1864 - Confederate forces attempt an invasion of Washington, D.C.
1882 - The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
1889 - Tijuana, Mexico was founded
1893 - The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
1895 - The brothers Lumière show film for scientists.
1897 - Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
1906 - Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy
1914 - Babe Ruth debuts in Major league baseball.
1919 - Eight-hour working day and free Sunday made into law in the Netherlands.
1921 - Truce called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
1921 - Former US President William Howard Taft sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
1921 - Outer Mongolia becomes independent (from the Republic of China).
1922 - Hollywood Bowl opens.
1936 - Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic.
1940 - World War II: Vichy France regime formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.
1943 - Massacres of Poles in Volhynia
1943 - World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily - German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
1944 - Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States.
1947 - The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
1950 - Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank.
1955 - The phrase In God We Trust is added to all US currency.
1957 - Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III
1960 - Independence of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger.
1960 - To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
1962 - First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
1971 - Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
1973 - A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 people of the 134 on-board.
1977 - Martin Luther King is posthumously awarded the Medal of Freedom.
1978 - Los Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
1979 - The space station Skylab returns to Earth.
1983 - A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
1987 - According to the United Nations, the world population crossed the 5,000,000,000 (5 billion) mark.
1990 - Oka Crisis, First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
1991 - A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
1995 - Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
1995 - Srebrenica Genocide: Serb army from Yugoslavia and Bosnia, capture the Bosniak town of Srebrenica. More than eight thousands inhabitants are murdered. It is generally regarded to be the most horrific event in recent European history.
1995 - A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
2006 - 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.

Births
1274 - Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (d. 1329)
1366 - Anne of Bohemia, consort of Richard II of England (d. 1394)
1561 - Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet (d. 1627)
1603 - Kenelm Digby, English privateer (d. 1665)
1628 - Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
1657 - King Frederick I of Prussia (d. 1713)
1662 - Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1726)
1709 - Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)
1723 - Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (d. 1799)
1751 - Caroline Matilda of Wales, queen consort of Denmark and Norway (d. 1775)
1754 - Thomas Bowdler, English physician and censor (d. 1825)
1767 - John Quincy Adams, President of the United States (d. 1848)
1826 - Alexander Afanasyev, Russian folklorist (d. 1871)
1832 - Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek politician (d. 1896)
1846 - Leon Bloy, French writer (d. 1917)
1850 - Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader (d. 1938)
1851 - Millie and Christine McCoy, Conjoined twins (d. 1912)
1864 - Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
1866 - Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
1886 - Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
1892 - Thomas Mitchell, American film actor and screenwriter (d. 1962)
1895 - Dolly Wilde, English socialite (d. 1941)
1897 - Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)
1899 - E. B. White, American writer (d. 1985)
1903 - Rudolf Abel, Soviet intelligence officer (d. 1971)
1903 - Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (d. 1976)
1906 - Herbert Wehner, German politician (d. 1990)
1910 - Irene Hervey, American actress (d. 1998)
1913 - Cordwainer Smith, American writer (d. 1966)
1916 - Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
1916 - Reg Varney, English actor
1916 - Gough Whitlam, 21st Prime Minister of Australia
1920 - Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)
1921 - Ilse Werner, Dutch-born actress
1922 - Gene Evans, American actor (d. 1998)
1924 - César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (d. 2005)
1924 - Brett Somers, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
1924 - Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1971)
1925 - Nicolai Gedda, Swedish tenor
1926 - Frederick Buechner, American author
1929 - David Kelly, Irish actor
1929 - Hermann Prey, German baritone (d. 1998)
1930 - Harold Bloom, American literary critic
1931 - Thurston Harris, American singer (d. 1990)
1931 - Tab Hunter, American actor
1931 - Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
1932 - Jean-Guy Talbot, French Canadian ice hockey player
1933 - Bob McGrath, American actor
1934 - Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer
1935 - Oliver Napier, Northern Irish politician
1937 - Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer
1940 - Yvon Charbonneau, French Canadian union leader and politician
1941 - Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver
1943 - Rolf Stommelen, German race car driver (d. 1983)
1944 - Myra Gale Brown, former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
1945 - Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
1946 - Cuthbert Johnson, Benedictine abbot.
1947 - Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
1949 - Liona Boyd, English-born musician
1950 - Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist
1950 - Bruce McGill, American actor
1950 - J. R. Morgan, British classical scholar
1950 - Bonnie Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
1952 - Bill Barber, Canadian ice hockey player
1952 - John Kettley, English weather forecaster
1953 - Peter Brown, American singer, songwriter and producer
1953 - Mindy Sterling, American actress
1953 - Leon Spinks, American former boxer
1954 - Butch Reed, American professional wrestler
1956 - Sela Ward, American actress
1957 - Peter Murphy, British musician - (Bauhaus)
1957 - Michael Rose, Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru)
1958 - Hugo Sánchez, Mexican footballer
1958 - Andrew Gilbert-Scott, British racing driver
1959 - Richie Sambora, American musician (Bon Jovi)
1959 - Suzanne Vega, American singer
1962 - Gaetan Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
1962 - Pauline McLynn, Irish actress
1963 - Al MacInnis, Canadian ice hockey player
1963 - Lisa Rinna, American actress
1964 - Craig Charles, English actor
1964 - Kyrill, Prince of Preslav, titular Bulgarian royal family
1965 - Tony Cottee, English footballer
1965 - Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kickboxer
1965 - Scott Shriner, American musician (Weezer)
1966 - Greg Grunberg, American actor
1966 - Mick Molloy, Australian comedian
1967 - Jeff Corwin, American naturalist and TV personality
1968 - Michael Geist, Canadian academic
1968 - Esera Tuaolo, American football player
1969 - David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
1970 - Justin Chambers, American actor
1971 - Leisha Hailey, American actress and musician Uh Huh Her (band)
1972 - Jussi 69, Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes)
1972 - Steven Richards, Australian racing driver
1972 - Michael Rosenbaum, American actor
1973 - Andrew Bird, American musician
1973 - Konstantinos Kenteris, Greek athlete
1974 - Hermann Hreiðarsson, Icelandic footballer
1974 - André Ooijer, Dutch footballer
1975 - Willie Anderson, American football player
1975 - Rubén Baraja, Spanish footballer
1975 - Riona Hazuki, Japanese actress
1975 - Samer el Nahhal, Finnish musician (Lordi)
1975 - Lil' Kim, American rapper
1976 - Eduardo Nájera, Mexican-born basketball player
1977 - Brandon Short, American football player
1980 - T.J. Wilson, Canadian professional wrestler
1981 - Carla Campbell, Jamaican model
1981 - Andre Johnson, American football player
1981 - Aaron Proctor, American professional wrestling promoter & politician
1982 - Chris Cooley, American football player
1983 - Peter Cincotti, American singer songwriter
1983 - Kelly Poon, Singaporean singer
1983 - Evan Roberts, American radio broadcaster
1983 - Marie Serneholt, Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 - Kellie Shirley , Actress
1984 - Yorman Bazardo, Venezuelan baseball player
1984 - Tanith Belbin, Canadian ice dancer
1984 - Hitomi Hyuga, Japanese actress
1984 - Rachael Taylor, Australian actress
1985 - Aki Maeda, Japanese actress
1986 - Yoann Gourcuff, French footballer
1986 - Ryan Jarvis, English footballer
1987 - Shigeaki Kato, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band))
1989 - David Henrie, American Actor
1990 - Caroline Wozniacki, Danish tennis player
1990 - Connor Paolo, Actor

Deaths
472 - Anthemius, Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
937 - King Rudolph II of Burgundy
969 - Olga of Kiev
1174 - King Amalric I of Jerusalem (b. 1136)
1183 - Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
1302 - Robert II of Artois, French soldier (b. 1250)
1535 - Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg (b. 1484)
1581 - Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero
1679 - William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
1688 - King Narai of Siam (b. 1629)
1766 - Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
1774 - Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer
1775 - Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
1797 - Ienăchiţă Văcărescu, Wallachian writer (b. 1740)
1806 - James Smith, American signer of the Declaration of Independence
1825 - Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
1844 - Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
1909 - Simon Newcomb, American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1835)
1929 - Billy Mosforth, English footballer (b. 1857)
1920 - Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France (b. 1826)
1936 - James Murray, American actor (b. 1901)
1937 - George Gershwin, American composer (b. 1898)
1959 - Charlie Parker, English cricketer (b. 1882)
1966 - Delmore Schwartz, American poet (b. 1913)
1967 - Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge (b. 1917)
1971 - John W. Campbell, American writer and editor (b. 1910)
1971 - Pedro Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1940)
1974 - Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
1979 - Claude Wagner, French Canadian judge and politician (b. 1925)
1983 - Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)
1987 - Avi Ran, Israeli footballer (b. 1963)
1989 - Sir Laurence Olivier, acclaimed English stage and screen actor (b. 1907)
1991 - Hitoshi Igarashi, English-Japanese translator of The Satanic Verses (b. 1947)
1994 - Gary Kildall, American computer programmer (b. 1942)
1994 - Savannah, American porn star (b. 1970)
1999 - Helen Forrest, American singer (b. 1917)
2000 - Pedro Mir, Dominican poet (b. 1913)
2000 - Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1921)
2001 - Herman Brood, Dutch singer and artist (b. 1946)
2004 - Laurance Rockefeller, American conservationist and philanthropist (b. 1910)
2005 - Gretchen Franklin, English actress (b. 1911)
2005 - Frances Langford, American actress and singer (b. 1914)
2005 - Jesús Iglesias, Argentine professional racing driver (b. 1922)
2006 - Barnard Hughes, American actor (b. 1915)
2006 - John Spencer, English snooker player (b. 1935)
2007 - Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
2007 - Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (b. 1913)
2007 - Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1914)
2007 - Glenda Adams, Australian author (b. 1939)

Holidays and observances
United Nations - World Population Day
Flanders, region in Belgium (not a public holiday) - Flemish Day (1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs)
Ireland - National Day of Commemoration held on nearest Sunday to this date (see Irish calendar).
Mongolia - Naadam Holiday
China - China National Maritime Day
Bonfire night in Northern Ireland, precursor to The Twelfth
United States - Free Slurpee Day at 7-Eleven
Cheer Up the Lonely Day


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
12-07-2008, 15:52
July 12

July 12 is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 172 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1191 - Saladin's garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city's walls and towers.
1543 - King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
1580 - Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
1641 - A Treaty of Offensive and Defensive Alliance is signed by Portugal and the Dutch Republic. The treaty had no effect in the Portuguese colonies (Brazil and Angola) that were under Dutch rule since it was not respected by both parties.
1690 - Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) - The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
1691 - Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) - The decisive victory of William's forces in Ireland.
1790 - The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Assembly.
1804 - Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.
1806 - Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
1812 - War of 1812: The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
1862 - The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress.
1917 - The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
1918 - The Japanese Imperial Navy battle ship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
1932 - Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
1943 - World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.
1960 - Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1973 - A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1975 - São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
1979 - The island nation of Kiribati declares independence from Great Britain.
2006 - Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.

Births100 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
1394 - Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
1596 - Tsar Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
1675 - Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
1730 - Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (d. 1795)
1803 - Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
1807 - Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (d. 1893)
1817 - Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher (d. 1862)
1824 - Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
1828 - Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
1849 - Sir William Osler, Canadian physician and author (d. 1919)
1850 - Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
1852 - Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (d. 1933)
1854 - George Eastman, American inventor (d. 1932)
1863 - Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
1863 - Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
1864 - George Washington Carver, American botanist (d. 1943)
1868 - Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
1870 - Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
1876 - Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
1880 - Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
1884 - Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1920)
1886 - Jean Hersholt, Danish film director and actor (d. 1956)
1892 - Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
1895 - Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (d. 1962)
1895 - Buckminster Fuller, American architect (d. 1983)
1895 - Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (d. 1960)
1904 - Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
1908 - Milton Berle, American comedian (d. 2002)
1909 - Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d. 1993)
1909 - Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
1913 - Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
1917 - Andrew Wyeth, American artist
1920 - Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer (d. 2004)
1920 - Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
1921 - Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
1922 - Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator from Oregon
1925 - Roger Bonham Smith, former chairman and CEO of General Motors (d. 2007)
1928 - Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
1930 - Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
1932 - Otis Davis, American runner
1933 - Donald E. Westlake, American author
1934 - Van Cliburn, American pianist
1937 - Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
1937 - Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
1937 - Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
1938 - Ron Fairly, American baseball player
1938 - Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
1941 - Benny Parsons, American NASCAR driver (d. 2007)
1941 - Joseph Whipp, American actor
1942 - Billy Smith, Australian rugby league footballer
1943 - Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac)
1943 - Paul Silas, American basketball player and head coach
1943 - Walter Murch, American film editor
1945 - Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor
1947 - Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union footballer
1947 - Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology
1948 - Ben Burtt, American sound designer
1948 - Walter Egan, American singer
1948 - Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer
1948 - Jay Thomas, American actor
1949 - Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner, and car dealer.
1950 - Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (d. 1991)
1950 - Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player
1951 - Brian Grazer, American film producer
1951 - Cheryl Ladd, American actress
1951 - Sylvia Sass, Hungarian soprano
1951 - Jamey Sheridan, American actor
1952 - Philip Taylor Kramer, Bass Guitar Player (d. 1995)
1952 - Voja Antonić, Serbian inventor and writer
1954 - Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
1956 - Sandi Patty, American singer
1956 - Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
1957 - Richard Douglas Husband, American astronaut (d. 2003)
1960 - Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
1962 - Julio César Chávez, Mexican boxer
1962 - Dan Murphy, American guitarist (Soul Asylum)
1962 - Dean Wilkins, English football manager
1964 - Tim Gane, English musician (Stereolab, McCarthy)
1964 - Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
1965 - Sanjay Manjrekar, Indian cricketer
1967 - Richard Herring, English comedian
1967 - John Petrucci, American guitar player (Dream Theater)
1967 - Bruny Surin, Canadian athlete
1968 - Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
1969 - Jesse Pintado, American guitarist (Napalm Death) (d. 2006)
1969 - Alan Mullally, England cricketer
1970 - Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
1970 - Juba Kalamka, American artist/activist
1971 - Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
1972 - Travis Best, American basketball player
1972 - Brett Reed, American musician (Rancid)
1972 - Jake Wood, English actor
1973 - Magoo, American rapper
1973 - Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
1974 - Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer (Within Temptation)
1974 - Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
1974 - Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
1975 - Cheyenne Jackson, American actor and singer
1976 - Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Anna Friel, British actress
1976 - Tracie Spencer, American singer and songwriter
1977 - Neil Harris, English footballer
1977 - Steve Howey, American actor
1977 - Brock Lesnar, American mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
1978 - Topher Grace, American actor
1978 - Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
1978 - Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
1979 - Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
1980 - Johanna Klum, German TV presenter
1981 - Adrienne Camp, South African singer/songwriter
1982 - Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
1983 - Megumi Kawamura, Japanese volleyballer
1983 - Munaf Patel, Indian cricketer
1984 - Gareth Gates, British singer
1984 - Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
1985 - Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
1985 - Natasha Poly, Russian supermodel
1986 - JP Pietersen, South African rugby union footballer
1986 - Krystal Forscutt, Australian model/reality TV contestant
1988 - Melissa O'Neil, Canadian singer
1991 - Erik Per Sullivan, American actor

Deaths
783 - Bertrada of Laon, wife of Pippin III (b. 720)
1441 - Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
1536 - Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher
1584 - Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
1664 - Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
1682 - Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
1693 - John Ashby, English admiral
1712 - Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1626)
1742 - Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (b. 1675)
1749 - Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
1773 - Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer (b. 1697)
1804 - Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
1845 - Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
1849 - Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
1910 - Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
1918 - Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
1926 - Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (b. 1868)
1931 - Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
1934 - Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
1935 - Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
1944 - Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general, received Medal of Honor (b. 1887)
1945 - Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
1945 - Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
1947 - Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
1949 - Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
1950 - Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
1961 - Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
1962 - Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
1971 - Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
1973 - Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
1979 - Minnie Riperton, American soul singer (b. 1947)
1983 - Chris Wood, British musician, played with Traffic, (b. 1944)
1990 - João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
1993 - Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
1996 - John Chancellor, American television journalist (b. 1927)
1996 - Jonathan Melvoin, American musician and keyboardist (The Smashing Pumpkins) (b. 1961)
1998 - Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
1998 - Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
1999 - Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
2000 - Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II (b. 1908)
2003 - Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
2004 - Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
2005 - John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, Chief executive of British Airways since its privitisation (b. 1917)
2007 - Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality (b.1947)
2007 - Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure (b. 1951)
2007 - Robert Burås, Norwegian guitar player (b. 1975)

Holidays and observances

Northern Ireland - Battle of the Boyne Day (also known as Orangemen's Day or the Twelfth).
São Tomé and Príncipe - Independence Day.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
13-07-2008, 22:15
July 13

July 13 is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 171 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1558 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
1573 - Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
1643 - English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down - In England, Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, wins a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Sir William Waller.
1787 - The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery.
1794 - Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
1854 - In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
1863 - New York Draft Riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in United States history.
1878 - Treaty of Berlin: The European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
1919 - The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
1923 - The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
1941 - World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
1973 - Alexander Butterfield reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
1985 - The Live Aid benefit concert takes place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Sydney and Moscow.
1985 - Vice President George H.W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.

Births
100 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
40 AD - Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman Governor of Britain (d. 93 AD)
1527 - John Dee, English scientist (d. 1609)
1579 - Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
1590 - Pope Clement X (d. 1676)
1607 - Václav Hollar, Bohemian-born artist (d. 1677)
1608 - Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1657)
1745 - Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
1770 - Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)
1776 - Caroline of Baden, queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
1793 - John Clare, English poet (d. 1864)
1798 - Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
1821 - Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate cavalry officer, and founder of the original Ku Klux Klan (d. 1877)
1841 - Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
1858 - Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
1859 - Sidney Webb, British socialist (d. 1947)
1864 - John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)
1889 - Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
1894 - Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (d. 1940)
1895 - Sidney Blackmer, American actor (d. 1973)
1896 - Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
1898 - Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
1900 - George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
1901 - Eric Portman, English stage and film actor (d. 1969)
1903 - Kenneth Clark, English art historian (d. 1983)
1905 - Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
1913 - Dave Garroway, American television host (d. 1982)
1913 - Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping magnate
1918 - Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver, and two-time F1 world champion (d. 1955)
1920 - Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
1921 - Git Gay, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2007)
1921 - Ernest Gold, Austrian composer (d. 1999)
1921 - Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
1922 - Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
1922 - Anker Jørgensen, Danish Prime Minister, Democratic Socialist
1924 - Carlo Bergonzi, Italian singer
1924 - Michel Constantin, French film actor (d. 2003)
1927 - Simone Veil, French politician
1928 - Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
1928 - Bob Crane, American actor (d. 1978)
1928 - Leroy Vinnegar, American jazz bassist
1929 - Sofia Muratova, Soviet gymnast (d. 2006)
1931 - Frank Ramsey, American basketball player
1932 - Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
1933 - Patsy Byrne, English actress
1934 - Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel laureate
1934 - Aleksei Yeliseyev, Soviet cosmonaut
1935 - Jack Kemp, American football player and politician
1936 - Albert Ayler, American musician (d. 1970)
1940 - Patrick Stewart, English actor
1941 - Robert Forster, American actor
1941 - Jacques Perrin, French actor and filmmaker
1942 - Harrison Ford, American actor
1942 - Roger McGuinn, American musician (The Byrds)
1944 - Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor
1946 - Cheech Marin, American actor
1948 - Catherine Breillat, French director and screenwriter
1948 - Daphne Maxwell Reid, Actress
1950 - George "Pinky" Nelson, American astronaut
1950 - Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)
1951 - Rob Bishop, American politician
1953 - Mila Mulroney, wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
1954 - Sezen Aksu, Turkish singer
1954 - Rick Chartraw, American ice hockey player
1954 - Louise Mandrell, American musician
1954 - David Thompson, American basketball player
1956 - Claude Giroux, Canadian midget wrestler
1956 - Michael Spinks, American former boxer
1957 - Thierry Boutsen, Belgian racing driver
1957 - Cameron Crowe, American film director
1957 - Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
1959 - Richard Leman, English field hockey player
1960 - Ian Hislop, English writer, editor of Private Eye
1961 - Stelios Manolas, Greek footballer and manager
1961 - Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
1962 - Tom Kenny, American voice actor
1962 - Rhonda Vincent, American singer
1963 - Neal Foulds, English snooker player
1963 - Spud Webb, American basketball player
1966 - Gerald Levert, American singer (d. 2006)
1967 - Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
1967 - Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger
1968 - Robert Gant, American actor
1969 - Mark Greenway, British vocalist
1969 - Kakhi Kakhiashvili, Georgian-born Greek weightlifter
1969 - Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
1970 - Barry Pinches, English snooker player
1972 - Sean Waltman, American wrestler
1973 - Ariel Silvio Zárate, Argentine footballer
1974 - Deborah Cox, Canadian R&B singer
1974 - Jarno Trulli, Italian race car driver
1975 - Danni Boatwright, American model, sports caster, and Survivor contestant
1976 - Al Santos, American model and actor
1976 - Sheldon Souray, Canadian ice hockey player
1977 - Ashley Scott, American actress
1979 - Craig Bellamy, Welsh footballer
1982 - Christopher Bauman, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
1982 - Joost van den Broek, Dutch keyboard player (After Forever)
1982 - Shin-Soo Choo, South Korean baseball player
1982 - Simon Clist, English footballer
1982 - Yadier Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
1983 - Liu Xiang, Chinese hurdling athlete
1983 - Kristof Beyens, Belgian athlete
1985 - Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
1989 - Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
1990 - Matt Weinberg, American actor
1992 - Dylan Patton, American actor
1992 - Elise Matthysen, Belgian swimmer

Deaths
939 - Pope Leo VII
1189 - Matilda of England, daughter of Henry II of England (b. 1156)
1205 - Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
1357 - Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
1399 - Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
1402 - Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
1551 - John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
1621 - Archduke Albert of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (b. 1559)
1626 - Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
1628 - Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
1629 - Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Swedish physician and theologian (b. 1585)
1645 - Tsar Michael I of Russia (b. 1596)
1683 - Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
1693 - Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
1705 - Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator (b. 1649)
1755 - Edward Braddock, British general
1760 - Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans (b. 1696)
1761 - Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
1762 - James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1693)
1789 - Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (b. 1715)
1793 - Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary (b. 1743)
1807 - Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
1882 - Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
1889 - Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
1890 - John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
1896 - Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)
1921 - Gabriel Lippmann, Luxembourg scientist (b. 1845)
1922 - Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
1946 - Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
1951 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
1954 - Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
1955 - Ruth Ellis, last woman to get the death sentence in Britain (b. 1926)
1960 - Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
1967 - Tom Simpson, British cyclist (b. 1937)
1973 - Willy Fritsch, German film actor (b. 1901)
1974 - Patrick Blackett, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
1976 - Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
1976 - Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915)
1979 - Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1913)
1980 - Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana (b. 1921)
1983 - Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
1993 - Davey Allison, American race car driver (b. 1961)
1995 - Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)
1996 - Pandro S. Berman, American film producer (b. 1905)
1997 - Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
2002 - Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
2003 - Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (b. 1907)
2004 - Arthur Kane, American musician (b. 1949)
2004 - Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1930)
2006 - Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)

Holidays and observances
Mongolia - Naadam Holiday, 3rd day
Bahá'í Faith - Feast of Kálimát (Words) - First day of the seventh month of the Bahá'í calendar
Bon Festival - Start of Buddhist festival to honor the dead (East Japan; date varies)
Abd-al-Masih, Christian saint and martyr
Abel of Tacla Haimonot in the Coptic Church

Take Care All:);)

RIDER
13-07-2008, 22:49
July 13



1099 - The Crusaders launched their final assault on Muslims in Jerusalem.

1534 - The Ottoman armies captured Tabriz in northwestern Persia.

1558 - Led by the court of Egmont, the Spanish army defeated the French at Gravelines, France.

1585 - A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reached Roanoke Island, NC.

1643 - In England, the Roundheads, led by Sir William Waller, were defeated by royalist troops under Lord Wilmot in the Battle of Roundway Down.

1754 - At the beginning of the French and Indian War, George Washington surrendered the small, circular Fort Necessity in southwestern Pennsylvania to the French.

1787 - The U.S. Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, enacted the Northwest Ordinance, which established the rules for governing the Northwest Territory, for admitting new states to the Union and limiting the expansion of slavery.

1793 - French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday. She was executed four days later.

1812 - The first pawnbroking ordinance was passed in New York City.

1832 - Henry Schoolcraft discovered the source of the Mississippi River in Minnesota.

1835 - John Ruggles received patent #1 from the U.S. Patent Office for a traction wheel used in locomotive steam engines. All 9,957 previous patents were not numbered.

1863 - Opponents of the Civil War draft began three days of rioting in New York City, which resulted in more than 1,000 casualties.

1875 - David Brown patented the first cash-carrier system.

1878 - The Congress of Berlin divided the Balkans among European powers.

1896 - Philadelphia’s Ed Delahanty became the second major league player to hit four home runs in a single game.

1931 - A major German financial institution, Danabank, failed. This led to the closing of all banks in Germany until August 5.

1941 - Britain and the Soviet Union signed a mutual aid pact, that provided the means for Britain to send war material to the Soviet Union.

1954 - In Geneva, the United States, Great Britain and France reached an accord on Indochina which divided Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel.

1967 - Race-related rioting broke out in Newark, NJ. At the end of four days of violence 27 people had been killed.

1971 - The Army of Morocco executed ten leaders accused of leading a revolt.

1972 - Carroll Rosenbloom (owner of the Baltimore Colts) and Robert Irsay (owner of the Los Angeles Rams) traded teams.

1973 - David Bedford set a new world record in the 10,000-meter race in London. His time was 27 minutes, 31 seconds.

1978 - Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.

1979 - A 45-hour siege began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey. Four Palestinian guerrillas killed two security men and seized 20 hostages.

1982 - The All-Star Game was played outside the United States for the first time. They played in Montreal, Canada.

1984 - In Arkansas, Terry Wallis was injured in a car accident and was left comatose. He came out of the coma in June of 2003.

1994 - Jeff Gillooly, Tonya Harding's ex-husband, was sentenced in Portland, OR, to two years in prison for his role in the attack on Nancy Kerrigan.

1998 - "Image of an Assassination" went on sale. The video documentary is of Abraham Zapruder's home video of U.S. President Kennedy's assassination in Dallas.

1998 - Four young cousins in Gallup, NM, died after becoming trapped in a car trunk.

1998 - RealNetworks Inc. rolled out a test version of RealSystem G2. G2 is a streaming video and audio delivery system.

2000 - The United States and Vietnam singed a major trade agreement. The pact still needed to be approved by the U.S. Congress.

2000 - Sprint Corp. and WorldCom canceled their planned merger due to opposition by regulators in the United States and Europe.

poopoy
15-07-2008, 15:57
July 15

July 15 is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 169 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.
1207 - John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.
1240 - A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.
1381 - John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.
1410 - Battle of Grunwald, allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order.
1685 - James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill, England after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemore on 6 July 1685.
1741 - Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends some men aboard in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
1789 - Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, by acclamation, named colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris.
1799 - Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta, by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard.
1806 - Pike expedition: Near St. Louis, Missouri, United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Belle Fountaine to explore the west.
1815 - Napoléon Bonaparte surrenders from aboard HMS Bellerophon.
1823 - A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
1870 - Post-American-Civil-War Reconstruction: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
1870 - Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory are transferred to Canada from the Hudson's Bay Company, and the province of Manitoba and the North-West Territories are established from these vast territories.
1870 - The Kingdom of Prussia and the Second French Empire commence the Franco-Prussian War
1888 - The stratovolcano Mount Bandai erupts killing approximately 500 people.
1916 - In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
1918 - World War I: Second Battle of the Marne - The battle begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
1927 - Massacre of July 15, 1927: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna.
1929 - First weekly radio broadcast of Mormon Tabernacle Choir radio show, Music and the Spoken Word.
1931 - Kid Chocolate becomes Cuba's first world boxing champion.
1934 - Continental Airlines commenced operations
1954 - First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series
1955 - Eighteen Nobel laureates signed the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others.
1959 - The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
1974 - In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d'état, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president.
1979 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter gives his famous "malaise" speech, where he characterizes the greatest threat to the country as "this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation."
1994 - The new Ivybridge railway station, costing £380,000, opens in the town of Ivybridge, Devon, England.
1996 - A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport.
1997 - In Miami, Florida, serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan guns down Gianni Versace outside his home.
2002 - "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and for the possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
2002 - Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan gave the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three other suspects in murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
2003 - AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.

Births
1273 - Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (d. 1352)
1353 - Vladimir the Bold, Russian prince (d. 1410)
1458 - Juan Ponce de Leon, Spanish Explorer (d. 1521)
1471 - Eskender, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1494)
1553 - Archduke Ernest of Austria (d. 1595)
1573 - Inigo Jones, English architect (d. 1652)
1606 - Rembrandt, Dutch artist (d. 1669)
1631 - Jens Juel, Danish diplomat (d. 1700)
1704 - August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German religious leader (d. 1792)
1737 - Princess Louise-Marie of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1787)
1779 - Clement Clarke Moore, American educator, author, and poet (d. 1863)
1796 - Thomas Bulfinch, American mythologist (d. 1867)
1808 - Henry Edward Cardinal Manning, English Catholic archbishop (d. 1892)
1812 - James Hope-Scott, English barrister (d. 1873)
1837 - Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
1848 - Vilfredo Pareto, Italian economist and sociologist (d. 1923)
1851 - Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (d. 1889)
1850 - Mother Cabrini, Italian-born Catholic saint (d. 1917)
1864 - Marie Tempest, English singer and actress (d. 1942)
1865 - Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
1870 - Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, Russian publisher and politician (d. 1922)
1871 - Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
1892 - Walter Benjamin, German literary critic and writer (d. 1940)
1894 - Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer and inventor (d. 1989)
1899 - Seán Lemass, Irish leader (d. 1971)
1902 - Jean Rey, Belgian politician and President of the European Commission {d. 1983)
1903 - Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician (d. 1975)
1904 - Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)
1905 - Dorothy Fields, American librettist and lyricist (d. 1974)
1906 - Rudolf "Rudi" Uhlenhaut, German automotive engineer and test driver (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1989)
1911 - Edward Shackleton, English explorer (d. 1994)
1913 - Cowboy Copas, American country singer (d. 1963)
1913 - Dorothy Schwartz, American violinist (d. 2007)
1913 - Abraham Sutzkever, Yiddish language poet and memoirist.
1914 - Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
1914 - Hammond Innes, English writer (d. 1998)
1914 - Howard Vernon, Swiss actor (d. 1996)
1918 - Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
1919 - Iris Murdoch, Irish writer (d. 1999)
1921 - Robert Bruce Merrifield, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1921 - Henri Colpi, French film director (d. 2006)
1922 - Leon M. Lederman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1925 - Philip Carey, American actor
1926 - Driss Chraïbi, Moroccan author
1926 - Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine dictator (d. 2003)
1928 - Carl Woese, American microbiologist
1929 - Charles Anthony, American tenor
1930 - Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (d. 2004)
1930 - Stephen Smale, American mathematician
1930 - Richard Garneau, French Canadian sports journalist
1931 - Clive Cussler, American author
1932 - Ed Litzenberger, Canadian ice hockey player
1933 - Julian Bream, English guitarist and lutenist
1933 - Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (d. 2003)
1934 - Harrison Birtwistle, English composer
1934 - Risto Jarva, Finnish filmmaker (d. 1977)
1935 - Donn Clendenon, baseball player (d. 2005)
1935 - Ken Kercheval, American actor
1935 - Alex Karras, American football player and actor
1938 - Ernie Barnes, American artist and football player
1939 - Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal and former Prime Minister
1939 - Patrick Wayne, American actor
1941 - Denis Héroux, French Canadian film director and producer
1942 - Mil Mascaras, Mexican professional wrestler
1943 - Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist
1944 - Millie Jackson, American singer
1944 - Jan-Michael Vincent, American actor
1945 - Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
1946 - Linda Ronstadt, American singer
1946 - Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei
1947 - Peter Banks, British guitarist (Yes)
1948 - Alicia Bridges, American singer
1948 - Artimus Pyle, American drummer (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
1949 - Carl Bildt, Swedish politician
1949 - Trevor Horn, British music producer
1950 - Arianna Huffington, Greek-born newspaper columnist
1951 - Jesse Ventura, professional wrestler and former Governor of Minnesota
1952 - Johnny Thunders, American musician (d. 1991)
1952 - Terry O'Quinn, American actor
1952 - Judy McGrath, American television executive
1953 - Jean-Bertrand Aristide, former President of Haiti
1953 - John Denham, British politician
1954 - Mario Kempes, Argentine football player
1956 - Ian Curtis, British musician (d. 1980)
1956 - Barry Melrose, Canadian hockey player, coach, and commentator
1956 - Marky Ramone, American musician (Ramones)
1956 - Joe Satriani, American guitarist
1956 - Wayne Taylor, South African race car driver
1958 - Gary Heale, former professional English soccer player
1958 - Mac Thornberry, American politician
1959 - Vincent Lindon, French actor
1959 - Shep Pettibone, American record producer
1960 - Kim Alexis, American supermodel and actress
1960 - Willie Aames, American actor
1961 - Lolita Davidovich, Canadian-born actress
1961 - Jean-Christophe Grangé, French writer and screenwriter
1961 - Scott Ritter, UN weapons inspector in Iraq
1961 - Forest Whitaker, American actor
1962 - Steve Brown, American darts player
1963 - Steve Thomas, Canadian ice hockey player
1963 - Brigitte Nielsen, Danish-born actress
1965 - David Miliband, British politician
1966 - Jason Bonham, English drummer; son of John Bonham
1966 - Irène Jacob, French-born Swiss actress
1967 - Adam Savage, American actor
1968 - Eddie Griffin, American comedian
1968 - Stan Kirsch, American actor
1970 - Chi Cheng, American musician (Deftones)
1971 - Danijela, Croatian singer
1972 - Michael Barnett, UK musician / producer
1972 - Scott Foley, American actor
1972 - Beth Ostrosky, American model
1973 - John Dolmayan, Lebanese-born drummer (System of a Down)
1973 - Brian Austin Green, American actor
1973 - Chris Taylor, Australian comedian, member of The Chaser
1974 - Chot Ulep, Filipino musician
1975 - Kara Drew, An American professional wrestler better known as Cherry
1975 - Ben Pepper, Australian basketball player
1976 - Jim Jones, African Puerto Rican American rapper
1976 - Diane Kruger, German actress and former fashion model
1977 - Ray Toro, American musician (My Chemical Romance)
1977 - Kitana Baker, American model (Miller Light Catfight commercial)
1977 - Faraz Anwar, Pakistani guitarist (Mizraab)
1977 - Lana Parrilla, American actress
1978 - Miguel Olivo, Dominican baseball player
1979 - Laura Benanti, American musical theatre actress
1979 - Alexander Frei, Swiss footballer
1980 - Jonathan Cheechoo, professional ice hockey player
1980 - Reggie Abercrombie, professional baseball player
1980 - Jasper Pääkkönen, Finnish actor and film producer
1982 - Haley Scarnato, American American Idol contestant
1983 - Nelson Merlo, Brazilian racing driver
1984 - Vice Cooler, American musician
1989 - Tristan Wilds, American actor
1992 - Koharu Kusumi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)

Deaths
1085 - Robert Guiscard, French adventurer (b. c.1015)
1262 - Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1222)
1274 - Bonaventure, Italian theologian and saint (b. 1221)
1291 - Rudolph I of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1218)
1381 - John Ball, English priest
1406 - Duke William of Austria (b. c.1370)
1410 - Ulrich von Jungingen, German Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (killed in battle) (b. 1360)
1521 - Juan Ponce de León, Spanish Explorer (b. 1458)
1544 - René of Châlon, Prince of the House of Orange (b. 1519)
1571 - Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
1609 - Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1560)
1614 - Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, French historian and biographer (b. c.1540)
1655 - Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1570)
1685 - James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II of England (b. 1649)
1750 - Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
1765 - Charles-André van Loo, French painter (b. 1705)
1767 - Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (b. 1746)
1789 - Jacques Duphly, French composer (b. 1715)
1828 - Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (b. 1741)
1839 - Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English poet (b. 1802)
1844 - Claude Charles Fauriel, French historian (b. 1772)
1857 - Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (b. 1791)
1885 - Rosalia de Castro, Spanish writer and poet (b. 1837)
1890 - Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (b. 1819)
1898 - Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1825)
1904 - Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (b. 1860)
1919 - Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
1929 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (b. 1874)
1930 - Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (b. 1845)
1931 - Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian economist (b. 1868)
1932 - Cornelis Jacobus Langenhoven, South African politician and writer (b. 1873)
1933 - Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (b. 1865)
1933 - Freddie Keppard, American musician (b. 1890)
1940 - Robert Pershing Wadlow, American--at 8 ft. 11.1 in, the tallest human ever known (b. 1918)
1942 - Wenceslao Vinzons, Filipino politician and resistance leader (bayoneted to death) (b. 1910)
1944 - Marie-Victorin, French Canadian Christian Brother and botanist (b. 1885)
1946 - Razor Smith, English cricketer (b. 1877)
1947 - Walter Donaldson, American songwriter (b. 1893)
1948 - John J. Pershing, U.S. general (b. 1860)
1953 - Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios (b.1882)
1957 - James M. Cox, American politician (b. 1870)
1957 - Vasily Maklakov, Russian orator and liberal politician (b. 1869)
1958 - Julia Lennon, mother of John Lennon (b. 1914)
1959 - Ernest Bloch, Swiss composer (b. 1880)
1960 - Lawrence Tibbett, American opera singer and actor (b. 1896)
1960 - Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
1961 - John E. Brownlee, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
1965 - Francis Cherry, American politician (b. 1908)
1974 - Christine Chubbuck, television news reporter (b.1944)
1979 - Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico (b. 1911)
1982 - Bill Justis, American musician and producer (b. 1926)
1986 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (b. 1923)
1989 - Laurie Cunningham, English footballer (b. 1956)
1990 - Margaret Lockwood, British actress (b. 1916)
1991 - Bert Convy, American actor (b. 1933)
1992 - Chingiz Mustafayev, Azerbaijan's most noted journalist (b. 1960)
1992 - Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (b. 1922)
1993 - David Brian, American actor (b. 1914)
1993 - Bobby Kent, alleged Florida bully murdered by his friends (b. 1973)
1996 - Dana Hill, American actress (b. 1964)
1997 - Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (b. 1946)
2000 - Louis Quilico, Canadian baritone (b. 1925)
2003 - Roberto Bolaño, Chilean writer (b. 1953)
2003 - Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (b. 1920)
2006 - Robert H. Brooks, founder of Hooters of America (b. 1937)

Holidays and observances
Ancient Rome - Festival of Castor and Pollux
Palermo, Sicily - Festival of Santa Rosalia.
Japan - Third day of Obon feast period.


Take Care All:);)

poopoy
16-07-2008, 12:17
July 16

July 16 is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 168 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar.
1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing an invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on the altar in the Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. This is often dated as the start of the East-West Schism.
1661 - The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
1683 - Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
1769 - Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego de Alcalá, the first mission in California. The mission later evolves into the city of San Diego.
1782 - First performance of Mozart's opera The Abduction from the Seraglio.
1790 - The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia (seat of government).
1862 - American Civil War: David G. Farragut becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.
1880 - Dr. Emily Howard Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
1931 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
1941 - New York Yankees' Joe DiMaggio gets a hit in his 56th consecutive game.
1942 - Holocaust: Rafle du Vel'd'Hiv: The Vichy France government orders French police officers to round up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome. In 1995, president Jacques Chirac officially recognizes the French police's responsibility.
1945 - Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
1948 - The city of Nazareth, hometown of Jesus, capitulated to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel led by Ben Dunkelman, after little more than token resistance, during 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
1950 - Uruguay win the 1950 FIFA World Cup, beating hosts Brazil 2-1 in what is regarded as one of the biggest upsets in sporting history.
1951 - King Léopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.
1955 - Original Disneyland park opens in Anaheim, California
1957 - United States Marine Major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds setting a new transcontinental speed record.
1965 - The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France with Italy opens.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 11 is launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida and will become the first manned space mission to land on the moon.
1973 - Watergate Scandal: Former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially-incriminating conversations.
1979 - Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.
1981 - Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes Malaysia's 4th Prime Minister until retired on October 31, 2003. Making him Asia's longest-serving political leaders (22 years as Prime Minister of Malaysia).
1983 - Sikorsky S-61 disaster: helicopter crash off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9:comet that collided with Jupiter in 1994. Impacts began on this date through July 22nd.
1999 - John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.
2004 - Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
2005 - Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince by J.K.Rowling released, selling over 9 million copies in the 24 hours after release.
2007 - An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occur off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant. See 2007 Chūetsu offshore earthquake.

Births
1194 - Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
1486 - Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (d. 1530)
1611 - Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
1714 - Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer (d. 1800)
1722 - Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (d. 1803)
1723 - Joshua Reynolds, English painter (d. 1792)
1796 - Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (d. 1875)
1821 - Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader (d. 1910)
1858 - Eugène Ysaÿe, Belgian violinist (d. 1931)
1862 - Ida B. Wells, American civil rights activist (d. 1931)
1870 - Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)
1872 - Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (d. 1928)
1883 - Charles Sheeler, American photographer and artist (d. 1965)
1884 - Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
1888 - Percy Kilbride, American actor (d. 1964)
1888 - Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
1888 - "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, American baseball player (d. 1951)
1889 - Larry Semon, American comedian (d. 1928)
1896 - Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician, first United Nations Secretary General (d. 1968)
1896 - Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (d. 1969)
1896 - Evelyn Preer, American actress (d. 1932)
1902 - Alexander Luria, Russian psychologist (d. 1977)
1903 - Carmen Lombardo, Canadian musician (d. 1971)
1903 - Mary Philbin, American actress (d. 1993)
1903 - Fritz Bauer, German judge (d. 1968)
1906 - Vincent Sherman, American film director (d. 2006)
1907 - Frances Horwich, American educator and television personality (d. 2001)
1907 - Orville Redenbacher, American farmer and businessman (d. 1995)
1907 - Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (d. 1990)
1911 - Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (d. 1995)
1911 - Sonny Tufts, American actor (d. 1970)
1912 - Milt Bocek, American baseball player (d. 2007)
1915 - Barnard Hughes, American actor (d. 2006)
1918 - Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (d. 1989)
1919 - Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
1919 - Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (d. 1999)
1923 - Chris Argyris, American educator
1924 - Bess Myerson, American beauty queen
1925 - Cal Tjader, American musician (d. 1982)
1926 - Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate
1928 - Anita Brookner, English novelist
1928 - Robert Sheckley, American author (d. 2005)
1928 - David C. Treen, American politician
1928 - Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (d. 1993)
1930 - Michael Bilirakis, American politician
1930 - Guy Béart, Egyptian-born French singer and songwriter
1932 - Max McGee, American football player (d. 2007)
1932 - Dick Thornburgh, American politician
1934 - Don Payne, American politician
1936 - Buddy Merrill, American musician (The Lawrence Welk Show)
1937 - Richard Bryan, American politician
1938 - Tony Jackson, English bass player (The Searchers) (d. 2003)
1939 - Corin Redgrave, English actor
1939 - Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
1941 - Desmond Dekker, Jamaican musician (d. 2006)
1941 - Mišo Kovač, Croatian musician
1942 - Margaret Court, Australian tennis player
1943 - Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
1946 - Barbara Lee, American politician
1946 - Richard LeParmentier, American actor
1946 - Ron Yary, American football player
1947 - Alexis Herman, 23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor
1947 - Assata Shakur, American activist
1948 - Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer and actor
1948 - Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist
1950 - Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician
1950 - Dennis Priestley, English darts player
1950 - Tom Terrell, musicologist, deejay
1951 - Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist
1952 - Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police)
1952 - Robert David Steele, American spy
1953 - Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
1954 - Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
1956 - Jerry Doyle, American actor
1956 - Tony Kushner, American playwright
1957 - Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer
1958 - Michael Flatley, Irish-born American dancer
1958 - Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist
1958 - Mike D. Rogers, American politician
1959 - Gary Anderson, American football player
1959 - Doug Herzog, American television executive
1960 - Terry Pendleton, American baseball player
1963 - Phoebe Cates, American actress
1963 - Srečko Katanec, Slovenian footballer and coach
1964 - Phil Hellmuth, American poker player
1964 - Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist
1965 - Claude Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
1965 - Tina Tyler, Canadian porn star
1966 - Johnny Vaughan, English writer and broadcaster
1967 - Will Ferrell, American comedian
1967 - Christopher Rocancourt, French con artist
1968 - Dhanraj Pillay, Former Indian field hockey player
1968 - Barry Sanders, American football player
1968 - Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia
1969 - Kathryn Harby-Williams, Australian netballer
1969 - Daryl Mitchell, American actor
1969 - Rain Pryor, American actress
1970 - Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director
1971 - Edward Kowalczyk, American singer (Live)
1971 - Corey Feldman, American actor
1973 - Stefano Garzelli, Italian cyclist
1973 - Shaun Pollock, South African cricketer
1973 - Tim Ryan, American politician
1973 - Graham Robertson, American filmmaker and author
1974 - Jeremy Enigk, American singer/songwriter and guitarist (Sunny Day Real Estate, The Fire Theft)
1974 - Chris Pontius, American actor and Jackass cast member
1974 - Wendell Sailor, Australian rugby league and union footballer
1975 - Bas Leinders, Belgian racing car driver
1975 - Ana Paula Arósio, Brazilian actress
1975 - Jamie Oliver, Welsh keyboardist
1976 - Bobby Lashley, American Professional Wrestler
1976 - Carlos Humberto Paredes, Paraguyan footballer
1976 - Anna Smashnova, Israeli tennis player
1976 - Tomasz Kuchar, Polish Rally driver
1977 - Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 2006)
1978 - Taj Anwar, model and activist
1979 - Jayma Mays, American actress
1979 - Chris Mihm, American basketball player
1980 - Jesse Jane, American pornographic actress
1980 - Adam Scott, Australian golfer
1982 - Michael Umaña, Costa Rican footballer
1984 - Katrina Kaif, Indian Actress
1984 - Hayanari Shimoda, Japanese racing driver
1986 - Calum Gittins, New Zealand actor
1989 - Gareth Bale, Welsh footballer
1991 - Randall Bentley, American actor
1994 - Mark Indelicato, American singer and actor




[edit] Deaths
1324 - Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (b. 1267)
1342 - King Charles I of Hungary
1546 - Anne Askew, English Protestant (burned at the stake) (b. 1521)
1557 - Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1515)
1594 - Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy (b. 1558)
1647 - Masaniello, Neapolitan rebel (b. 1622)
1664 - Andreas Gryphius, German writer (b. 1616)
1686 - John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
1691 - François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, French war minister (b. 1641)
1729 - Johann David Heinichen, German composer (b. 1683)
1747 - Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Italian painter (b. 1665)
1770 - Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
1796 - George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
1831 - Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
1879 - Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (b. 1800)
1882 - Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)
1886 - Ned Buntline, American pulp novelist (b. 1823)
1896 - Edmond Goncourt, French writer and critic (b. 1822)
1915 - Ellen White, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1827)
1916 - Ilya Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1845)
1917 - Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (b. 1847)
1947 - Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish humanitarian (exact date of death uncertain) (b. 1912)
1949 - Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (b. 1866)
1953 - Hilaire Belloc, English writer (b. 1870)
1960 - Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (b. 1881)
1960 - John P. Marquand, American novelist (b. 1893)
1976 - Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
1979 - Alfred Deller, English countertenor (b. 1912)
1981 - Harry Chapin, American musician (b. 1942)
1982 - Patrick Dewaere, French actor (b. 1947)
1982 - C.R. Swart, South African politician (b. 1894)
1985 - Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
1985 - Wayne King, American musician, songwriter and bandleader (b. 1901)
1989 - Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (b. 1908)
1990 - Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (b. 1927)
1990 - Sidney Torch, English composer, conductor and organist (b. 1908)
1991 - Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
1991 - Frank Rizzo, American politician (b. 1920
1992 - Buck Buchanan, American football player (b. 1940)
1994 - Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
1994 - Marcel-Marie Desmarais, French Canadian priest, writer, preacher and broadcaster (b. 1908)
1995 - May Sarton, Belgian-born American poet (b. 1912)
1995 - Stephen Spender, English poet (b. 1909)
1996 - John Panozzo, American musician (Styx) (b. 1948)
1996 - Adolf von Thadden, German politician, (b. 1921)
1998 - John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
1999 - Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr. (b. 1966)
1999 - John F. Kennedy, Jr., American publisher (b. 1960)
1999 - Hiromi Yanagihara, Japanese singer (b. 1979)
2001 - Maurice De Bevere, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1923)
2001 - Terry Gordy, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
2002 - John Cocke, American computer scientist (b. 1925)
2003 - Celia Cruz, Cuban musician (b. 1924)
2003 - Carol Shields, Canadian author (b. 1935)
2004 - George Busbee, Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
2005 - Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (b. 1920)
2005 - Prince Gu of Korea (b. 1931)
2005 - Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer, lyricist, and entertainer (b. 1920)
2006 - Bob Orton, Sr., American professional wrestler (b. 1929)
2006 - Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas (b. 1948)


Take Care All:);)

mok
21-07-2008, 19:13
je cherche de sfichiers hdf pour humax tps

poopoy
21-07-2008, 21:55
July 21

July 21 is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 163 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler.
1403 - Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
1545 - The first landing of French troops onto the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurs.
1568 - Eighty Years' War: Battle of Jemmingen - Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau.
1718 - The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
1774 - Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
1831 - Inauguration of Léopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
1861 - American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run - at Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins. The Confederate won.
1865 - In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Dave Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
1873 - At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American West.
1877 - After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
1918 - U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
1919 - The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, killing 12 people.
1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Guam - American troops land on Guam starting the battle. It would end on August 10.
1949 - The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.
1954 - First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
1960 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike is elected prime minister of Sri Lanka and becomes the first woman prime minister in the world.
1961 - Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission - Gus Grissom piloting Liberty Bell 7 becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
1964 - Singapore race riot - every year since then, Racial Harmony Day is celebrated on this day.
1969 - Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.
1970 - After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
1972 - Bloody Friday bombing by the Provisional Irish Republican Army around Belfast, Northern Ireland - 22 bomb explosions, 9 people killed and 130 people seriously injured.
1973 - In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in 1972's Munich Olympics Massacre.
1976 - Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
1977 - The start of a four day long Libyan-Egyptian War takes place.
1983 - The world's lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at −89.2°C (−129°F).
1994 - Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way for him to become Prime Minister in 1997.
1995 - Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People's Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
1997 - The fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
2002 - Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history.
2004 - The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's armed forces.
2005 - Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London's public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms.
2007 - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows is released at 00:01 worldwide, the book broke sales records as the fastest-selling book ever, selling more than 11 million copies in the first twenty-four hours following its release.

Births
810 - Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar (d. 870)
1515 - Philip Neri, Italian churchman (d. 1595)
1620 - Jean Picard, French astronomer (d. 1682)
1664 - Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (d. 1721)
1693 - Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1768)
1710 - Paul Möhring, German physician (d. 1792)
1810 - Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist (d. 1878)
1816 - Paul Reuter, German-born British journalist and media owner (Reuters) (d. 1899)
1858 - Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
1858 - Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929)
1858 - Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist (d. 1941)
1863 - Aubrey Smith, Former England cricketer and actor (d. 1948)
1870 - Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
1880 - Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
1882 - David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
1893 - Hans Fallada, German writer (d. 1947)
1899 - Hart Crane, American poet (d. 1932)
1899 - Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
1903 - Roy Neuberger, American financier
1908 - Harold "Jug" McSpaden, American professional golfer (d. 1996)
1911 - Marshall McLuhan, Canadian author (d. 1980)
1920 - Constance Dowling, American actress (d. 1969)
1920 - Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001)
1923 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
1922 - Kay Starr, American singer
1924 - Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
1925 - Anne Meacham, American actress
1926 - Paul Burke, American actor
1926 - Norman Jewison, Canadian film director
1926 - Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general
1926 - Karel Reisz, British film director (d. 2002)
1926 - Queenie Watts, English actress (d. 1980)
1928 - Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (d. 1998)
1929 - Bob Orton, American wrestler (d. 2006)
1930 - Anand Bakshi, Indian lyricist (d. 2002)
1932 - Ernie Warlick, American football player
1933 - John Gardner, American author (d. 1982)
1934 - Chandu Borde, Former Indian cricketer
1935 - Norbert Blüm, German politician
1935 - Moe Drabowsky, baseball player (d. 2006)
1938 - Anton Kuerti, Canadian pianist, composer and conductor
1938 - Janet Reno, 79th United States Attorney General
1939 - John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
1943 - Edward Herrmann, American actor
1944 - Tony Scott, British film director
1944 - Paul Wellstone, American politician (d. 2002)
1945 - John Lowe, English darts player
1945 - Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
1945 - Barry Richards, Former South African cricketer
1945 - Geoff Dymock, Former Australian cricketer
1946 - Kenneth Starr, American lawyer
1946 - Barry Whitwam, British musician (Herman's Hermits)
1947 - Chetan Chauhan, Former Indian cricketer
1948 - Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
1948 - Yusuf Islam, stage name was "Cat Stevens", English singer/songwriter
1948 - Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist
1949 - Al Hrabosky, baseball player
1950 - Ubaldo Fillol, Argentinian footballer
1951 - Robin Williams, American comedian/actor
1952 - John Barrasso, American politician, junior senator from Wyoming
1953 - Brian Talbot, British footballer
1953 - Jeff Fatt, Chinese Australian actor
1955 - Howie Epstein, American musician (d. 2003)
1955 - Taco Ockerse, Indonesian singer
1956 - Michael Connelly, American author
1957 - Jon Lovitz, American comedian
1957 - George Landress, American songwriter and music producer
1959 - Paul "Fatty" Vautin, Australian rugby league player
1960 - Lance Guest, American actor
1960 - Fritz Walter, German footballer
1961 - Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer
1961 - Jim Martin, American musician (Faith No More)
1963 - Kevin Poole, English footballer
1963 - Paulo Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
1964 - Jens Weißflog, German ski jumper
1965 - Gudni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
1965 - Mike Bordick, American baseball player
1965 - Jovy Marcelo, Filipino racing driver (d. 1992)
1966 - Arija Bareikis, American actress
1968 - Brandi Chastain, American soccer player
1968 - Lyle Odelein, Canadian hockey player
1969 - Emerson Hart, American musician (Tonic)
1969 - Klaus Graf, German racing driver
1970 - Shawn Stasiak, American professional wrestler
1971 - Emmanuel Bangué, French long jumper
1971 - Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and singer
1971 - Nuno Markl, Portuguese comedian and radio host
1972 - Shinjiro Otani, Japanese professional wrestler
1974 - Geoff Jenkins, American baseball player
1975 - Mike Sellers, National Football League fullback
1975 - Ravindra Pushpakumara, Former Sri Lankan cricketer
1977 - Paul Casey, English golfer
1978 - Josh Hartnett, American actor
1978 - Justin Bartha, American actor
1978 - Damian Marley, Jamaican musician
1978 - Gary Teale, Scottish football player
1979 - David Carr, American football player
1979 - Tamika Catchings, American basketball player
1980 - Tailor James, Canadian model
1980 - CC Sabathia, American baseball player
1981 - Titus Bramble, English footballer
1981 - Stefan Schumacher, German cyclist
1981 - Joaquín Sánchez, Spanish footballer
1981 - Chrishell Stause, American actress
1983 - Eivør Pálsdóttir, Faroese singer
1983 - Kellen Winslow II, American football player
1984 - Liam Ridgewell, English footballer
1985 - Von Wafer, American basketball player
1987 - AnnaLynne McCord, American actress
1988 - Chris Mitchell, Scottish footballer
1989 - Jamie Waylett, British actor
1989 - Rory Culkin, American actor
1989 - Chris Gunter, Welsh footballer
1992 - Rachael Flatt, American figure skater

Deaths
1403 - Henry Percy, English nobleman and soldier (b. ca.1364)
1425 - Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1350)
1688 - James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (b. 1610)
1793 - Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer (b. 1739)
1796 - Robert Burns, Scottish poet (b. 1759)
1798 - François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (b. 1733)
1880 - Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
1889 - Nelson Dewey, American politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)
1899 - Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
1932 - Bill Gleason, late 19th century baseball player
1938 - Owen Wister, American author (b. 1860)
1941 - Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (b. 1872)
1943 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (b. 1900)
1944 - Claus von Stauffenberg, German, leader of failed plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, by execution (b. 1907)
1944 - Ludwig Beck, German Chief of Staff (b. 1880)
1946 - Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia (b. 1908)
1948 - Arshile Gorky, Armenian-born American artist (b. 1904)
1967 - Jimmie Foxx, baseball player (b. 1907)
1967 - Albert Lutuli, South African politician, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
1967 - Basil Rathbone, English actor (b. 1892)
1968 - Ruth St. Denis, dancer and choreographer (b. 1878)
1970 - Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907)
1970 - Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
1972 - Ralph Craig, American athlete (b. 1889)
1982 - Dave Garroway, American television host (b. 1913)
1986 - Ernest Maas, American screenwriter (b. 1892)
1991 - Paul Warwick, English racing driver (b. 1969)
1998 - Alan Shepard, astronaut (b. 1923)
1998 - Robert Young, American actor (b. 1907)
2001 - Steve Barton, American actor (b. 1954)
2001 - Sivaji Ganesan, South Indian Tamil actor (b. 1927)
2003 - John Davies, New Zealand Olympic Committee president (b. 1938)
2003 - Walter M. "Matt" Jefferies, American film art director (b. 1921)
2004 - Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (b. 1929)
2004 - Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1918)
2005 - Long John Baldry, British blues musician (b. 1941)
2005 - Lord Alfred Hayes, British Wrestling Announcer for WWE (b. 1928)
2006 - Mako, Japanese-born American actor (b. 1933)
2006 - Ta Mok, "The Khmer Rouge Butcher", war criminal in Democratic Kampuchea (b. 1926)

Holidays and observances
Belgium: National holiday (1831 - inauguration of Léopold I, first king of the Belgians)
Guam: Liberation Day (1944)
Russia: summer Kazanskaya
Singapore: Racial Harmony Day

Take Care All:);)

RIDER
23-07-2008, 21:47
July 23

Click here for Famous Birthdays for this day. (http://www.on-this-day.com/onthisday/thedays/birthdays/jul23.htm)
Click here for Music history for this day. (http://www.on-this-day.com/onthisday/thedays/music/jul23.htm)

1715 - The first lighthouse in America was authorized for construction at Little Brewster Island, Massachusetts.

1827 - The first swimming school in the U.S. opened in Boston, MA.

1829 - William Burt patented the typographer, which was the first typewriter.


Birthdays


Karl Menninger 1893

Vincent Sardi 1894

Arthur Treacher 1894

Karl Swenson 1908

Michael Wilding 1912

Coral Browne 1913

Calvert DeForest 1921

Gloria De Haven 1925

Billy Maxwell 1929

Bert Convey 1933

Stacy Lacy 1934

Cleveland Duncan 1935 - Musician (Penguins)

Don Drysdale 1936

Ronny Cox 1938

Nicholas Gage 1939

Don Imus 1940 - Radio personality

Gary Stites 1940

Tony Joe White 1943

Dino Danelli 1945 - Musician (The Rascals)

Andy Mackay 1946 - Musician (Roxy Music)

David Essex 1947

Larry Manetti 1947

Belinda Montgomery 1950

Blair Thornton 1950 - Musician (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)

Edie McClurg 1951

Woody Harrelson 1961

Martin Lee Gore 1961 - Musician (Depeche Mode)

Eriq LaSalle 1962

Yuval Gabay (Soul Coughing) 1963

Nick Menza 1964 - Musician (Megadeth)

Slash (Saul Hudson) 1965 - Muscian (Guns N' Roses)

Stephanie Seymour 1968

Charisma Carpenter 1970

Sam Watters 1970 - Musician (Color Me Badd)

Alison Krauss 1971

Chad Gracey 1971 - Musician (Live)

Mr. Dalvin (Jodeci) 1971

Marlon Wayans 1972

Omar Epps 1973



1877 - The first municipal railroad passenger service began in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1886 - Steve Brodie, a New York saloonkeeper, claimed to have made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River.

1904 - The ice cream cone was invented by Charles E. Menches during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, MO.

1914 - Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serb assassin. The dispute led to World War I.

1938 - The first federal game preserve was approved by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The area was 2,000 acres in Utah.

1945 - The first passenger train observation car was placed in service by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.

1952 - Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew King Farouk I.

1954 - A law is passed that states that "The Secretary of the Navy is authorized to repair, equip, and restore the United States Ship Constitution, as far as may be practicable, to her original appearance, but not for active service, and thereafter to maintain the United States Ship Constitution at Boston, Massachusetts."

1958 - The submarine Nautilus departed from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, under orders to conduct "Operation Sunshine." The mission was to be the first vessel to cross the north pole by ship. The Nautils achieved the goal on August 3, 1958.

1962 - The "Telstar" communications satellite sent the first live TV broadcast to Europe.

1967 - In Detroit, MI, rioting that claimed some 43 lives.

1972 - Eddie Merckx of Belgium won his fourth consecutive Tour de France bicycling competition.

1972 - The U.S. launched Landsat 1 (ERTS-1). It was the first Earth-resources satellite.

1977 - A jury in Washington, DC, convicted 12 Hanafi Muslims of charges stemming from the hostage siege at three buildings the previous March.

1984 - Miss America, Vanessa Williams, turned in her crown after it had been discovered that nude photos of her had appeared in "Penthouse" magazine. She was the first to resign the title.

1986 - Britain's Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London. They divorced in 1996.

1997 - Police in Miami Beach, FL, found the body of Andrew Cunanan. He was the suspected killer of Gianni Versace.

1998 - U.S. scientists at the University of Hawaii turned out more than 50 "carbon-copy" mice, with a cloning technique.

2000 - Lance Armstrong won his second Tour de France.




Today is Wednesday, July 23, 2008

Today in
World War II History

1940 - The Soviet Union took control of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

1951 - General Henri-Philippe Petain died at age 95. Petain had been convicted of collaboration with German occupiers of his country during World War II and was sentenced to life in prison.


Random World War II Quote

"On the European Front, the most important development of the past year has been the crushing German offensive against the great armies of Russia."
President Franklin D. Roosevelt - April 28, 1942

RIDER
03-08-2008, 11:31
Today in Rotten History
Aug 3 1950

The U.S. Army knowingly kills hundreds of civilian refugees when Maj. General Hobart R. Gay gives the order to demolish the bridge, including refugees, over the Naktong River at Waegwan, Korea.

Aug 3 1963

Almost a year after the world barely averted World War III during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Hotline between the Pentagon and the Kremlin goes live. The system consists of two teletype machines, with a full-time communications link routed through London, Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Helsinki. Not to be confused with the Batphone.

Aug 3 1966

Comedian and social critic Lenny Bruce dies of a morphine overdose in his Hollywood Hills home, two years after his original obituary was published in The Realist. At the time of his death, Bruce was being maliciously harassed by police and districts attorney in various states for his groundbreaking standup performances, causing great difficulty in finding venues at which to perform.

Aug 3 1996

An angry God makes "Macarena" by Los Del Rio #1 on the pop charts. The accompanying dancing disease afflicts millions before final eradication.

RIDER
05-08-2008, 05:38
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 4 1892

Someone takes an axe and kills Lizzie Borden's millionaire parents. Andrew receives 10 whacks, and Abby 14. Lizzie is later tried for the murders, but acquitted.

Aug 4 1964

Vietcong torpedo boats launch an unprovoked attack against the U.S.S. Maddox, while the destroyer is patrolling the Gulf of Tonkin. Except that it's only a hoax. Regardless, the Congress responds by passing the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson "to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression." Which is how we wound up napalming those babies.

Aug 4 1993

Japan finally acknowledges that it forced 200,000 Korean and Chinese "comfort women" to fuck members of its armed forces between 1932 and 1945. Japan apologizes for the "immeasurable pain and incurable psychological wounds" it inflicted by forcing these women to be state whores, but makes no offer to pay reparations.

Aug 4 1994

Howard Stern withdraws his candidacy for governor of New York, ostensibly to avoid complying with the financial disclosure laws.

RIDER
05-08-2008, 18:53
Today in Rotten History
Aug 5 1955

Fruit-hat-wearing Brazilian superstar Carmen Miranda dead from cancer at 46.

Aug 5 1962

In her Brentwood, California home, Marilyn Monroe dies in bed, naked, after swallowing an overdose of sleeping pills. Or maybe she's killed by the CIA with a barbiturate enema. Either way, she's dead.

Aug 5 1963

The U.S., U.K. and Soviet Union agree to ban almost all nuclear testing. Underground testing is still permitted, however.

Aug 5 1980

The Osmonds musical group breaks up.

Aug 5 1983

Yankees outfielder Dave Winfield is charged in Toronto with cruelty to animals after fatally beaning a seagull with a baseball.

RIDER
06-08-2008, 21:12
Aug 6 1890

Axe murderer William Kemmler becomes the first American executed by the Electric Chair, an invention created primarily to malign alternating current. It takes about four minutes for the electrons to kill the prisoner, by which time the odor of burnt flesh is inescapable. A newspaper headline the following morning reads KEMMLER WESTINGHOUSED, much to the glee of DC power proponent Thomas Edison.

Aug 6 1927

Andrew Warhola is born in Pittsburgh.

Aug 6 1945

At 9:15am, Col. Paul Tibbets releases "Little Boy" over Hiroshima and executes a hard, 159-degree turn. 40 seconds later, the Atomic Bomb detonates, yielding a 12.5 kiloton explosion and a huge, black mushroom cloud. About 45,000 people are killed immediately, and another 200,000 are killed in later years by leukemia and other radiation illnesses.

Aug 6 1970

750 unkempt Yippies show up at Disneyland, hell-bent "to liberate Minnie Mouse, have free rein of the park and infiltrate Tom Sawyer's Island," according to Youth International Party leaflets. Instead, they wind up scuffling with Disney security and other patrons, eventually prompting Anaheim police to close the park early and forcibly eject the dirty longhairs.

RIDER
07-08-2008, 13:11
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 7 1882

Ellison Hatfield is stabbed 26 times and shot in the back by Tolbert McCoy and two of his brothers. Two days later, the Hatfield clan captures the three McCoys and executes them by firing squad. Thus begins generations of bloodshed between the families, ultimately causing about 100 casualties.

Aug 7 1953

Eisenhower signs legislation retroactively granting Ohio official statehood for the previous 150 years. In 1803, apparently everyone just assumed that Ohio was a state, even though Congress had never passed legislation to that effect. The nation remained blissfully unaware of this fact until nosy historians began snooping around in preparation for Ohio's sesquicentennial.

Aug 7 1956

A convoy of seven army trucks loaded with dynamite explodes in front of the railway terminal in Cali, Colombia. The downtown district is instantly leveled, killing 1,200 people and injuring thousands more in the process.

Aug 7 1960

Film and television actor David Duchovny is born in New York City. Two of his most popular TV roles include Special Agent Fox Mulder from The X-Files, and transvestite DEA agent Dennis Bryson in three episodes of Twin Peaks (second season, though).

Aug 7 1998

More than 100 are killed and 2,200 injured when the U.S. Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania are simultaneously struck by powerful car bombs. Nairobi is hit particularly hard, with a multitude of charred corpses littering the streets. Three months later, the United States indicts Osama bin Laden and Muhammad Atef in absentia for the attacks.

RIDER
08-08-2008, 15:06
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 8 1925

40,000 robed Klansmen march down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. -- a bit less than 1% of total Klan membership.

Aug 8 1960

Brian Hyland's song "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka-Dot Bikini" reaches number one on the pop charts.

Aug 8 1963

By tampering with railway signals, a 15 man team halts the Glasgow-to-Euston Royal Mail train in Buckinghamshire. The criminals make off with 120 sacks containing £2.6 million in cash. The incident goes down in history as "The Great Train Robbery."

Aug 8 1973

Elmer Wayne Henley confesses to killing his partner, David Owen Brooks, and to the the sadistic murders of 27 teenage boys beginning in 1970. Following Henley's instructions, police dig up 27 bodies before calling off the search. This beats Juan Corona's record of 25 victims.

RIDER
09-08-2008, 12:23
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 9 1945

Because of the dense cloudcover over Kokura, USAF Maj. Charles Sweeney diverts his B-29 Bock's Car to the designated secondary target, 95 miles to the south. There he drops "Fat Man" -- a 22 kiloton Atomic Bomb -- over the city of Nagasaki, population 270,000. The blast kills 24,000 immediately, but another 46,000 perish from radiation-related illnesses over the next four months.

Aug 9 1960

Harvard professor Timothy Leary consumes seven Psilocybe caerulescens mushrooms in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Five hours later, the self-described atheist experiences a "fullblown conversion experience" next to a swimming pool. It is Leary's first drug trip.

Aug 9 1969

Tate Murders by Charles Manson's followers: Frykowski - shot twice, bludgeoned 13 times, stabbed 51 times; Pregnant Sharon Tate stabbed in the neck, breast, back, womb.

Aug 9 1974

Finally bowing to pressure from Senator Barry Goldwater and RNC chairman George Bush, President Richard M. Nixon resigns from office. His successor, Gerald Ford, assures the American people that their "long national nightmare is over."

Aug 9 1995

Jerry Garcia dies of a heart attack at Serenity Knolls near Novato, California. He had checked himself into the drug rehab center a few days prior, in hopes of kicking his longstanding heroin habit.

Aug 9 1997

Officers of Brooklyn's 70th precinct sodomize 30 year old Haitian immigrant Abner Louima with a toilet plunger, then insert the feces-contaminated plunger into Louima's mouth. Later, NYPD officials try feebly to dismiss the suspect's injuries as having resulted from ordinary homosexual activity, but a medical examination proves that to be inconsistent with the evidence.

Aug 9 1999

The U.S. Government closes the Mustang Ranch, a 104 room bordello near Reno, Nevada. U.S. Customs seized the house of ill repute for tax violations, which it believed to be operated by a front corporation controlled by Joe Conforte, original owner of the property when it first opened in 1955.

RIDER
10-08-2008, 16:24
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 10 1628
To assist in the war with Poland, Swedish (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/sweden/) King Gustavus Adolphus builds a magnificent warship, the Vasa, with 64 bronze cannon on two tiers. But on its maiden voyage, the lower gunports are accidentally left open, and the ship immediately sinks to the bottom of Stockholm harbor. The ship remains submerged until it is raised in 1961 to become a tourist attraction.
Aug 10 1966
Last words of James French, sent to the Electric Chair (http://www.rotten.com/library/death/execution/electric-chair/) by the state of Oklahoma: "How about this for a headline for tomorrow's paper? FRENCH FRIES."
Aug 10 1969
Leno and Rosemary LaBianca are brutally murdered in their Los Feliz, California home by followers of Charles Manson (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/serial-killers/charles-manson/). They take some of their victims' blood and smear HEALTER SKELTER on the refrigerator door.
Aug 10 1972
Paul McCartney (http://www.rotten.com/library/culture/beatles/) and his wife Linda are arrested in Sweden (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/sweden/) after postal officials intercept a parcel of hashish addressed to their band, Wings.
Aug 10 1989
Disgruntled postal worker John Merlin Taylor blows his wife's brains out with a .22 Ruger, then drives to his job at the Orange Glen post office in Escondido, California. There he kills two coworkers on the back loading dock, then wounds another inside before blowing his own brains out.
Aug 10 1996
Heated by the sun, powerlines begin to sag in Oregon. Somehow this triggers a series of failures which cascades throughout the Western states. Four million people lose electrical service in Oregon, Washington, California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Montana, and Texas. It is probably the worst power outage in US history.

RIDER
11-08-2008, 16:08
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 11 1772
The summit of Papandayan volcano in West Java (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/indonesia/) suddenly implodes, unleashing a catastrophic debris avalanche which blankets an area of 250 square km. Tumbling boulders flatten 40 villages and their 2,957 inhabitants.
Aug 11 1933
Jerry Falwell (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/religion/televangelists/jerry-falwell/) is born in Lynchburg, Virginia. Contrary to reports later published in the esteemed journal HUSTLER (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/pornographers/larry-flynt/), Falwell never actually fucks his own mother in an outhouse.
Aug 11 1965
A white motorcycle cop from the California Highway Patrol pulls over a car at 116th and Avalon, near Watts. When Marquette Frye fails the field sobriety test, the CHP officer places him under arrest and radios for a transportation unit and a towtruck. 15 minutes later, with more than 1,000 spectators gathered to watch the scene, a scuffle breaks out between police officers and members of the driver's family. This altercation sets the stage for the bloody Watts riots (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/racism/race-riots/) two days later.
Aug 11 1975
Paratroopers from Indonesia invade the island of East Timor, ostensibly to end a civil war, but in reality to seize the territory. They perpetrate a reign of terror against the inhabitants, which continues to this day.
Aug 11 1984
Not realizing that his weekly radio address is already on the air, President Ronald Reagan (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/ronald-reagan/) quips into his live microphone: "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
Aug 11 1997
Responding to reports of a domestic disturbance at the L'Elysee condominiums in West Los Angeles, LAPD officers encounter Christian Slater (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/actors/christian-slater/) "swinging his arms and yelling incoherently" in the building stairwell. The movie actor reveals to police that "the Germans are coming and they will kill us." He also mentions that he has been awake for most of two days, and the last thing he remembers is "snorting a couple of lines of cocaine this morning." When officers attempt to put him in handcuffs, Slater knocks one of them to the floor and makes an unsuccessful grab for the cop's weapon. His punishment? 59 days in jail.

RIDER
13-08-2008, 17:50
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 13 1521

After an 80-day siege, Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés captures Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire. When the Spaniards fail to discover Montezuma's treasure, they torture Cuauhtemoc by pouring hot oil over his feet. The emperor responds by asking, "Am I on a bed of roses?" They hang him three years later.

Aug 13 1926

Fidel Castro is born on his father's 23,000-acre sugar cane plantation near Biran, Cuba.

Aug 13 1942

Walt Disney's Bambi premieres in New York City.

Aug 13 1986

11 Mexican peace officers abduct DEA special agent Victor Cortez, Jr. along with an informant. The two are taken to a Guadalajara police station, where the men are beaten and tortured for four hours in an attempt to extract the names of other American drug enforcement agents operating in Mexico. The pair are freed only after Cortez's superior somehow arrives at the station and demands their immediate release.

RIDER
14-08-2008, 13:16
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 14 410
Visigoths under King Alaric sack Rome after slave co-conspirators open the city gates for them. Looting lasts for six days.
Aug 14 1941
Corporal Josef Jakobs, a German spy, is the final prisoner executed at the Tower of London (http://www.rotten.com/library/crime/prison/tower-of-london/). Having a broken ankle, he is seated in a fine wooden Windsor chair and executed by an eight man firing squad of Scots Guards.
Aug 14 1945
Over the radio, Hirohito (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/dictators/hirohito/) announces his unconditional surrender to Allied forces, thus bringing an end to World War II (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/war/wwii/). This broadcast is the first chance the Japanese people have had to hear their god-emperor's speaking voice.
Aug 14 1951
Newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/business/william-randolph-hearst/) dies at home in Beverly Hills, California.
Aug 14 1965
Salvatore Bono and Cherilyn Sarkisian La Pierre capture #1 on the American pop charts with their song "I Got You Babe," launching the careers of Sonny & Cher (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/cher/).
Aug 14 2126
The next scheduled perihelion for the "Doomsday Rock," also known as the Swift-Tuttle Comet. The six-mile-diameter mass is thought to be roughly the same size as the asteroid which wiped out the dinosaurs and will probably come within 15 million miles of planet Earth.

RIDER
15-08-2008, 19:06
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 15 1057
Macbeth is killed in the Battle of Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. He had been king of Scotland for 17 years.
Aug 15 1935
Will Rogers, the most famous man in America, dies near Barrow, Alaska when his sea plane plunges into a lagoon. At the time, he and one-eyed aviator Wiley Post were surveying possible flight paths between Seattle and the Soviet Union.
Aug 15 1969
Woodstock begins on Max Yasgur's farm in upstate New York. Tickets are $18 for three days of counterculture musical acts, including Jimi Hendrix, The Who, and Sha-Na-Na.
Aug 15 1994
International terrorist Carlos the Jackal (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/terrorists/carlos-the-jackal/) is jailed in France. The assassin was turned over by the Sudanese government after he checked into a Khartoum hospital for varicose vein surgery on one of his testicles.

RIDER
16-08-2008, 17:05
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 16 1819
60 cavalrymen charge into a crowd of approximately 70,000 protesters at St. Peter's Field in Manchester, England. The soldiers begin to hack away at the people with their sabers and trample them under hoof. 11 die and 400 are wounded in the Manchester Massacre, also called the Battle of Peterloo.
Aug 16 1938
Blues musician Robert Johnson (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/robert-johnson/), who presumably sold his soul to the devil (the story somewhat being told by the movie Crossroads), is poisoned by a jealous husband in Three Forks, Mississippi.
Aug 16 1960
Emmett O. Hashfield abducts Avril Terry, an 11-year-old girl in Booneville, Indiana. He then proceeds to murder, dismember, and eat (http://www.rotten.com/library/death/cannibalism/) portions of her, before tossing the leftovers in a river.
Aug 16 1977
Elvis Presley (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/elvis/) dies in his home at the age of 42, while sitting on the toilet. In the bathroom, he had been reading The Scientific Search for the Face of Jesus. Presumably, Elvis' search was concluded shortly thereafter.
Aug 16 1987
Mercury, Venus, and Mars all get bunched up near the Sun in what some call the Harmonic Convergence. Thousands of nutballs clustered at sacred locations like Mount Shasta, California begin meditating their asses off for some damn reason.
Aug 16 1997
Aida Nur El-Din, a night nurse at Alexandria University's El-Mairy Hospital, confesses to Egyptian authorities that she killed at least 18 ICU patients by injecting them with drugs stolen from the pharmacy. Before she can be taken downtown, El-Din jumps out a three-story window in a failed suicide attempt.

RIDER
17-08-2008, 09:51
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 17 1896
Bridget Driscoll, a 44-year-old mother of two, becomes the world's first automobile fatality when she steps in front of a car outside the Crystal Palace in London (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/london/). At the coroner's inquest, Arthur Edsall states he had been driving at only 4 mph. The motorist also claims that when he saw the pedestrian, he rang his bell and shouted "Stand back!" For whatever reason, the coroner accepts Edsall's preposterous story.
Aug 17 1948
Scientology (http://www.rotten.com/library/religion/scientology/) founder L. Ron Hubbard (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/religion/cult/l-ron-hubbard/) is arrested for bad checks in San Luis Obispo, California. In court a fortnight later, Hubbard pays the $25 fine.
Aug 17 1980
Dingos snatch baby Azaria from a campground near Ayers Rock, Australia (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/australia/). Her mother, Lindy Chamberlain, is later convicted of murder and spends three years in prison, but the conviction is ultimately overturned. Apparently there have been a number of baby/dingo incidents over the years, the dingo not differentiating animals from humans. (The fact that if you rearrange the letters in LINDY CHAMBERLAIN you get CHILDREN BY ANIMAL is just a coincidence.)
Aug 17 1987
Rudolf Hess (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/nazi/rudolf-hess/) found hanged by an electrical cord at Spandau prison, aged 93. He was incarcerated there for 40 years, 21 of those years as the solitary inmate. In 1941 Hess flew to Scotland with ideas of peace in his head, making Hitler (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/nazi/adolf-hitler/) very very upset.
Aug 17 1996
Belgian police discover the bodies of two eight-year-old children kidnapped for pedophilic purposes in the town of Jumet, a suburb of Charleroi. The children had starved while Marc Dutroux was jailed for theft, there being nobody to feed them. Along with the two is the body of Bernard Weinstein, one of the perpetrators of the kidnappings. In early September, two additional teenage bodies are discovered in a house owned by Marc Dutroux. The revelations send the entire Belgian nation into shock.

RIDER
18-08-2008, 16:21
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 18 1227
Genghis Khan (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/historical/genghis-khan/) dies in his sleep, after a fall from his horse. His old age and drinking probably contributed to his death, which the Mongols manage to keep secret for some time.
Aug 18 1503
Pope Alexander VI (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/religion/popes/alexander-vi/) dies. He was the father of seven illegitimate children, and during his reign chose as his lover the lovely sixteen year old Guilia Farnese. A portrait of Guilia dressed as the Virgin Mary appeared over Alexander's bedchamber door, but by no means was she his only liaison.
Aug 18 1590
Sent to England to get supplies three years prior, John White finally returns to Roanoke Island and discovers his colony "strongly enclosed with a high palisade of great trees, with [curtain walls] and -- very fort-like." There is no sign of the settlers or where they may have gone, but carved in the bark of one of the trees is the word CROATOAN.
[B]Aug 18 1999
A giant black rainbow encircles the Earth, sucking all oxygen from the atmosphere. The air returns shortly thereafter, but only after millions die from asphyxiation. On the bright side, the survivors go on to build a utopian civilization. It all happens precisely as predicted in the 1950s by Criswell, the TV psychic immortalized in the movie Plan 9 from Outer Space.

RIDER
23-08-2008, 18:04
IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 22 1485
Richard III slain at Bodsworth.
Aug 22 1776
George Washington asks the Continental Congress for permission to burn New York City, to stop the city from being used to quarter troops arriving via the British fleet. It is declined, but his soldiers set 1/4th of the town ablaze on September 21.
Aug 22 1911
Mona Lisa stolen.
Aug 22 1989
Huey Newton (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/criminals/huey-newton/) murdered.
Aug 22 1992
FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi fires a rifle shot that kills unarmed Vicki Weaver, at the Ruby Ridge (http://www.rotten.com/library/conspiracy/ruby-ridge-incident/) standoff. Horiuchi claimed he was trying to shoot another man in the back. The FBI also killed Weaver's fourteen year old son Sam, and the son's dog.
Aug 22 1995
David Gahan, lead singer of rock group Depeche Mode, was hospitalized after trying to commit suicide (http://www.rotten.com/library/death/suicide/famous/) by slashing his wrist. Gahan was found in his Hollywood home with a two-inch slit in his wrist.

RIDER
23-08-2008, 18:05
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 23 1305
Scottish patriot William Wallace ("Braveheart") hanged, disemboweled, drawn, and quartered. His head was displayed on London Bridge.
Aug 23 1926
Rudolf Valentino (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/actors/rudolf-valentino/) dies.
Aug 23 1939
Germany and Russia signed the Molotov-Ribbentropp non-aggression pact (1939)
Aug 23 1951
Ninety West Point cadets are expelled for cheating, including most of the Academy's football team.
Aug 23 1968
The Youth International Party designates Pigasus as their choice of candidate for U.S. President. The boar hog is introduced at a press conference outside the Chicago Civic Center, with the slogan "They nominate a President and he eats the people. We nominate a President and the people eat him." The gathering is broken up shortly thereafter when the Chicago PD takes into custody the Yippie organizers and their pig.
Aug 23 1994
Inside an abandoned boathouse on the Scottish island of Jura, two members of the band KLF set fire to 20,000 fifty pound notes in front of witnesses. It takes two hours to burn all UKP 1,000,000.
Aug 23 1995
St. Petersburg resident Ilshat Kuzikov arrested in his apartment in connection with the murders of Misha Bochkov and Edik Vassilevsky, whose severed heads were found in city streets. Discovered in his apartment were jars of pickled human remains, bags of ears, a pair of arms and legs, and a partially eaten "casserole".



copyright ©2006 rotten dot com
warning: contents harmful if ingested, do not eat

RIDER
24-08-2008, 11:35
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 24 79
Pompeii buried by Vesuvius, apparently to punish the debauchery that made the town famous. Tens of thousands of people perished only to have plaster casts (http://www.rotten.com/today/nov/pompeii.html) made centuries later of the hollows their bodies once occupied.
Aug 24 1572
Troops loyal to the French crown alongside Catholic civilians massacre the Protestant Huguenots of Paris, estimates range between 20,000 and 100,000 deaths. At news of this carnage of this St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, a gleeful Pope Gregory XIII ordered celebrations and a medal to be struck.
Aug 24 1812
The White House and other public buildings in the District of Columbia are torched by the British.
Aug 24 1958
Red China (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/china/) commences the shelling of the islands of Quemoy and Matsu, which hold one-third of Chiang Kai Shek's troops. The United States threatens nuclear retaliation for this, but the American people do not support the stance. A very strange compromise is worked out, permitting China to shell the islands on odd dates and Chiang Kai Shek's troops to resupply the islands on even dates.
Aug 24 1981
Mark David Chapman sentenced to 20 years for killing Beatle (http://www.rotten.com/library/culture/beatles/) John Lennon.

RIDER
25-08-2008, 18:49
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 25 1835
The New York Sun publishes stunning revelations that Sir John Hershel has observed little men living on the surface of the moon. The stories, now generally believed to be false, brings the paper record circulation.
Aug 25 1900
Nietzsche is dead.
Aug 25 1989
Homosexual Congressman Barney Frank confirms that he paid a male whore, Stephen L. Gobie, for sex on several occasions. Frank later hires the man as a housekeeper, but scandal erupts when Gobie is discovered using the congressman's apartment as a sodomite bordello.
Aug 25 1993
Snoop Doggy Dogg (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/snoop-doggy-dogg/) arrested on charges of accomplice to murder, manslaughter, in Los Angeles.
Aug 25 2001
Rhythm and blues Singer Aaliyah's plane crashes on the island of Abaco in the Bahamas, killing her and eight others. Excessive weight aboard the tail end likely caused the plane to go down.



copyright ©2006 rotten dot com

RIDER
26-08-2008, 19:16
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Aug 26 1903
The St. Petersburg newspaper Znamya ("Banner") serializes a set of articles revealing the dual menace of the Freemasons and international Jewry. The series is just the first incarnation of what is later called the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion (http://www.rotten.com/library/hoaxes/zion-protocols/).
Aug 26 1980
Hotel workers discover a 1,000-pound time bomb at Harveys Resort & Casino in Lake Tahoe, Nevada. Attached to the device is a ransom note, demanding that $3 million be delivered to a remote location by helicopter. After the delivery goes bad, bomb squad personnel are left to defuse the gadget by robot. The resulting blast blows a five-story hole in the structure and causes $12 million in damage.
Aug 26 1987
A rampaging elephant in Bangkok, Thailand, destroys a radio center and kills two people.



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RIDER
29-08-2008, 15:42
yesterday
IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 28 1968

U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala John Gordon Mein is shot to death after guerrillas force his car off the road in Guatemala City. It is the first assassination of a U.S. Ambassador in the line of duty.

Aug 28 1988

Three Italian fighter jets from the precision flight team Frecce Tricolori collide while attempting their "Pierced Heart" stunt during an air show at Ramstein Air Base in West Germany. The wreckage of one plane tumbles into the crowd and explodes, killing 40 spectators and seriously injuring hundreds more. The death toll reaches 69 two months later.

Aug 28 1995

Calvin Klein withdraws an ad campaign after drawing wide criticism for mimicking the look and feel of child pornography. Although all the underwear models were legal adults, they appeared to be adolescents photographed in a sleazy motel room.

RIDER
29-08-2008, 15:43
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 29 1904

David Hyrum Smith, son of Mormon founder Joseph Smith, dies in an insane asylum after 27 years of lunacy. His father in 1844 had predicted that his unborn son would be named David and that he would be "President and King of Israel". At least he got the name right.

Aug 29 1966

The Beatles hold their final concert at Candlestick Park.

Aug 29 1993

Brazilian police, upset over the killing of four of their own, roam the streets of Rio de Janiero and slaughter 21 street people at random. This incident comes several weeks after police had killed five boys in a similar fashion.

Aug 29 1994

The Orange County Register breaks the story that China has been harvesting organs from executed prisoners prior to their executions. What's more, executions are scheduled according to organ transplant priorities.

Aug 29 1996

Dick Morris, the top political adviser to President Bill Clinton and also a married man, resigns abruptly after the Star reveals his long-term relationship with a Washington prostitute. Morris had divulged secret White House information to Sherry Rowlands, even allowing the hooker to secretly listen in on some of his telephone conversations with the President.

Aug 29 1996

California becomes the first state in the nation to require the surgical or chemical castration of persons who have committed two or more sexual assaults on minors.

RIDER
30-08-2008, 15:35
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 30 1859

At the University of Göttingen, PhD candidate Albert Niemann isolates the alkaloid C17H21NO4 from leaves of the plant Erythroxylum coca. Niemann names his white, powdery discovery "cocaine" and observes firsthand its peculiarly strong anesthetic effect: "it benumbs the nerves of the tongue, depriving it of feeling and taste."

Aug 30 1974

153 passengers are killed and 60 injured when a Belgrade - Dortmund express train jumps the tracks pulling into Zagreb terminal at full speed. It is Yugoslavia's worst rail disaster.

RIDER
31-08-2008, 10:00
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Aug 31 1422

Henry V dies of dysentery!

Aug 31 1888

Jack the Ripper kills his first known victim, prostitute Mary Ann Nichols, slitting her throat from ear to ear.

Aug 31 1919

The American Communist Party is established, providing entertainment for Joseph McCarthy and J. Edgar Hoover for decades.

Aug 31 1997

Lady Diana, and her boyfriend Dodi Fayed, killed in car crash inside a Paris tunnel. The driver was drunk and they were going very, very fast.

Aug 31 1999

A video game machine explodes at an underground Moscow arcade, injuring perhaps thirty people and killing several others.

RIDER
02-09-2008, 14:16
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Sep 2 1666

A kitchen fire breaks out in Thomas Farynor's bakery on Pudding Lane, unleashing four days of destruction. 436 acres in the city are converted to ash, including 13,200 homes. 200,000 residents are rendered homeless by what comes to be known as the Great Fire of London.

Sep 2 1898

The 25,800 men of the Anglo-Egyptian Nile Expeditionary Force prevails over 52,000 Mahdists near Omdurman, Sudan. During the five-hour battle, 11,000 Mahdists are killed, 16,000 wounded, and 5,000 captured as prisoners of war. Meanwhile, the British force suffers only 48 deaths.

Sep 2 1945

On the shelter deck of the USS Missouri in Yokohama harbor, 11 representatives of Emperor Hirohito sign the Instrument of Surrender.

Sep 2 1993

Gay porn star Tom Farrell is killed by a hit-and-run driver while urinating late at night by the side of a road.

RIDER
04-09-2008, 16:21
ODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Sep 4 1976
George W Bush (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/george-w-bush/) is arrested in Kennebunkport, Maine for driving with a blood-alcohol level of 0.10 percent. He pays the $150 fine and has his driving privileges suspended for a month. Years later, during Bush's 2000 campaign for President, a WPXT-TV reporter from Portland, Maine uncovers the arrest record just one week prior to election day. It is also revealed that Bush's V.P. candidate, Dick Cheney (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/usa/dick-cheney/), had arrests for drunken driving in 1962 and 1963.
Sep 4 1991
25 workers are killed when a fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods food processing plant in Hamlet, North Carolina. Most of the victims -- predominantly single mothers -- die of smoke inhalation. The facility's rear exit had been padlocked by management to deter employee pilferage. The Imperial plant had never once in its 11-year history been inspected by the state. The owner, Emmet Roe, later receives 19 years in prison for the 25 counts of involuntary manslaughter.
Sep 4 1993
3'11" actor Herve Villechaize (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/actors/herve-villechaize/) puts a pistol to his chest and commits suicide (http://www.rotten.com/library/death/suicide/famous/) in his North Hollywood, California home.
Sep 4 2000
During a campaign stop in Naperville, Illinois, Presidential candidate George W Bush (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/george-w-bush/) turns to running mate Dick Cheney (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/usa/dick-cheney/) and says, "There's Adam Clymer, major league asshole from the New York Times." Cheney responds, "Oh yeah, he is, big-time." Unbeknownst to the men, their comments are transmitted clearly to the television news feed. Rather than offer a mea culpa to Clymer, Bush later issues this non-apology: "I regret that a private comment I made to the vice-presidential candidate made it onto the public airwaves. I regret everybody heard what I said."

RIDER
06-09-2008, 16:09
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Sep 6 1901
While shaking hands at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, President William McKinley is shot twice in the abdomen at point-blank range with a .32 caliber revolver. He dies a week later. The assassin (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/assassination/), an anarchist by the name of Leon Frank Czolgosz, actually is a lone gunman (for once).
Sep 6 1951
During a drinking party in Mexico City, author William S. Burroughs (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/authors/william-s-burroughs/) instructs his wife Joan to balance a glass of gin on her head. He then takes careful aim with his new .38 pistol, and unintentionally blows her brains out in front of their friends. The Mexican authorities later charge Burroughs with criminal imprudence.
Sep 6 1966
Parliamentary messenger Demetrios Tsafendas assassinates Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, by sticking a knife in his chest on the floor of the South African (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/south-africa/) legislature. The apartheid system had been Verwoerd's brainchild.
Sep 6 1986
In Istanbul, two Arab terrorists step inside the Neve Shalom synagogue on Buyuk Hendek Street during Sabbath services. They unload into the worshippers with submachine guns and grenades, killing 22 and wounding six. The incident is later attributed to Abu Nidal (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/terrorists/abu-nidal/)'s terror organization.

RIDER
11-09-2008, 17:53
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Sep 11 1973
With the blessing of Henry Kissinger (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/usa/henry-kissinger/) and the CIA (http://www.rotten.com/library/conspiracy/cia/), general Augusto Pinochet (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/dictators/agosto-pinochet/) stages a violent coup in Chile, overthrowing the government of Salvador Allende, the country's democratically-elected but nonetheless Marxist president.
Sep 11 1978
Janet Parker, a medical photographer, is the final victim of smallpox. It is likely she contracted the disease at Birmingham University's medical lab, an accident while working on an unrelated project.
Sep 11 1987
Upset over delays due to live coverage of a pro tennis match, television anchorman Dan Rather walks off the set of the CBS Evening News. When the sports program ends unexpectedly, Rather is nowhere to be found. The network feed goes dark for six whole minutes before Dan can be persuaded to return.
Sep 11 1987
Actor Lorne Greene, star of television's Bonanza and Battlestar Galactica, dies of pneumonia in Santa Monica, California. Greene, whose credits also include 1986's Vasectomy: A Delicate Matter, was 504 in dog years.
Sep 11 1991
Boxer Mike Tyson (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/sports/mike-tyson/) is arrested for raping Desiree Washington in an Indianapolis hotel room. After his conviction and three years spent behind bars, Tyson continues to maintain his innocence, telling one reporter: "I just hate her guts... I really wish I did now... now I really do want to rape her."
Sep 11 2001
The single largest terrorist attack in history occurs when four commercial jetliners are hijacked, two of which slam into the twin towers of the World Trade Center (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/wtc/) in New York. Another plane is crashed into the Pentagon (http://www.rotten.com/library/culture/pentagon/). 2,915 people are killed in the attacks, coordinated by Saudi terrorist Osama bin Laden (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/terrorists/osama-bin-laden/). The civilized world is horrified; especially after seeing footage of Palestinians celebrating in the streets.
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/sep/rh-wtc-th.jpg
THE MONEY SHOT
For the first time in U.S. history, all flights are grounded throughout the country. All major government facilities are evacuated as well as many local facilities. The federal government uses this sneak attack as a pretext to crack down on civil liberties, in the form of the USA PATRIOT Act and similar efforts, which continue to this day.
[We told you so.]

RIDER
12-09-2008, 17:18
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Sep 12 1878
The magnificent phallic symbol Cleopatra's Needle is erected in London (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/london/) on the bank of the Thames. It doesn't really have anything to do with Cleopatra. The obelisk has a twin in New York's Central Park, also named Cleopatra's Needle. It has nothing to do with Cleopatra, either.
Sep 12 1966
NBC television premieres The Monkees, a sitcom about four guys in a rock band. When the show becomes a hit, the fictional Monkees somehow release a string of albums, even though three of the actors can't even play their instruments.
Sep 12 1970
After releasing most of their captives, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine blows up three hijacked passenger jets in the Jordanian desert. The 40 remaining Israeli hostages are taken to secret locations in Amman, Jordan.
Sep 12 1977
The body of Steven Biko is discovered on the floor of a jail cell in Pretoria. The South African civil rights activist had been beaten and tortured six days earlier, during an interrogation in Port Elizabeth. Police officials claim that Biko probably suffered the fatal injuries when he "fell out of bed."
Sep 12 1992
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/sep/rh-anthony-perkins-th.jpg
Anthony Perkins, star of the Hitchcock classic Psycho, dies of AIDS in his Hollywood hills home. His extraordinary versatility as an actor is captured in the films Psycho II, Psycho III, and Psycho IV: The New Beginning.
Sep 12 1994
After a night of boozing and smoking crack, Frank Corder steals a Cessna P150 and crashes it into the south lawn of the White House. The wreckage tumbles over a tree and a hedge before coming to rest against the West Wing of the Executive Mansion. Corder's flamboyant suicide attack never actually imperiled President Clinton (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/bill-clinton/)'s life, since the First Family was sleeping elsewhere at the time.

RIDER
14-09-2008, 14:05
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

we live in a slightly mad world

Sep 14 1927

Legendary dancer Isadora Duncan is killed in Nice, France when her long silk scarf gets tangled in the rear wheel of the convertible she's riding in. Her neck is broken and an artery severed. Some accounts have her thrown against the pavement and dragged for 100 feet. The freak accident occurs in full view of a number of friends.

Sep 14 1956

Surgeons Walter Freeman and Egas Moniz perform America's first prefrontal lobotomy on a depressed, 63-year-old Kansas woman in Washington, D.C. They successfully create a lethargic dullard, and the duo hails the result for years to come as a medical triumph, despite the fact that two of their next twenty lobotomy subjects end as fatalities.

Sep 14 1982

Grace Kelly, American-born princess of Monaco, dies after a high speed car crash the previous day. She and daughter Princess Stephanie were badly injured when their British Rover 3500 plunged into a ravine, tumbling 45 feet. In the official version of events, Grace suffered a mild stroke while driving; however, rumors persist that 17-year-old Princess Stephanie was actually behind the wheel.

RIDER
25-09-2008, 17:29
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Sep 25 1980
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/sep/rh-cary-grant.gif
On the NBC talk show Tomorrow, SNL (http://www.rotten.com/library/culture/snl/) alumnus Chevy Chase calls actor Cary Grant a "homo." Grant sues, but rumors of his homosexuality follow him for years. The one thing known for certain: Grant is the first person to use the word "gay" in its modern context on film: In Bringing Up Baby, while in a pink fluffy silk rope he exclaimed "I've just gone gay all of a sudden!" Look at the portrait -- judge for yourself.
Sep 25 1980
After spending the whole day drinking, Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham dies (http://www.rotten.com/library/crime/drugs/overdose-deaths/) from alcohol poisoning. His corpse is discovered having choked on its own vomit.
Sep 25 1988
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/sep/rh-billy-beer-ad-cameo.jpg
President Carter's brother Billy dies of pancreatic cancer. The "First Brother" distinguished himself by whoring out to the Libyan government, and marketing "Billy Beer" -- considered one of the most abominable pilsner-style lagers ever to hit the American market.
Sep 25 1991
Doogie Howser loses his virginity on ABC television.
Sep 25 1997
In exchange for dropping the forcible sodomy (http://www.rotten.com/library/sex/sodomy/) charge against him, former NBC sportscaster Marv Albert (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/sports/marv-albert/) pleads guilty to misdemeanor assault and battery. Albert's rape trial brought to light embarrassing allegations that he wears women's underwear, and asked women to procure men for group sex. The sheep issue was never raised. His defense accepted the plea bargain after the judge ruled he would admit information that Albert was involved in a sex fight resulting in the loss of his magnificent toupee.

RIDER
28-09-2008, 03:43
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Sep 27
Feast of the Finding of the True Cross.
Sep 27 1854
The wooden steamship Arctic sinks in foggy weather after colliding with the iron bow of the Vesta. When Captain Luce orders women and children into the lifeboats, the crewmen rebel and take the boats for themselves. Of 435 on board, only 85 survive -- and none of them women or children. It is the first major ocean liner disaster in the Atlantic.
Sep 27 1934
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/sep/rh-wilford-brimley.gif
Wilford Brimley's birthday!
Sep 27 1959
Typhoon Vera, otherwise known as the Isewan Typhoon, kills 4,464 people on the Japanese island of Honshu and injures 40,000 more. 1.5 million are made homeless.
Sep 27 1964
The Warren Commission Report is finally released, definitively proving once and for all that President John F. Kennedy (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/jfk/) was assassinated (http://www.rotten.com/library/conspiracy/kennedy/) by Lee Harvey Oswald (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/assassins/lee-harvey-oswald/), without anyone's help. Case closed.
Sep 27 1967
Seventeen people are killed in Tijuana, most of them children, when the neurotoxic insecticide methyl parathion is accidentally mixed into bread. Over three hundred others required medical treatment.
Sep 27 1996
The Taliban takes Kabul.

RIDER
04-10-2008, 12:34
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 4 1969
A despondent Diane Linkletter jumps out the kitchen window of her tenth-story apartment in West Hollywood, California. Even before an autopsy can be performed, television personality Art Linkletter blames his daughter's death on a bad LSD trip. Even though the toxicology report disputes Art's assertion, the LSD story persists.
Oct 4 1970
Janis Joplin (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/janis-joplin/) accidentally overdoses (http://www.rotten.com/library/crime/drugs/overdose-deaths/) on an unusually-pure dose of heroin at the Landmark Motor Hotel in Los Angeles.
Oct 4 1976
Earl Butz, President Ford (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/gerald-ford/)'s Secretary of Agriculture, is forced to resign after newspapers print a comment he made regarding race relations: "I'll tell you what the coloreds want. It's three things: first, a tight pussy; second, loose shoes; and third, a warm place to shit."
Oct 4 1978
Tammy Wynette is kidnapped at gunpoint in a Nashville shopping center. The masked gunman drives the country music star 80 miles away, releasing her only after inflicting a savage beating. The assailant is never caught.
Oct 4 1986
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/oct/rh-dan-rather-is-hot.jpg
Network news anchorman Dan Rather is mugged in New York City. The attacker, one William Tager, shouts the question "What's the frequency, Kenneth?" during the beating. While the "frequency" refers to the wavelength of the transmissions that CBS was beaming into Tager's head, history is still unclear on exactly who "Kenneth" is or why R.E.M. would record a song about it.
Oct 4 1989
Secretariat, 1973 triple crown winner and one of the greatest athletes of all time, is euthanized in Paris, Kentucky. He was 19.

RIDER
05-10-2008, 18:51
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 5 1858
An arsonist sets fire to New York City's iron and glass Crystal Palace. America's most prestigious museum is reduced to 1,200 tons of molten slag, causing $2 million in damage and destroying thousands of priceless artworks belonging to the American Institute.
Oct 5 1864
60,000 are killed when a tropical cyclone hits Calcutta. On the same day, a 200-foot tsunami kills thousands in Kamaishi, Japan.
Oct 5 1942
German engineer Herman Graebe witnesses a Nazi mass execution in the Ukraine. After the war, he writes a famous and terrifying testimony (http://www.rotten.com/today/oct/einsatz.html).
Oct 5 1990
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/mar/rh-mapplethorpe.jpg
After a ten-day trial, a jury acquits the Cincinnati (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/cincinnati/) Contemporary Arts Center of obscenity charges resulting from an exhibition of photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/artists/robert-mapplethorpe/). So, bullwhips up the ass (http://www.rotten.com/library/sex/anal-sex/) are now officially A-OK.
Oct 5 1994
Predicting that the world would soon end in an environmental disaster, homeopath (http://www.rotten.com/library/medicine/homeopathy/) Luc Jouret and 52 others belonging to his Order of the Solar Temple commit mass suicide (http://www.rotten.com/library/death/suicide/) near Cheiry, Switzerland and Montreal, Canada (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/canada/).
Oct 5 1996
Less than a year after Thomas Hamilton gunned down a teacher and 16 preschoolers in Dunblane, Scotland, British authorities ban the sale of Slaughter in the Playground, a CD-ROM game based on hunting and killing children on a school playground.
Oct 5 1999
In a move reminiscent of both Nazi (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/nazi/) crimes committed against Gypsies (http://www.rotten.com/library/culture/gypsies/) and the postwar construction of the Berlin Wall, the town of Usti nad Labem in the Czech Republic begins construction of a barrier to separate a portion of its Gypsy population away from more respectable folks.

RIDER
06-10-2008, 17:10
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 6 1014
Czar Samuil of Bulgaria dies after an army of 15,000 of his men is returned, blinded by his enemy Emperor Basil of the Byzantine Empire. One out of every hundred of his men was permitted to keep one eye, such that they were able to return home. For this victory Basil earned the title Bulgaroctonus, slayer of Bulgars.
Oct 6 1536
The man to translate the Holy Bible into English, William Tyndale, is strangled and burnt at the stake in Brussels, Belgium (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/countries/belgium/). Translations of the Bible into vernacular had been long suppressed, but oddly most of the work in the KJV's New Testament is Tyndale's.
Oct 6 1815
Mayfield, New York resident Barent Becker is hanged for serving his wife Ann a dish of stewed tomatoes and arsenic.
Oct 6 1976
During a televised debate, President and candidate Gerald Ford (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/gerald-ford/) asserts that there is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe. Ford loses the election. [He and Dan Quayle (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/usa/dan-quayle/) should do lunch.]
Oct 6 1977
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/oct/rh-kenneth-bianchi.jpg
Kenneth Bianchi (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/serial-killers/kenneth-bianchi/) and Angelo Buono, Jr., Los Angeles' infamous "Hillside Stranglers," rape and murder their first victim, 21-year-old waitress Elissa Kastin. They dump her naked corpse on Chevy Chase Drive.
Oct 6 1980
John Lydon (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/john-lydon/), of band PiL and formerly the Sex Pistols (http://www.rotten.com/library/culture/sex-pistols/), arrested for disorderly conduct in a Dublin bar.
Oct 6 1981
During a commemoration of the Yom Kippur War, armed gunmen leap from a truck and begin shooting into the reviewing stand at Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Along with Sadat, the assassins (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/assassination/) kill eight others.
Oct 6 1997
Six boys watch as a female classmate is held down and raped in a locker room at Paramount High School in Boligee, Alabama. In all, about twelve boys are present at the incident; only six are ever charged.

RIDER
07-10-2008, 16:48
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 7 1900
Heinrich Himmler (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/nazi/heinrich-himmler/) is born in Munich.
Oct 7 1964
Walter W. Jenkins, chief White House aide and longtime friend of President Lyndon B. Johnson (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/presidents/lbj/), is arrested for disorderly conduct two blocks from the White House. Jenkins was discovered in a YMCA pay toilet with another man. Ultimately, Jenkins is forced to resign, so as not to jeopardize Johnson's re-election campaign. Jenkins stated that during his arrest, his mind had been "befuddled by fatigue, alcohol, physical illness, and lack of food."
Oct 7 1985
Off the coast of Italy, four Palestinian terrorists hijack the cruise ship Achille Lauro, and toss overboard crippled American tourist Leon Klinghoffer.

RIDER
08-10-2008, 18:43
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 8 1871
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/oct/rh-oleary-cow.jpg
Mrs O'Leary's cow starts the Chicago (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/chicago/) Fire, killing 250 and destroying 17,000 buildings. Bad cow.
Oct 8 1950
Two United States F-80 fighters strafe the Soviet airfield at Sukhaya Rechka, in the vicinity of Vladivostok. The attack, due to a navigational error, prompts no response from the Soviet Union and the U.S. offers to pay compensation.
Oct 8 1957
Jerry Lee Lewis (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/music/jerry-lee-lewis/) records "Great Balls of Fire". It is uncertain exactly to what he was referring.
Oct 8 1966
Lysergic Acid (LSD) is enrolled on the list of controlled substances.
Oct 8 1981
A package from the Unabomber (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/serial-killers/unabomer/) detonates at the University of Utah; there are no injuries.
Oct 8 1993
Ted Danson appears in blackface at a Friars Club roast. His offensive comments amuse Whoopi Goldberg but the incident becomes a great embarrassment.

RIDER
09-10-2008, 16:36
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 9 1919
The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series, but only because key Chicago (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/chicago/) White Sox ballplayers agreed to throw the series for $100,000 in bribes.
Oct 9 1951
RKO Pictures asks Marilyn Monroe (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/entertainers/actors/marilyn-monroe/) to wear panties while working.
Oct 9 1967
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/oct/rh-che-alarma.jpg
After being debriefed by CIA (http://www.rotten.com/library/conspiracy/cia/) field agent Felix Rodriguez, Che Guevara (http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/misc/che-guevara/) is executed in a schoolhouse in La Higuera, Bolivia. Guevara had been captured by the Bolivian 2nd Ranger Battalion, which was specifically trained by U.S. Army Special Forces to catch him.
Oct 9 1987
24 boats equipped with Lowrance X-16 sonar units detect a "large object" at a depth of 606 feet beneath Loch Ness.
Oct 9 1989
Three aliens and their UFO visit Voronezh, USSR, acccording to the TASS news agency.
Oct 9 1989
The Hebrew edition of Penthouse magazine is released. Kosher pornography!
Oct 9 1995
A 12-car Amtrak train derails near Hyder, Arizona. Letters claiming responsibility are found, signed by the "Sons of the Gestapo."

RIDER
17-10-2008, 18:16
TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world
Oct 17 1961
Between 50 and 200 unarmed Algerian muslims are massacred by Paris (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/paris/) police during an FLN demonstration. Dozens more are murdered in the courtyard of the main police headquarters. At the time, the De Gaulle government was unstable and trying to hold onto its African colonies, thus the massacre was not widely reported.
Oct 17 1967
http://www.rotten.com/today/images/oct/rh-hair-logo.jpg
The controversial play Hair, full of dancing naked people, unshaved armpits, and body odor, opens at the 299-seat Anspacher Theater on Broadway. (Hair is that play with all the fricking "Age of Aquarius" shit.)
Oct 17 1984
The New York Times runs an article entitled "CIA (http://www.rotten.com/library/conspiracy/cia/) Primer Tells Nicaraguan Rebels How to Kill." The story describes the secret manual Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare which the CIA furnished to the Contras (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/political-scandal/iran-contra/) in Nicaragua. The booklet instructed how to kidnap and assassinate (http://www.rotten.com/library/history/assassination/) civil officials, such as judges and police.
Oct 17 1989
The Loma Prieta earthquake strikes the San Francisco (http://www.rotten.com/library/travel/cities/san-francisco/) Bay Area, killing 67 and causing billions in property damage. The 6.9 magnitude temblor manages to collapse a long section of the double-decker I-880 freeway, smushing motorists between the two layers. Part of the Bay Bridge also collapses. Worst of all, the quake postpones the third World Series game.

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